• 站内搜索:


2006-05-12 16:06

  I. Ancient Olympic Games 古代奥运会

  1. When was the first Olympic Games held? 第一次奥运会在何时举行?


  2. Where was it held? 第一次奥运会在哪里举行?

  Olympia, Greece.希腊奥林匹亚城。

  3. Who could compete in the Olympics? 什么样人可以参加奥运会?

  The Olympics were open to any freeborn Greek in the world. There were separate

  mens' and boys' divisions for the events. 奥运会面向全世界的所有有人身自由权利的希腊人开放, 分成人组和少儿组。

  4. Were women allowed at the Olympics? 妇女可以参加奥运会吗?

  Not only were women not permitted to compete personally, married women were also

  barred from attending the games, under penalty of death. 妇女不仅不能参加,而且


  5. At that time, what prizes did Olympic victors get? 古代奥运会上获胜的选手能得到何种奖励?

  A crown made from olive leaves.一个由橄榄树叶做成的桂冠。

  6. Where did people get the Olympic flame for the first Olympic Games?



  7. What was used to light the torch at that time? 那时侯用什么点燃火炬?

  The sun's rays. 阳光。

  8. What does the torch relay stand for? 火炬传递意味着什么?

  Spirit, knowledge and life.精神,知识和生命。

  9. When did the Olympic Torch Relay begin? 奥运火炬传递从什么时候开始?

  The concept was revived in 1928 in Amsterdam. The Olympic Torch Relay has been a

  tradition since 1952.1928年在阿姆斯特丹的奥运会上这一思想又被重新启用。奥运火炬是从1952年以来一直沿用的一种传统。

  10. Was the marathon one of the ancient Olympic events? 古代奥运会有马拉松运动吗?Where did the marathon come from?马拉松运动的起源是什么?

  Never没有。It came from the story in the 5th century B.C. how a herald named Phidippides ran the 26 miles from Marathon to Athens to announce the Greek victory and died on the spot.它起源于公元前5世纪雅典长跑运动员费迪皮迪兹的故事,他以传令官的身份从马拉松到雅典跑了26英里宣告希腊在战争中的胜利,最后却牺牲生命。

  II. Olympic Traditions 奥运传统11. What's the meaning of the five interlocked rings?奥运的五环标志是什么含义?

  The Olympic symbol, five interlocked rings, represents the union of the five original major continents (Africa, America, Asia, Australia and Europe).The five colors of the rings, which always appear in the same order, are, from top to bottom and left to right: blue, black, red, yellow and green. According the Olympic Charter, the Olympic five interlocked rings are the embodiment of the Olympic Movement.五环代表五大州,即非洲,美洲,亚洲,大洋洲和欧洲的联合。五种颜色从上往下,从左到右依次是:蓝色,黑色,红色,黄色和绿色。根据奥运宪章, 这五环正是奥林匹克运动的体现。

  12. What is the Olympic motto? 奥林匹克格言是什么?

  The Olympic motto “Swifter, Higher, Stronger.” expresses the aspirations of all the athletes in the Olympic Movement. 奥林匹克格言“更快、更高、更强”充分表达了奥林匹克运动倡导的不断进取、永不满足的奋斗精神。

  13. What is the Olympic creed? 奥林匹克的原则是什么?

  “The most important thing in the Olympic Games is not to win but to take part, just as the most important thing in life is not the triumph but the struggle. The essential thing is not to have conquered but to have fought well.” “在奥林匹克运动会上,重要的不是取胜,而是参加。正如在生活中最重要的事情不是胜利,而是斗争;不是征服,而是奋力拼搏。”

  14. Who is the founder of the modern Olympic Games? 现代奥运的发起者是谁?

  Coubertin, 顾拜旦  In 1894, Pierre de Coubertin launched his project to restore the Olympic Games, and in 1896 the first modern Olympic Games took place in Athens. 奥运之父顾拜旦从1894开始准备重新发起奥运会。1896年第一届现代奥运会在雅典举行。

