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2006-05-18 11:15   我要纠错 | 打印 | 收藏 | | |

  比哆醇 ( 维生素B6 ) == pyroxidine ( vitamin B6 )

  α生育酚 ( 维生素E ) == alpha tocopherol ( vitamin E )

  α波 ( 脑波 ) == alpha wave ( brainwave )

  β波 ( 脑波 ) == beta wave ( brainwave )

  δ波 ( 脑波 ) == delta wave ( brainwave )

  θ波 ( 脑波 ) == theta wave ( brainwave )

  ABO 系统 ( 血型 ) == ABO system ( blood group )

  B 细胞 == B cell

  Rh 系统 == rhesus system

  Rh 阴性 ( Rh 系统 ) == rhesus-negative ( rhesus system )

  Rh 阳性 ( Rh 系统 ) == rhesus-positive ( rhesus system )

  T 细胞 == T cell

  X 光 ( 放射线摄影术 ) == X-ray ( radiography )

  X 染色体 ( 性染色体 ) == X chromosome ( sex chromosome )

  Y 染色体 ( 性染色体 ) == Y chromosome ( sex chromosome )

  一划

  乙状结肠( 结肠 ) == sigmoid colon ( colon )

  二划

  二尖瓣( 心瓣膜 ) == bicuspid valve ( heart valve )

  二尖齿( 前臼齿 ) == bicuspid ( premolar )

  二倍体细胞 == diploid cell

  二氧化碳( 无机化合物 ) == carbon dioxidel / CO2 ( inorganie compound )

  人口( 死亡率 ) == population ( mortality rate )

  人工肾脏( 透析 ) == artificial kidney ( dialysis )

  人工节律器( 窦房结 ) == artificial pacemaker ( sinoatrial node )

  人工瓣膜( 心瓣膜 ) == artificial valve ( heart valve )

  人工关节 == artificial joint

  人字缝( 骨缝 ) == lambdoid suture ( suture )

  人乳( 乳汁 ) == human milk ( milk )

  人体生物学 == human biology ( biology )

  人类免疫不全病毒(人类免疫不全病毒) == Human Immunodeficiency virus ( HIV)

  人类基因组计画( 基因组 ) == Human Genome Project ( gemone )

  人体系统 == body system

  十二指肠 == duodemun

  三划

  三甘油酯( 脂肪 ) == triglyceride ( fat )

  三尖瓣( 心瓣膜 ) == tricuspid valve ( heart valve )

  三角肌 == deltoid

  三角骨( 腕骨 ) == triquetrum ( carpal )

  三胞胎( 多胎妊娠 ) == triplets ( multiple pregnancy )

  三级支气管( 支气管 ) == tertiary bronchus ( bronchus )

  下位的 == inferior

  下直肌( 眼直肌 ) == inferior rectus ( rectus eye muscle )

  下肢 == lower extremity

  下食道括约肌( 幽门括约肌 ) == lower oesophageal sphincter ( pyloric sphincter )

  下唇降肌( 口轮匝肌 ) == depressor labii inferioris ( orbicularis oris )

  下斜肌( 眼斜肌 ) == inferior oblique ( oblique eye muscle )

  下腔静脉( 腔静脉 ) == inferior vena cava ( vena cava )

  下视丘 == hypothalamus

  下鼻甲( 颜面骨 ) == inferior nasal coneha ( facial bone )

  下颌( 颌骨 ) == lower jaw ( jaw )

  下颌骨( 颜面骨 ) == mandible ( facial bone )

  下臂( 上肢 ) == lower arm ( upper extremity )

  上皮( 上皮组织 ) == epithelium ( epithelial tissue )

  上皮组织 == epithelial tissue

  上位的 == superior

  上直肌( 眼直肌 ) == superior rectus ( rectus eye muscle )

  上肢 == upper extremity

  上唇提肌( 口轮匝肌 ) == levator labii superioris ( orbicularis oris )

  上斜肌( 眼斜肌 ) == superior oblique ( sblique eye muscle )

  上腔静脉( 腔静脉 ) == superior vena cave ( vena cave )

  上颌( 颌骨 ) == upper jaw ( jaw )

  上颌骨( 颜面骨 ) == maxilla / maxillae ( facial bone )

  上臂( 上肢 ) == upper arm ( upper extremity)

  上颚犬齿( 犬齿 ) == eye teeth ( canine )

  上睑提肌( 眼轮匝肌 ) == levator palpebrae superioris ( orbicularis oculi )

  丸,丸剂( 避孕用具 ) == pill ( contraceptive )

  千卡( 千焦耳 ) == kilocalorie / kcal ( kilojoule )

  千焦耳( kj ) == kilojoule ( kh )

  口 == mouth

  口角降肌( 笑肌 ) == depressor anguli oris ( risorius )

  口角提肌( 笑肌) == levator anguli oris ( risorius )

  口渴( 营养 ) == thirst ( nutrition )

  口腔( 口 ) == oral cavity ( mouth )

  口轮匝肌 == orbicularis oris

  大分子( 分子 ) == macromolecule ( molecule )

  大阴唇( 阴道 ) == labia majora ( vagina )

  大量营养素 == macronutrient

  大肠 == large intestine

  大脑 == cerebrum

  大脑半球( 大脑 ) == cerebral hemisphere ( cerebrum )

  大脑疲质( 大脑 ) == cerebral cortex ( cerebrum )

  大腿( 下肢 ) == thigh ( lower extremity )

  大腿( 下肢 ) == upper leg ( lower cxtremity )

  大腿骨( 股骨 ) == thighbone ( femur )

  大隐静脉( 股静脉 ) == great saphenous vein ( femoral vein )

  子宫 == uterus / womb

  子宫内膜( 月经周期 ) == endometrium ( menstrual cycle )

  子宫颈( 子宫 ) == cervix ( uterus )

  小动脉( 动脉 ) == arteriole ( artery )

  小阴唇( 阴道 ) == labia minora ( vagina )

  小肠 == small intestine

  小脑 == cerebellum

  小叶( 肝细胞 ) == lobule ( hepatocyte )

  小叶( 肝 ) == lobule ( lung )

  小腿( 下肢 ) == lower leg ( lower extremity )

  小静脉( 静脉 ) == venule ( vein )

  干扰素 == interferon

  弓 == arch

  四划

  不孕 == infertility

  不表现的( 基因型 ) == unexpressed ( genotype )

  不相容血液( 血型 ) == incompatible blood ( blood group )

  不动关节( 关节 ) == fixed joint ( joint )

  不溶性纤维( 膳食纤维质 ) == insoluble fibre ( dietary fibre )

  不随意肌( 平滑肌 ) == involuntary muscle ( smooth muscle )

  不饱和的( 油 ) == unsaturated ( oil )

  中子( 原子 ) == neutron ( atom )

  中心粒( 纺锤体 ) == centriole ( spindle )

  中央窝( 视网膜 ) == fovea ( retina )

  中央管( 脑脊髓液 ) == central canal ( cerebrospinal fluid )

  中耳 == middle ear

  中风( 栓塞 ) == stroke ( thrombosis )

  中胚层( 分化 ) == mesoderm ( differentiation )

  中暑( 温度调节 ) == heatstroke ( thermoregulation )

  中轴 == axis

  中轴骨胳 == axial skeleton

  中脑( 脑干 ) == midbrain ( brain stem )

  中隔( 心脏 ) == septum ( heart )

  中线( 中轴 ) == midline ( axis )

  中枢神经系统( 神经系统 ) == central nervous system / CNS ( nervous system )

  元素 == element

  内分泌系统 == endocrine system

  内分泌腺( 腺体 ) == endocrine gland ( gland )

  内分泌学 == endocrinology

  内出血( 出血 ) == internal haemorrhage ( haemorrhage )

  内刺激( 刺激 ) == internal stimulus ( stimulus )

  内在环境( 环境 ) == internal environment ( enviromment )

  内收 == adduction

  内收肌( 内收 ) == adductor ( adduction )

  内收大肌( 内收长肌 ) == adductor magnus ( adductor longus )

  内收短肌( 内收长肌 ) == adductor brevis ( adductor longus )

  内耳 == inner ear

  内呼吸( 呼吸 ) == internal respiration ( reapiration )

  内直肌( 眼直肌 ) == medial rectus ( rectus eye muscle )

  内胚层( 分化 ) == endoderm ( differentiation )

  内侧的 == medial

  内斜肌( 外斜肌 ) == internal oblique ( external oblique )

  内视镜( 内视镜检查 ) == endoscope ( endoscopy )

  内视镜检查 == endoscopy

  内质网 == endoplasmic reticulum / ER

  六零六( 艾希利 ) == salvarsan ( Paul Ehrlich )

  分子 == molecule

  分化 == differentiation

  分泌( 腺体 ) == secretion ( gland )

  分娩( 生产 ) == parturition ( birth )

  分娩第一期( 阵痛 ) == first stage of labour ( labour )

  分娩第二期( 分娩 ) == second stage of labour ( laborur )

  分娩第三期( 分娩 ) == third stage of labour ( labour )

  分裂球( 卵裂 ) == blastomere ( cleavage )

  分节 == segmentation

  分叶( 肺 ) == segment ( lung )

  分解代谢 == catabolism

  分解代谢反应( 分解代谢 ) == catabolic reaction ( catabolism )

  分解激素 == hormone breaddown

  化学反应 == chemical reaction

  化学抵抗 == chemical resistance

  化合物 == chemical compound

  化学能( 能量 ) == chemical energy ( energy )

  化学受器 == chemoreceptor

  化学键 == chemical bond

  升结肠( 结肠 ) == ascending colon ( colon )

  反射 == reflelx

  反射弧 == reflex arc

  反应( 刺激 ) == response ( stimulus )

  天花 == smallpox

  尺神经 == ulnar nerve

  尺骨 == ulna

  尺侧屈腕肌( 手部屈肌 ) == flexor carpi ulnaris ( flexor of the hand )

  巴托林 == Bartholin , Csspar

  巴甫洛夫 == Pavlov , Ivan

  巴斯德 == Pasteur , Louis

  巴齐尼氏小体( 机械性受器 ) == Pancinian corpuscle ( mechanoreceptor )

  引起过敏的( 过敏原 ) == allergenic ( allergen )

  心力衰竭( 心脏病发作 ) == heart failure ( heart attack )

  心包囊( 心脏 ) == pericardium ( heart )

  心肌 == cardiac muscle

  心肌梗塞( 心脏病发作 ) == myocardial infarction ( heart attack )

  心房 == atrium / atria

  心房收缩( 心抟 ) == atrial systole ( heartbeat )

  心室( 心脏 ) == ventricle ( heart )

  心室收缩( 心抟 ) == ventricular systole ( heartbeat )

  心舒期( 心抟 ) == diastole ( heartbeat )

  心抟.心跳 == heartbeat

  心抟周期( 心抟 ) == heartbeat cycle ( heartbeat )

  心跳速率 == heart rate

  心电图( 心电图仪 ) == ECG / electrocardiogram ( electrocardiograph )

  心电图仪 == electrocardiograph

  心瓣膜 == heart valve

  心脏 == heart

  心脏血管系统( 循环系统 ) == cardiovascular system ( circulatory system )

  心脏病发作 == heart attack

  心脏病学 == cardiology

  手 == hand

  手指( 指骨 ) == finger / digit ( phalanx of the hand )

  手部伸肌 == extensor of the hand

  手部屈肌 == flexor of the hand

  支气管 == bronchus / bronchi

  支气管分支 == bronchial tree

  月状骨( 腕骨 ) == lunate ( carpal )

  月经 == menstruation

  月经周期 == menstrual cycle

  止痛剂( 药物 ) == analgesic ( drug )

  比目鱼肌( 跟腱 ) == soleus ( Achilles tendon )

  比沙 == Bichat , Marie Francois

  毛细胞 == hair cell

  毛发 == hair

  毛囊( 毛发 ) == hair follicle ( hair )

  水 == water / H2O

  水痘 == chickenpox

  水溶性纤维生素 == water-soluble vitamins

  水样波( 玻璃液 ) == aqueous humour ( vitreous humour )

  牙痛( 龋齿 ) == toothache ( tooth decay )

  牙齿 == tooth

  生皮癣 == psoriasis

  犬齿 == canine

  五划

  丙酮酸( 糖解 ) == pyruvic acid ( glycolysis )

  主动免疫( 免疫 ) == active immunization ( immunization )

