Part I Listening Comprehension (20 minutes)
1. A) At home. B) In a phone box. C) In her office. D) In a friend's house.
2. A) On the west side of a square. B) At the end of a street.
C) To the east of the traffic light. D) On the east side of a square.
3. A) She has to change the time for the trip.
B) She hasn't decided where to go next month.
C) She can't afford the time for the trip.
D) She will manage to leave this month.
4. A) The apartment is better furnished.
B) She prefers to live in a quiet place.
C) It's less expensive to live in an apartment.
D) She finds her roommates difficult to get along with.
5. A) In a hospital. B) In a library.
C) In a travel agency. D) In a restaurant.
6. A) Customer and salesperson. B) Teacher and student.
C) Boss and secretary. D) Guest and waitress.
7. A) He didn't buy anything. B) He got rome medicine for his foot.
C) He was sick and could't go shopping. D) He bought everything except the football.
8. A) Teachers like Professor Janson are rare.
B) Professor Janson has won a million dollars.
C) Professoor Janson is likely to be teaching at that school.
D) There are many teachers as good as Professor Janson.
9. A) She didn't know her daughter could sing so well.
B) She sings better than her daughter.
C) She doesn't like her daughter.
D) She herself doesn't have a good voice.
10. A) He finds history books difficult to understand.
B) He has to read a lot of history books.
C) He doesn't like the history course.
D) He has lost his history book.
Questions 11 to 14 are based on the passage you have just heard.
11. A) At night. B) At noon.
C) In the morning. D) In the afternoon.
12. A) About Germans on strike. B) About a new- type airplane.
C) About an air crash. D) About rescue workers in UK Motors.
13. A) They wanted higher pay.
B) They wanted fewer working hours.
C) They wanted better working conditions.
D) They wanted an annual three-week holiday.
14. A) Rainy. B) Warm. C) Cold. D) Changeable.
Questions 15 to 17 are based on the passage you have just heard.
15. A) He has always lived in America.
B) He has been in America for three years.
C) He visited America three years ago.
D) He has come to America to do research on advertising.
16. A) There were far more advertisements there than he had expected.
B) The advertisements there were well designed.
C) The advertisements there were creative and necessary.
D) He found the advertisements there difficult to understand.
17. A) Be more careful about what they advertise.
B) Spend less money on advertising.
C) Advertise more for their products.
D) Use new advertising techniques.
Questions 18 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.
18. A) He is always in a hurry.
B) He is quick in making decisions.
C) He is always the first to arrive at the airport.
D) He usually doesn't get the reward he deserves.
19. A) He misses his flight.
B) He can find a good seat.
C) He leaves the airport first at the end of the trip.
D) His luggage comes out last.
20. A) He was told to board the wrong plane.
B) He was not allowed to board the plane.
C) He arrived at the airport without a ticket.
D) He found it difficult to explain why he arrived so early.
Part II Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage:
There are desert plants which survive the dry season in the form of inactive seeds. There
are aim desert insects which survive as inactive larvae (幼虫). In addition, difficult as it is to
believe, there are desert fish which can survive through years of drought (干旱) in the form of
inactive eggs. These are the shrimps (小虾) that live in the Mojave Desert, an intensely dry region in the south- west of the United States where shade temperatures of over 50C are often
The eggs of the Mojave shrimps are the size and have the appearance of grains of sand.
When sufficient spring rain falls to form a lake, once every two to five years, these eggs hatch
(孵化). Then the water is soon filled with millions of tiny shrimps about a millmetre long
which feed on tiny plant and animal organisms which also grow in the temporary desert lake.
Within a week, the shrimps grow from their original 1 millimetre to a length of about 1.5 centimetres.