  15. What is the Olympic oath? 奥运会的誓言是什么?

  The oath is “In the name of all competitors, I promise that we shall take part in these Olympic Games, respecting and abiding by the rules which govern them, committing ourselves to a sport without doping and without drugs, in the true spirit sportsmanship, for the glory of sport and the honour of our teams.” “我,谨代表全体运动员,誓以至诚,参加奥林匹克运动会,恪遵大会一切规章,愿以真正的运动员精神,发扬运动光辉,争取队誉。”

  16. What is the Olympic Spirit? 什么是奥运精神?

  The Olympic Spirit is the spirit of mutual understanding, friendship, solidarity and fair play.奥运精神是: 理解, 友爱, 团结和公平。

  III. General Olympic Information 奥运常识

  17. When and where was the first modern Olympic Games held? 第一届现代奥运会什么时候在哪举行?

  1896 Athens,Greece.1896年希腊雅典。

  18.What do the winners receive at the modern Olympic games?现代奥运会获胜者会受到何种奖励?

  Gold, silver and bronze medals.金牌, 银牌和铜牌。

  19. How often are the Olympic games held? 奥林匹克比赛多少年举行一次?

  Every four years.每4年举行一次。

  20. How many Olympic Games have been held? 奥运会已举行了多少届? 25 Games.25届。

  21. Is there an age limit for Olympic athletes? 奥运会对运动员有年龄限制吗?

  The only age limit for Olympic competitors are prescribed for health and safety reasons, diving (minimum of 14), judo (15 or older), soccer (under 23), team handball (over 18), weightlifting (17 or older) and wrestling (must be at least 17 on day of Opening Ceremonies). 奥运会对运动员年龄的限制主要从安全和健康的方面来考虑, 其中: 跳水最低年龄14岁, 柔道15岁以上, 足球23岁, 手球18岁以上, 举重17岁以上, 摔跤必须在17岁以上。

  22. What happens in the Opening and Closing Ceremonies of the Olympic Games?开幕式和闭幕式有什么节目?

  Music, singing, dancing and fireworks. 音乐,歌曲,舞蹈,焰火。

  23. What's the significance of the Opening and Closing Ceremonies of the Olympic Games?开幕式和闭幕式有何意义?

  To discover the culture of the country hosting the Games. 发掘和表现举办国家的文化。

  24. How many Olympic Winter Games were held before? 曾举办过多少届冬季奥运会?    18届

  25. What are the dates for the next Olympic Winter Games?


  In Turin, Italy, Feb. 11-26, 2006. 2006年2月11日至26日于意大利都灵举办。

  26. Which countries took part in every Olympic Games? 哪些国家每届奥运会都参加过?

  Greece, Britain, Switzerland, Australia 希腊,英国,瑞士,澳大利亚。

  27. Which country hosted the Olympic Games for the most times? 哪个国家举办奥运会次数最多?

  The U.S. A (7 times) 美国,举办过7次。

  IV. Olympic Organizations 奥运组织

  28. What does IOC stand for? IOC代表什么?

  IOC:the International Olympic Committee (June 23, 1894,Paris) 国际奥委会,于1894年6月23日在巴黎成立。

  29. Where is IOC located? 国际奥委会座落在哪里?

  In Lausanne(洛桑), Switzerland.瑞士的洛桑。

  30. What do the following abbreviations stand for? 以下简写形式分别代表什么?

  IFs : International Sports Federations(国际体育联合会) NOCs: the National Olympic Committees(国家奥委会)

  OCOGs: Organizing Committees of the Olympic Games (奥组委)

  31. Who is the first Chinese member of IOC?国际奥委会的第一位中国成员是谁?

  Wang Zhengting.王正廷。

  32.How many Chinese have been elected as IOC members? 共有多少位中国人先后被选为国际奥委会成员?

  Before 1949, the Liberation of China, three Chinese were elected as IOC members.