  主动脉 == aorta

  主动脉半月瓣( 心瓣膜 ) == aortic semilunar valve ( heart valve )

  主动运动 == active transport

  代谢 == metabolism

  代谢脂肪 == fat metabolism

  代谢蛋白质 == protein metabolism

  代谢率 == metabolic rate

  代谢产物 == metabolite

  代谢障碍 == metabolic disorder

  充氧血( 动脉 ) == oxygenated blood ( artery )

  出汗( 排汗 ) == sweating ( perspiration )

  出血 == haemorrhage

  出生率( 死亡率 ) == birth rate ( mortality rate )

  加瓦尼 == Galvani , Luigi

  加伦 == Galen , Claudius ( Galenus )

  北里柴三郎 == Kitasato , Shibasaburo

  半月板 == meniscus / menisci

  半动关节( 关节 ) == partially moveable joint ( joint )

  半球( 小脑 ) == hemisphere ( cerebellum )

  半规管 == semicircular canal

  半透膜( 差异性渗透膜 ) == semi-permeable membrane ( differentially )

  半腱肌( 腿后腱 ) == semitendinosus ( hamstring )

  半膜肌( 腿后腱 ) == semimembranosus ( hamstring )

  卡路里( 禾焦耳 ) == calorie ( kilojoule )

  卡尔梅特 == Calmette , Albert

  去氧核糖核酸 == DNA

  去氧核糖核酸( 去氧核糖核酸 ) == deoxyribonucleic ( DNA )

  去胺基作用 == deamination

  可伦坡 == Colombo , Matteo

  可溶性纤维( 膳食纤维质 ) == soluble fibre ( dietary fibre )

  右肺动脉( 肺循环 ) == right pulmonary artery ( pulmonary circulation )

  右肺静脉( 肺循环 ) == right pulmonary vein ( pulmonary circulation )

  右淋巴导管( 淋巴管 ) == right lymphatic duct ( lymph vessel )

  史密斯 == Smith , Theobald

  史塔林( 高峰丈吉 ) == Starling , Ernest ( Jokichi , Takamine )

  四分体( 交换 ) == tetrad ( crossing over )

  四胞胎( 多胎妊娠 ) == quadruplets ( multiple pregnancy )

  外分泌腺( 腺体 ) == exocrine gland ( gland )

  外出血( 出血 ) == external haemorrhage ( haemorrhage )

  外半规管( 半规管 ) == lateral semicircular canal ( semicircular canal )

  外皮( 外皮系统 ) == integument ( integumentary system )

  外皮系统 == integumentary system

  外在环境( 环境 ) == external environment ( environment )

  外耳 == outer ear

  外耳道( 外耳 ) == auditory canal ( outer ear )

  外呼吸( 呼吸 ) == external respiration ( respiration )

  外刺激( 刺激 ) == external stimulus ( stimulus )

  外直肌( 眼直肌 ) == lateral rectus ( rectus eye muscle )

  外胚层( 分化 ) == ectoderm ( differentiation )

  外展 == abduction

  外展肌( 外展 ) == abductor ( abduction )

  外侧的( 内侧的 ) == lateral ( medial )

  外斜肌 == external oblique

  巨人症( 生长激素 ) == gigantism ( growh hormone )

  左肺动脉( 肺循环 ) == left pulmonary artery ( pulmonary circulation )

  左肺静脉( 肺循环 ) == left pulmonary vein ( pulmonary circulation )

  平面关节( 滑动关节 ) == plane joint ( gliding joint )

  平滑内质网( 内质网 ) == smooth endoplasmic reticulum ( endoplasmic reticulum )

  平滑肌 == smooth muscle

  平衡 == balance

  平衡( 平衡 ) == equilibrium ( balance )

  弗拉卡斯托罗 == Fuacastoro , Girolamo

  弗勒明 == Flemming , Walther

  必需胺基酸 == essential amino acid

  本能( 行为 ) == instinct ( behaviour )

  本能行为( 行为 ) == instinctive behaviour ( behaviour )

  本体感受器( 机械性受器 ) == proprioceptor ( mechanoreceptor )

  正子发射断层( 正子发射断层摄影 ) == PET / positron emission tomograph ( positron

  emission tomography )

  正子发射断层摄影 == positron emission tomography

  正中神经( 桡神经 ) == median nerve ( radial nerve )

  正回馈( 回馈系统 ) == positive feedback ( feedback system )

  甘油( 脂肪 ) == glycerol ( fat )

  甘农( 贝尔那 ) == Cannon , Walter ( Claude Bernard )

  生化学家( 生物化学 ) == biochemist ( biochemistry )

  生育控制 == birth control

  生物化学 == biochemistry

  生物时钟( 昼夜节律 ) == biological clock ( circadian rhythm )

  生物素 == biotin

  生物学 == biology

  生长 == growth

  生长激素 == growth hormone

  生理学 == physiology

  生理学家( 生理学 ) == physiologist ( physiology )

  生产 == birth

  生殖系统 == reproductive system

  生殖周期 == reproductive cycle

  生殖器( 生殖系统 ) == genitals ( reproductive system )

  用手习惯 == handedness

  甲状软骨( 喉 ) == thyroid cartilage ( larynx )

  甲状腺 == thyroid gland

  甲状腺素( 甲状腺 ) == thyroxine ( thyroid gland )

  甲状腺机能亢进( 代谢障碍 ) == hyperthyroidism ( metabolic disorder )

  白子( 黑色素 ) == albinos ( melanin )

  白化症 == albinism

  白血病 == leukaemia

  白血球 == white blood cell / leucocyte

  白喉 == diphtheria

  白质 == white matter

  布罗卡 == Broca , Paul

  皮内尔 == Pinel , Phillipe

  皮脂( 皮脂腺 ) == sebum ( sebaceous gland )

  皮脂腺 == sebaceous gland

  皮肤 == skin

  皮肤病学 == dermatology

  皮质( 肾上腺 ) == cortex ( adrenal gland )

  皮质( 肾 ) == cortex ( kidney )

  皮质骨( 致密骨 ) == cortical bone ( compact bone )

  皮质类固醇( 肾上腺 ) == corticosteroid ( sdrenal gland )

  矢状缝( 骨缝 ) == sagittal suture ( suture )

  石绵肺症 == asbestosis

  六划

  交叉( 交换 ) == chiasmata / chiasma ( crossing over )

  交换 == crossing over

  交媾( 性交 ) == copulation ( sexual intercourse )

  交感神经系统( 自律神经系统 ) == sympathetic nervous system ( autonomic nervous

  system )

  亥姆霍兹 == Helmhltz , Hermann

  休克 == shock

  光受器 == photoreceptor

  光学显微镜( 显微镜检查 ) == light microscope ( microscopy )

  光学显微照片( 显微镜检查 ) == light micrograph ( microscopy )

  先天性反射 == inborn reflex

  先天性行为( 行为 ) == innate behaviour ( behaviour )

  先天性缺陷 == birth defect

  全身感觉( 感觉 ) == general sense ( sense )

  共价键( 化学键) == covalent bond ( chemical bond )

  再生( 组织 ) == regeneration ( tissue )

  列奥米尔 == Reaumur , Rene Antoine

  同化作用 == assimilation

  同卵双胞胎 == identical twins

  同源染色体 == homologous chromosome

  同质结合细胞 == homozygous cell

  合子 == zygote

  合成代谢 == anabolism

  合成代谢反应( 合成代谢 ) == anabolic reaction ( anabolism )

  回馈系统 == feedback system

  多不饱和脂肪( 油 ) == polyunsaturated fat ( oil )

  多伊西 == Doisy , Edward

  多胎妊脤 == multiple pregnancy

  多发性硬化 == multiple sclerosis ( MS )

  多醣( 碳水化合物) == polysaccharide ( carbohydrate )

  字根 == word root

  安.纳菲斯 == An-Nafis , Ibn

  安德森 == Anderson , Elizabeth Garrett

  成人 == adult

  成年齿( 恒齿 ) == adult teeth ( permanent teeth )

  收缩压( 血压计 ) == systolic blood pressur ( sphygmomanometer )

  早产 == premature birth

  有性生殖( 生殖系统 ) == sexual reproduction ( reproductive system )

  有氧呼吸 == aerobic respiration

  有丝分裂 == mitosis

  有意识的( 意识 ) == conscious ( consciousness )

  有机化合物 == organic compound

  次级支气管( 支气管 ) == secondary ( bronchus )

  次级滤泡( 滤泡 ) == secondary follicle ( follicle )

  死亡 == death

  死亡率 == mortality rate / death rate

  汗( 汗线 ) == sweat ( sweat gland )

  汗孔( 汗腺 ) == sweat pore ( sweat gland )

  汗线 == sweat gland

  汗管( 汗腺 ) == sweat duct ( sweat gland )

  灰质 == grey matter

  百日咳 == whooping cough / pertussis

  米勒 == Muller , Johannes

  米德 == Mead , Margaret

  羊水( 羊膜 ) == amniotic fluid ( amnion )

  羊膜 == amnion

  羊膜穿刺术( 羊膜 ) == amniocentesis ( amnion )

  老化 == ageing

  老花眼( 远视 ) == presbyopia ( long sight )

  耳 == ear

  耳石( 球囊 ) == otolith ( saccule )

  耳咽管 == eustachian tube

  耳廓( 外耳 ) == pinna ( outer ear )

  耳鸣 == tinnitus

  耳蜗 == cochlea

  耳聋 == deafness

  肋骨( 胸廓 ) == rib ( ribcage )

  肋软骨( 胸廓 ) == costal cartilage ( ribcage )

  肋间肌 == intercostal muscle

  肌小束( 肌肉 ) == sarcomere ( muscle )

  肌肉 == muscle

  肌肉收缩 == muscle contraction

  肌肉疲劳 == muscle fatigue

  肌肉组织 == muscular tissue

  肌肉紧张( 肌肉收缩 ) == muscle tone (muscle contraction )

  肌原纤维( 肌肉 ) == myofibril ( muscle )

  肌动蛋白( 肌肉 ) == actin ( muscle )

  肌凝蛋白( 肌肉 ) == myosin ( muscle )

  肌肉萎缩症 == muscular dystrophy

  肌纤维( 肌肉 ) == muscle fibre / myofibre ( muscle )

  自律神经系统 == autonomic nervous system

  自然免疫( 免疫系统 ) == natural immunity ( immune system )

  自溶( 溶梅体 ) == autolysis ( lysosome )

  自体免疫 == autoimmunity

  自体免疫疾病( 自体免疫 ) == autoimmune disease ( autoimmunity )

  臼齿 == molar

  舌 == tongue

  舌下腺( 唾液腺 ) == sublingual gland ( salivary galnd )

  舌骨 == hyoid bone

  舟状骨( 腕骨 ) == scaphoid ( carpal )

  舟状骨( 跗骨 ) == navicular ( tarsal )

  色盲 == colour blindness

  色觉 == colour vision

  艾克曼 == Eijkman , Christiaan

  艾利希 == Ehrlich , Paul

  血小板 == platelet

  血小板栓子( 血小板 ) == platelet plug ( platelet )

  血友病( 凝固 ) == haemophilia ( coagulation )

  血型 == blood group

  血型系统( 血型 ) == blood group system ( blood group )

  血红素 == haemoglobin

  血栓( 栓塞 ) == thrombus ( thrombosis )

  血栓细胞( 血小板 ) == thrombocyte ( platelet )

  血液 == blood

  血液透析( 透析 ) == haemodialysis ( dialysis )

  血液学 == haematology

  血管 == blood vessel

  血管加压素( 抗利尿激素 ) == vasopressin ( antidiuretic hormone )

  血管收缩( 血管舒张 ) == vasoconstriction ( vasodilation )

  血管造影( 血管造影术 ) == angiograph (angiography )

  血管造影片( 血管造影术 ) == angiogram (angiography )

  血管造影术 == angiography

  血管舒张 == vasodilation

  血凝块( 凝固 ) == blood clot ( coagulation )

  血浆 == blood plasma

  血浆蛋白( 血浆 ) == plasma protein ( blood plasma )

  血糖( 葡萄糖 ) == blood sugar ( glucose )

  血压 == blood pressure

  血压计 == sphygmomanometer

  行为 == behaviour

  囟门 == fontanelle

  七划

  亨耳 == Henle , Friedrich

  亨氏环( 肾小管 ) == loop of Henle ( renal tubule )

