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1991年1月六级试题及答案

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  Part I              Listening Comprehension        (20 minutes)

  Section A

  1. A) Excited.         B) Pleased.         C) Moved.         D) Disappointed.

  2. A) She hasn't been well lately.

  B) She wants a technician to repair it.

  C) She feels unhappy without the TV set.

  D) She wants him to fix it at once.

  3. A) He often complains about his job.

  B) He is not interested in office work.

  C) He likes his job very much.

  D) He does mind all the overtime.

  4. A) Her mother did her hair.             B) She inherited it.

  C) Her mother designed.               D) Her hair is modeled.

  5. A) Allen does twice as much work as the rest.

  B) Allen will do the assignment in two hours.

  C) Allen is very careless with his homework.

  D) Allen works twice as fast as the rest.

  6. A) The man is looking for a book.

  B) The woman is a librarian.

  C) The book was of little help to the man.

  D) The book was of great help to the man.

  7. A) 6.          B) 15.         C) 14.         D) 29.

  8. A) Maybe the invitation was too late.

  B) The man's wife didn't invite Margaret.

  C) Margaret promised to come, but later she changed her mind.

  D) Margaret will come any moment.

  9. A) To go to bed.                         B) To check her family expenses.

  C) To stay upstairs.                       D) To rest for a while.

  10. A) John is usually late.                  B) John will not show up.

  C) John will be there at eight- thirty.       D) John is usually on time.

  Section B

  Passage One

  11. A) Some piano picces.

  B) Songs sung by African singers.

  C) A new kind of music.

  D) Music from different parts of the world.

  12. A) Tenderness.     B) Happiness.       C) Love.           D) Sadness

  13. A) How much people like sad music.

  B) Why music is an important form of art.

  C) How music expresses people's feelings.

  D) In what way classic music differs from pop music.

  Passage Two

  14. A) The way you pursue it.               B) The interest you have

  C) The time you can afford,              D) The money you spend on it.

  15. A) Playing tennis.                      B) Playing caris.

  C) Collecting coins.                    D) Collecting stamps.

  16. A) One can always find time to pursue a hobby.

  B) A hobby is of particular importance to a political figure.

  C) The correct choice of a hobby depends on one's racial position.

  D) Everyone should learn how to choose a hobby from Winston Churchill.

  Passage Three

  17. A) To train students to be successful scholars.

  B) To teach students to be good citizens.

  C) To teach students to work hard.

  D) To train students to be social workers.'

  18. A) To do better in math and science.

  B) To compete with each other.

  C) To obey the teacher.

  D) To help each other.

  19. A) Relaxing.        B) Boring.           C) Tenso.           D) Serious.

  20. A) Low scores of the students.           B) Teachers' impatience.

  C) Bad behavior among children.         D) Heavy course load.

  Part Il               Reading Comprehension         (35 minutes)

  Passage One

  Merchant and passenger ships are generally required to have a life preserver for every person aboard and, in many cases, a certain percentage of smaller sizes for children. According to United States Coast Guard requirements, life preservers must be simple in design, reversible, capable of being quickly adjusted to fit the uninitiated individual, and must be so designed as to support the wearer in the water in an upright or slightly backward position.

  Sufficient buoyancy(浮力) to support the wearer should be retained by the life preserver

  after 48 hour in the water, and it should be reliable even after long period of storage. Thus it

  should be made of materials resistant to sunlight, gasoline, and oils, and it should be not easily

  set on fire.

  The position in which the life preserver will support a person who jumps or falls into the

  water is most important, as is its tendency to turn the wearer in the water from a face - down

  position to an upright or slightly backward position, with his face clear of the water, even when

  the wearer is exhausted or unconscious.