  Kong Xiangxi(1939)was a famous one. 在1949年解放以前有三位,其中孔详熙是最有名的一位。After 1970s, four Chinese from the sport world elected as IOC members. He Zhenliang is the most famous.70年代以后,体坛有四位中国人被选为其成员,何振梁是最有名的一位。

  V. Olympic Sports and Famous Athletes奥运会项目及知名健儿

  33. What time can the marathon date back to? 马拉松可以追溯到何时?

  It can date back to the 5th century B.C. 追溯到公元前5世纪。

  34. What's the distance the modern Olympicmarathon covers? 现代奥林匹克马拉松全程有多长?

  Approximately 26 miles.大约26英里。

  35. How long does it take for athletes to finish? 运动员要花多长时间跑完全程?

  It usually takes over 2 hours for athletes to finish. 通常要花2个多小时。

  36. How many Olympic disciplines do aquatics consist of? 奥林匹克运动会水上运动包括哪些项目?

  Four disciplines: Swimming, Water polo, Diving, and Synchronized swimming.四项:游泳,水球,潜水,花样游泳。

  37.Who is the best jump player who broke the world record for 13 times in the world? 谁是历史上成绩最佳的跳高运动员,并打破世界记录13次?

  Sergei Bobka,Ukrainian.Since 1984, he broke the world record for 13 times. (Pole Vault)乌克兰运动员布伯卡。自1984年起,打破世界记录13次。 (撑高跳)

  38. Who won the most gold medals at one Olympic Games? 在一次奥运会上赢得奥运金牌最多的运动员是谁?

  Mark Spitz dominated in the Munich pool of 1972, accumulating an incredible seven gold medals。马克.斯毗茨在1972年慕尼黑奥运会赢得另人难以置信的7枚游泳项目金牌。

  39. When did China begin to take part in the Olympic Games? 中国何时起开始参加奥运会?

  China took part in the Olympic Games in 1928. 于1928年。

  40. Where did China begin to take part in the Olympic Games? 中国在何地开始参加奥运会?

  In Holland.在荷兰。

  41.How many Olympic Games have Chinese athletes participated in? 中国运动员参加过多少届奥运会?

  Six Olympic Games.参加过六届。

  42. Which Olympic Games have Chinese athletes participated in? 中国运动员共参加了哪几届奥运会?

  15th, 23rd, 24th, 25th, 26th, 27th Olympic Games.中国运动员参加过15、23、24、25、26、27届奥运会。

  43. How many gold medals have been won by Chinese at the Olympic Games?中国共取得过多少枚金牌?

  From the 23rd Olympic Games, Chinese athletes have won 55 gold medals.从第23届开始,中国运动员共取得过55块金牌。

  44. In what sports do we Chinese do best? 中国人最擅长哪些运动项目?


  Diving(跳水) Weightlifting (举重)

  Women's Judo (女子柔道) Gymnastics men's team event (男子体操)


  Table Tennis(乒乓球) Women's Soccer(女子足球)

  45. Who was China's first medallist? 谁是中国第一个金牌获得者?

  Xu Haifeng.徐海峰。

  46. Who is the first Chinese woman to win a gold medal in the Olympic women's b

  alance beam competition?中国第一位在奥运会平衡木比赛中获得冠军的选手是谁?

  Liu Xuan. 刘旋。

  47. Who won four gold medals in diving events at the 25th, 26th, 27th Olympic Games?连续在第25, 26, 27 次奥运会上获得四块跳水金牌的选手是谁?

  Diving Queen(跳水皇后): Fu Mingxia(伏明霞)

  48. Who won the first gold medal in Men's Gymnastic for China?


  Li Ning.李宁。

  49. Who won the first gold medal in Women's Swimming for China?谁


  Zhuang Yong.庄泳。

  50. Who won three gold medals at the 23rd Olympic Gams?在第23届奥运会上谁获得三枚金牌?

  Li Ning. 李宁。

  51. At the 27th Olympic games, in which sport did Chinese gymnasts win t

  he gold medal for the first time in the history? 在第27届奥运会上,中国体操运动员在哪个体育项目上首次获得金牌?

  Men's Team event.男子团体。

  52. In which year did Asia hold the first Olympic Games? 奥运会在哪一年首次在亚洲举行?1964. (Tokyo)    1964年。(东京)

  53. When did China win the first medal at Olympic Games?中国首次获得奥运奖牌是在哪一年?Nineteen fiftytwo.1952年。

  54. How many gold medals did China win at the 2000 Sydney Olympics? In which place was China ranked? 在2000年悉尼奥运会上中国共获得多少枚金牌?金牌总数位居第几?