  亨特 == Hunter , John

  佛莱明爵士 == Fleming , Sir Alexander

  佛罗瑞爵士 == Florey , Sir Howard

  伸肌( 伸展 ) == extensor ( extension )

  伸肌支带( 手部伸肌 ) == extensor retinaculum ( extensor of the hand )

  伸肌支带( 足部伸肌 ) == extensor retinaculum ( extensor of the foot )

  伸展 == extension

  伸展感受器( 机械性受器 ) == stretch receptor ( mechanoreceptor )

  低张的( 等张的 ) == hypotonic ( isotonic )

  佝偻病 == rickets

  克里克 == Crick , Francis

  克列伯氏循环 == Krebs cycle

  克列伯斯 == Krebs , Hans

  免疫反应 == immune response

  免疫系统 == immune system

  免疫法 == immunization

  免疫( 免疫系统 ) == immune ( immune system )

  免疫球蛋白( 抗体 ) == immunoglobulin ( antibody )

  免疫学 == immunology

  利斯特 == Lister , Joseph

  利维 – 蒙塔西尼 == Levi-Montalcini , Rita

  卵子 == ovum / ova

  卵子发生( 卵子 ) == oogenesis ( ovum )

  卵母细胞( 卵子 ) == oocyte ( ovum )

  卵巢 == ovary

  卵巢周期 == ovarian cycle

  卵细胞( 卵子 ) == egg cell ( ovum )

  卵裂 == cleavage

  卵圆窗( 内耳 ) == oval window ( inner ear )

  卵磷脂( 磷脂 ) == lecithin ( phospholipid )

  吞噬作用 == phagocytosis

  吞噬细胞 == phagocyte

  吞咽 == swallowing

  呃逆 == hiccup / hiccough

  吸入 == inhalation

  吸入( 气体交换 ) == inhale ( gas exchange )

  吸收 == absorption

  吸气( 吸入 ) == inspiration ( inhalation )

  含氮废物( 排泄 ) == nitrogenous waste ( excretion )

  均衡的饮食( 食物 ) == balanced diet ( diet )

  坐骨( 骨盆带 ) == ischium ( pelvic girdle )

  坐骨神经 == sciatic nerve

  坐骨神经痛 == sciatica

  妊娠 == pregnancy

  尿素( 尿液 ) == urea ( urine )

  尿液 == urine

  尿道( 膀胱 ) == urethra ( bladder )

  尿嘧啶( 盐基 ) == uracil ( base )

  利尿剂( 抗利尿激素 ) == diuretic ( antidiuretic hormone )

  尾骨 == coccyx

  尾椎( 尾骨 ) == coccygeal vertebra ( coccyx )

  希波克拉底 == Hippocrates

  希斯 == His , Wilhelm

  快速动眼睡眠( 睡眠 ) == rapid eye movement sleep / REM sleep ( sleep )

  抗生素( 药物 ) == antibiotic ( drug )

  抗利尿激素 == antidiuretic hormone / ADH

  抗原 == antigen

  抗胰岛素 == glucagon

  抗组织胺药物( 枯草热 ) == antihistamine drug ( hay fever )

  抗凝血剂 == anticoagulant

  抗坏血酸( 维生素C ) == ascorbic acid ( vitamin C )

  抗体 == antibody

  抗体间接免疫(体液免液) == antibody-mediated immunity ( humoral immunity )

  扭伤 == sprain

  折射( 调节 ) == refracted ( accommodation )

  杜维 == Duve , Christian de

  杓状软骨( 喉 ) == arytenoid cartilage ( larynx )

  沙克 == Salk , Jonas

  狂犬病 == rabies

  肝 == liver

  肝炎 == hepatitis

  肝门静脉( 肝动脉 ) == hepatic portal vein ( hepatic artery )

  肝动脉 == hepatic artery

  肝细胞 == hepatocyte

  肝循环( 肝动脉 ) == hepatic circulation ( hepatic artery )

  肝糖 == glycogen

  肘( 铰金关节 ) == elbow ( hinge joint )

  肛门( 直肠 ) == anus ( rectum )

  肛门内括约肌( 直肠 ) == internal anal sphincter ( rectum )

  肛门外括约肌( 直肠 ) == external anal sphincter ( rectum )

  肛道( 直肠 ) == anal canal ( rectum )

  肚脐( 脐带 ) == navel ( umbilical cord )

  角蛋白( 结构蛋白 ) == keratin ( atructural protein )

  角膜 == cornea

  角质层( 表皮 ) == cornified layer ( epidermis )

  贝尔 == Baer , Karl von

  贝尔那 == Benard , Claude

  贝尔爵士 == Bell , Sir Charles

  足.脚 == foot

  足部伸肌 == extensor of the foot

  足部屈肌 == flexor of the foot

  足趾( 趾骨 ) == toe / digit ( phalanx of the foot )

  足跟( 跗骨 ) == heel ( tarsal )

  防腐剂 == antiseptic

  八划

  乳化( 胆汁 ) == emulsify ( bile )

  乳汁 == milk

  乳房( 泌乳 ) == breast ( lactation )

  乳腺( 泌乳 ) == mammary gland ( lactation )

  乳管( 泌乳 ) == milk duct ( lactation )

  乳酸( 糖解 ) == lactic acid ( glycolysis )

  乳酸酦酵 == lactic acid fermentation

  乳齿 == milk teeth

  乳糖 == lactose

  乳糖梅( 乳糖 ) == lactase ( lactose )

  乳头( 味蕾 ) == papilla ( taste bud)

  乳头( 泌乳 ) == nipple ( lactation )

  乳糜管 == lacteal

  供血者( 输血 ) == blood donor ( blood transfusion )

  佩鲁茨 == Perutz , Max

  侏儒症( 生长激素 ) == dwarfism ( growth hormone )

  两手同利的 == ambidextrous ( handedness )

  刺激 == stimulus

  受孕 == conception

  受精 == fertilization

  受器( 感觉神经元 ) == receptor ( sensory neuron )

  受器位置( 激素 ) == receptor site ( bormone )

  味孔( 味蕾 ) == taste pore ( taste bud )

  味道( 味觉 ) == flavour ( taste )

  味蕾 == taste bud

  味觉 == taste

  呼出 == exhalation

  呼出( 气体交换 ) == exhale ( gas exchange )

  呼吸 == breathing

  呼吸 == respiration

  呼吸中枢( 呼吸速率 ) == respiratory centre ( breathing rate )

  呼吸系统 == respiratory system

  呼吸控制 == respiratory control

  呼吸速率 == breathing rate

  呼吸道 == respiratory tract

  呼吸膜 == respiratory membrane

  呼气( 呼出 ) == expiration ( exhalation )

  周围的,末梢的 == peripheral

  周围神经( 神经系统 ) == peripheral nerve ( nervous system )

  周围神经系统( 神经系统 ) == peripheral nervous system ( nervous system )

  固定巨噬细胞( 单核球 ) == fixed macrophage ( monocyte )

  夜盲 == night blindness

  孟德尔 == Mendel , Gregor

  屈曲 == flexion

  屈肌( 屈曲 ) == flexor ( flexion )

  屈肌支带( 手部屈肌 ) == flexor retinaculum ( flexor of the hand )

  屈趾长肌( 足部屈肌 ) == flexor digitorum longus ( flexor of the foot )

  屈拇长肌( 足部屈肌 ) == flexor hallucis longus ( flexor of the foot )

  屈拇短肌( 对掌拇肌 ) == flexor pollicis brevis (opponens pollicis )

  屈指浅肌( 手部屈肌 ) == flexor digitorum superficialis ( flexor of the hand )

  屈趾短肌 == flexor digitorum brevis

  帕金森氏症 == Parkinson’s disease

  帕雷 == Pare , Ambroise

  延髓( 脑干 ) == medulla oblongata ( brain stem )

  弧影( 指甲 ) == lunula ( nail )

  性交 == sexual intercourse

  性染色体 == sex chromosome

  性细胞 == sex cell

  性联对偶基因 == sex-linked allele

  性激素 == sex hormone

  拉瓦钖 == Lavoisier , Antoine

  拉埃内克 == Laennec , Rene Theophile

  拇指( 指骨 ) == thumb / first digit ( phalanx of the hand )

  拇趾( 趾骨 ) == big toe ( phalanx of the foot )

  拇囊肿 == bunion

  抵抗力 == resistance

  放射线照片( 放射线摄影术 ) == radiograph ( radiography )

  放射线摄影术 == radiography

  昏迷( 意识 ) == coma ( consciousness )

  枕骨大孔( 颅 ) == foramen magnum ( cranium )

  枕骨( 颅 ) == occipital bone ( cranium )

  枕骨肌( 额肌 ) == occipitalis ( frontalis )

  果糖( 糖 ) == fructose / fruit sugar ( sugar )

  林德 == Lind , James

  杵臼关节 == ball-and socket joint

  泌尿系统 == urinary system

  泌乳 == lactation

  柲乳反射( 泌乳 ) == milk let-down reflex ( lactation )

  波特 == Pott , Percival

  法布里休斯 == Fabricius , Hieronymus

  法罗皮欧 == Fallopio Gabriello

  油 == oil

  治疗( 诊断 ) == therapy ( diagnosis )

  泡( 胞饮作用 ) == vesicle ( pinocytosis )

  泛酸 == pantothenic acid

  炎症 == inflammation

  盲肠 == caecum

  盲点 == blind spot

  直肠 == rectum

  空肠 == jejunum

  肺 == lung

  肺半月瓣( 心瓣膜 ) == pulmonary semilunar valve ( heart valve )

  肺泡 == alveolus / alveoli

  肺泡巨噬细胞( 尘细胞 ) == alveolar macrophage ( dust cell )

  肺炎 == pneumonia

  肺活量 == vital capacity

  肺气肿 == emphysema

  肺循环 == pulmonary circulation

  肺叶( 肺 ) == lobe ( lung )

  肥胖 == obesity

  肢带 == girdle

  肱二头肌 == biceps brachii

  肱三头肌 == triceps brachii

  肱肌 == brachialis

  肱骨 == humerus

  肱骨内髁( 尺神经 ) == funny bone ( ulnar nerve )

  肱动脉 == brachial artery

  肱静脉 == brachial vein

  肱桡肌 == brachioradialis

  股二头肌( 腿后腱 ) == biceps femoris ( hamstring )

  股中间肌( 股四头肌 ) == vastus intermedius ( quadriceps femoris )

  股内侧肌( 股四头肌 ) == vastus medialis ( quadriceps femoris )

  股四头肌 == quadriceps femoris

  股外侧肌( 股四头肌 ) == vastus lateralis ( quadriceps femoris )

  股直肌( 股四头肌 ) == rectus femoris ( quadriceps femoris )

  股骨 == femur

  股动脉 == femoral artery

  股静脉 == femoral vein

  肩( 杵臼关节 ) == shoulder ( ball-and-socket joint )

  肩胛骨( 胸带 ) == shoulderblade / scapula ( pectoral girdle )

  肩带( 胸带 ) == shoulder girdle ( pectoral girdle )

  虎克 == Hooke , Robert

  初乳 == colostrum

  初级支气管( 支气管 ) == primary bronchus ( bronhus )

  初级滤泡( 滤泡 ) == primary follicle ( follicle )

  初经,月经初潮 == menarche

  表皮 == epidermis

  表皮山脊 == epidermal ridge

  表皮角层( 指甲 ) == cuticle ( nail )

  表面的 == superficial

  表面活性剂 == surfactant

  表面张力( 表面活性剂 ) == surface tension ( surfactant )

  表现的( 基因型 ) == expressed ( genotype )

  表现型 == phenotype

  近曲小管( 肾小管 ) == proximal convoluted tubule ( renal tubule )

  近视 == short sight / near sight / myopia

  近端的 == proximal

  长出( 牙齿 ) == erupt ( tooth )

  长拇趾伸肌( 足部伸肌 ) == extensor hallucis longus (extensor of the foot )

  长趾伸肌( 足部伸肌 ) == extensor digitorum longus (extensor of the foot )

  长期记忆( 记忆 ) == long-term memory ( memory )

  门齿 == incisor

  阿米巴病( 阿米巴痢疾 ) == amoebiasis ( amoebic dysentery )

  阿米巴痢疾 == amoebic dysentery

  阿滋海默症 == Alzheimer’s disease

  阿尔克迈翁 == Alcmaeon

  阿维森纳 == Avicenna , Idn Sina

  附肢( 附肢骨骼 ) == appendage ( appendicular skeleton )

