In the case of mobile phones, change is everything. Recent research indicates that the mobile phone is changing not only our culture, but our very bodies as well.
First. Let’s talk about culture. The difference between the mobile phone and its parent, the fixed-line phone, you get whoever answers it.
This has several implications. The most common one, however, and perhaps the thing that has changed our culture forever, is the “meeting” influence. People no longer need to make firm plans about when and where to meet. Twenty years ago, a Friday night would need to be arranged in advance. You needed enough time to allow everyone to get from their place of work to the first meeting place. Now, however, a night out can be arranged on the run. It is no longer “see you there at
Texting changes people as well. In their paper, “insights into the Social and Psychological Effects of SMS Text Messaging”, two British researchers distinguished between two types of mobile phone users: the “talkers” and the “texters”-those who prefer voice to text message and those who prefer text to voice.
They found that the mobile phone’s individuality and privacy gave texters the ability to express a whole new outer personality. Texters were likely to report that their family would be surprised if they were to read their texts. This suggests that texting allowed texters to present a self-image that differed from the one familiar to those who knew them well.
Another scientist wrote of the changes that mobiles have brought to body language. There are two kinds that people use while speaking on the phone. There is the “speakeasy”: the head is held high, in a self-confident way, chatting away. And there is the “spacemaker”: these people focus on themselves and keep out other people.
Who can blame them? Phone meetings get cancelled or reformed and camera-phones intrude on people’s privacy. So, it is understandable if your mobile makes you nervous. But perhaps you needn’t worry so much. After all, it is good to talk.
81 when people plan to meet nowadays, they
A: arrange the meeting place beforehand
B. postpone fixing the place till last minute
C: seldom care about when and where to meet
D: still love to work out detailed meeting plans.
82 According to the two British researchers, the social and psychological effect are mostly likely to be seen on
B; the "speakeasy"
c. the “spacemaker”
83 We can infer from the passage that the texts sent by texters are
A: quite revealing
B: well written
c: unacceptable by others
d; shocking to others
84 according to the passage ,who is afraid of being heard while talking on the mobile
b: the speakeasy
c :the spacemaker
85 an appropriate title for the passage might be
A: the SMS effect
b: cultural implication of mobile use
c: change in the use of the mobile
d: body language and the mobile phone!
Over the last 25 years, British society has changed a great deal-or at least many parts of it have. In some ways, however, very little has changed, particularly where attitudes are concerned. Ideas about social class-whether a person i
s “working-class” or “middle-class”
-are one area in which changes have been extremely slow.
In the past, the working-class tended to be paid less than middle-class people, such as teachers and doctors. As a result of this and also of the fact that workers’ jobs were generally much less secure, distinct differences in life-styles and attitudes came into existence. The typical working man would collect his wages on Friday evening and then, it was widely believed, having given his wife her “housekeeping”, would go out and squander the rest on beer and betting.
The stereotype of what a middle-class man did with his money was perhaps nearer the truth. He was-and still is – inclined to take a longer-term view. Not only did he regard buying a house of these provided him and his family with security. Only in very few cases did workers have the opportunity (or the education and training) to make such long-term plans.
Nowadays, a great deal has changed. In a large number of cases factory workers earn as much, if not more, than their middle-class supervisors. Social security and laws to improve century, have made it less necessary than before to worry about “tomorrow”. Working-class people seem slowly to be losing the feeling of inferiority they had in the past. In fact there has been a growing tendency in the past few years for the middle-classes to feel slightly ashamed of their position.
The changes in both life-styles and attitudes are probably most easily seen amongst younger people. They generally tend to share very similar tastes in music and clothes, they spend their money in having a good time, and save for holidays or longer-term plans when necessary. There seems to be much less difference than in precious generations. Nevertheless, we still have a wide gap between the well-paid (whatever the type of job they may have) and the low-paid. As long as this gap exists, there will always be a possibility that new conflicts and jealousies will emerge, or rather that the old conflicts will re-appear, but between different groups.
86, which of the following is seen as the cause of class differences in the past?
A: life style and occupation
B: Attitude and income
C: income and job security
D: job security and hobbies
87 the writer seems to suggest that the description of ------- is closer to truth?
A: middle –class ways of spending money
B: working-class ways of spending the weekend
C: working-class drinking habits
D: middle-class attitudes
88 according to the passage, which of the following is not a typical feature of the middle -class?
A: desiring for security
B: Making long term plans
C: having priorities in life
D: saving money
89 working -class people's sense of security increased as a resulf of all the follwoing factor except?
A:better social security
B: more job opportunities
C: higher living standard
D: better legal protection.
which of the following statement is incorrect?
A:Changes are slowly taking place in all sectors of the British society.
B:The gap between working -class and middle- class young people is narrowing
C: different in income will remain but those in occupation will disappear
D: middle-class people may sometimes feel inferior to working-class people!