  28, ranked 3rd.  28块金牌,金牌总数位居第三。

  55. Which Chinese team won the most medals for China at Olympic Games?哪一个中国体育代表队为中国赢得了最多的奥运奖牌?

  Swimming team.游泳队。

  56. Who is the first Chinese international communicator? 谁是中国第一位奥运大使?     Cheng Long.成龙。

  57. Who won the most gold medals at the Olympic games in Chinese history?谁在中国的奥运史上赢得了最多的金牌?

  Deng Yaping & Fu Mingxia.邓亚平和伏明霞。

  58. Who was the Taekwondo champion in the 27th Olympic Games? 第27届奥运会跆拳道冠军是?

  Chen Zhong. 陈中。

  VI. 2004 Olympic Games 雅典奥运会59. When are the 2004 Olympic Games held?  2004年奥运会将在何时举办? August 13-29, 2004.The Paralympic Games will be held from September. 17-28, 2004.


  60. What is the emblem of the 2004 Athens Olympic Games?


  The emblem is an olive wreath with which the Olympic winner was crowned in classical times. Its circular shape projects universal meanings of the unity of the world, the circle of life and the link between times past and present. 2004年雅典奥运会的会徽是一个由橄榄枝做成的花环(在古典的奥运会上奥运冠军会被授予这样的花环)。其圆形的设计象征了世界的团结,生命的循环和古今的联系。

  61. What sports will be contested in Athens? 雅典奥运会上将有哪些比赛项目?

  In Athens, athletes from nearly 200 countries will compete in 28 sports in 296 events. The sports are: aquatics (diving, swimming, synchronized swimming and water polo); archery; badminton; baseball; basketball; boxing; canoe/kayak; cycling; equestrian; fencing; field hockey; gymnastics; handball; judo; modern pentathlon; rowing; sailing; shooting; softball; soccer; table tennis; taekwondo; tennis; track and field; triathlon; volleyball; weightlifting and wrestling. 在雅典,来自近200个国家的运动员将在28类296个项目上进行角逐。这28类体育比赛有:水上运动(跳水、游泳、水上芭蕾表演和水球),射箭,羽毛球,棒球,篮球,拳击,皮划艇,自行车,马术,击剑,曲棍球,体操,手球,柔道,新五项,划船,帆船,射击,垒球,足球,乒乓球,跆拳道,网球,田径,铁人三项,排球,举重和摔跤。

  62. Will there be any new discipline in the 2004 Olympic Games? 2004年奥运会有没有添加新的比赛项目?

  Female wrestling.女子摔跤。

  63. How many days will the torch relay last at the 28th Olympic Games?


  78 days.     78天。

  64. How many torchbearers will take part in it? 多少火炬手将参与这次传递?

  Three thousand six hundred.3600人。

  65. How many kilometers will it cover? 全程多少公里?

  78,000 kilometers. 78000公里。

  66. When did the Athens Olympic torch relay begin in Beijing ? 奥运火炬的北京传递在什么时间举行的?

  June 9, 2004.2004年6月9日。

  67. How many people took part in the torch relay in Beijing? 多少火炬手参与了这次北京传递?

  One hundred and fortyeight. 148人。

  68. Where did the torch relay begin in Beijing? 北京火炬接力起点在哪?

  The Great Hall of the People.人民大会堂。

  69. Where did the torch relay end in Beijing? 北京火炬接力终点在哪?

  The Summer Palace.颐和园。

  70. How long is it from the Great Hall of the People to the Summer Palace? 北京火炬传递全程是多少?

  55 kilometers.55公里。

  71. Which stadium will be the centre of the 28th Olympic Games? 哪一个体育馆会作为第28届奥运会的主会?

  Oaka, Athens, Greece. The Athens Olympic Stadium (in Greek: “Olympiako Stadio Athinas” or simply “OAKA”) is named after Spyros Louis, the winner of the Marathon in the first Olympic Games of the modern era (Athens, 1896).Oaka, Athens, Greece 雅典奥运体育馆是根据现代奥运会第一位马拉松冠军斯培洛斯.刘易斯(1896,雅典奥运会)的名字命名的。

  72.What is the capacity of The Athens Olympic Stadium?雅典奥运体育馆能容纳多少观众?