  附肢骨骼 == appendicular skeletom

  青少年期 ==adolescence

  青春期 == puberty

  非快速动眼睡眠( 睡眠 ) == non-rapid eye movement sleep / NREM sleep ( sleep)

  非专一性抵抗力( 抵抗力 ) == non-specific resistance ( resistance )

  非传染性疾病 == non-infectious

  非传染病( 传染病 ) == non-communicable disease (communicable disease )

  九划

  保温箱( 早产 ) == incubator ( premature birth )

  保险箱( 避孕用具 ) == condom ( contraceptive )

  促毋状腺激素( 脑下垂体 ) == thyroid-stimulating hormone ( pituitary gland )

  促甲状腺激素( 脑下垂体 ) == thyrotropin ( pituitary gland )

  促肾上腺皮质激素( 脑下垂体 ) == ACTH / adrenocorticotrophic hormone ( pituitary

  gland )

  促进扩散( 扩散 ) == facilitated diffusion ( diffusion )

  促滤泡成熟激素 == follicle-stimulating hormone / FSH

  冠( 法琅质 ) == crown ( enamel )

  冠状动脉 == coronary artery

  冠状动脉栓塞( 冠状动脉 ) == coronary thrombosis ( coronary artery )

  冠状循环( 冠状动脉 ) == coronary circulation ( coronary artery )

  冠状缝( 骨缝 ) == coronal suture ( suture )

  冠状窦( 冠状动脉 ) == coronary sinus ( coronary artery )

  前半规管( 半规管) == anterior semicircular canal ( semicircular canal )

  前列腺,摄护腺 == prostate gland

  前臼齿 == premolar

  前囟( 囟门 ) == anterior fontanelle ( fontanelle )

  前面的 == anterior

  前庭( 球囊 ) == vestibule ( saccule )

  前脑 == forebrain

  前叶( 脑下垂体 ) == anterior lobe ( pituitary gland )

  前锯肌 == serratus anterior

  前臂( 上肢 ) == forearm ( upper extremity )

  咳嗽 == coughing

  咽 == pharynx

  咽喉( 咽 ) == throat ( pharynx )

  哈氏小管( 骨单元 ) == Haversian canal ( osteon )

  哈氏系统( 骨单元 ) == Haversian system ( osteon )

  哈弗斯 == Havers , Clopton

  哈勒 == Haller , Albrecht von

  哈维 == Harvery , William

  垂体神部( 脑下垂体 ) == neurohypophysis ( pituitary gland )

  垂体腺性部( 脑下垂体 ) == adenohypophysis ( pituitary gland )

  姿势( 肌肉收缩 ) == posture ( muscle contraction )

  威尔柯夫 == Virchow , Rudolph

  封闭式骨折( 骨折 ) == closed fracture ( fracture )

  幽门括约肌 == pyloric sphincter

  后天性免疫下全征候群( 爱滋病 ) == Acquired lmmune Deficiency Syndrome ( AIDS )

  后半规管( 半规管 ) == posterior semicircular canal ( semicircular canal )

  后囟( 囟门 ) == posterior fontanelle ( fontanelle )

  后面的 == posterior

  后叶( 脑下垂体 ) == posterior lobe ( pituitary gland )

  扁平足 == flat foot

  扁桃腺 == tonsil

  拮抗( 对掌拇肌 ) == oppose ( opponens pollicis )

  拮抗组( 骨骼肌 ) == antagonistic pair ( skeletal muscle )

  指甲 == nail

  指纹( 表皮山脊 ) == fingerprint ( epidermal ridge )

  指骨 == phalanx / phalanges of the hand

  指节 == knuckle

  括约肌 == sphincter

  染色分体( 染色体 ) == chromatid ( chromosome )

  染色体 == chromosome

  染色体数( 染色体 ) == chromosome number ( chromosome )

  柔毛( 毛发 ) == vellus hair ( hair )

  枯草热 == hay fever

  柯蒂氏器( 耳蜗 ) == organ of Corti ( cochlea )

  柯霍 == Doch , Robert

  毒素( 病原体 ) == toxin ( pathogen )

  氟 == fluorine

  流行性感冒 == influenza / flu

  流行性腮腺炎 == mumps

  流行( 接触传染病 ) == epidemic ( contagious disease )

  流行病学家( 病理学 ) == epidemiologist ( pathology )

  流产 == miscarriage

  活体组织检查 == biopsy

  洛尔 == Lower, Richard

  玻璃液 == vitreous humour

  玻璃软骨 == hyaline cartilage

  玻璃体( 玻璃液 ) == vitreous body ( vitreous humour )

  疫苗 == vaccine

  疫苗接种( 疫苗 ) == vaccination ( vaccine )

  眉毛( 眼睑 ) == eyebrow ( eyelid )

  科罗纳 == Khorana , Hai Gobind

  穿孔( 鼓膜 ) == perforated ( eardrum )

  突触 == synapse

  突触小结( 突触 ) == synaptic knob ( synapse )

  突变 == mutation

  红血球 == red blood cell / erythrocyte

  红骨髓( 骨髓 ) == red marrow ( bone marrow )

  红绿色盲( 色盲 ) == red-green colour blindness ( colour blindness )

  耶尔森 == Yersin , Alexandre

  胚胎 == embryo

  胚胞 == blastocyst

  胃 == stomach

  胃小凹( 胃液 ) == gastric pit ( gastric juice )

  胃液 == gastric juice

  胃蛋白梅( 胃液 ) == pepsin ( gastric juice )

  胃肠病学 == gastroenterology

  胃肠道( 消化系统 ) == gastrointestinal tract ( digestive system )

  胃腺( 胃液 ) == gastric gland ( gastric juice )

  背面的( 后面的 ) == dorsal ( posterior )

  背根( 神经根 ) == dorsal root ( nerve root )

  背阔肌 == latissimus dorsi

  胎毛( 毛发 ) == lanugo ( hair)

  胎儿 == fetus

  胎记( 先天性缺陷 ) == birthmark ( birth defeet )

  胎盘 == placenta

  胞饮作用 == pinocytosis

  胞嘧啶( 盐基 ) == cytosine ( base )

  胞器 == organelle

  致癌物质( 癌症 ) == carcinogen ( cancer )

  苯酮尿症 == phenylketonuria / PKU

  虹膜 == iris

  负回馈( 回馈系统 ) == negative feedback ( feedback system )

  迪奥斯科里斯 == Dioscorides , Pedanius

  重组( 交换 ) == recombination (crossing over )

  降肌( 降肌 ) == depressor ( depression )

  降血钙素( 甲状腺 ) == calcitonin ( thyroid gland )

  降低 == depression

  降低毒性的( 疫苗 ) == attenuated ( vaccine )

  降结肠( 结肠 ) == descending colon ( colon )

  音箱( 喉 ) == voice box ( larynx )

  音调( 听觉 ) == pitch ( hearing )

  风湿症 == rheumatism

  飞沬传递( 传染性疾病 ) == droplet transmission ( infectious disease )

  食道 == oesophagus

  食管( 食道 ) == gullet ( oesophagus )

  食糜 == chyme

  胜胎( 胺基酸 ) == peptide ( amino acid )

  胜胎键( 胺基酸 ) == peptide linkage / peptide bond ( amino acid )

  胜胎梅( 小肠 ) == peptidase ( small intestine )

  恒齿 == permanent teeth

  恒定性 == homeostasis

  十划

  俯卧的( 旋前肌 ) == prone ( pronator )

  伦琴 == Roentgen , Wilhelm

  剖腹生产术 == Caesarian section

  剖检( 活体组织检查 ) == autopsy ( biopsy )

  原子 == atom

  原生动物( 病原体 ) == protozoa ( pathogen )

  原发性反应( 免疫反应 ) == primary response ( immune response )

  唐氏征候群 == Down’s syndrome

  哮喘 == asthma

  埃因托芬 == Einthoven , Willem

  夏盖 == Chargaff , Erwin

  家庭计划( 生育控制 ) == family planning ( birth control )

  射精( 性交 ) == ejaculate ( sexual intercourse )

  展拇短肌( 对掌拇肌 ) == abductor pollicis brevis ( opponens pollicis )

  差异成长( 发育 ) == differential growth ( development )

  差异性渗透膜 == differentially permeable membrane

  库希奥科病 == kwashiorkor

  库弗氏细胞( 肝细胞 ) == Kupffer cell ( hepatocyte )

  库纳 == Kuhne , Wilhelm

  耻骨( 骨盆带 ) == pubis ( pelvic girdle )

  耻骨肌( 内收长肌 ) == pectineus ( adductor longus )

  恩培多克勒 == Empedocles

  捐赠者( 排斥反应 ) == donor ( rejection )

  旅行病 ( 半规管 ) == travel sickness ( semicircular canal )

  朗格汉 == Langerhans , Paul

  核孔( 核 ) == nuclear pore ( nucleus )

  核型 == karyotype

  核甘酸( 核酸 ) == nucleotides ( nucleic acid )

  核黄素 (维生素B2 ) == riboflavin ( vitamin B2 )

  核磁共振成像 == magnetic resonance imaging

  核磁共振影像 == MRI / magnetic resonance image ( magnetic resonance imaging )

  核酸 == nuclelic acid

  核膜( 细胞核 ) == nuclear envelope / nuclear membrane ( nucleus )

  核糖核酸 == RNA

  核糖核酸( 核糖核酸 ) == ribonucleic acid ( RNA )

  核糖体 == ribosome

  根( 齿质 ) == root ( dentine )

  根管( 髓 ) == root canal ( pulp )

  桑格 == Sanger , Frederick

  桑椹体 == morula

  柴恩爵士 == Chain , Sir Ernst Boris

  格拉夫 == Graaf , Regnier de

  格拉夫滤泡 == Graafian follicle ( follicle )

  栓塞 == thrombosis

  气管 == trachea / windpipe

  气体交换 == gas exchange

  氧 ( 元素 ) == oxygen / O2 ( element )

  氧 / 二氧化碳平衡( 呼吸控制 ) == oxygen / carbon dioxide balance (respiratory control )

  氧化作用 == oxidation

  氧合血红素( 血红素 ) == oxyhaemoglobin ( haemoglobin )

  氧债 == oxygen debt

  消化 == digestion

  消化系统 == digestive system

  消化道( 消化系统 ) == alimentary canal ( digestive system )

  海桑 == Alhazen

  海绵骨 == spongy bone

  浮肋( 胸廓 ) == floating rib ( ribcage )

  特化( 细胞分裂 ) == specialized ( cell division )

  特殊感觉( 感觉 ) == special sense ( sense )

  班廷 == Banting , Sir Frederick

  班那顿 == Benenden , Edouard van

  疾病 == disease

  病毒 == virus

  致病的,病原的( 细菌 ) == pathogenic ( bacteria )

  病原体 == pathogen

  病理学 == pathology

  病理学家( 病理学 ) == pathologist ( pathology )

  病媒( 传染性疾病 ) == vector ( infectious disease )

  病菌( 细菌 ) == germ ( bacteria )

  病征( 症状 ) == sign ( symptom )

  症状 == symptom

  疼痛 == pain

  痂( 凝固 ) == scab ( coagulation )

  真皮 == dermis

  真肋( 胸廓 ) == true ribs ( ribcage )

  真声带( 声带 ) == true vocal cord ( vocal cord )

  眨眼( 眼睑 ) == blink ( eyelid )

  砧骨( 中耳 ) == anvil / incus ( middle car )

  破伤风 == tetanus

  神经 == nerve

  神经弓( 脊椎骨 ) == neural arch ( vertebra )

  神经元 == neuron

  神经肌肉接合处 == neuromuscular junction

  神经系统 == nervous system

  神经性厌食症( 厌食症 ) == anorexia nervosa ( anorexia )

  神经径 == nerve tract

  神经根 == nerve root

  神经细胞( 神经元 ) == nerve cell ( neuron )

  神经组织 == nervous tissue

  神经传递介质( 突触 ) == neurotransmitter ( synapse )

  神经节( 神经根 ) == ganglion ( nerve root )

  神经胶细胞 == glial cell

  神经冲动 == nerve impulse

  神经( 病 )学 == neurology

  神经纤维( 轴突 ) == nerve fibre ( axon )

  笑肌 == risorius

  纺锤体 == spindle

  素食者 == vegetarian

  纯素食者( 素食者 ) == vegan ( vegetarian )

