国务院办公厅转发中国气象局关于加强人工影响天气工作请示的通知 CIRCULAR OF THE GENERAL OFFICE OF THE STATE COUNCIL FOR TRANSMITTING THE REPORT SUBMITTED BY THE STATE METEOROLOGICAL ADMINISTRATION REQUESTING INSTRUCTIONS ON STRENGTHENING THE WORK OF ARTIFICIALLY AFFECTING THE WEATHER
（March 18， 1996）
颁布日期：19960318 实施日期：19960318 颁布单位：国务院办公厅
The Report Requesting Instructions on Strengthening the Work of Artificially Affecting the Weather， submitted by the State Meteorological Administration， has been approved by the State Council， and it hereby transmitted to you. It is required you implement the Report conscientiously in accordance with your local conditions.
A Report Requesting Instructions on Strengthening the Work of Artificially Affecting the Weather
As a scientific and technical means， by which man attains the goal of increasing rain（snow）， decreasing hailstorms and preventing frost injury， etc.， by using modern science and technology， artificially affecting the weather has become an important measure for preventing and reducing natural disasters， especially for protecting the agricultural production. Various localities have developed the work in varying degrees， and obtained tangible results. The main problems existing at present are： the managerial system is not sound enough； the scientific and technological level and the overall results of the operation demand prompt raising； the training of personnel needs yet to be strengthened. With a view to bringing into full play the role of the work of artificially affecting the weather， some proposals are hereby put forward as follows：
1. Guiding Principles and Objective
（1） The guiding principles for the work of artificially affecting the weather for the current period are： aiming at preventing and reducing natural disasters， taking serving agriculture as the focal point， speeding up the modernization of artificially affecting the weather， strengthening the talent training and scientific research， and bringing about steady raising of the scientific and technological level and the total results of the operation.
（2） By the end of this century， the work of artificially affecting the weather of this country shall preliminarily realize the standardized management， basically establish a modern technical system and managerial system with Chinese characteristics for artificially affecting the weather， make the meteorological scientific and technological level and overall results come up to the standards of middling developed countries and， in some aspects， to the advanced international standards.
2. Strengthening the Scientific Research
There is much science in the work of artificially affecting the weather， which must rely on scientific and technical advances with the strengthening of the scientific research.
（1） Taking vigorous action to adopt advanced technology and bringing about steady raising of the technical level of operation. Various localities shall rely on modern meteorological service network， make overall planning， and progressively establish and improve the integrated technical system for artificially affecting the weather. Attach great importance to tapping potentialities and the transformation of the existing technical equipment， strengthen the development， research， spread and application of new technology.
（2） Increasing the input to the scientific research of artificially affecting the weather. The state-level scientific research shall lay emphasis on major scientific and technical difficulties of generality； local scientific research shall center on improving the operation programs and raising the operation results. Various localities shall yearly appropriated a certain portion from the funds for artificially affecting the weather， to support the research of key technology.
（3） Strengthening the technical cooperation and international exchanges. Take vigorous action to extend domestic and international scientific and technical exchanges， as well as mutual cooperation between civil and military meteorological research strengths， try to establish， in the Ninth Five-Year Plan period， one or two bases for the experiments of artificially affecting the weather， which shall be jointly supported by central and local governments and shall be responsible for key experiments and research， and， in some localities with necessary conditions， other experiment and demonstration bases may be established.
（4） Establish a nationwide consultancy and appraisal system for science and technology of artificially affecting the weather， develop the technical consultancy and appraisal on the work of artificially affecting the weather conducted by various localities， and progressively realize the standardization of operation.
3. Deepening the Reform and Strengthening the Management
（1） Reforming and improving the input mechanism. Deepen the reform， broaden the investment channel， especially the benefited units shall progressively increase the input. The government at various levels shall， in accordance with the needs of economic development and prevention and reduction of natural disasters， increase necessary input； meteorological departments shall actively develop special service and paid professional service relating to the work of artificially affecting the weather.
（2） Perfecting the rules and regulations and strengthening the training of personnel. Tighten the safety control over the operation of artificially affecting the weather， make perfect and strictly enforce the operation rules and regulations， and establish a system under which the workers for the operation of artificially affecting the weather must obtain certifications before going to their posts. Pay attention to the talent training， strengthen the technical training and the spread of new technologies， bring about steady improvement in the overall quality of the contingent.
（3） Developing the trans regional work of artificially affecting the weather. Take vigorous action to organize and develop the trans-county， trans-city and trans-province（autonomous region， municipality directly under the central government） cooperation and combination in the operation of artificially affecting the weather， explore effective ways for realizing the pooling of technical equipment and other resources， and seek proper organizational forms for horizontal and vertical collaboration and cooperation.
4. Strengthening the Leadership and Enhancing the Coordination.
The work of artificially affecting the weather is a complex system engineering， which involves many disciplines， departments and lines and requires well-conceived planning and scientific organization.
（1） The government at various levels shall further strengthen and improve the leadership over the work of artificially affecting the weather. The state shall conduct coordination and organization for and give guidance to the work of artificially affecting the weather throughout the country by adopting a national coordination conference system； various localities shall conscientiously implement the state's guiding principles and policies concerning the work of artificially affecting the weather and， in accordance with local conditions， improve relevant organizations and system.
（2） Various relevant departments shall strengthen the cooperation， and progressively establish an effective cooperation system. Various localities shall make their developing programs and plans for the work of artificially affecting the weather， and incorporate them into the planning and annual plan of the local national economy and social development.
（3） Meteorological departments at various levels shall actively extend their business scope of meteorological services， give full play to the professional technical advantages， strengthen the modernization construction in the work of artificially affecting the weather， and effectively accomplish the organization， management， guidance and service in the work of artificially affecting the weather.
（4） Establishing a reporting system of significant matters concerning the work of artificially affecting the weather. Various provinces（autonomous regions， municipalities directly under the central government） and departments shall submit timely reports to the State Meteorological Administration and other relevant departments， on significant events， major progress and other important matters in the work of artificially affecting the weather， for necessary coordination and handling.