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1992年1月六级试题

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  Part I             Listening Comprehension        (20 minutes)

  Section A

  1. A) Children learn by example.            B) Children must not tell lies.

  C) Children don't like discipline.         D) Children must control their temper.

  2. A) The man was very happy with his published article.

  B) The marking system in the university is excellent.

  C) The article was rejected.

  D) The article was cut short.

  3. A) He is rude to his students.

  B) He is strict with his students.

  C) He is kind and often gives good grades.

  D) He is strange and hates good students.

  4. A) He is going to China.

  B) He is very interested in China.

  C) He likes stamps.

  D) He likes travelling.

  5. A) Opposite the shoe store.

  B) In the middle of a street.

  C) At the corner of a street.

  D) Right outside the shoe store.

  6. A) The woman cannot go to the party.

  B) The man will meet the woman at the party.

  C) The woman has not got the invitation yet.

  D) The woman will try to go to the party by all means.

  7. A) He wants to have some medicine.

  B) The nurse didn't give him an injection on time.

  C) The nurse should have shown up at two o' clock in the morning.

  D) He wants to make an appointment with the doctor.

  8. A) Some salad.                          B) Some dessert.

  C) Just himself.                        D) Enough food.

  9. A) They will fail the test.

  B) The exam is easy.

  C) The grades will be around 40.

  D) They might pass the test.

  10. A) The woman shouldn't go to the U.S. with her brother.

  B) The woman hasn't been allowed to be absent from class.

  C) The woman can go to the airport to meet her brother.

  D) The woman can go and see her brother off.

  Section B

  Passage One

  Questions 11 to 13 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  11. A) Because they want to follow the rapidly growing hobby.

  B) Because they want to show they are wealthy people.

  C) Because they want to hold an exhibition.

  D) Because they want to return to the past and to invest money for profit.

  12. A) 150,000.       B) 500,000.       C) 250,000.       D) 1,000,000.

  13. A) Those which are old and inexpensive.

  B) Those which are unique or unusual.

  C) Those which are practical.

  D) Those which are still fashionable.

  Passage Two

  Questions 14 to 17 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  14. A) Because they were ordered to.

  B) Because they were in danger.

  C) Because the plane was going to fly in circles.

  D) Because the plane climbed again.

  15. A) Over the airport.                   B) Over the land.

  C) Over the sea.                        D) Over the mountains.

  16. A) Because there was something wrong with it.

  B) Because the weather changed suddenly.

  C) Because there were no lights at the airport.

  D) Because too many planes were waiting to take off or land.

  17. A) Some time after five.               B) Some time after four.

  C) A few minutes before four.          D) A few minutes before six.

  Passage Three

  Questions 18 to 20 are based on the passage you have just beard.

  18. A) People in Venice don't like walking.

  B) The buildings there float on water.

  C) Cars are seldom used in Venice.

  D) Boat rides there are expensive.

  19. A) About four hundred.                B) About seven hundred.

  C) Twenty.                             D) One hundred and twenty.

  20. A) The boats can't pass under the bridges.

  B) The islands will be disconnected.

  C) While passing under the bridges, people in the boats have to lower their heads.

  D) The bridges will be damaged.

  Part II              Reading Comprehension         (35 minutes)

  Passage One

  Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage:

  Lecturing as a method of teaching is so frequently under attack today from educational psychologists and by students that some justification is needed to keep it. Critics believe that is

  results in passive methods of learning which tend to be less effective than those which fully engage the learner. They also maintain that students have no opportunity to ask questions and must all receive the same content at the same pace, that they are exposed only to one teacher' s

  interpretation of subject matter which will certainly be limited and that, anyway, few lectures rise above dullness. Nevertheless, in a number of inquiries this pessimistic evaluation of lecturing as a

  teaching method proves not to be general among students although they do fairly often comment

  on poor lecturing techniques.

  Students praise lectures which are clear and orderly outlines in which basic principles are

  emphasised but dislike too numberous digressions(离题) or lectures which consist in part of the

  contents of a textbook. Students of science subjects consider that a lecture is a good way to in-

  traduce a new subject, putting it in its value as a period of discussion of problems and possible

  solutions with their lecturer. They do not look for inspiration(灵感) -this is more commenly

  mentioned by teachers - but arts students look for originality in lectures. Medical and dental

  students who have reports on teaching methods, or specifically on lecturing, suggest that there

  should be fewer lectures or that, at the least, more would be unpopular.

