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高三英语书面表达必备词组

2006-05-15 18:36

  首先,尤其重要的,最重要的     above all

  偶然,无意中           by accident

  对(于)…很积极 be active in

  合计为   add up to

  承让错误 admit one's mistake

  接受某人的建议 take / follow one's advice

  就…提出建议 give advice on

  建议某人做某事 advice sb. to do sth.

  后天 the day after tomorrow

  毕竟;终究 after all

  违心   against one's will

  在…岁时 at the age of

  实现目标 achieve one's aim

  在空中;悬而未决 in the air

  在户外,在露天里 in the open air

  在机场 at the airport

  火警   the fire alarm

  满腔怒火   be filled with anger

  因某人之言行而生气 be angry at sth.

  生某人的气   be angry with sb.

  通知   make an announcement

  相继地,按顺序地 one after another

  相互,彼此(三者或三者以上之间)  one another

  相互(指两者之间) each other

  没有回答   give no answer

  为…而担心   be anxious about

  急于做某事   be anxious to do sth.

  分开住   live apart

  除了   apart from

  因某事向某人认错或道歉 make/offer an apology to sb for sth.

  与某人争论某事    argue with sb. about sth.

  放在一边 lay sth. aside

  请某人指点 / 帮助   ask sb. for advice / help

  惊讶于… be astonished at sth.

  以前,曾经   at one time

  注意   pay attention to

  对…抱正确的态度     take a correct attitude towards sth.

  引起(注意,兴趣等) attract one's attention

  仰卧/仰泳 lie / swim on one's back

  重感冒   a bad cold

  两件行李 two pieces of baggage

  保持/失去平衡 keep / lose one's balance

  在舞会上 at the ball

  洗冷水澡 have / take a cold bath

  阵亡   be killed in battle

  在海滩   on the beach

  整理床铺 make the bed

  以…开始 begin with

  在…起始,开始   at the beginning of

  自始自终   from beginning to end

  形成…局面;产生 come into being

  安全带   a safety belt

  三思而后行。   Second thoughts are best.

  尽力,尽最大的努力 do / try one's best

  尽量利用,善用   make the best of

  一切顺利,万事如意 all the best

  黑体地,粗体地 in bold

  出身于农民家庭   be born in a peasant's family

  鞠躬   make a bow

  动动脑子 use one's brains

  打破纪录 break the record

  深吸一口气 take a deep breath

  屏息;憋住气 hold one's breath

  上气不接下气 out of breath

  刷牙   brush one's teeth

  突然哭起来 burst into tears

  突然一阵大笑 a burst of laughter

  要不是 but for

  呼救声 a call for help

  保持镇静(别慌) keep calm

  保持安静(别吵) keep quiet

  保持不动(别动) keep still

  保持沉默(别说话) keep silent

  夏令营 a summer camp

  去野营 go camping

  情不自禁… cannot help doing

  打牌 play cards

  照顾,保管 take care of

  医疗护理 medical care

  假若那样的话 in that case

  以防万一 in case

  下倾盆大雨 rain cats and dogs

  赶上(或超过) catch up with

  偶然 by chance

  免费 free of charge

  主管,在掌管之下 in charge

  由…负责 in the charge of

  掌管,负责 take charge

  高兴起来 cheer up

  童年时 in one's childhood

  挑选,选择 make a choice

  圣诞节时 at Christmas

  去做礼拜 go to church

  烟头   cigarette end

  为…鼓掌 give sb. a clap

  接近 get close to

  一块桌布 a table cloth

  一套衣服 a suit of clothes

  童装 children's clothing

  集邮 collect stamps

  产生,发生 come about

  (偶然)遇见或发现 come across

  走过来;长出,发芽,上升;抬头 come up

  共同,共有 in common

  参加比赛 compete in a contest

  举办音乐会 give a concert

  条件是 on condition that

  祝贺某人 congratulate sb. on sth.

  相反地 on the contrary

  失控 out of control

  与…谈话;交谈   have a conversation with sb.

  在…期间/过程中 in / during the course of

  被…覆盖 be covered with

  因某事和某人发脾气 be cross with sb. at sth.

  划掉 cross out

  对…残忍 be cruel to sb.

  立方米 cubic meter

  对…感到好奇 be curious about sth.

  对…造成巨大损害 do great damage to

  处境危险 in danger

  过时 out of date

  在不久前,前几天 the other day

  对…充耳不闻 be deaf to sth.

  对付,应付 deal with

  负债    in debt

  还清债务 out of debt

  做出决定 make a decision

  做好事 do good deeds

  付诸行动,生效 do the deed

  直到深夜 deep into the night

  沉思 deep in thought

  深夜 deep into the night

  毫不耽搁,立刻 without delay

  迟迟未做某事 delay doing sth.

