外语教育网
您的位置:外语教育网 > 英语影音 > 双语快讯 正文
  • 站内搜索:

美同性恋男子愿将艾滋病情告之亲友

2006-05-26 11:02CRI Online

Most Gay Men with HIV Don't Regret Telling Friends

Despite the potential social and emotional consequences, gay men with HIV usually do not regret disclosing their status to friends and family members, according to a new study.

"Results suggest that although disclosure is regarded as an anxiety provoking activity and negative reactions are typically anticipated, HIV disclosure appears to elicit very little regret to a wide variety of social network members," the authors write.

The findings may be useful for those contemplating disclosing their HIV-positive status. "Disclosure of HIV status may be a difficult event but once the hurdle is jumped, regret is minimal," study author Dr. Julianne M. Serovich, of The Ohio State University, in Columbus, told Reuters Health.

Prior studies have shown that the consequences of disclosing HIV-positive status may include rejection, abandonment, ostracism and degradation. Such disclosure may also be associated with certain benefits, however, such as more social support and increased medical attention and access to assistance. Yet, while researchers have examined people's decisions about whether to disclose their HIV status, little research has focused on whether people regret their disclosure afterwards.

Serovich and her colleagues examined this in a study of 76 gay men with HIV who had disclosed their HIV-positive status to at least one family member, friend or other member of their social network. The 21- to 61-year-old study participants all contracted the virus through sex and had been diagnosed with HIV for anywhere from 1 month to 16 years.

Based on their questionnaire and interview responses, 80 percent of the men's social network were aware of their HIV-positive status, and 75 percent of the men expressed little or no regret about disclosing their status to these individuals, Serovich and her team report in AIDS Education and Prevention.

When regret was expressed it was usually concerning disclosures within the nuclear family, work environment, and with previous or casual sex partners, the report indicates.

For example, men were four times as likely to regret telling their nuclear family, especially their parents, that they were HIV positive, as they were to regret disclosing that information to friends, study findings show.

"This result should not be surprising given the differential emotional bonds and experiences shared among family versus friends," Serovich and her co-authors write.

Still, the researchers note, only 22 of the 318 cases of disclosure to family members were associated with regret.

"I was encouraged by the results and hope that these can be shared with those who are contemplating disclosure," Serovich told Reuters Health.

She did caution that the findings are based on a small number of mid-western, primarily Caucasian men. Serovich noted that it is not known whether they can be generalized to heterosexual men, women, or people of other races or ethnicities.

SOURCE: AIDS Education and Prevention, April 2006.



最新公布的一项美国研究结果显示,尽管不可避免地要面临一些潜在的社会与情感方面的负面结果,但大部分携带艾滋病病毒的美国同性恋男子并不后悔将其病情告知自己的朋友和家人。

据路透社5月18日报道,此研究报告的作者、美国俄亥俄州立大学的朱力安妮·赛罗维奇在接受路透社记者采访时表示:“从本次研究的具体结果来看,尽管向外透露艾滋病病情一向被认为可能使人变得焦虑不安且通常会招来他人的某些负面举动,但事实上,很多有过此种举动的人并没有因此而产生任何后悔情绪。”她说:“向外界透露HIV检测呈阳性的结果可能是一件十分困难的事情,不过一旦跨越了相关障碍后,由此而产生的后悔情绪便显得微乎其微了。”

此前进行的多项研究结果显示,将HIV检测结果呈阳性的信息告知他人的举动可能会带来包括被人们拒绝、排斥、抛弃以及羞辱等在内的多种负面结果。当然,对外披露病情也有可能带来某些好处,比如可以更多地获得来自社会的帮助,可以接受更为细心的治疗及护理。但此前的研究人员往往将主要精力放在了对人们是否愿意将HIV检测结果告诉别人的研究上,而没有关注他们后来是否对自己向外透露病情的举动感到后悔。

赛罗维奇和她的同事们专门就后一问题进行了研究,研究对象为76名年龄在21岁到61岁之间的HIV检测结果呈阳性的同性恋男子,这些人已经向至少1名家庭成员、朋友或其他相识者透露了自己的病情。他们都是通过性行为感染上了艾滋病病毒,且被确诊的时间为1个月到16年不等。研究人员对这些人进行了问卷调查及访谈,从具体结果来看,在他们的社会关系网中,有80%的人已经知道了其HIV检测呈阳性这一结果,75%的被调查者对于向外透露病情的举动并未显示出任何后悔情绪。对于那些HIV检测呈阳性且打算将病情告知亲友的人来说,本次研究的成果或许会对他们有所帮助。

该研究报告同时指出,一些人在向下面几个特定群体披露病情时往往会产生后悔情绪,其中包括家庭的核心成员(父母和子女),单位里的同事、从前的性伴侣或偶遇的性伴侣等。研究报告称,这些男人在向自己家庭的核心成员(特别是父母)披露病情时产生后悔情绪的可能性是将此信息告知朋友时产生后悔情绪的可能性的4倍。赛罗维奇及其合作者在该研究报告中表示:“大家对此结果不应感到大惊小怪,因为毕竟人们在面对家庭成员和朋友时所产生的情感联系和体验还是有所不同的。”。他们还说,在318个向家庭成员透露病情的案例中只有22起出现了后悔情绪。

赛罗维奇说:“此次研究结果令我倍受鼓舞,我希望那些正打算对外披露病情的人也能分享这些成果。”最后,她还特意提醒人们,本次研究所涉及的对象仅为居住在美国中西部地区且以白种人为主的一个小群体。在赛罗维奇看来,目前尚不清楚这些研究成果在异性恋男子、女性及其它民族或种族的人身上是否同样适用。

报道说,该研究报告已被刊登在《艾滋病教育与预防》杂志上。

相关热词:bilingual news us
考试英语系列辅导课程
周 涵著名职称英语辅导专家,十余年职称英语教学实践……详情>>
周涵:职称英语辅导名师
赵文通资深学位英语辅导专家,深谙命题方向及重点、难点……详情>>
赵文通:学位英语考试辅导名师
冉继军北京大学博士,知名高校教师,雅思权威辅导专家……详情>>
冉继军:雅思考试辅导名师

  1、凡本网注明 “来源:外语教育网”的所有作品,版权均属外语教育网所有,未经本网授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他方式使用;已经本网授权的,应在授权范围内使用,且必须注明“来源:外语教育网”。违反上述声明者,本网将追究其法律责任。
  2、本网部分资料为网上搜集转载,均尽力标明作者和出处。对于本网刊载作品涉及版权等问题的,请作者与本网站联系,本网站核实确认后会尽快予以处理。本网转载之作品,并不意味着认同该作品的观点或真实性。如其他媒体、网站或个人转载使用,请与著作权人联系,并自负法律责任。
  3、联系方式
  编辑信箱:for68@cdeledu.com
  电话:010-82319999-2371