  The method of adjustment to the body should be simple, and self-evident to uninitiated

  persons even in the dark under the confused conditions which follow a disaster. Thus, the life

  preserver should be reversible, so that it is nearly impossible to set it on wrong. Catches, straps,

  and ties should be kept to a minimum. In addition, the life preserver must be adjustable to the

  wide variety of shapes and sizes of wearers, since this greatly affects the position of floating and

  the self- righting qualities. A suitable life preserver should also be comfortable to wear at all

  times, in and out of the water, not so heavy as to encourage to take it off on shipboard while the

  ship is in danger, nor so burdensome that it hinders a person in the water while trying to swim.

  21. The passage is mainly about________.

  A) the uses of life preservers            B) the design of life preservers

  C) the materials for life preservers       D) the buoyancy of life preservers

  22. According to the passage, a life preserver should be first of all,___________.

  A) adjustable       B) comfortable      C) self-evident    D) self-righting

  23. United States Coast Guard does NOT require the life preserver to the made ________.

  A) with as few strings as possible

  B) capable of being worn on both sides

  C) according to each wearer's size

  D) comfortable and light to wear

  24. By "the uninitiated individual" ( Para. 1, D. 6) the author refers to the person________.

  A) who has not been instructed how to use a life preserver

  B) who has a little experience in using a life preserver

  C) who uses a life preserver without permission

  D) who becomes nervous before a disaster

  25. What would happen if a person were supported by the life preserver in a wrong position?

  A) The waves would move him backwards.

  B) The water would choke him.

  C) He would immediately sink to the bottom.

  D) He would be exhausted or unconscious.

  Passage Two

  A hundred years ago it was assumed and scientifically "proved" by economists that the

  laws of society made it necessary to have a vast army of poor and jobless people in order to keep

  the economy going. Today, hardly anybody would dare to voice this principle. It is generally accepted that nobody should be excluded from the wealth Western industrialized countries, a system of insurance has been introduced which guarantees everyone a minimum of subsistence(生活维持费) in case of unemployment, sickness and old age. I would go one step further and argue that, even if these conditions are not present, everyone has the right to receive the means to subsist(维持生活), in other words, he can claim this subsistence minimum without having to have any "reason". I would suggest, however, that it should be limited to a definite period of time, let's say two years, so as to avoid the encouraging of an abnormal attitude which refused

  any kind of social obligation.

  This may sound like a fantastic proposal, but so, I think, our insurance system would have

  sounded to people a hundred years ago. The main objection to such a scheme would be that if

  each person were entitled to receive minimum support, people would not work. This assumption

  rests on the fallacy of the inherent laziness in human nature, actually, aside from abnormally lazy

  people, there would be very few who would not want to earn more than the minimum, and who

  would prefer to do nothing rather than work.

  However, the suspicions against a system of guaranteed subsistence minimum are not

  groundless, from the standpoint of those who want to use ownership of capital for the purpose of

  forcing others to accept the work conditions they offer. If nobody were forced to accept work in

  order not to starve, work would have to be sufficiently interesting and attractive to induce one to

  accept it. Freedom of contract is possible only if both parties are free to accept and reject it;in

  the present capitalist system this is not the case.

  But such a system would not only be the beginning of real freedom of contract between

  employers and employees, its principal advantage would be the improvement of freedom in inter~

  personal relationships in every sphere of daily life.

  26. People used to think that poverty and unemployment were due to

  A) the slow development of the economy

  B) the poor and jobless people's own faults

  C) the lack of responsibility on the part of society

  D) the large number of people who were not well - educated

  27. Now it is widely accepted that

  A) the present system of social insurance should be improved

  B) everybody should be granted a minimum of subsistence without any "reason"

  C) everybody has the right to share in the wealth of the country

  D) people have to change their attitude towards the poor

  28. The writer argues that a system of social insurance should

  A) provide benefits for the sick, old and unemployed

  B) encourage people to take on more social obligations

  C) guarantee everyone the right to be employed

  D) provide everyone with the right to a minimum subsistence for a certain period

  29. The word "fallacy" (Para. 2. L. 6) means

  A) doubt                             B) fact

  C) strong argument                      D) wrong belief

  30. According to the writer, a system of guaranteed subsistence minimum

  A) demands too much from society

  B) makes freedom of contract impossible

  C) helps people take interest in their work

  D) helps bring about changes in the relationship among people

  Passage Three

  Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage:

  The newborn can see the difference between varius shapes and patterns from birth. He

  prefers patterns to dull or bright solid colors and looks longer at stripes and angles than at circu-

  lar patterns. Within three weeks, however, his preference shifts dramatically to the human face.