  21. The passage states that

  A) few students dislike lecturing as a teaching method

  B) lecturing is a good method of teaching

  C) lecturing as a teaching method proves to be uninspiring

  D) most students like lectures because they can fully engage the learner

  22. According to the critics,

  A) lectures can't make students active in their studies

  B) some lecturers' knowledge of their subjects limited

  C) most lectures are similar in content

  D) few lectures are dull

  23. According to this passage, students dislike lectures which

  A) introduce mat la[ not included in the texbook

  B) present many problems for discussion

  C) always wander from the subject

  D) stress the main points

  24. Lecturing as a teaching method is less appreciated by

  A) dental teachers                     B) medical students

  C) arts lecturers                       D) science learners

  25. According to the author, the evaluation of lecturing as a teaching method by educational

  psychologists is

  A) defonsive       B) conservative    C) realistic        D) negative

  Passage Two

  Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:

  From the moment that an animal is born it has to make decisions. It has to decide which of

  the things around it are for eating, and which are to be avoided when to attack and when to run

  away. The animal is, in effect, playing a complicated and potentially very dangerous game with

  its environment, discomfort or destruction.

  This is a difficult and unpleasant business and few animals would survive if they had to

  start from the beginning and learn about the world wholly by trial and error, for there are the

  have possible decisions which would prove fatal. So we find, in practice, that the game is always

  arranged in favour of the young animal in one way or another. Either the animal is protected

  during the early stages of its learning about the world around it, or the knowledge of which way

  to respond is built into its nervous system from the start.

  The fact that animals behave sensibly can be attributed partly to what we might call

  genetic(遗传的) learning, to distinguish it from the individual learning that an animal does in the

  course of its own life time. Genetic learning is learning by a species as a whole, and it is achieved

  by selection of those members of each generation that happen to behave in the right way. How-

  ever, genetic learning depends upon a prediction that the future will more or less exactly resemble

  the past. The more variable individual experience is likely to be, the less efficient is genetic

  learning as a means of getting over the problems of the survival game. It is not surprising to find

  that very few species indeed depend wholly upon genetic learning. In the great majority of animals, behaviour is a compound of individual experience and genetic learning to behave in particular

  ways.

  26. According to the first paragraph, the survival game is considered potentially very dangerous

  because

  A) animals are constantly threatened by attacks

  B) wrong decisions will lead to the disappearance of a species

  C) decisions made by an animal may turn out to be fatal

  D) few animals can survive in their struggle with the environment

  27. It is implied but not directly stated in the passage that most animals

  A) are likely to make wrong decisions

  B) have made correct decisions for their survival

  C) depend entirely on their parents in learning about the world around them

  D) survive by means of individual learning

  28. Genetic learning is effective only if

  A) the survival game is arranged in favour of the young animals

  B) the animals can adapt themselves to the changing surroundings

  C) circumstances remain more or less the same

  D) the animals have varied individual experiences

  29. The best TITLE for this passage would be

  A) The Decision - Making Ability of Animals

  B) Survival and Environment

  C) Reward and Penalty for Animals

  D) Behaviour and Survival

  30. How is genetic leaning achieved?

  A) It is inherited from animals with keen observation.

  B) It is passed down from those animals that behave in the correct way.

  C) It is taught to the young generation.

  D) It is learned by the new generation through trial and error.

  Passage Three

  Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage:

  Scientists, like other human beings, have their hopes and fears, their passions and disap-

  pointments    and their strong emotions may sometimes interrupt the course of clear thinking

  and sound practice. But science is also self - correcting. The most fundamental principles and

  conclusions may be challenged. The steps in a reasoned argument must be set out for all to see.

  Experiments must be capable of being carried out by other scientists. The history of science is

  full of cases where previously accepted theories have been entirely overthrown, to be replaced by

  new ideas which more adequately explain the data.

  While there is an understandable inertia - usually lasting about one generation - such

  revolution in scientific thought are widely accepted as a necessary and desirable element of scientific progress. Indeed, the reasoned criticism of a prevailing belief is a service to the supporters of that belief; if they are incapable of defending it, they are well - advised to abandon it. This self -questioning and error- correcting aspect of the scientific method is its most striking property and sets it off from many other areas of human endeavor, such as religion and fine arts.

  The idea of science as a method rather than as a body of knowledge is not widely appreciated outside of science, or indeed in some corridors inside of science. Vigorous criticism is constructive in science more than in some other areas of human endeavor because in it there are adequate standards of validity which can be agreed upon by competent scientists the world over.

  The objective of such criticism is not to suppress but rather to encourage the advance of new

  Ideas:those which survive a firm skeptical(怀疑的) examination have a fighting chance of being

  right, or at least useful.