Throughout the time that the shrimps are rapidly maturing, the water in the lake equally
rapidly evaporates. Therefore, for the shrimps it is a race against time. By the twelfth day, how-
ever, when they are about 3 centimetre 10ng, hundreds of tiny eggs form on the underbodies of
the females. Usually by this time, all that remains of the lake is a large, muddy patch of wet
soil. On the thirteenth day and the next, during the final hours of their brief lives, the shrimps
lay their eggs in the mud. Then, having ensured that their species will survive, the shrimps die
as the last of the water evaporates.
If sufficient rain falls the next year to form another lake, the eggs hatch, and once again the
shrimps pass rapidly through their cycle of growth, adulthood, egg - laying, and death. Some
years there is insufficient rain to form a lake: in this case, the eggs will remain dormant for an-
other year, or even longer if necessary. Very, very occasionally, perhaps twice in a hundred
years, sufficient rain falls to form a deep lake that lasts a month or more. In this case, the species
passes through two cycles of growth, egg - laying, and death. Thus, on such occasions, the
species multiplies considerably, which further ensures its survival.
21. Which of the following is the MOST distinctive feature of Mojave shrimps?
A) Their lives are brief.
B) They feed on plant and animal organisms.
C) Their eggs can survive years of drought.
D) They lay their eggs in the mud.
22. By saying "for the shrimps it is a race against time" (Para. 3, Line 2)the author means
A) they have to swim fast to avoid danger in the rapidly evaporating lake
B) they have to swim fast to catch the animal organisms on which they survive
C) they have to multiply as many as possible within thirteen days
D) they have to complete their life cycle within a short span of time permitted by the
23. The passage mainly deals with
A) the life span of the Mojave shrimps B) the survival of desert shrimps
C) the importance of water to life D) life in the Mojave Desert
24. The word "dormant"( Para. 4, Line 3) most probably means
A) inactive B) strong C) alert D) soft
25. It may be inferred from the passage that
A) appearance and size are most important for life to survive in the desert
B) a species must be able to multiply quickly in order to survive
C) for some species one life cycle in a year is enough to survive the desert drought
D) some species develop a unique life pattern to survive in extremely harsh conditions
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:
Opportunities for rewarding work become fewer for both men and women as they grow
older. After age 40, job hunting becomes even more difficult. Many workers stay at jobs they are
too old for rather than face possible rejection. Our youth - oriented, throw - away culture sees
little value in older people. In writer Lilian Hellman' s words, they have "the wisdom that comes
with age that we can't make use of."
Unemployment and economic need for work is higher among older women, especially minorities, than among younger white women. A national council reports these findings: Though
unemployed longer when seeking work, older women job - hunt harder, hold a job longer with
less absenteeism (缺勤), perform as well or better, are more reliable, and are more willing to
learn than men or younger women. Yet many older women earn poor pay and face a future of
poverty in their retirement years. When "sexism meets ageism, poverty is no longer on the
doorstep - it moves in," according to Tish Sommers, director of a special study on older women
for the National Organization for Women.
Yet a 1981 report on the White Hosuse Conference on Aging shows that as a group, older
Americans are the "wealthiest, best fed, best housed, healthiest, most self- reliant older population in our history. "This statement is small comfort to those living below the poverty line, but
it does explode some of the old traditional beliefs and fears. Opportunities for moving in and up
in a large company may shrink but many older people begin successful small businesses, volunteer in satisfying activities, and stay active for many years. They have few role models because in previous generations the life span was much shorter and expectations of life were fewer. They are ploughing new ground.
Employers are beginning to recognize that the mature person can bring a great deal of stability and responsibility to a position. One doesn't lose ability and experience on the eve of one'
s 65th or 70th birthday any more than one grows up instantly at age 21.