  发表(演说等) deliver a speech

  满足要求 meet the demands

  外语系 foreign language department

  百货商店 department store

  难以形容 beyond description

  决心做某事 be determined to do sth.

  随着工业的发展 with the development of industry

  献身于,致力于 devote oneself to

  处于灭亡的危险中 be in danger of dying out

  没作用,没影响 make no difference

  做…有困难,难以…   have difficulty in doing sth.

  应邀赴宴 be invited to dinner

  向四面八方 in all directions

  做出新的发现 make a new discovery

  正在讨论中 under discussion

  洗盘子 wash dishes

  在远方,在远处 in the distance

  对…冷淡 be distant toward sb.

  对…有益 do good to

  做坏事,犯罪 do wrong

  挨门挨户 from door to door

  隔壁的 next door

  下楼 go downstairs

  到市区去 go downtown

  缓慢前进,拖延 drag one's feet

  催人泪下 draw tears from sb.

  渴望做某事 dream of doing sth.

  在墙上钻孔   drill a hole in the wall

  赶走 drive off

  使某人发狂   drive sb. mad

  挣钱 earn money

  谋生 earn one's living

  究竟 on earth

  别着急,别紧张,放松些 take it easy

  对…有很大影响 have a great effect on

  努力做某事 make efforts to do sth.

  鼓励某人做某事 encourage sb. to do sth.

  量入而出;使收支相抵 make ends meet

  美满的结局 a happy ending

  说英语的国家   English-speaking countries

  报名比赛 enter oneself for a contest

  剧场的入口   the entrance to the theater

  在除夕 on New Year's Eve

  虽然,即使   even if / even though

  时事 current events

  参加考试   have / take an examination

  进行体格检查 carry out a medical examination

  考试及格 pass an examination

  为…树立榜样 set an example to sb.

  做早操 do morning exercises

  产生,成立 come into existence

  做实验     carry / do / make an experiment

  做解释,说明 make an explanation

  做鬼脸,装怪相 make a face

  事实上 as a matter of fact

  未能… fail to do sth.

  落后,掉队 fall behind

  对…而熟悉 be familiar with sth.

  因…而闻名 be famous for

  作为…而闻名 be famous as

  摸某人的脉 feel one's pulse

  觉得想做… feel like doing sth.

  伤害某人的感情 hurt one's feelings

  春节 the Spring Festival

  发高烧 have a high fever

  科学领域 the field of science

  五十多岁时 in one's fifties

  关键人物 a key figure

  填写表格 fill in the form

  刹那间 in a flash

  一场大洪水 a big / great flood

  扫地 sweep the floor

  在三层 on the third floor

  三层楼的建筑 a building of three storeys

  正在开花 be in flowers

  放(风筝等) fly a kite

  糊里糊涂 in a fog

  欺骗,愚弄某人 make a fool of sb.

  在山脚下 at the foot of the mountain

  空军 the air force

  靠武力,强行 by force

  用很大力气 with great force

  对外贸易 foreign trade

  养成好习惯 form a good habit

  碰碰运气 try one's fortune

  每四个一组(一批);四个四个地 in fours

  常客 a frequent visitor

  新手 a fresh hand

  同…交朋友 make friends with

  那时起 from then on

  不时地,时常 from time to time

  不劳而不获。 No pains, no gains.

  做游戏 play games

  代沟 generation gap

  开始认真(做某事) get down to sth.

  陷入麻烦 get into trouble

  有音乐天分 have a gift for music

  用尽,耗尽,筋疲力尽 give out

  朝…看了一眼 take a glance at

  向人瞪眼,怒目而视 glare at

  (灯,火)熄灭 go out

  复习功课 go over the lesson

  进了一个球 score a goal

  犯语法错误    make mistakes in grammar

  懂某人的意思 grasp one's meaning

  勿踏草地 keep off the grass

  养成…的习惯 get into the habit of

  用手 by hand

  分发 hand out

  一方面…另一方面…    on the one hand…on the other hand

  少量的 a handful of

  过幸福生活 live a happy life

  损害,伤害 do harm to

  一个好收成 a good harvest

  保持镇静 keep one's head

  身体好 in good health

  记住某事 learn / know sth. by heart

  紧握某物 keep a tight hold on sth.

  握住;抓住 catch / take / get hold of

  趾高气扬 hold one's head high

  暑假 the summer holidays

  休假 on holiday

  为(向)… 表示敬意;为了纪念… in honour of

  对某人抱很大希望 have high hope for sb.

  怀着…的希望 in the hope of doing sth.

  住院 be in hospital

  大约一小时 an hour or so

  挨饿 go hungry

  打猎 go hunting

  匆匆忙忙 in a hurry

  不知道 have no idea

  但愿,要是…就好了 if only

  给某人留下好印象 make a good impression on sb.

