基础法律英语辅导热招
您的位置:外语教育网 > 法律英语 > 英文法规 > 正文

国际海事卫星组织(INMARSAT)公约1989年修正案 1989 AMENDMENTS TO THE CONVENTION ON THE INTERNATIONAL MARITIMESATELLITE ORGANIZATION (INMARSAT)

2006-05-18 00:56   我要纠错 | 打印 | 收藏 | | |

颁布日期:19890101  实施日期:19890101

  PREAMBLE

  The third paragraph of the Preamble is replaced by the following text:

  TAKING INTO ACCOUNT that world trade is dependent upon transportationby sea, air and on land.

  The seventh paragraph of the Preamble is replaced by the followingtext:

  AFFIRMING that a maritime satellite system shall also be open foraeronautical and land mobile communications and communications on watersnot part of the marine environment for the benefit of all nations.

  ARTICLE 1 Definitions

  Article 1, paragraph (f) is replaced by the following text:

  (f) “Ship” means a vessel of any type operating in the marineenvironment or on waters not part of the marine environment. It includesinter alia dynamically supported craft, submersibles, floating craft andplatforms not permanently moored.

  In Article 1, the following new paragraphs (i) and (j) are added:

  (i) “Mobile earth station” means an earth station in themobile-satellite service intended to be used while in motion or duringhalts at unspecified points.

  (j) “Land earth station” means an earth station in thefixed-satellite service or, in some cases, in the mobile-satelliteservice, located at a specified fixed point or within a specified area onland to provide a feeder link for the mobile-satellite service. ARTICLE 3Purpose

  Article 3, paragraphs (1) and (2) are replaced by the following text:

  (1) The purpose of the Organization is to make provision for the spacesegment necessary for improving maritime communications and, aspracticable, aeronautical and land mobile communications andcommunications on waters not part of the marine environment, therebyassisting in improving communications for distress and safety of life,communications for air traffic services, the efficiency and management oftransportation by sea, air and on land, maritime, aeronautical and othermobile public correspondence services and radiodetermination capabilities.

  (2) The Organization shall seek to serve all areas where there is needfor maritime, aeronautical and other mobile communications.

  ARTICLE 7 Access to Space Segment

  Article 7, paragraphs (1), (2) and (3) are replaced by the followingtext:

  (1) The INMARSAT space segment shall be open for use by ships andaircraft of all nations and by mobile earth stations on land on conditionsto be determined by the Council. In determining such conditions, theCouncil shall not discriminate among ships or aircraft or mobile earthstations on land on the basis of nationality.

  (2) The Council may permit access to the INMARSAT space segment byearth stations located on structures operating in the marine environmentother than ships and by mobile earth stations at fixed locations on land,if and as long as the operation of such earth stations would not have asignificantly adverse effect on the provision of mobile-satelliteservices.

  (3) Land earth stations communicating via the INMARSAT space segmentshall be located on land territory under the jurisdiction of a Party andshall be wholly owned by Parties or entities subject to theirjurisdiction. The Council may authorize otherwise if it finds this to bein the interests of the Organization.

  In Article 7, the following paragraph (4) is added:

  (4) Use of the INMARSAT space segment by mobile earth stations withinland territory under the jurisdiction of a State shall be subject to theregulations governing radiocommunications of that State, and shall not bedetrimental to that State's security.

  ARTICLE 12 Assembly-Functions

  Article 12, sub-paragraph (1) (c) is replaced by the following text:

  (c) Authorize, on the recommendation of the Council, theestablishment of additional space segment facilities the special orprimary purpose of which is to provide radiodetermination, distress orsafety services. However, the space segment facilities established toprovide maritime, aeronautical and other mobile public correspondenceservices can be used for telecommunications for distress, safety andradiodetermination purposes without such authorization.

  ARTICLE 15 Council-Functions

  Article 15, paragraphs (a), (c) and (h) are replaced by the followingtext:

  (a) Determination of maritime, aeronautical and other mobilesatellite telecommunications requirements and adoption of policies, plans,programmes, procedures and measures for the design, development,construction, establishment, acquisition by purchase or lease, operation,maintenance and utilization of the INMARSAT space segment, including theprocurement of any necessary launch services to meet such requirements.

  (c) Adoption of criteria and procedures for approval of land earthstations, mobile earth stations, and earth stations on structures in themarine environment for access to the INMARSAT space segment and forverification and monitoring of performance of earth stations having accessto and utilization of the INMARSAT space segment. For mobile earthstations, the criteria should be in sufficient detail for use by nationallicensing authorities, at their discretion, for type-approval purposes.