  Why should a baby with so little visual experience attend more to a human face than to any oth-

  er kind of pattern'? Some scientists think this preference represents a built in advantage for the

  human species. The object of prime importance to the physically helpless infant is a human be-

  ing. Babies seem to have a natural tendency to the human face as potentially rewarding. Re-

  searchers also point out that the newborn wisely relies more on pattern than on outling size, or

  color. Pattern remains stable, while outline changes with point of view; size, with distance from

  an object;and brightness and color, with lighting.

  Mothers have always claimed that they could see their newborns looking at them as they

  held them, despite what they have been told. The experts who thought that perception(知觉)

  had to await physical development and the consequence of action were wrong for several rea-

  sons. Earlier research techniques were less sophisticated than they are today. Physical skills were

  once used to indicate perception of objects - skills like visual tracking and reaching for an ob-

  ject, both of which the newborn does poorly. Then, too, assumptions that the newborn' s eye and

  brain were too immature for anything as sophisticated as pattern recognition caused opposing

  data to be thrown away. Since perception of form was widely believed to follow perception of

  more "basic" qualities such as color and brightness, the possibility of its presence from birth was

  rejected.

  31. What does a newborn baby like to see most'?

  A) Bright colors.                         B) Circular patterns.

  C) Stripes and angles.                    D) Various shapes.

  32. The newborn pays more attention to a human face than any other kind of objects because

  A) he sees a human face more often than any other kind of pattern

  B) he has an inherent ability to regard a human being as helpful

  C) a human face is the most complex pattern he can see

  D) a human face is often accompanied by a pleasant voice

  33. Contrary to what they believe, mothers have been told that newborns

  A) care little about a human face

  B) can't track their movements

  C) can't see their faces

  D) can easily perceive brightness

  34. In earlier researches on the newborn's perception, scientists

  A) ignored evidence contrary to their assumptions

  B) believed that perception of form comes before perception of color and brightness

  C) opposed throwing away effective data

  D) proved that physical skills come after visual perception

  35. The main idea of the passage is that __

  A) research techniques are of vital importance scientific investigation

  B) the findings of earlier scientific researchers often prove wrong

  C) newborns can perceive forms from birth

  D) more often than not the claims of mothers are reliable

  Passage Four

  Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage:

  Albert Einstein recalled his learning problems philosophically: "My intellectual (智力的)

  development was slow, as a result of which I began to wonder about space and time only when I

  had already grown up. Naturally, I could go deeper into the problem than a child." And so, 11

  years after dismissal from school, young Albert Einstein published the theory of relativity that

  changed our understanding of the universe.

  No one in this century has been more widely recognized as a genius than Einstein. Yet his

  problems with early intellectual development and his peculiar gifts cast great doubt on all our

  conventional ideas about genius, intelligence or "I. Q. ' (智商). On the one hand, Einstein

  showed early defects in abilities that our mental tests value; on the other hand, his special intellecual faculties went far beyond most definitions of intelligence. Moreover, their growth appears

  peculiarly gradual, contradicting the popular conception of intelligence as something inborn and

  fixed. His resolute persistence and his skills in playing games with ideas were apparently as decisive to his genius as any cutting edge of intellect(智能).