26. After the age of 40, _______
A) most workers are tired of their present jobs
B) many workers tend to stick to their present jobs
C) people find their jobs more rewarding than before
D) people still wish to hunt for more suitable jobs
27. From Heilman' s remark, we can see that
A) full use has been made of the wisdom of older people
B) the wisdom of older people is not valued by American society
C) older people are no less intelligent than young people
D) the wisdom of older people is of great value to American society
28. Tish Sommers argues that
A) older women find it hard to escape poverty
B) older women usually perform better in their jobs
C) the major cause of the poverty of older women is sexism
D) more people have come to believe in sexism and ageism
29. According to the third paragraph, it can be seen that older Americans
A) have more job opportunities than young people
B) live below the poverty line
C) have new opportunities to remain active in society
D) no longer believe in the promise of a happy life upon retirement
30. It can Be concluded from the passage that the writer
A) calls attention to the living conditions of older Americans
B) believes that the valus of older people is gaining increasing recognition
C) attempts to justify the youth - oriented, throw - away culture of the United States
D) argues people should not retire at the age of 65 or 70
Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage:
The most exciting kind of education is also the most personal. Nothing can exceed the joy
of discovering for yourself something that is important to you! It may be an idea or a bit of in-
formation you come across accidentally- or a sudden insight, fitting together pieces of informa-
tion or working through a problem. Such personal encounters are the "payoff"in education. A
teacher may direct you to learning and even encourage you in it - but no teacher can make the
excitement or the joy happen. That's up to you.
A reaearch paper, assigned in a course and perhaps checked at various stages by an instructor, leads you beyond classrooms, beyond the texts for classes and into a process where the joy of discovery and learning can come to you many times. Preparing the research paper is an active and individual process, and ideal learning process. It provides a stucture within which you can make exciting discoveries, of knowledge and of self, that are Basic to education. But the research paper also gives you a chance to individualize a school assignment, to suit a piece of work to your own interests and abilities, to show others what you can do. Writing a reaearch paper is more than just a classroom exercise. It is an experience in searching out, understanding and synthesizing, which forms the basis of many skills applicable to both academic and nonacademic tasks. It is, in the fullest sense, a discovering, an education. So, to produce a good research paper is both a useful and a thoroughly satisfying experience!
To some, the thought of having to write an assigned number of pages, often more than ever
produced before, is disconcerting. To others, the very idea of having to work independently is
threatening. But there is no need to approach the research paper assignment with anxiety, and
nobody should view the research paper as an obstacle to overcome. Instead, consider it a goal to
accomplish, a goal within reach if you use the help this book can give you.
31. According to the writer, personal discoveries
A) will give one encouragement and direction
B) are helpful in finding the right information
C) are the most valuable part of one's personal education
D) will help one to successfully complete school assignments
32. It can be inferred from the passage that writing a research paper gives one chances
A) to fully develop one's personal abilities
B) to use the skills learnt in the classroom
C) to prove that one is a productive writer
D) to demonstrate how well one can accomplish school assignment
33. From the context, the word "disconecrting" (Para. 3, Line 2) most probably means
A) misleading B) embarrassing C) stimulating D) upsetting
34. The writer argues in the passage that
A) one should explore new areas in research
B) one should trust one's own ability to meet course requirements
C) one should consider research paper writing a pleasure, not a burden
D) one should use all one's knowledge and skills when doing research
35. What will probably follow this passage?
A) How to write a research paper.
B) The importance of research in education.
C) How to make new discoveries for oneself.
D) The skill of putting pieces of information together.
Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage:
In our culture, the sources of what we call a sense of "mastery" - feeling important and
worthwhile - and the sources of what we call a sense of "pleasure" - finding life enjoyable - are
not always identical. Women often are told "You can' t have it all. "Sometimes what the speaker
really is saying is: "You chose a career, so you can' t expect to have closer relationships or a
happy family life. "or "You have a wonderful husband and children - what' s all this about
wanting a career?" But women need to understand and develop both aspects of well - being, if
they are to feel good about themselves.
Our study shows that, for women, well - being has two dimensions. One is mastery, which
includes self- esteem (自尊), a sense of control over your life, and low levels of anxiety and depression. Mastery is closely related to the "doing" side of life, to work and activity. Pleasure is
the other dimension, and it is composed of happiness, satisfaction and optimism (乐观). It is
tied more closely to the "feeling" side of life. The two are independent of each other. A woman
could be high in mastery and low in pleasure, and vice versa. For example, a woman who has a
good job, but whose mother has just died, might be feeling very good about herself and in control of her work life, but the pleasure side could be damaged for a time.