  31. Science is self- correcting because its theories

  A) have to be revised constantly to conform with ideas which explain the data better

  B) have reflected the most fundamental principles of nature

  C) are, more often than not, based on inadequate data

  D) must be set out for all to see

  32. It can be learned from the context that the word "inertia" (Para. 2, Line 1) most probably

  means

  A) strong resolution                   B) unwillingness to change

  C) a period of time                    D) prevailing belief

  33. The "revolution in scientific thought" (Para. 2, Lind 2) refers to

  A) acceptance of the reasoned criticisms of prevailing scientific theories

  B) the continuous overthrow of existing scientific theories

  C) the adequate explanation of the data in prevailing scientific theories

  D) the major discoveries that represent breakthroughs in the history of scientific progress

  34. The author says that the most striking property of the scientific method is its self- questioning

  and error - correcting aspect, because it is this aspect that

  A) is indispensable to the advance of science

  B) is most widely appreciated by scientists

  C) helps scientists to abandon anything they cannot defend

  D) sets science off from mary other areas of human endeavor

  35. The word "it"(Para. 3, Line 4)refers to  "_______"

  A) vigorous criticism                   B) scientific method

  C) human endeavor                    D) science

  Passage Four

  Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage:

  My father's reaction to the bank building at 43rd Street and Fifth Avenus in New York

  City was immediate and definite: "You won' t catch me putting my money in there!" he declared. "Not in that glass box!"

  Of course, my father is a gentleman of the old school, a member of the generation to whom

  a good deal of modern architecture is upsetting, but I am convinced that his negative response

  was not so much to the architecture as to a violation of his concept of the nature of money.

  In his generation money was thought of as a real commodity(实物) that could be carried,

  or stolen. Consequently, to attract the custom of a sensible man, a bank had to have heavy walls,

  barred windows, and bronze doors, to affirm the fact, however untrue, that money would be safe

  inside. If a building' s design made it appear impenetrable the institution was necessarily reliable, and the meaning of the heavy wall as an architecture symbol dwelt in the prevailing attitude toward money.

  But that attitude toward money has of course changed. Excepting pocket money, cash of

  any kind is now rarely used; money as a tangible commodity has largely been replaced by credit.

  A deficit(赤字) economy, accompanied by huge expansion, has led us to think of money as a

  product of the creative imagination. The banker no longer offers us a safe: he offers us a service

  - a service in which the most valuable element is the creativity for the invention of large numbers. It is in no way surprising, in view of this change in attitude, that we are witnessing the

  disappearance of the heavy - walled hank.

  Just as the older bank emphasized its strength, this bank by its architecture boasts of its

  imaginative powers. From this point of view it is hard to say where architecture ends and human

  assertion(人们的说法) begins.

  36. The main idea of this passage is that

  A) money is not as valuable as it was in the past

  B) changes have taken place in both the appearance and the concept or banks

  C) the architectural style of the older bank is superior to that of the modern bank

  D) prejudice makes the older generation think that the modern bank is unreliable

  37. What are the attitudes of the older generation and the younger generation toward money?

  A) The former thinks more of it than the latter.

  B) The younger generation values money more than the older generation.

  C) Both generations rely on the imaginative power of bankers to make money.

  D) The former regards it as a real commodity while the latter considers it to be a means to

  produce more money.

  38. The word "tangible"(Para. 4 Line 3) refers to something

  A) that is precious                     B) that is usable

  C) that can be touched                 D) that can be reproduced

  39. According to this passage, a modern banker should be

  A) ambitious and friendly              B) reliable and powerful

  C) sensible and impenetrable           D) imaginative and creative

  40. It can be inferred from the passage that the author' s attitude towards the new trend in

  banking is

  A) cautious        B) regretful        C) positive         D) hostile

  Part III              Vocabulary and Structure        (20 minutes)

  41. Let's leave the question   _______  for a moment.

  A) off             B) out             C) down           D) aside

  42. A large fish was slowly swimming through the water, its tail   v   back and forth like

  the pendulum of a clock.

  A) swung          B) swinging        C) was swung      D) was swinging

  43. The cells were designed to   _______  sunshine to electricity to run a motor.

  A) modify         B) alter            C) convert         D) exchange

  44. The fire started on the first floor of the hospital,,          are elderly and weak.

  A) many of whose patients             B) many of which patients

  C) many of its patients                 D) many patients of whom

  45. He was determined that none of his children would be   _______ an education.

  A) declined        B) cancelled       C) denied          D) ceased

  46. Singing is one of the oldest and possibly most ________   practised froms of art.

  A) uniquely        B) practically      C) universally      D) predominantly

  47. Few people realize how rich that area is. It is a land of treasure          treasure.

  A) increased by                         B) derived from

  C) turned over                          D) piled on

  48. The jeweler assured Mr. White that the stone was a  _______  diamond and not an imitation.

  A) graceful        B) genuine         C) glittering       D) genius

  49. In the southwestern part of the United States  _______ built in the last century.

  A) they are many abandoned mining towns

  B) where there are many abandoned mining towns

  C) are many abandoned mining towns

  D) many abandoned mining towns are

  50. As the clouds drifted away an even higher peak became   _______  to the climbers.

  A) visible          B) obvious         C) present         D) apparent

  51. The remarkable gains in the general health of the population in the world have been due in

  large measure _______  the efforts of some great doctors.