  缺氧血( 静脉 ) == deoxygenated blood ( vein )

  脂肪 == fat

  脂肪梅( 胰液 ) == lipase ( pancreatic juice )

  脂肪的消化 == fat digestion

  脂肪组织( 结缔组织 ) == adipose tissue ( connective tissue )

  脂肪酸( 脂肪 ) == fatty acid ( fat )

  脂溶性维生素 == fat-soluble vitamin

  脂质 == lipid

  胰岛( 胰脏 ) == islets of Langerhans ( pancreas )

  胰岛素 == insulin

  胰液 == pancreatic juice

  胰蛋白梅( 胰液 ) == trypsin ( pancreatic juice )

  胰管( 胰脏 ) == pancreatic duct ( pancreas )

  胰淀粉梅( 胰液 ) == pancreatic amylase ( pancreat5ic juice )

  胰脏 == pancreas

  胸( 躯干 ) == thorax / chest ( trunk )

  胸大肌 == pectoralis major

  胸肌( 胸大肌) == pectoral muscle ( pectoralis major )

  胸乳( 乳汁 ) == breast milk ( milk )

  胸神经( 脊神经 ) == thoracic nerve ( spinal nerve )

  胸骨 == sternum

  胸骨( 胸骨 ) == breastbone ( sternum )

  胸骨柄( 胸骨 ) == manubrium ( sternum )

  胸骨体( 胸骨 ) == sternal body ( sternum )

  胸带 == pectoral girdle

  胸椎 == thoracic vertebra

  胸腔( 腔 ) == thoracic cavity ( cavity )

  胸腺 == thymus gland

  胸腺嘧啶( 盐基 ) == thymine ( base )

  胸廓 == ribcage

  胸膜 == pleura membrane

  胸膜液( 胸膜 ) == pleural fluid ( pleural membrane )

  胸导管( 淋巴管) == thoracic duct ( lymph vessel )

  胸锁乳突肌 == sternocleidomastoid

  脉络膜( 眼睛 ) == choroid ( eye )

  脉抟 == pulse

  脉抟率( 心跳速率 ) == pulse rate ( heart rate )

  能量 == energy

  脊柱 == backbone

  脊柱( 脊柱 ) == spine ( back bone )

  脊柱( 脊柱 ) == vertebral column ( backbone )

  脊柱胸肌 == spinalis thoracis

  脊柱裂 == spina bifida

  脊神经 ==spinal nerve

  脊椎孔( 脊椎骨 ) == vertebral foramen ( vertebra )

  脊椎曲线( 脊柱 ) == vertebral curve ( backbone )

  脊椎骨 == vertebra / vertebrae

  脊膜( 粒腺体 ) == crista /cristae ( mitochondrion )

  脊髓 == spinal cord

  脊髓灰白质炎 == poliomyelitis ( polio )

  蚓状肌 == lumbrical muscle

  衰老( 老化 ) == senescence ( ageing )

  记忆 == memory

  记忆B 细胞( B 细胞 ) == memory B cell ( B cell )

  记忆T 细胞( T 细胞 ) == memory T cell ( T cell )

  迷路( 内耳 ) == labyrinth ( inner ear )

  退缩反射 == withdrawal reflelx

  回盲括约肌( 回肠 ) == ileocaecal sphincter ( ileum )

  回肠 == ileum

  配子( 性细胞 ) == gamete ( sex cell )

  配子发性( 性细胞 ) == gametogenesis ( sex cell )

  阵痛 == labour

  饥饿( 营养 ) == hunger ( nutrition )

  马氏体层( 表皮 ) == Malpighian layer ( epidermis )

  马尾 == cauda equina

  马尔必奇 == Malpighi , Marcello

  骨 == bone

  骨小梁( 海绵骨 ) == trabecula / trabceulae ( spongy bone )

  骨化 == ossification

  骨母细胞( 骨 ) == osteoblast ( bone )

  骨折 == fracture

  骨板( 骨单元 ) == lamella / lamellae ( osteon )

  骨盆 == pelvis

  骨盆入口( 骨盆 ) == pelvic inlet ( pelvis )

  骨盆带 == pelvic girdle

  骨细胞( 骨 ) == osteocyte ( bone )

  骨单元 == osteon

  骨间肌 == interosseus / interossei muscle

  骨窝( 骨单元 ) == lacuna / lacunae ( osteon )

  骨膜 == periosteum

  骨质疏松症( 骨化 ) == osteoporosis ( ossification )

  骨骼 == skeleton

  骨骼肌 ==skeletal muscle

  骨胳学 == osteology

  骨缝 == suture

  骨关节炎( 关节炎 ) == osteoarthritis ( srthritis )

  骨髓 == bone marrow

  骨髓腔( 骨髓 ) == medullary cavity ( bone marrow )

  高血压 == hypertension

  高峰吉丈 == Takamine , Jodichi

  高基 == Golgi , Camillo

  高基氏体 == Golgi body

  高张的( 等张的 ) == hypertonic ( isotonic )

  胺基( 胺基酸 ) == amino group ( amino acid )

  胺基酸 == amino acid

  十一划

  伪足( 吞噬作用 ) == pseudopodium / pseudopodia ( phagocytosis )

  假肋 == false rib ( ribcage )

  假声带( 声带 ) == false vocal cord ( vocal cord )

  做梦 == dreaming

  偏头痛 == migraine

  副甲状腺 == parathyroid gland

  副甲状腺素( 副甲状腺 ) == parathyroid hormone / PTH ( parathyroid gland )

  副交感神经系统( 自律神经系统 ) == parasympathetic nervous system ( autonomic nervous

  system )

  副睪( 睪丸 ) == epididymis ( testis )

  动作电位( 神经冲动 ) == action potential ( nerve impulse )

  动物淀粉( 肝糖 ) == animal starch ( glycogen )

  动脉 == artery

  动脉粥状硬化 == atherosclerosis

  动能( 能量 ) == kinetic energy ( energy )

  动情激素( 雌性激素 ) == oestrogen ( female sex formone )

  动晕病( 半规管 ) == motion sickness ( semicircular canal )

  动器( 运动神经元 ) == effector ( motor neuron )

  动关节( 关节 ) == movable joint ( joint )

  垩质 == cement

  基因 == gene

  基因型 == genotype

  基因座( 对偶基因 ) == locus ( allele )

  基因组 == genome

  基底神经节( 大脑 ) == basal ganglia ( cerebrum )

  基层( 表皮 ) == basal layer ( epidermis )

  基础代谢率 == basal metabolic rate / BMR

  妇科学 == gynaecology

  密码子( 遗传密码 ) == codon ( genetic code )

  带状包疹 == Herpes zoster ( shingles )

  带状包疹 == shingles

  张力( 肌肉收缩 ) == tension ( muscle contraction )

  情绪 == emotion

  接受者( 排斥反应 ) == recipient ( rejection )

  接种( 疫苗 ) == inoculation ( vaccine )

  接触传染病 == contagious disease

  排斥反应 == rejection

  排汗 == perspiration

  排卵 == ovulation

  排尿( 膀胱 ) == urination ( bladder )

  排泄 == excretion

  排泄器官( 排泄 ) == excretory organ ( excretion )

  排便( 直肠 ) == defecation ( rectum )

  斜方肌 == trapezius

  斜方骨( 腕骨 ) == trapexium ( carpal )

  斜视( 双眼视觉 ) == squint / strabismus ( binocular vision )

  旋前方肌( 旋前肌 ) == pronator puadratus ( pronator )

  旋前肌 == pronator

  旋前圆肌( 旋前肌 ) == pronator ters ( pronator )

  旋后肌 == supinator

  昼夜节律 == circadian rhythm

  梅奇尼柯夫 == Mechnikov , llya

  梅斯纳氏小体( 机械性受器 ) == Meissner’s corpuscle ( mechanoreceptor )

  梅毒 == syphilis

  梅塞尔森 == Meselson , Matthew

  梅达沃 == Medawar , Peter

  杆细胞( 光受器 ) == rod ( photoreceptor )

  条件反射( 先天性反射 ) == conditioned reflex ( inborn reflex )

  梨形虫病 == giardiasis

  杀手T 细胞( T 细胞 ) == killer T cell ( T cell )

  氢( 元气 ) == hydrogen ( element )

  液体平衡( 渗透调节 ) == fluid balance ( osmoregulation )

  浅睡( 睡眠 ) == light sleep ( sleep )

  淋巴 == lymph

  淋巴因子( T 细胞 ) == lymphokine ( T cell )

  淋巴系统 == lymphatic system

  淋巴细胞 == lymphocyte

  淋巴结 == lymph node

  淋巴干( 淋巴管 ) == lymph trunk ( lymph vessel )

  淋巴管 == lymph vessel

  淋巴器官 == lymphatic organ

  淋巴导管( 淋巴管 ) == lymph duct ( lymph vessel )

  淋病 == gonorrhea

  泪骨( 颜面骨 ) == lacrimal bone ( facial bone )

  泪腺( 角膜 ) == lacrimal gland ( cornea )

  泪囊( 角膜 ) == lacrimal sac ( cornea )

  深的( 表面的 ) == deep ( superficial )

  深睡( 睡眠 ) == deep sleep ( sleep )

  牵张反射 == stretch reflex

  犁骨( 颜面骨 ) == vomer ( facial bone )

  球囊 == saccule

  毕希纳 == Buchner , Eduard

  异位妊娠 == ectopic pregnancy

  异卵双胞胎 == fraternal twins

  异质结合细胞 == heterozygous cell

  疏水的( 磷脂 ) == hydrophobic ( phospholipid )

  眼底镜 == opthalmoscope

  眼直肌 == rectus eye muscle

  眼科学 == ophthalmology

  眼科肌 == oblique eye muscle

  眼泪( 角膜 ) == tears ( cornea )

  眼球( 眼睛 ) == eyeball ( eye )

  眼眶 == orbit

  眼窝( 眼眶 ) == eye socket ( orbit )

  眼睛 == eye

  眼轮匝肌 == orbicularis oculi

  眼睑 == eyelid

  硫 == sulphur

  硫胺素( 维生素B1 ) == thiamine ( vitamin B1 )

  移植手术( 排斥反应 ) == transplant operation ( rejection )

  窒息 == choking

  第一臼齿( 臼齿 ) == first molar ( molar )

  第一楔骨( 跗骨 ) == first cuneiform ( tarsal )

  第一跖骨( 跖骨 ) == first metatarsal ( metatarsal )

  第二臼齿( 臼齿 ) == second molar ( molar )

  第二性征( 性激素 ) == secondary sexual characteristic ( sex hormone )

  第二楔骨( 跗骨 ) == second cuneiform ( tarsal )

  第三臼齿( 智齿 ) == third molar ( wisdom tooth )

  第三腓骨肌( 足部伸肌 ) == peroneus tertius ( extensor of the foot )

  第三楔骨( 跗骨 ) == third cuneiform ( tarsal )

  粒线体 == mitochondrion / mitochondria

  粗内质网( 内质纲 ) == rough endoplasmic reticulum ( endoplasmic reticulum )

  粗糙食物( 膳食纤维质 ) == roughage ( dietary fibre )

  细支气管 == bronchiole

  细胞 == cell

  细胞内液( 细胞外液 ) == intracellular fluid ( extracellular fluid )

  细胞分裂 == cell division

  细胞外物质 == extracellular material

  细胞外液 == extracellular fluid

  细胞免疫 == cellular immunity

  细胞呼吸( 呼吸 ) == cellular respiration ( respiration )

  细胞骨架 == cytosdeleton

  细胞周期 == cell cycle

  细胞间接免疫( 细胞免疫 ) == cell-mediated immunity ( cellular immunity )

  细胞间液( 组织液 ) == intercellular fluid ( tissue fluid )

  细胞核 == nucleus / nuclei

  细胞膜( 质膜 ) == cell membrane ( plasma membrane )

  细胞质 == cytoplasm

  细胞学( 组织学 ) == cytology ( histology )

  细胞体( 神经元 ) == cell body ( neuron )

  细菌 == bacterium / bacteria

  组织 == tissue

  组织修复( 组织 ) == tissue repair ( tissue )

  组织胺( 炎症 ) == histamine ( inflammation )

  组织液 == tissue fluid

  组织间隙( 组织液 ) == interstice ( tissue fluid )

  组织学 == histology

  组织学家( 组织学 ) == histologist ( histology )

  终毛( 毛发 ) == terminal hair ( hair )