The concepts of mastery and pleasure can help us identify the sources of well - being for
women, and remedy past mistakes. In the past, women were encouraged to look only at the feeling side of life as the source of all well - being. But we know that both mastery and pleasure are
critical. And mastery seems to be achieved largely through work. In our study, all the groups of
employed women rated signficantly higher in mastery than did women who were not employed.
A woman's well-being is enhanced(增进) when she takes on multiple roles. At least by
middle adulthood, the women who were involved in a combination of roles - marriages, mother-
hood, and employment - were the highest in well - being, despite warnings about stress and
36. It can be inferred from the first paragraph that
A) for women, a sense of "mastery" is more important than a sense of "pleasure"
B) for women, a sense of "pleasure" is more important than a sense of "mastery"
C) women can't have a sense of "mastery" and a sense of "pleasure" at the same time
D) a sense of "mastery" and a sense of "pleasure" are both indispensable to women
37. The author's attitude towards women having a career is
A) critical B) positive C) neutral D) realistic
38. ()ne can conclude from the passage that if a woman takes on several social roles,
A) it will be easier for her to overcome stress and strain
B) she will be more successful in her career
C) her chances of getting promoted will be greater
D) her life will be richer and more meaningful
39. Which of the following can be identified as a source of "pleasure" for women?
A) Family life. B) Regular employment.
C) Multiple roles in society. D) Freedom from anxiety.
40. The most appropriate title for the passage would be
A) The well - being of Career Women B) Sources of Mastery and Pleasure
C) Two Aspects of Women' s Well - Being D) Multiple Roles of Women in Society
Part III Vocabulary and Structure ( 20 minutes)
41. He has______ strange hobbies like collecting bottle tops and inventing secret codes.
A) gone on B) gone in for C) gone with D) gone through with
42. Of all the soldiers they had the ______ of being the fiercest, the most patriotic, the
A) recognition B) reservation C) recreation D) reputation
43. Why didn't you tell me you could lend me the money? I ______it from the bank.]
A) haven't needed to borrow B) will not need to borrow
C) needn' t have borrowed D) didn' t need to borrow
44. Advanced computer technology has ______ an answer to accurate weather forecasting.
A) set up B) come up with C) filled in D) faced up to
45. I stared into the blackness and wondered if he was as aware of my presence as ______
A) I was of his B) I was of him C) I did of him ID) I did of his
46. They are sure they have all the facts they need to ___ the existence of a black hole.
A) obtain B) maintain C) verify D) display
47. The new tourist hotel will have ______for more than one thousand people.
A) convenience B) accommodations C) capability D) capacities
48. Medical doctors sometimes can make mistakes that will cost ______
A) patients their lives B) patient lives
C) patients for their lives D) patients with their lives
49. He had been completely exhausted but felt considerably ________ after a meal and a rest.
A) renewed B) recreated C) reshaped D) refreshed
50. His intelligence and experience will enable him to ______ the complicated situation.
A) cope with B) settle down C) intervene in D) interfere with
51. At last she left her house and got to the airport, only ______the plane flying away.
A) having seen B) to have seen C) saw D) to see
52. He obviously displays a great ______ for some of your poems.
A) consent B) admiration C) respect D) pleasure
53. This law ______ the number of accidents caused by children running across the road
when they get off the bus.
A) intending to reduce B) intends reducing
C) intended reducing D) is intended to reduce
54. The fire must have ______ after the staff had gone home.
A) broken down B) broken up C) broken out D) broken off
55. Humidity is so intense in some parts of the tropics that Europeans find they are unable to
A) maintain B) persist C) endure D) sustain
56. The sight of a sick horse being driven along the streets of the village remained ______
him for weeks.