For several days I saw little of Mr. Rochester. In the morning he seemed much occupied with business, and in the afternoon gentlemen from the neighourhood called and some times stayed to dine with him. When his foot was well enough, he rode out a great deal.
During this time, all my knowledge of him was limited to occasional meetings about the house, when he would sometimes pass me coldly, and sometimes bow and smile. His changes of manner did not offend me, because I saw that I had nothing to do with the cause of them.
One evening, several days later, I was invited to talk to Mr. Rochester after dinner. He was sitting in his armchair, and looked not quite so severe, and much less gloomy. There was a smile on his lips, and his eyes were bright, probably with wine. As I was looking at him, he suddenly turned, and asked me, “do you think I’m handsome, Miss Eyre?”
The answer somehow slipped from my tongue before I realized it: ‘No, sir.”
“ah, you really are unusual! You are a quiet, serious little person, but you can be almost rude.”
“Sir, I’m sorry. I should have said that beauty doesn’t matter, or something like that,”
“no, you shouldn’t! I see, you criticize my appearance, and then you stab me in the back! You have honesty and feeling. There are not many girls like you. But perhaps I go too fast. Perhaps you have awaful faults to counterbalance your few good points
I thought to myself that he might have too. He seemed to read my mind, and said quickly,” yes, you’re right. I have plenty of faults. I went the wrong way when I was twenty-one, and have never found the right path again. I might have been very different. I might have been as good as you, and perhaps wiser. I am not a bad man, take my word for it, but I have done wrong. It wasn’t my character, but circumstances which were to blame. Why do I tell you all this? Because you’re the sort of person people tell their problems and secrets to, because you’re sympathetic and give them hope.”
It seemed he had quite a lot to talk to me. He didn’t seem to like to finish the talk quickly, as was the case for the first time.
“Don’t be afraid of me, Miss Eyre.” He continued. “ you don’t relax or laugh very much, perhaps because of the effect Lowood school has had on you. But in time you will be more natural with me, and laugh, and speak freely. You’re like a bird in a cage. When you get out of the cage, you’ll fly very high. Good night.”
91:at the beginning miss Eyre 's impressions of Mr.Rochester were all except
92, in "....and all my knowledge him was limited to occasional meetings about the house,…”.the word about means
93. why did Mr.Rochester say" ..and the you stab me in the back!" the (7thpara.
A: because Jane had intended to kill him with a knife
B: because Jane had intended to be more critical.
C: because Jane had regretted having talked to him
D:because Jane had said something else to correct herself.
94, from what Mr.Rochest told miss Eyre,we can conclude that he wanted to
A: Tell her all his troubles
B: tell her his life experience.
C:change her opinion of him
D change his circumstances
95, at the end of the passage , Mr. Rochester sounded
The ideal companion machine-the computer- would not only look, feel, and sound friendly but would also be programmed to behave in a pleasant manner. Those qualities that make interaction comfortable, and yet the machine would remain slightly unpredictable and therefore interesting. In its first encounter it might be somewhat hesitant, but as it came to know the user it would progress to a more relaxed and intimate style. The machine would not be a passive participant but would add its own suggestions, information, and opinions; it would sometimes take the initiative in developing or changing the topic and would have a personality of its own.
Friendships are not made in a day, and the computer would be more acceptable as a friend if it imitated the gradual changes that occur when one person is getting to know another. At an appropriate time it might also express the kind of affection that stimulates attachment and intimacy. The whole process would be accomplished in a subtle way to avoid giving an impression of over-familiarity that would be likely to produce irritation. After experiencing a wealth of powerful, well-timed friendship indicators, the user would be very likely to accept the computer as far more than a machine and might well come to regard it as a friend.
An artificial relationship of this type would provide many of the benefits that could continue from previous discussions. It would have a familiarity with the user’s life as revealed in earlier contact, and it would be understanding and good-humored. The computer’s own personality would be lively and impressive, and it would develop in response to that of the user. With features such as these, the machine might indeed become a very attractive social partner.
which of the following is not a feature of the ideal companion machine?
A:Active in communication
B: Attractive in personality.
C: enjoyable in performance
D: unpredictable in behaviour
97. the computer would develop friendships with humans in a (n) ---------way.
which of the following aspects is not mentioned when the passage discusses the benefits of artificial relationships?
A:Being able to pick up an interesting conversation.
B: Being sensitive to earlier contact.
C: Being ready to learn about the person's life
D:Having a pleasant and adaptable personality.
throughout the passage,the author is _____in his attitude toward the computer
100. which mgiht be the most appropriate title of the passage?
A:Articial relationshios .
B: How to form intimate relationships
C:The affectionate machine
D: Humans and computers
（阅读试题参考答案:32214 21341 31324 14211）
（阅读试题参考答案:32214 21341 31324 14211）