  (h) Determination of arrangements for consultation on a continuingbasis with bodies recognized by the Council as representing shipowners,aircraft and land transport operators, maritime, aeronautical and landtransport personnel and other users of maritime, aeronautical and othermobile telecommunications.

  ARTICLE 21 Inventions and Technical Information

  Article 21, sub-paragraphs (2) (b) and (7) (b) (i) are replaced by thefollowing text:

  (2) (b) The right to disclose and to have disclosed to Parties andSignatories and others within the jurisdiction of any Party suchinventions and technical information, and to use and to authorize and tohave authorized Parties and Signatories and such others to use suchinvention and technical information without payment in connexion with theINMARSAT space segment and any mobile earth station or land earth stationoperating in conjunction therewith.

  (7) (b) (i) Without payment in connexion with the INMARSAT spacesegment or any land earth station or mobile earth station operating inconjunction therewith;

  ARTICLE 32 Signature and Ratification

  Article 32, paragraph (3) is replaced by the following text:

  (3) On becoming a Party to this Convention, or at any time thereafter,a State may declare, by written notification to the Depositary, to whichRegisters of ships, to which aircraft and mobile earth stations on landoperating under its authority, and to which land earth stations under itsjurisdiction, the Convention shall apply.

相关资讯:
网站导航:
 四六级 指南 动态 经验 试题 资料  托福 指南 动态 经验 留学 备考
 雅思 指南 动态 机经 经验 辅导  公共英语 指南 动态 备考 试题 辅导
 日语 就业 辅导 留学 考试 报考  法语 资料 文化 考试 留学 辅导
 韩语 入门 口语 阅读 留学 文化  西语 辅导 资料 考试 留学 风采
基础法律英语
350元/门
系统讲解知识,全面提升水平
课时数:18课时左右
学员 tueiwi:
自我感觉LEC考得不错,感谢外语教育网的法律英语课程老师。
学员 tyjf:
外语教育网的法律英语信息不错,希望有朝一日可以成为法律达人,顶起!
学员 Alice12345:
我报的是法律英语的辅导班。因为英语底子不太好,一直没有太大的进步。后来,我在外语教育网报名参加了网上培训。感觉老师很负责。课程内容也详细。在老师的帮助下,感觉我的法律英语的水平得到了长足的提高。很感谢法律英语的老师的教导。谢谢老师!
学员 lionm:
一直在学法律英语,但总是找不到门路。不但单词多,而且本来认识的单词意思又变了,头痛死了。听了李文沛老师的法律英语课程后,我觉得好多了。希望能网校的法律英语课程能继续开个中级班。
学员 xyz521:
我一直在找法律英语的课程都没找到,偶然的机会来到外语教育网,发现这里的法律英语的课程真的很不错、信息也很齐全,绝对支持哦!
学员 futami:
以前自己看书,感觉非常吃力,很多地方看不懂。抱着试试看的心理,我报名参加了外语教育网的基础法律英语辅导。沙老师和李老师讲得非常好,重点、难点,经过老师的系统讲解,我都基本掌握了。就连冥思苦想都不能解决的难题,也通过答疑板请教老师而得到了满意的答复。在此衷心感谢网校的老师。
学员 hnigni:
我是法律专业的本科生,因为工作的需要,必须得会法律英语,可之前在学校的时候没好好学过啊。正头疼,同事推荐了外语教育网,于是我就报了名,开始学习。在学习过程中,发现沙老师的课真的很不错,她不但英语口语发音标准,而且她授课的内容通俗易懂,很方便我们接受和学习。另外,外语教育网的教学模式很适合我这种已经参加了工作的人,可以让我兼顾工作和学习,也很不错。特此,到网上来赞一下沙老师!沙老师,谢谢您!也谢谢网校的良好服务!在外语教育网学习,真值!
版权声明
   1、凡本网注明 “来源:外语教育网”的所有作品,版权均属外语教育网所有,未经本网授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他方式使用;已经本网授权的,应在授权范围内使用,且必须注明“来源:外语教育网”。违反上述声明者,本网将追究其法律责任。
  2、本网部分资料为网上搜集转载,均尽力标明作者和出处。对于本网刊载作品涉及版权等问题的,请作者与本网站联系,本网站核实确认后会尽快予以处理。
  本网转载之作品,并不意味着认同该作品的观点或真实性。如其他媒体、网站或个人转载使用,请与著作权人联系,并自负法律责任。
  3、本网站欢迎积极投稿
  4、联系方式:
编辑信箱:for68@chinaacc.com
电话:010-82319999-2371