1588 - The last ship of the Spanish Armada sets sail from Lisbon heading for the English Channel.
The Spanish Armada or "Great/Grand Armada" (Old Spanish: Grande y Felicísima Armada, "large and most fortunate fleet"; but called by the English, with ironic intention, la Armada Invencible, "the Invincible Fleet") refers to the Spanish-controlled fleet which sailed against England in 1588, with the intention of escorting an invading army across the English Channel. The largest fleet up until its time, it was sent by the Catholic King Philip II of Spain in 1588 in a failed attempt to bring an end to the conflict with England, and was the largest campaign of the undeclared Anglo-Spanish War. The Spanish fleet, which consisted of more than 130 warships and converted merchant ships, was not entirely defeated by the English Navy but was scattered by an English fire-ship attack in the Battle of Gravelines in the English Channel off the coast of France, and then forced to flee back to Spain by circumnavigating Great Britain and Ireland. The rigors of the weather endured during the long journey home, combined with the dangers of traveling in unfamiliar waters, decimated the fleet. The defeat of the Spanish Armada is one of the most famous episodes in English history.
无敌舰队（古西班牙语：la Felicissima Armada即最幸运的舰队；现代西班牙语：la Armada Invencible即不可击败的舰队）是由西班牙国王腓力二世在1588年所派出，意图征服英格兰却失败的庞大舰队。无敌舰队之役是英西战争中最大型的战役，也是战争过程之中第一个具侵略性攻击意图的战役。这场战争同时也是英国历史中最有名的时期。在格瑞福兰海战（battle of Gravelines）中，西班牙船舰被法兰西斯·德雷克所领导的英国海军冲散，英军用的秘密武器称为地狱燃烧者，即八艘起火燃烧并且满载火药的商船。