  Seventysix thousand.76000名观众。

  VII. Beijing 2008 北京2008 73. What were the Candidate cities? 哪些城市曾申办29届奥运会?

  Istanbul (TUR), Osaka (JPN), Paris (FRA), Toronto (CAN), Beijing (PRC).



  74. Which country will hold the 29th Olympic Games? 哪个国家将主


  The People's Republic of China.中华人民共和国。

  75. When did China win the bid for the 29th Olympic Games? 中国何时获得


  July 13, 2001.2001年7月13日。

  76. What is the emblem of Beijing's bid? 北京申办奥运会的会徽是什么?

  The emblem of Beijing's bid for hosting the 2008 Olympic Games has the same colors of the Olympic rings. It looks like a “Chinese Hearts' Unit” also known as “Chinese Knot”, a traditional handicraft. It also resembles a person doing Taiji shadow boxing. The graceful, harmonious and dynamic design of the emblem symbolizes unity, cooperation, exchange and development of the people all over the world. 申办会徽由奥运五环色构成,形似中国传统民间工艺品的“中国结”,又似一个打太极拳的人形。图案如行云流水,和谐生动,充满运动感,象征世界人民团结、协作、交流、发展,携手共创新世纪;表达奥林匹克更快、更高、更强的体育精神。

  77. What is the Motto of Beijing's Bid? What's the meaning of it? 北京申办奥运会的口号是什么?该口号有什么意义?

  New Beijing, Great Olympics 新北京,新奥运Reform and opening up to the outside world have brought about great changes in Beijing, a city with a 3,000-year history. The city has taken on a completely new look as it enters the new century. It will embrace the athletes and friends from the rest of the world attending the Olympic Games with great enthusiasm.



  78. What is the official emblem of Beijing 2008? 2008年北京奥运会的官方会徽是什么?“Chinese Seal-Dancing Beijing” 中国印——舞动的中国。

  79. What does the official emblem of Beijing 2008 stand for? 北京奥运会


  It stands for the name of the host city and represents a particularly significant Chinese style.象征主办城市北京和重要的中国特色。

  80. Please name one of the four meanings of this emblem. 请说出北京奥运会会徽四层含义之一:

  —— Chinese culture,—— the color of red China—— Beijing welcomes friends from all over the world—— to challenge the extreme and achieve the perfect and promote the Olympic mot

  to of “Citius, Altius, Fortius (Faster, Higher, Stronger).这一设计有以下四层含义:

  ----- 中国文化
  ----- 红色中国
 ----- 北京欢迎来自世界的朋友
 ----- 挑战极限,挑战自我,“更快,更高,更强”。

  81. When will be the Opening date and Closing date for the 29th Olympi

  c Games?   第29届奥运会什么时候开始到什么时候结束?


  82. What's the name of the National stadium?  中国国家体育馆的名称是什么?

  The Bird Nest.鸟巢。

  83. What's the name of the National Swimming center? 中国国家游泳馆的名称是什么?

  Water Cube.水立方。

  84. Where are the main stadiums? 主要体育馆将坐落在什么地方?

  Olympic Park. 奥林匹克公园。

  85. How many people can be seated in the National Stadium? 国家体育馆将能容纳多少坐席?

  80,000 seats.八万座位。

  86. How many competition venues will be in Beijing for the 29th Olympic Games?


  37 Competition venues.37个体育场馆。

  87.How many training venues will be used for the 29th Olympic Games in Beijing?  第29届奥运会北京将使用多少训练场地?

  59 training venues.59块训练场地。

  88.How many competition venues have already been complete? 多少比赛场地已经建成?12.

  89.When will the other 22 competition venues be built? 其它22个比赛场地什么时候建成?By 2007. 到2007年建成。

  90. What stadiums for 29th Olympic Games will be built in and near Shi Jingshan

  ? 为举办第29届奥运会,将在石景山及附近建设什么体育馆?

  Wu Kesong Baseball Field & Laoshan Velodrome.五棵松棒球场和老山赛车场。

  VIII Beijing Fact Sheet 北京信息一览表

  Average temperature: 8-12 °C平均温度: 8-12 °C

  Population: 13.82 million (by November 1, 2000), the third large

  st city in China.

