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半数美青年教师5年就辞职

2006-05-15 10:15蒋黎黎,CRI

Half of New Teachers Quit within 5 Years: Study

Jessica Jentis fit the profile of a typical American teacher: She was white, held a masters degree and quit two and a half years after starting her career.

According to a new study from teachers' union the National Education Association, half of new U.S. teachers are likely to quit within the first five years because of poor working conditions and low salaries.

Jentis, now a stay-at-home mother of three, says that she couldn't make enough money teaching in Manhattan to pay for her student loans and that dealing with school bureaucracy was too difficult.

"The kids were wonderful to be with, but the stress of everything that went with it and the low pay did not make it hard to leave," she said. "It's sad because you see a lot of the teachers that are young and gung-ho are ready to leave."

The proportion of new teachers leaving has hovered around 50 percent for decades, said Barry Farber, a professor of education and psychology at Columbia University.

The study, which the association released last week ahead of its annual salute to teachers on Tuesday, also found today's average teacher is a married, 43-year-old white woman who is religious.

Teachers are more educated than ever before, with the proportion of those holding Masters degrees increasing to 50 percent from 23 percent since the early 1960s.

Only 6 percent of teachers are African-American and 5 percent are Hispanic, Asian or come from other ethnic groups. Men represent barely a quarter of teachers, which the association says is the lowest level in four decades.

"We must face the fact that although our current teachers are the most educated and most experienced ever, there are still too many teachers leaving the profession too early, not enough people becoming teachers and not enough diversity in the profession," said NEA President Reg Weaver in a statement.

Thanks to the high dropout rate of younger teachers, there will be plenty of job openings for teachers over the next 10 years, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Because education is governed at the state level, programs to retain younger teachers differ from state to state.



美国教师联合组织全国教育协会近日公布的一项调查结果显示,大约有一半的美国青年教师在工作的第一个5年里提出辞职,主要原因是工作环境较差和收入水平较低。

据路透社5月9日报道,曾经在曼哈顿教书的延蒂斯的经历可谓是美国众多青年教师的一个典型:她是白种人、拥有硕士学位,但在走上讲台两年半后便辞职。目前,已经是3岁孩子母亲的延蒂斯失业在家,她表示在曼哈顿教书时的收入还不够偿还她读大学时欠下的助学贷款,而在官僚作风严重的学校里工作也是一件很艰难的事情。

延蒂斯说:“与孩子们相处是很美好的,可与之相伴的其它所有事情都让人感到很大压力。过低的薪水让人很难不选择离开,而当你看见周围大多数的年轻的教师都在着急离开时,自己的心情也会变得很悲伤。”

调查结果显示,目前,美国教师的典型形象为:43岁左右的白种已婚女人,拥有宗教信仰。哥伦比亚大学教育心理学教授Farber指出,在过去的几十年里,美国青年教师的离职率已高达50%。如今,美国教师的学历比过去有所提高,拥有硕士学历的人已达到50%,而上世纪60年代初仅为23%。

全国教育协会主席Weaver表示:“我们必须面对这个事实,尽管教师的学历和经验都比以前有所好转,但太多的教师过早离岗,而从事教师工作的人不仅越来越少,他们在工作中也越来越墨守成规。”

在职的美国教师中,6%为非裔美国人,5%来自西班牙和亚洲。其中男性教师仅占教师总人数的四分之一,是最近40年来的最低水平。

由于青年教师的高离职率,在过去10年里,美国教师岗位的职位空缺增多。由于美国教育管理最高权限设在各州,所以如何留住青年教师还需各州自己拿出办法。

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