  脱出( 椎间盘突出 ) == prolapse ( slipped disc )

  脱位 == dislocation

  莫尔加尼 == Morgagni , Giovanni

  荷勒斯 == Hales , Stephen

  蛋白素( 血浆 ) == albumin ( blood plasma )

  蛋白质 == protein

  蛋白质合成 == protein synthesis

  蛋白质的消化 == protein digestion

  被动免疫( 免疫法 ) == passive immunization ( immunization )

  许旺 == Schwann , Theodor

  许旺细胞( 绅经胶细胞 ) == Schwann cell ( glial cell )

  贫血 == anaemia

  软骨 == cartilage

  软骨细胞( 软骨 ) == chondrocyte ( cartilage )

  软膜( 脑脊髓膜 ) == pia mater ( meninx )

  软颚( 颚 ) == soft palate ( patlate)

  透明带( 卵子 ) == zona pellucida ( ovum )

  透明软骨( 玻璃软骨 ) == gristle ( hyaline cartilage )

  透析 == dialysis

  透析器( 透析 ) == dialyser ( dialysis )

  陈诠 == Chen Chuan

  阴茎 == penis

  阴蒂( 阴道 ) == clitoris ( vagina )

  阴道 == ( vagina )

  阴囊( 睪丸 ) == scrotum ( testis )

  雀斑( 黑色素 ) ==freckles ( melanin )

  顶骨( 颅 ) == parietal bone ( cranium )

  鸟粪嘌呤( 盐基 ) == guanine ( base )

  麦克尤恩爵士 == Macewen , Sir Willeam

  麦芽糖( 淀粉 ) == maltose ( starch )

  麦芽糖梅( 小肠 ) == maltase ( small intestine )

  麻醉剂( 药物 ) == narcotie ( drug )

  胫( 胫骨 ) == shin ( tibia )

  胫神经( 坐骨神经 ) == tibial nerve ( sciatic nerve )

  胫骨 == tibia / shinbone

  胫骨前肌 == tibialis anterior

  专一性抵抗力( 抵抗力 ) == specific resistance ( resistance )

  专门学科 == specialized study

  趾骨 == phalanx / phalanges of the foot

  十二划

  饮食 == diet

  博蒙特 == Beaumont , William

  喘息 == panting ( exhalation )

  单甘油酯( 脂肪 ) == monoglyceride ( fat )

  单合子双胞胎( 同卵双胞胎 ) == monozygotic twins ( identical twins )

  单倍体细胞 == haploid cell

  单核球 == monocyte

  单纯骨折( 骨析 ) == simple fracture ( fracture )

  单醣( 碳水化合物 ) == monosaccharide ( carbohydrate )

  唾液( 唾液腺 ) == saliva ( salivary gland )

  唾液腺 == salivary gland

  唾液淀粉梅( 唾液腺 ) == salivary amylase ( salivary gland )

  喉 == larynx

  喉结( 喉 ) == Adam’s apple ( larynx )

  壸腹( 半规管 ) == ampulla ( semicircular canal )

  壸腹脊顶( 半规管 ) == cupula ( semicircular canal )

  富兰克林 == Franklin , Rosalind

  嵌塞的( 智齿 ) == impacted ( wisdom tooth )

  复苏( 死亡 ) == resuscitation ( death )

  循环系统 == circulatory system

  掌长肌( 手部屈肌 ) == palmaris longus ( flexor of the hand )

  掌骨 == metacarpal

  掌短肌 == palmaris brevis

  提肌( 提高 ) == levator ( elevation )

  提高 == elevation

  提高( 提高 ) == elevate ( elevation )

  换气( 呼吸 ) == ventilation ( breathing )

  散光 == astigmatism

  斑( 动脉粥状硬化 ) == plaque ( atherosclersis )

  斑( 龋齿 ) == plaque ( tooth decay )

  斑疹伤寒 == typhus

  斯瓦姆默丹 == Swammerdam , Jan

  斯坦利 == Stanley , Wendell

  斯特蒂文特 == Sturtevant , Alfred

  斯诺 == Snow , John

  普通染色体( 性染色体 ) == autosome ( sex chromosome )

  普尔金耶 == Purkinje , Johannes

  品状体 == lens

  智力 == intelligence

  智齿 == wisdom tooth

  棘突( 脊椎骨 ) == spinous process ( vertebra )

  棘细胞层( 表皮 ) == prickly layer / stratum spinosum ( epidermis )

  森特 – 哲尔吉 == Szent – Gyorgi , Albert von

  着床 == implantation

  椎弓( 脊椎骨 ) == vertebral arch ( vertebra )

  椎间盘 == intervertebral disc

  椎间盘突出 == slipped disc

  椎体( 脊椎骨 ) == centrum ( vertebra )

  椎体( 脊椎骨 ) == vertebual body ( vertebra )

  氮( 元素 ) == nitrogen ( element )

  氯 == chlorine

  渥勒 == Wohler , Friedrich

  滋养层( 胚胞 ) == trophoblast ( blastocyst )

  无氧呼吸 == anaerobic respiration

  无意识( 意识 ) == unconsciousness ( conscioushess )

  无横纹( 平滑肌 ) == unstriated ( smooth muscle )

  无机化合物 == inorganic compound

  珐琅质 == enamel

  痢疾,见阿米巴痢疾 == dysentery see amoebic dysentery

  痉挛 == cramp

  发育 == development

  发烧 == fever

  短趾伸肌( 脚部伸肌 ) == extensor digitorum brevis ( extensor of the foot )

  短期记忆( 记忆 ) == short-term memory ( memory )

  硬骨( 致密骨 ) == hard bone ( compact hone )

  硬膜( 脑脊髓膜 ) == dura mater ( meninx )

  硬颚( 颚 ) == hard palate ( palate )

  稀释的( 浓度 ) == dilute ( concentration )

  等长收缩( 肌肉收缩 ) == isometric contraction ( muscle contraction )

  等张收缩( 肌肉收缩 ) == isotonic contraction ( muscle contraction )

  等张的 == isotonic

  等显性对偶基因 == co-dominant allele

  结核病 == tuberculosis

  结肠 == colon

  结构蛋白 == structural protein

  结缔组织 == connective tissue

  结膜( 角膜 ) == conjunctiva ( cornea )

  绒毛 == villus / villi

  绒毛膜 == chorion

  绒毛膜绒毛( 绒毛膜 ) == chorionic villus ( chorion )

  绒毛膜绒毛取样( 绒毛膜 ) == chorionic villus sampling ( chorion )

  绝经 == menopause

  丝状乳头( 味蕾 ) == filiform papilla ( taste bud )

  腕( 椭球关节 ) == wrist ( ellipsoidal joint )

  腕骨 == carpal

  腔 == cavity

  腔静脉 == vena cava

  腋( 上肢 ) == axilla ( upper extremity )

  腋动脉( 肱动脉 ) == axillary artery ( brachial artery )

  腋静脉( 肱静脉 ) == axillary vein ( brachial vein )

  肾 == kidney

  肾上腺 == adrenal bland / suprarenal gland

  肾上腺素 == adrenaline

  肾小球 == glomerulus

  肾小球囊( 鲍氏囊 ) == glomerular capsule ( Bowman’s capsule )

  肾小管 == renal tubule

  肾元 == nephron

  肾衰竭( 透析 ) == renal failure ( dialysis )

  脾 == spleen

  腓神经( 坐骨神经 ) == peroneal nerve( sciatic nerve )

  腓骨 == fibula

  腓骨肌 == gastrocnemius / calf muscle

  残余气量 == residual volume

  舒张压( 血压计 ) == diastolic blood pressure ( sphygmomanometer )

  烟碱酸 == niacin

  华森 == Watson , James

  菌落 == bacterial flora

  裂( 大脑 ) == fissure ( cerebrum )

  视力( 视觉 ) == sight ( vision )

  视丘 == thalamus

  视皮质( 感觉区 ) == visual cortex ( sensory area )

  视色素( 光受器 ) == visual pigment ( photoreceptor )

  视径交叉,视神经交叉 == optic chiasma

  视神经 == optic nerve

  视神经盘,视乳头( 盲点 ) == optic disc ( blind spot )

  视紫质( 光受器 ) == rhodopsin ( photoreceptor )

  视黄醇( 维生素A ) == retinol ( vitamin A )

  视叶( 感觉区 ) == optic lobe ( sensory area )

  视网膜 == retina

  视觉 == vision

  诊断 == diagnosis

  费克 == Fick , Adolf

  超音波扫描 == ultrasound scanning

  超音波扫描仪( 超音波扫描 ) == ultrasound scanner ( ultrasound scanning )

  距骨( 跗骨 ) == talus ( tarsal )

  轴椎( 颈椎 ) == axis ( cervical vertebra )

  轴突 == axon

  钙 == calcium

  钠 == sodium

  钠钾泵( 神经冲动 ) == sodium-potassium pump ( nerve impulse )

  开放性骨折( 骨折 ) == open fracture ( fracture )

  间期( 细胞周期 ) == interphase ( cell cycle )

  间质液( 组织液 ) == interstitial fluid ( tissue fluid )

  集尿管( 输尿管 ) == collecting duct ( ureter )

  韧带 == ligament

  黄骨髓( 骨髓 ) == yellow marrow ( bone marrow )

  黄热病 == yellow fever

  黄体 == corpus luteum

  黄体成长激素 == luteinizing hormone / LH

  黄体激素( 雌性激素 ) == progesterone ( female sex hormone )

  黑色素 == melanin

  氰钴胺素( 维生素B12 ) == cyanocobalamin ( vitamin B12 )

  跗骨 == tarsal

  雄性激素 == male sex hormone

  十三划

  传入神经元( 感觉神经元 ) == afferent neuron ( sensory neuron )

  传出神经元( 运动神经元 ) == efferent neuron ( motor neuron )

  传染性疾病 == infectious disease

  传染性单核细胞增多症( 腺热 ) == mononucleosis , infectious ( glandular fever )

  传染病 == communicable disease

  传讯核糖核酸( 核糖核酸 ) == messenger RNA ( RNA )

  传讯核糖核酸( 核糖核酸 ) == m RNA ( RNA )

  催化剂( 梅 ) == catalyst ( enzyme )

  催乳激素 == prolactin

  催产素 == oxytocin

  伤寒 == typhoid fever

  嗅神经 == olfactory nerve

  嗅球( 嗅膜 ) == olfactory bulb ( olfactory membrane )

  嗅细胞( 嗅膜 ) == olfactory cell ( olfactory membrane )

  嗅膜 == olfactory membrane

  嗅觉 == smell

  塞麦尔维斯 == Semmelweiss , Ignaz

  微生物( 病原体 ) == microorganism ( pathogen )

  微血管 == capillary

  微淋巴管( 淋巴管 ) == lymph capillary ( lymph vessel )

  微绒毛( 绒毛 ) == microvilli ( villus )

  微量营养素 == micronutrient

  微量矿物质( 矿物质 ) == trace mineral ( mineral )

  微胶粒( 脂肪的消化 ) == micelle ( fat digestion )

  感冒 == common cold

  感染 == infection

  感觉 == sense

  感觉根( 神经根 ) == sensory root ( nerve root )

  感觉神经元 == sensory neuron

  感觉区 == sensory area

  感觉器官( 感觉 ) == sense organ ( sense )

  爱迪生 == Addison , Thomas

  爱滋病 == AIDS

  暗光适应 == dark adaptation

  会厌 == epiglottis

  杨 == Young , Thomas

  溶梅体 == lysosome

  溶液 == solution

  溶菌梅( 化学抵抗 ) == lysozyme ( chemical resistance )

  溶质( 溶液 ) == solute ( solution )

  溶剂( 溶液 ) == solvent ( solution )

  沟( 大脑 ) == sulcus / sulci ( cereburm )

  减数分裂 == meiosis

  温血的,吸热的( 温度调节 ) == endothermic ( thermoregulation )

  温度调节 == thermoregulation

  滑车( 眼斜肌 ) == trochlea ( oblique eye muscle )

  滑动关节 == gliding joint

  滑液( 滑液关节 ) == synovial fluid ( synovial joint )

  滑液关节 == synovial joint

  滑丝学说 == sliding filament theory

  滑膜( 滑液关节 ) == synovial membrane ( synovial joint )

  滑膜鞘( 腱 ) == synovial sheath ( tendon )

  意识 == consciousness

  痲疹 == measles

  痲疯 == leprosy

  睫毛( 眼睑 ) == eyelash ( eyelid )