  人口: 1382万 (截止2000年11月1日), 中国第三大城市。

  Land area: 16,807.8 square kilometers. The city is divided into

  13 districts and five counties.

  陆地面积: 16,8078平方公里. 分为13个区和五个县。

  History: the city was first established more than 3,000 y

  ears ago. I

  t used to be the capital city of several ancient dynasties for over 800 years.

  历史: 最早建于3,000年前. 曾作为历代首都达800余年。

  Area of Forest: trees and grass cover 43% of the land of Beijing

  (by 2000). The ratio will be raised to 48% by 2005.植被覆盖: 树木和草地覆盖率 43% (截止2000年),到2005年将达


  Olympic venues: 37 competition venues and 59 training venues wil

  l be used for th

  e Olympic Games. Among them, 15 competition venues have already been completed a

  nd the other 22 competition venues will be built by 2007.奥运场地: 37个比赛场地和59个训练场地将供奥运使用。37个比赛


  Number of overseas visitors: 2.82 million per year (2000)海外游客: 282万/年 (2000年)

  Number of hotels: 458 star-grade hotels with 84,812 rooms (by 2000

  ). The figure

  will grow to 800 in 2008, with a total of 130,000 rooms. If other hotels, apartm

  ents and guesthouses are included, the city has a total of 219,481 guest rooms n

  ow.旅馆数量: 458 家星级饭店可以提供84,812 个房间 (到2000年)。到20




  Number of museums: 112 (by 2000)博物馆数量: 112 (截止到2000年)

  Number of hospitals: more than 50 large-scale and speciallize

  d hospitals, some 5,940 communicty hospitals, clinics and healthcare centers

  医院数量: 超过50家大型医院和专科医院,大约5,940 社区医院、诊所和保健中心。

  Number of cellular phone subscribers: 3.3 million (by 2000). The fig

  ure will grow to 10 million in 2008.移动电话数量:330万 (截止到2000年),到2008年将增长到一千万。

  Airport: The Beijing International Airport handles 35 million

  passengers every y

  ear (by 2000). The handling capacity will increase to 48 million in 2008. It is

  linked with 62 international air routes with 468 flights per week and 85 domesti

  c air routes with over 3,000 flights per week.飞机场:北京国际机场每年运送旅客3500万人(截止到2000年),到2008年运送能




  Railway: Beijing has 8 railway lines and 3 railway stations.


  Number of automobiles: 1.58 million (by 2000)

  机动车数量: 158万 (2000年)

  Number of bicycles: 8 million自行车数量: 800万

  Per capita GDP: US$2,700 (2000)人均国民生产总值:2,700美元 (2000年)

  Economic Growth Rate: 10% per year (1996-2000). The economy is expec

  ted to

  grow at 9% per year in the next five years, higher than the national average.

  经济增长率: 每年10% (1996-2000). 在以后五年内平均增长9%,高于


  Per capita income: US$1,251 (by 2000)人均年收入: 1,251美元 (2000年)

  Number of foreign-funded companies: 15,882 (by 2000)

  外资企业数量: 15,882 (2000年)

  Investment in infrastructure construction: US$16.7 billion (1996-200

  0). The figure will grow to US$21.8 billion from 2001 to 2005.

  基础建设投资: 167 亿美元 (1996-2000). 从2001 to 2005年将达到218亿美元。

  Investment in environmental protection: US$12 billion from 1998-2007.

  环境保护投资: 1998-2007年, 120亿美元.

  Clean Energy: Beijing now burns one billion cubic meters of natural

  gas every ye

  ar. By 2005, natural gas, electricity and other clean fuels will make up more th

  an 75% of the total consumption of fuels.

  洁净能源: 北京每年使用10亿立方米天然气。到2005年,天然气、电和其他清


相关热词:奥运 英语



李 健协和医科大学医学博士,美国国立卫生研究院博士后……详情>>
高 云澳大利亚注册会计师协会会员,会计专业硕士……详情>>

  1、凡本网注明 “来源:外语教育网”的所有作品,版权均属外语教育网所有,未经本网授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他方式使用;已经本网授权的,应在授权范围内使用,且必须注明“来源:外语教育网”。违反上述声明者,本网将追究其法律责任。