836. The United Nations (UN) peace-keeping operations are conducted by a group of volunteer military personnel dispatched according to the resolutions of the UN Security Council or its General Assembly to global hotspots to restore and maintain peace.
837. Under the UN Charter, the United Nations can attempt to solve international conflicts either by diplomatic means or coercive measures, including embargoes, economic sanctions or by sending in UN troops.
838. Peace-keeping operations are usually required when all the methods adopted by the UN for the peaceful settlement of disputes fail to bring permanent peace.
839.All the peace-keeping operations are only temporary measures.
840.Peace-keeping operations have been most commonly employed to supervise and help maintain ceasefires, to assist in troop withdrawals, and to provide a buffer between opposing forces.
841. The military personnel who serve in peace-keeping operations are provided by Member States on a voluntary basis.
842. It is a key principle that the operation must not interfere in internal affairs of the host countries and must not in any way favour one party against another.
843.Those who serve in military observer missions are almost invariably unarmed.
844. Those who serve in peace-keeping forces are equipped with light defensive weapons but are not authorized to use force except in self-defence.
845.Peace-keeping operations most of the times are faced with the problems of insufficient funds.
846. It happens because a majority of the 182 UN members do not pay their dues. The largest defaulter has been the United States.
847. Command of the peace-keeping operations is either directly controlled by the UN general secretary, or approved by the Security Council and authorized by the general secretary to some regional organizations or major powers.
848. The UN peace-keepers are exclusively responsible to the United Nations.
849. The UN peace-keeping forces won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1988.