  A) for          B) with         C) by          D) to

  52. He appeared in the court and supplied the facts  _______   to the ease.

  A) subject         B) relevant        C) attached        D) corresponding

  53. John did not have to write the composition if he didn't want to. It was

  A) optional        B) suitable         C) critical         D) elemental

  54. The   _______for speeding is a fine of ten dollars.

  A) violation        B) admission       C) penalty         D) excess

  55. A   _______ exercise such as running is helpful to our health.

  A) vigorous        B) cautious         C) precious         D) various

  56. In sharp _______   to John, who is frank. Henry is too sophisticated.

  A) conflict         B) contrast        C) comparison     D) contradiction

  57. On a small farm in a dry climate one should not grow crops that need  _______ space and

  a lot of water to ripen.

  A) quantitative     B) significant      C) extenive        D) considerable

  58. The doctor told the pupils that an _______  disease was one that could be passed from one

  person to another.

  A) infectious       B) expanding      C) overwhelming   D) inherent

  59. It would be surprising for  _______  any objections to the proposal.

  A) not to be                         B) it not to be

  C) there not to be                     D) there to be not

  60. She was pale with _______ after working for three shifts in suecession.

  A) cold           B) fatigue         C) emotion        D) fright

  61. What a _______  person says or does today agrees with what he said or did yesterday.

  A) consistent      B) harmonious     C) constant        D) sensible

  62. Jane and Tim still remember that it was _______  , their parents, who encouraged then to

  continue their education.

  A) these          B) who           C) they           D) whom

  63. You did tell me what to do. If only I  _______  your advice.

  A) would take     B) had taken       C) took            D) have taken

  64. Everyone asked me where he was, but it was _______   a mystory to me as to them.

  A) as much of      B) much of         C) as such         D) as of

  65. The dry summer           the supply of fresh vegetables.

  A) induced         B) diminished      C) dominated      D) manipulated

  66. The information was later admitted  _______  from unreliable seurces.

  A) that it was obtained                B) that it has been obtained

  C) to be obtained                      D) to have been obtained

  67. What .sort of  _______ can you get for the night in a city like this!

  A) commission     B) interaction      C) accommodation D) recommendation

  68. He has been looking everywhere for you, and he still _______

  A) does            B) has been        C) has             D) is

  69. This is one of the rerest questions that  _______ at such a meeting.

  A) has ever been raised                 B) is raised

  C) are raised                            D) have ever been raised

  70. He never hesitates to make such criticisms ___  are considered helpful to other.

  A) that           B) as             C) which          D) what

  Part 1V                  Error Correction            (15 minutes)

  This  passage  discusses  one  way  methane(甲烷)  gas

  is made.  And it has something also to do with the work       71.

  of termites(白蚁).

  Termites  can  ruin  a  health  tree  or  a  costly  home.        72.

  They eat the wood.  This causes the tree or building to

  collapse.   But  termites  also  have  a  useless  purpose  on       73.

  earth.

  Nearly   half  of   the   methane   in   our   atmosphere

  come  from   temites.   Methane  gas,   by  turn,   makes       74.

  other  gases.   It  also  aids  in  the  greenhouse  effect,

  which keeps warm air close the earth.                                 75.

  Scientist  Pat  Zimmerman  made  the  discovery.   He

  found  that  methane  gas  is  given  up  when  termites       76.

  digest   their   food.    Zimmerman   thinks   that    there

  are   about   240,000,000   billion   termites   on   earth.

  They   produce   8,000   billion   cubic   foot  of   methane       77.

  each    year,    he    believes.    That    is    half    the

  number   of   gas   drawn   yearly   from   natural   gas       78.

  wells in the U. S.

  Perhaps    we' 11    treat    termites    for    friends.        79.

  We' Il   offer   them   a   piece   of   our   house,    and

  they' Il offer us a new way to keep us warmly!                           80.

  Part V                     Writing                (30 minutes)

  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition based on the

  following graph which shows the change in the number of filmgoers and TV watchers in

  a certain city. The title of' the composition is: Film Is Giving Way to TV.

  You should write no less than 120 words for your composition and it must include the

  following ideas (given in Chinese ):

  1.电影观众越来越少

  2.电视观众越来越多,因为……

  3.然而还是有人喜欢看电影,因为……

  Quote as few figures as possible. Remember to write your composition in

  readable handwriting.

  上一篇:  1993年1月六级试题

  下一篇:  1992年6月六级试题

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