1891 - History of cinema: First public display of Thomas Alva Edison's prototype kinetoscope
Thomas Alva Edison (February 11, 1847 – October 18, 1931) was an American inventor and businessman who developed many devices which greatly influenced life in the 20th century. Dubbed "The Wizard of Menlo Park" by a newspaper reporter, he was one of the first inventors to apply the principles of mass production to the process of invention, and can therefore be credited with the creation of the first industrial research laboratory. Some of the inventions credited to him were not completely original, but alterations of earlier patents (most famously the light bulb), or were actually the work of his numerous employees. Nevertheless, Edison is considered one of the most prolific inventors in history, holding 1,093 U.S. patents in his name, as well as many patents in the United Kingdom, France, and Germany.
托马斯·阿尔瓦·爱迪生（Thomas Alva Edison，1847年2月11日—1931年10月18日），美国发明家、商人，一位开发出很多重要装置的人。于新泽西州的“门洛公园的魔术师（The Wizard of Menlo Park）”是世界上第一个发名家利用大量生产原则来生产发明物的工业研究实验室。