  睫状肌( 晶状体 ) == ciliary muscle ( lens )

  睪丸 == testis / testes

  睪固酮( 雄性激素 ) == testosterone ( male sex hormone )

  矮人( 雷文霍克 ) == homunculi ( Leeuwenhoek , Anthony van )

  碘 == iodine

  棱形骨( 腕骨 ) == trapezoid ( carpal )

  节律器( 窦房结 ) == pacemaker ( sinoatrial node )

  经期( 月经 ) == period ( menstruation )

  圣托里奥 == Santorio , Santorio

  腱 == tendon

  腰背部( 腰椎 ) == small of the back ( lumbar vertebra )

  腰神经( 脊神经 ) == lumbar nerve ( spinal nerve )

  腰神经丛( 脊神经 ) == lumbar plexus ( spinal nerve )

  腰椎 == lumbar vertebra

  肠 == intestine

  肠液 == intestinal juice

  肠系膜( 腹膜 ) == mesentery ( peritoneum )

  腮腺( 唾液膜 ) == parotid gland ( salivary gland )

  脚气病 == beriberi

  肿瘤( 癌症 ) == tumour ( cancer )

  腄瘤学家( 病理学 ) == oncologist ( pathology )

  腹直肌 == rectus abdominis

  腹面的( 前面的 ) == ventral ( anterior )

  腹根( 神经根 ) == ventral root ( nerve root )

  腹腔( 腔 ) == abdominal cavity ( cavity )

  腹( 躯干 ) == abdomen ( trunk )

  腹腔疾病 == coeliac disease

  腹膜 == peritoneum

  膜泡( 胰脏 ) == acinus / acini ( pancreas )

  腺嘌呤( 盐基 ) == adenine ( base )

  腺嘌呤核甘二磷酸( 腺嘌呤核甘三磷酸 ) == ADP / adenosine diphosphate ( ATP )

  腺嘌呤核甘三磷酸 == ADP / adenosine triphosphate

  腺样增殖体 == adenoid

  腺热 == glandular fever

  腺体 == gland

  脑 == brain

  脑波 == brainwave

  脑下垂体,脑垂腺 == pituitary gland

  脑室( 脑 ) == ventricle ( brain )

  脑神经 == cranial nerve

  脑脊髓液 == CSF / cerebrospinal fluid

  脑脊髓膜 == meninges / meninx

  脑回( 大脑 ) == gyrus / gyri ( cetrebrum )

  脑干 == brain stem

  脑电图( 脑波 ) == electroencephalogram ( brainwave )

  脑电图仪( 脑波 ) == EEG / electroencephalograph ( brainwave )

  脑膜炎 == meningitis

  叶( 泌乳 ) == lobe ( lactation )

  叶酸 == folic acid

  叶酸盐( 叶酸 ) == folate( folic acid )

  葡萄糖 == glucose

  补体系统 == complement system

  解毒作用 == detoxification

  解剖( 解剖学 ) == dissection ( anatomy )

  解剖学 == anatomy

  解剖学家( 解剖学 ) == anatomist ( anatomy )

  詹纳 == Jenner , Edward

  试管内受精( 不孕 ) == in vitro fertilization ( infertility )

  跟骨( 跗骨 ) == calcaneus ( tarsal )

  跟腱 == Achilles tendon

  路德威希 == Ludwig , Karl

  运动根( 神经根 ) == motor root ( nerve root )

  运动神经元 == motor neuron

  运动神经疾病 == motor neuron disease

  运动区 == motor area

  游走巨噬细胞( 单核球 ) == wandering macrophage ( monocyte )

  过敏 == allergy

  过敏反应( 过敏 ) == allergic reaction ( allergy )

  过敏性休克 == anaphylactic shock

  过敏性鼻炎( 枯草热 ) == allergic rhinitis ( hay fever )

  过敏原 == allergen

  钾 == potassium

  钩骨( 腕骨 ) == hamate ( carpal )

  隔膜避孕用具( 避孕用具 ) == barrier contraceptive ( contraceptive )

  雷文霍克 == Leeuwenhoek , Anthony van

  雷扎斯 == Rhazes

  雷蒙.凯尔 == Ramony Cajal , Santiago

  电子( 原子 ) == electron ( atom )

  电子显微照片( 显微镜 ) == electron micrograph ( microscopy )

  电子显微镜( 显微镜 ) == electron microscope ( microscopy)

  电场( 脑波 ) == electrical field ( brainwave )

  电极( 心电图仪 ) == electrode ( electrocardiograph )

  电脑断层摄影 == computed tomography

  电脑断层摄影机(电脑断层摄影) == omputed tomograph ( computed tomography )

  电图( 心电图仪 ) == ECG ( electrocardiograph )

  靶子细胞( 激素 ) == target cell ( hormone )

  靶子组织( 激素 ) == target tissue ( hormone )

  预后( 诊断 ) == prognosis ( diagnosis )

  预期寿命 == life expectancy

  饱和脂肪( 脂肪 ) == saturated fat ( fat )

  鼓膜 == eardrum / tympanic membrane

  十四划

  梅 == enzyme

  厌食症 == anorexia

  呕吐( 吞咽 ) == vomiting ( swallowing )

  尘细胞 == dust cell

  寿命( 预期寿命 ) == lifespan ( life expectancy )

  梦游 == sleepwalking

  对偶基因 == allele

  对偶基因( 对偶基因 ) == allelomorphic gene ( allele )

  对掌拇肌 == opponens pollicis

  惯用右手( 用手习惯 ) == right-handed ( handedness )

  惯用左手( 用手习惯 ) == left-handed ( handedness )

  槌骨( 中耳 ) == malleus / hammer ( middle ear )

  渗透 == osmosis

  渗透膜(差异性渗透膜)==permeable membrane( differentially permeable membrane )

  渗透调节 == osmoregulation

  渗透压 == osmotic pressure

  疟疾 == malaria

  睡眠 == sleep

  碳 == carbon

  碳水化合物,醣类 == carbohydrate

  碳水化合物的消化 == carbohydrate digestion

  种( 生物学 ) == species ( biology )

  种子骨 == sesamoid bone

  管腔( 吸收 ) == lumen ( absorption )

  精子 == sperm

  精子( 精子 ) == spermatozoon / spermartozoa ( sperm )

  精子发生( 精子 ) == spermatogenesis ( sperm )

  精小管( 睪丸 ) == seminiferous tubule ( testis )

  精神分裂症 == schizophrenia

  精液( 前列腺 ) == semen ( prostate glalnd )

  精液( 前列腺 ) == seminal fluid ( prostate gland )

  精囊( 前列腺 ) == seminal vesicle ( prostate gland )

  维生素 == vitamin

  维生素A == vitamin A

  维生素B12 == vitamin B12

  维生素B1 == vitamin B1

  维生素B2 == vitamin B2

  维生素B6 == vitamin B6

  维生素C == vitamin C

  维生素D == vitamin D

  维生素E == vitamin E

  维生素K == vitamin K

  维萨里 == Vesalius , Andreas

  腐败( 防腐剂 ) == septic ( antiseptic )

  雌性激素 == female sex hormone

  膀胱 == bladder

  腿后腱 == hamstring

  蒙塔古 == Montagu , Lady Mary

  蜘蛛膜下腔( 脑脊髓液 ) == subarachnoid space ( cerebrospinal fluid )

  蜘蛛膜( 脑脊髓膜 ) == arachnoid layer ( meninx )

  辅助T 细胞( T 细胞 ) == helper T cell ( T cell )

  远曲小管( 肾小管 ) == distal convoluted tubule( renal tubule )

  远视 == long sight / far sight

  远视( 远视 ) == hypermetropia / hyperopia ( long sight )

  远端的( 近端的 ) == distal ( proximal )

  铜 == copper

  骰骨( 跗骨 ) == cuboid ( tarsal )

  鼻 == nose

  鼻中隔( 鼻 ) == nasal septum ( nose )

  鼻孔( 鼻 ) == nostril ( nose )

  鼻骨( 颜面骨 ) == nasal bone ( facial gone )

  鼻腔 == nasal cavity

  鼻窦炎( 窦 ) == sinusitis ( sinus )

  十五划

  适应性免疫( 免疫系统 ) == adaptive immunity ( immune system )

  剑突( 胸骨 ) == xiphoid process ( sternum )

  喷嚏( 咳嗽 ) == sneeze ( coughing )

  弹力蛋白( 结构蛋白 ) == elastin ( structural protein )

  弹力软骨 == elastic cartilage

  影像( 视觉 ) == image ( vision )

  德国麻疹 == German measles

  德国麻疹( 德国痲疹 ) == rubella ( German measles )

  摩根 == Morgan , Thomas

  摩纳德 == Monod , Jacques

  暂齿( 乳齿 ) == deciduous teeth ( milk teeth )

  枢钮关节 == hinge joint

  欧斯塔基奥 == Eustachio , Bartolommeo

  浆液( 浆膜 ) == serous fluid ( serous membrane )

  浆细胞( B 细胞 ) == plasma cell ( B cell )

  浆膜 == serous membrane

  潜伏期 == incubation period

  潜意识的( 意识 ) == subconscious ( consciousness )

  潮气量( 总肺活量 ) == tidal volume ( total lung capacity )

  热原( 发烧 ) == pyrogen ( fever )

  热能( 能 ) == heat energy ( energy )

  热摄影术 == thermography

  热摄影照片( 热摄影术 ) == thermograph ( thermography )

  瘢痕组织( 组织 ) == sear tissue ( tissue )

  皱眉肌 == corrugator supercilii

  皱缩( 渗透 ) == crenation ( osmosis )

  致密骨 == compact bone

  膜( 质膜 ) == membrane ( plasma membrane )

  膝( 枢钮关节 ) == knee ( hinge joint )

  膝置换( 人工关节 ) == knee replacement ( artificial joint )

  膝盖反射( 牵胀反射 ) == knee-jerk reflex / patellar reflex ( stretch reflex )

  膝盖骨( 髌骨 ) == kneecap ( patella )

  胶原( 结构蛋白 ) == collagen ( structural protein )

  蔗糖( 糖 ) == cane sugar / sucrose ( sugar )

  蔗糖梅( 小肠 ) == sucrase ( small intestine )

  蝶骨( 颅 ) == sphenoid bone ( cranium )

  复合式骨折( 骨折 ) == compound fracture ( fracture )

  复制 == replication

  调节血糖 == blood sugar regulation

  调节 == accommodation

  豌豆骨( 腕骨 ) == pisiform ( carpal )

  竖毛肌( 鸡皮疙瘩 ) == arrector pili ( goose pimple )

  质子 ( 原子 ) == proton ( atom )

  质膜 == plasma membrane

  踝( 枢钮关节 ) == ankle ( hinge joint )

  轮廓乳头( 味雷 ) == circumvallate papilla ( taste bud )

  锌 == zinc

  钡餐 == barium meal

  鞍状关节 == saddle joint

  巩膜( 眼睛 ) == sclera ( eye )

  颌骨 == jaw

  颌下腺( 唾液腺 ) == submandibular gland ( salivary gland )

  鲁克斯 == Roux , Pierre

  齿列( 牙齿 ) == dentition ( tooth )

  齿式( 牙齿 ) == dental formula ( tooth )

  齿周韧带( 垩质 ) == peridontal ligament ( cement )

  齿阜( 前臼齿 ) == cusp ( premolar )

  齿槽( 垩质 ) == tooth socket ( cement )

  齿质 == dentine

  齿龈( 牙齿 ) == gum ( tooth )

  十六划

  凝血因子( 凝固 ) == clotting factor ( coagulation )

  凝乳梅 == rennin

  凝固 == coagulation

  凝集 == agglutination

  器官 == organ

  噬骨细胞( 骨 ) == osteoclast ( bone )

  学习( 行为 ) == learning ( behaviour )

  导钙素( 维生素D ) == calciferol (vitamin D )

  横纹( 心肌 ) == striated ( cardiac muscle )

  横结肠( 结肠 ) == transverse colon ( colon )

  横膈 == diaphragm

  桥脑( 脑干 ) == pons ( brain stem )

  树突( 神经元 ) == dendrite ( neuron)

  椭球关节 == ellipsoidal joint

  椭圆囊( 球囊 ) == utricle ( saccule )