  These powerful aspects of intelligence that conventional definitions overlook are getting

  close attention in a new wave of research. This comes after years of earlier studies which ex-

  posed the narrowness of our usual measures of mental ability. Intelligence, it turns out, is multi-

  faceted and marvelous; it includes personal characteristics, creativity skills and intellectual capa-

  bilities that show up on no test. What is most exciting is that some of these iii - defined abilities

  are possessed by many people. Just knowing about such neglected skills will help us discover and

  develop untapped(未开发的) potential - in ourselves and in our children.

  36. This passage is about

  A) the development of Einstein's intellect

  B) the wide recognition of Einstein as a genius

  C) conventional ideas concerning genius

  D) an insight to the complexity of human intelligence

  37. According to the passage, when Einstein was at school, he

  A) fell behind other pupils

  B) was fond of studying philosophical problems

  C) was proud of his own diligence

  D) thought more deeply about the problems of space and time than his classmates

  38. Which of the following led to Einstein's success?

  A) His good skills in game - playing.

  B) His diligence and powerful mind.

  C) His unusual insight into the conception of intelligence.

  D) His decisiveness in taking actions.

  39. 'Multifaceted' (Para. 3, I. 6) Probably means __

  A) having many aspects                  ]3) having many abilities

  C) having many skills                    D5 having many uses

  40. According to the passage which of the following statements is TRUE'?

  A) Conventional intelligence tests are not reliable.

  B) For ordinary people intelligence is something inborn and fixed.

  C) Einstein was apparently a genius in playing games as well as in scientific research.

  D) Einstein's early defects in abilities contributed to his later mental development.

  Part III             Vocabulary and Structure        (20 minutes)

  41. The oil shortage  _______  the prices of chemical fertilizers on the world market.

  A) drove oil        B) drove up         C) drove in         D) drove off

  42. There are five _______ mistakes in this picture. Can you find them and win a prize?

  A) intensive        B) deliberate        C) planned         D) calculated

  43. These studies will yield valuable lemons

  A) in which to save lives and protect property

  B) how to save lives and protect property

  C) in how to save lives and protect property

  D) about those to save lives and protect property

  44. The school offered flexible courses for farmers,  _______ more hours of study when farm

  work was not heavy.

  A) with           B) without         C) in              D) for

  45. Part of the cost of many articles is taken as tax by the government  _______  the

  community.

  A) in place of                           B) on account of

  C) in terms of                          D) on behalf of

  46. Soldiers act in  _______to the orders of their officers.

  A) obligation       B) objection         C) obedience       D) offence

  47.  _______ after the Second World War that test pilots first attempted to break the "Sound

  barrier."

  A) It was shortly                       B) Until shortly

  C) Shortly was it                      D) Shortly

  48.  _______  in the Atacama Desert.

  A) It never virtually rains

  B) It virtually never rains

  C) Never it rains virtually

  D) Never virtually is rains

  49. Society now requires the university to be a part of the community. _________  , students

  themselves expect to play a role in the affairs of society.

  A) Hence          B) However         C) Moreover       D) Otherwise

  50. Superconductors lose electrical resistance only _______ subjected to intense cold.

  A) through         B) when            C) as               D) by

  51. Those who lie and cheat will never  _______   it.

  A) get on with                        B) get back to

  C) get away with                      D) get off with

  52. A foreign language like English is difficult to learn, m you  _______work too hard.

  A) should         B) mustn't         C) can't           D) ought to

  53. Cultural life in England takes so many forms that a brief summary can only attempt to

  _______ its variety.

  A) suggest         B) remind          C) consider         D) propose

  54. There are _______ periods in an animal' s life when it is capable of learning a great deal in

  a very short time.

  A) urgent          B) violent           C) serious          D) critical

  55. Do employers in your country  _______   workers for in juries suffered at their work?

  A) conform        B) conflict          C) compel          D) componsate

  56. Since they betrayed us, they have no hope of convincing  _______  their sincerity.

  A) with            B) for              C) in              D) of

  57. They assured us that _______ was waiting for they were there to share it.

  A) what           B) whatever        C) it               D) whoever

  58. _______  exposure to dirty air can cause people suffer from some diseases.