A) of B) on C) to D) with
57. A series of border incidents would ______ead the two countries to war.
A) inevitably B) consistently C) uniformly D) persistently
58. They tried to restrict access to __ they believed to be dangerous areas.
A) what B) which C) that D) everywhere
59. If each manager makes his usual speech, the meeting will be. ______ for forty - five
A) expanded B) prolonged C) delayed D) exceeded
60. It was only after some progress ______ in the use and development of electric current
that men began to realize the importance and possibilities of magnetism.
A) was made B) would have been made
C) has been made D) had been made
61. The weatherman broadcasts the ______in temperature twice a day.
A) diversion B) variation C) variety D) modification
62. I seem to have reached a rather gloomy conclusion, but I think that something cheerful may
still be derived ______ it.
A) of B) off C) from D) with
63. Animals can become unusually ______ when they are upset by a sudden environmental
A) puzzled B) predominant C) vigorous D) aggressive
64. In no circumstances can more work be got out of a machine than______
A) is put into it B) to put it into it
C) to be put into it D) that puts into it
65. The winning team loudly ______its victory.
A) magnified B) proclaimed C) signified D) exclaimed
66. Last year, these ships transported a total of 83,34 million tons of cargo, a 4.4 per cent in-
crease ______ the previous year.
A) over B) than C) up D) beyond
67. With an eighty- hour week and little enjoyment, life must have been very ________ for the
nineteenth- century factory workers.
A) hostile B) anxious C) tedious D) obscure
68. The Second World War______ the earlier one of 1914, prompted public concern about
the physical and intellectual well - being of the country' s human resources.
A) so as B) as were C) as did D) same as
69. Louis was asked to ______ the man who stole her purse.
A) confirm B) recognize C) claim D) identify
70. The bus that ______ outside the inn would soon take the visitors downtown.
A) held back B) pulled up C) got down D) set forth
Part IV Error Correction ( 15 minutes)
When we consider the comfortable circumstances of a working
family today, the life of the workingman in 1882 seems missrable
indeed. But earlier it had been even hard. At the beginning of the 71.
nineteenth century working hours were from sunrise to sunset,
pay was awful, and working conditions being poor and dangerous. 72.
The workingman had little schooling beyond his craft,
and there was little hope that their children would have 73.
nothing better. There were no public schools, and besides, the few 74.
pennies which the children could earn needed to help support the 75.
family, If he was present because of sickness, there was often no 76.
job from him when he returned. Since there were always plenty of 77.
other workers to take his job, he was likely to be hired if he asked 78.
for more pay.
Viewed against today's standards, the attitude of the nine-
Teenth-century factory owners seems incredible. They believed
that was good business to hire men, women and children as cheaply 79.
as possible, make them to work as hard as they could and, when 80.
They became inefficient, worn out, or unable to work for any reason,
Part V Writing (30 minutes)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic: We
Need to Broaden Our Knowledge. You should write no less than 120 words and
you should base your composition on the outline ( given in Chinese ) below:
Remember to write your composition coherently and neatly.
1. B 2. D 3. A 4. B 5. C 6. C 7. A 8. A 9. D 10. B
11. C 12. C 13. B 14. D 15. B 16. A 17. A 18. D 19. C 20. D
21. C 22. D 23. B 24. A 25. D 26. B 27. B 28. A 29. C 30. B
31. C 32. A 33. B 34. C 35. A 36. D 37. B 38. D 39. A 40. C
41. B 42. D 43. C 44. B 45. A 46. C 47. B 48. A 49. D 50. A
51. D 52. B 53. D 54. C 55. C 56. D 57. A 58. A 59. B 60. D
61. B 62. C 63. D 64. A 65. B 66. A 67. C 68. C 69. D 70. B
71. hard ? harder 72. being ? were
73. their ? his 74. nothing ? anything
75. (earn) ? (earn) were 76. present ? absent
77. from ? for 78. hired ? fired
79. (that) ? (that) it 80. to ? /
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