  机械性受器 == mechanoreceptor

  机械抵抗 == mechanical resistance

  桡神经 == radial nerve

  桡骨 == radius

  桡侧屈腕肌( 手部屈肌 ) == flexor carpi radialis ( flexor of the hand )

  桡动脉( 动脉 ) == radial artery ( brachial artery )

  淀粉 == starch

  浓度 == concentration

  浓缩( 染色体 ) == condense ( chromosome )

  浓缩的( 浓度 ) == concentrated ( concentration )

  激素,荷尔蒙 == hormone

  激素避孕药( 避孕用具 ) == hormonal contraceptive ( contraceptive )

  筛骨( 颅 ) == ethmoid bone ( cranium )

  糖 == sugar

  糖尿病 == diabetes

  糖解 == glycolysis

  膳食纤维质 == dietary fibre

  蕈状乳头( 味蕾 ) == fungiform papilla ( taste bud )

  亲水的( 磷脂 ) == hydrophilic ( phospholipid )

  输血 == blood trans-fusion

  输卵管 == Fallopian tube

  输尿管 == ureter

  输精管( 睪丸 ) == vas deferens ( testis )

  遗传 == heredity

  遗传工程 == genetic engineering

  遗传特征( 遗传 ) == inherited characteristic ( heredity )

  遗传病 == genetic disorder

  遗传密码 == genetic code

  遗传学( 遗传 ) == genetic ( heredity )

  锰 == manganese

  锥细胞( 光受器 ) == cone ( photoreceptor )

  随意肌( 骨骼肌 ) == voluntary muscle ( skeletal muscle )

  随机分配 == random assortment

  阈值( 刺激 ) == threshold level ( stimulus )

  霍奇金 == Hodgkin , Dorothy

  霍普金斯 == Hopkins , Frederick Gowland

  霍乱 == cholera

  静水压 == water potential

  静脉 == vein

  静脉曲张 == varicose vein

  静脉瓣( 静脉 ) == vein valves ( vein )

  颊肌 == buccinator

  颊腔( 口 ) == buccal cavity ( mouth )

  颈( 头 ) == neck ( head )

  颈夹肌( 头最长肌 ) == splenius cervicis ( longissimus capitis )

  颈神经( 脊神经 ) == cervical nerve ( spinal nerve )

  颈神经丛( 脊神经 ) == cervical plexus ( spinal nerve )

  颈动脉 == carotid artery

  颈椎 == cervical vertebra

  颈静脉 == jugular vein

  颈阔肌 == platysma

  频率( 听觉 ) == frequence ( hearing )

  头 == head

  头夹肌( 头最长肌 ) == splenius capitis ( longissimus capitis )

  头状骨( 腕骨 ) == capitate ( carpal )

  头骨 == skull

  头最长肌 == longissimus capitis

  鲍氏囊 == Bowman’s capsule

  鲍林 == Pauling , Linus

  鲍曼爵士 == Bowman , Sir William

  褶皱( 胃 ) == ruga / rugae ( stomach )

  十七划

  婴儿 == infant

  婴儿期( 婴儿 ) == infancy ( infant )

  湿疹 == eczema

  营养 == nutrition

  营养不良 == malnutrition

  营养素 == nutrient

  营养缺乏病 == deficiency disease

  环状肌( 蠕动 ) == circular muscle ( peristalsis )

  环状软骨( 喉 ) == cricoid cartilage ( larynx )

  环椎( 颈椎 ) == atlas ( cervical vertebra )

  环轴关节 == pivot joint

  环境 == environment

  癌症 == cancer

  瞳孔( 虹膜 ) == pupil ( iris )

  磷 == phosphorus

  磷脂 == phospholipid

  磷脂胆佥( 磷脂 ) == phosphatidyl choline ( phospholipid )

  粪便( 结肠 ) == faeces ( colon )

  糙皮症 == pellagra

  缝匠肌 == sartorius

  总肺活量 == total lung capacity

  纵走肌( 蠕动 ) == longitudinal muscle ( peristalsis )

  翼肌( 嚼肌 ) == pterygoid ( masseter )

  声带 == vocal cord

  联合神经元 == association neuron

  联络区 == association area

  臂神经丛( 脊神经 ) == brachial plexus ( spinal nerve )

  臀大肌 == gluteus maximus

  臀位生产 == breech birth

  臀部( 臀大肌 ) == buttocks ( gluteus maxinus )

  脓( 吞噬细胞 ) == pus ( phagocyte )

  胆汁 == bile

  胆汁的产生 == bile production

  胆固醇 == cholesterol

  胆红素( 胆汁 ) == bilirubin ( bile )

  胆管( 胆囊 ) == bile duct ( gall bladder )

  胆管系统( 胆囊 ) == biliary system (gall bladder )

  胆囊 == gall bladder

  胆盐( 胆汁 ) == bile salts ( bile )

  避孕用具 == contraceptive

  迈尔霍夫 == Meyerhof , Otto

  镁 == magnesium

  阑尾( 盲肠 ) == appendix ( caecum )

  隐性基因( 隐性对偶基因 ) == recessive gene ( recessive allele )

  隐性对偶基因 == recessive allele

  颗粒性白血球 == granulocyte

  颗粒层( 表皮 ) == granular layer ( epidermis )

  黏液( 黏膜 ) == mucus ( mucous membrane )

  黏膜 == mucous membrane

  储存维生素 == vitamin storage

  储存矿物质 == mineral storage

  十八划

  丛( 脊神经 ) == plexus ( spinal nerve )

  扩散 == diffusion

  柠檬酸循环( 克列伯氏循环 ) == citric acid cycle ( Krebs cycle )

  滤泡 == follicle

  脐( 脐带 ) == umbilicus ( umbilical cord )

  脐带 == umbilical cord

  荐神经( 脊神经 ) == sacral nerve ( spinal nerve )

  荐神经丛( 脊神经 ) == sacral plexus ( spinal nerve )

  荐骨 == sacurm

  荐椎( 荐骨 ) == sacral vertebra ( sacrum )

  躯干 == trunk

  躯体神经系统 == somatic nervous system

  转送核糖核酸 == transfer RNA

  转送核糖核酸( 核糖核酸 ) == t RNA ( RNA )

  转移( 癌症 ) == metastasize ( cancer )

  转运蛋白 == transport protein

  转录( 蛋白质合成 ) == transcription ( protein synthesis )

  转译( 蛋白质合成 ) == translation ( protein synthesis )

  锁骨( 胸带 ) == clavicle / collarbone ( pectoral girdle )

  锁骨下动脉( 肱动脉 ) == subclavian artery ( brachial artery )

  锁骨下静脉( 肱静脉 ) == subclavian vein ( brachial vein )

  离子( 离子化合物 ) == ion ( ionic compound )

  离子化合物 == ionic compound

  离子键( 化学键 ) == ionic bond ( chemical bond )

  杂食者 == omnivore

  双合子双胞胎( 异卵只胞胎 ) == dizygotic twins ( fraternal twins )

  双胞胎( 多胎妊娠 ) == twins ( multiple pregnancy )

  双重循环( 循环系统 ) == double circulation ( circulatory system )

  双眼视觉 == binocular vision

  双焦镜( 远视 ) == bifocal glasses ( long sight )

  只螺旋( 去氧核糖核酸 ) == double helix ( DNA )

  双醣( 碳水化合物 ) == disaccharide ( carbohydrate )

  双关节( 关节 ) == double-jointed ( joint )

  鸡皮疙瘩 == goose pimple / goose bump

  鞭毛 == flagellum / flagella

  额肌 == frontalis

  额骨( 颅 ) == frontal bone ( cranium )

  颜色缺陷( 色盲 ) == colour deficient ( colour blindness )

  颜面( 头 ) == face ( head )

  颜面神经 == facial nerve

  颜面骨 == facial bone

  颚 == palate

  髁状关节( 椭球关节 ) == condyloid joint ( ellipsoidal joint )

  松质骨( 海绵骨 ) == cancellous bone ( spongy bone )

  伞( 输卵管 ) == fimbria / fimbriae ( Fallopian tube )

  跖肌( 跟腱 ) == plantaris ( Achilles tendon )

  跖骨 == metatarsal

  十九划

  咽钡( 钡餐 ) == barium swallow ( barium meal )

  坏血病 == scurvy

  罗斯 == Ross , Ronald

  药物 == drug

  边缘系统( 情绪 ) == limbic system ( emotion )

  关节 == joint / articulation

  关节炎 == arthritis

  关节镜检查( 内视镜检查 ) == arthroscopy ( endoscopy )

  类固醇 == steroid

  类风湿性关节炎( 关节炎 ) == rheumatoid arthritis ( rathritis )

  髂骨( 骨盆带 ) == ilium ( pelvic girdle )

  髂动脉( 股动脉 ) == iliac artery ( femoral artery )

  髂静脉( 股静脉 ) == iliac vein ( femoral vein )

  二十划

  嚼肌 == masseter

  悬雍垂( 颚 ) == uvula ( palate )

  矿物质 == mineral

  窦 == sinus

  窦房结 == sinoatrial nlde

  窦状隙( 肝细胞 ) == sinusoid ( hepatocyle )

  继发性反应( 免疫反应 ) == secondary response ( immune response )

  蠕动 == peristalsis

  触觉 == touch

  谵妄( 发烧 ) == delirium ( fever )

  镫骨( 中耳 ) == stapes / stirrup ( middle ear )

  二十一划

  响度( 听觉 ) == loudness ( hearing )

  摄食 == ingestion

  兰德施泰纳 == Landsteiner , Karl

  镰刀状细胞性贫血 == sickle-cell

  铁 == iron

  二十二划

  囊( 滑液关节 ) == capsule ( synovial joint )

  囊胚腔( 胚胞 ) == blastocoele ( blastocyst )

  听神经( 毛细胞 ) == auditory nerve / cochlear nerve ( hair cell)

  听骨( 中耳 ) == ear ossicle ( middle ear )

  听诊器 == stethoscope

  听觉 == hearing

  颤抖 == shivering

  二十三划

  纤毛 == cilium / cilia

  纤维性颤动( 心脏病发作 ) == fibrillation ( heart attack )

  纤维素 == cellulose

  纤维蛋白( 凝固 ) == fibrin ( coagulation )

  纤维蛋白原( 血浆 ) == fibrinogen ( blood plasma )

  纤维软骨 == fibrous cartilage

  显性基因( 显性对偶基因 ) == dominant gene ( dominant allele )

  显性对偶基因 == dominant allele

  显微照片( 显微镜检查 ) == micrograph ( microscopy )

  显微镜( 显微镜检查 ) == microscopy ( microscopy )

  显微镜检查 == microscopy

  髓 == pulp

  髓腔( 髓 ) == pulp cavity ( pulp )

  髓质( 肾上腺 ) == medulla ( adrenal gland )

  髓质( 肾 ) == medulla ( kidney )

  髓质( 脑干 ) == medulla ( brain stem )

  髓磷脂( 轴突 ) == myelin ( axon )

  体液免疫 == humoral immunity

  体细胞 == somatic cell

  体循环 == systemic circulation

  体温( 温度调节 ) == body temperature ( thermoregulation )

  体温过低( 温度调节 ) == hypothermia ( thermoregulation )

  鳞状缝( 骨缝 ) == squamous suture ( suture )

  验血 == blood test

  二十四划

  癫痫 == epilepsy

  盐基对 == base pair

  盐基 == base

  盐酸( 胃液 ) == hydrochloric acid ( gastric juice )

  盐类( 化学键 ) == salts ( chemical bond )

  龋齿 == tooth decay

  龋齿( 龋齿 ) == dental caries ( tooth decay )

  腭骨( 颜面骨 ) == palatine bone ( facial bone )

  髌骨 == patella

  二十五划

  颅 == cranium

  颅骨( 颅 ) == cranial bone ( cranium )

  颅腔( 腔 ) == cranial cavity ( cavity )

  髋( 杵臼关节 ) == hip ( ball-and-docket joint )

  髋骨( 骨盆带 ) == coxal bone / hip bone ( pelvic girdle )

  髋带( 骨盆带 ) == hip girdle ( pelvic girdle )

  髋置换( 人工关节 ) == hip replacement ( artificial joint )

  二十七划

  颞下颌关节( 颌骨 ) == temporomandibular ( jaw )

  颞肌( 嚼肌 ) == temporalis ( masseter )

  颞骨( 颅 ) == temporal bone ( cranium )

  颧骨( 颜面骨 ) == cheedbone / zygomatic bone ( facial bone )

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