  A) Raised          B) Prolonged        C) Expanded        D) Enlarged

  59.   _______ about one of the most rapidly changing countries in a ceaselessly changing world

  is not all easy.

  A) Being informed                       B) To be informing

  C) Have in formed                       D) Informed

  60. Though you stay in the sea for weeks, you will not  _______  contact with the outside

  world.

  A) lose             B) fall              C) miss            D) fail

  61. Visitors to England sometimes find the lack of public activities in the evenings _______

  A) depressed       B) depression        C) depressing       D) depressingly

  62. Julie is one of those women who always _______ the latest fashions.

  A) look after       B) keep up with    C) run for          D) go in for

  63. This traditional entertainment for children in America has never,  _______ I know, become

  popular in China.

  A) as far as                            B) as much

  C) to the extent that                    D) so long as

  64. Mr. Smith attends to the  _______ of important business himself:

  A) transmission     B) transformation   C) transaction      D) transition

  65. Besides what you have explained, can you think of  _______ reason for their terrible

  action?

  A) any             B) else             C) other           D) another

  66. The chairman threatened  _______  if his polioies were not adopted.

  A) to resign                              B) resigning

  C) to be resigned                         D) being resigned

  67. She was able to give the police a full account of since she had been   _______ to it.

  A) an observer                           B) an on - looker

  C) a watcher                             D) a witness

  68. Very few people understood his lecture, the subject of which was very _______

  A) obscure         B) upsetting        C) distant          D) inferior

  69. Although the national government has introduced some new laws on this subject, it is the _______state governments which are           responsible for pollution control.

  A) precisely        B) primarily         C) progressively    D) preliminarily

  70. He would   _______  it that his son took a livelier interest in politics.

  A) see into         B) see through      C) see about        D) see to

  Part IV                  Error Correction            (15 minutes)

  By  the  time  of  the  Civil  War  ,  there  were  many

  differences    between    the    North    and    the    South.

  For      instance,       the      population      of      the       71.

  North    was    far    greater    than    of    the    South.        72.

  Twenty - two   million   people   lived   in   the   North;

  nine  million  lived  in  the  South.   To  the  nine  million

  people  in  the  South,   more  than  three  million  were        73.

  slaves, many of whom would fight for the North.

  In    addition    to    have    more     people,     the        74.

  North  also  possessed   most  of  the  factories  in   the

  United   States.    This   greatly   helped   the   Southern       75.

  army,   which   could   count   on   adequate   supplies   of        76.

  guns,     ammunition(弹药),     and     clothing     during       77.

  the  Civil  War.   In  the  contrast,   the  South,   since  it

  mainly   depended   on   farming,   had   many   factories.

  The  Southern  leaders  hoped  to gain  war  supplies  from

  European  countries.   They  planned  to  buy  their  crops        78.

  to   England   and   France   ii1   return   for   guns   and

  ammunition to fight the war.                                            79.

  Except    its    industry,     the    North    also    had

  a  larger   network   of   railroads   to   transport   supplies.        80.

  The   South,   which   had   few   railroads,   depended   on

  its    waterways    to    transport    men    and    supplies.

  Moreover,   the  North  had  an  establishing  army,   navy,

  and   government,    while   the   south   had   to   begin

  organizing its self military force.

  Part V                      Writing                (30 minutes)

  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition about Man Is to

  Survive. You should base your writing on the following outline:

  1.人类面临的问题(如能源、疾病、污染、人口等)

  2.悲观的看法(如人类将无法生存)

  3.人类的智慧和出路

  Your composition should be no less than 120 words. Be sure to write your composition in

  readable handwriting.

  Man Is to Survive

  上一篇:  1992年1月六级试题

  下一篇:  1991年6月六级试题及答案

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