  慢慢前进 inch one's way forward

  患难之交才是真朋友。 A friend in need is a friend indeed.

  告诉某人某事 inform sb of sth

  坚持要做 insist on doing

  视察工厂 inspect a factory

  激动人心的演讲 an inspiring speech

  急需帮助 in instant need of help

  打断谈话 interrupt a conversation

  介绍信 a letter of introduction

  收到请帖 receive an invitation

  邀请信 a letter of invitation

  讲笑话 tell a joke

  和某人开玩笑 play a joke with sb.

  旅行 make a journey

  使某人高兴的是 to one's joy

  不可以貌取人。   Don't judge a man by his looks.

  初中 a junior high school

  正在那时 just then

  与…保持联系 keep in touch with

  使…不进入… keep out of

  成功的秘诀 the key to success

  踢门 kick the door

  踢掉鞋子 kick off one's shoes

  跪下 go down / fall on one's knees

  敲门 knock at the door

  最迟,至迟 at the latest

  迟早 sooner or later

  哈哈大笑起来 burst into laughter

  违(守)法 break / obey the law

  制定一条法律 make a law

  摆设餐具(准备吃饭) lay the table

  过着简朴的生活 lead a simple life

  忽略,遗漏 leave out

  听关于…的讲座 attend a lecture on

  给某人一个教训 teach sb. a lesson

  从…在中吸取教训 take a lesson from

  惊讶地叫了一声 let out a cry of surprise

  透漏消息 let out the news

  大写字母 a capital letter

  仰卧 / 俯卧 lie on one's back / stomach

  复活,苏醒过来 come back to life

  交通信号灯 traffic lights

  列一张购物清单 make a shopping list

  谋生,度日 make a living

  丧生,死;牺牲 lose one's life

  泄气;灰心 lose heart

  失音 lose one's voice

  输一场 lose a game

  祝你好运。 Wish you good luck.

  洗衣机 a washing machine

  欣喜若狂 be mad with joy

  邮寄包裹 send the parcel by mail

  赚钱 make money

  交朋友 make friends

  取得进步 make progress

  利用 make use of

  编造故事 make up a story

  弥补某人的过失   make up for one's mistake

  有礼貌 have good manners

  商标 a trade mark

  满分 full marks

  观看一场篮球比赛   watch a basketball match

  进行比赛 have a match

  祝你成功。 May you success.

  五一节 May Day

  通过这种方式 by this means

  用…方法,依靠 by means of

  决不 by no means

  按…尺寸做   make…to one's measure

  采取措施 take a measure

  量身高 measure one's height

  获得金牌 get a gold medal

  医疗队 a medical team

  体检 medical examination

  吃药 take / have some medicine

  满足…的需要 meet the needs of

  遇到风暴 meet with a storm

  去开会 go to a meeting

  开会 have a meeting

  举行会议 hold a meeting

  为纪念 in memory of

  对…一点儿也不怜悯 have no mercy on sb.

  毫不容情地;残忍地 without mercy

  在…支配下;任由…摆布 at the mercy of

  圣诞快乐! Merry Christmas!

  给某人捎个信儿 take a message for sb.

  中秋节 Mid-autumn Day

  上百万的,许许多多的 millions of

  改变主意 change one's mind

  当心油漆未干。 Mind the wet paint!

  下决心 make up one's mind

  外交部长     the minister of foreign affairs

  错过机会 miss an opportunity

  犯错误 make a mistake

  由疏忽所致 by mistake

  现代 in modern times

  零钱 small money

  某人身上没(带)钱 have no money with sb.

  选某人为班长 make sb. monitor

  某一天清早 on the early morning

  在山顶上 at the top of the mountain

  参加海军 join the navy

  如果有必要的话 if necessary

  需要帮助 in need of help

  呈现一片新面貌 take on a new look

  打某人的鼻子 hit sb. on the nose

  做笔记 make / take notes

  与…无关 have nothing to do with

  张贴通知 put up a notice

  对某人毫不在意 pay no notice to sb.

  运转着,实施中 be in operation

  订购某物 place an order for sth.

  失业了 out of work

  一副眼镜 a pair of glasses

  颐和园 the Summer Palace

  此处禁止停车! No parking here!

  在…方面起积极作用 take an active part in

  在过去的几天里 in the past few days

  对某人有耐心 be patient with sb.

  熟能生巧。 Practice makes perfect.

  演出,表演 put on performances

  亲自,当面 in person

  给某人照相 take a photo of sb.

  弹钢琴 play the piano

  摘花 pick flowers

  捡钱包 pick up a wallet

  去野餐 go out for a picnic

  一堆书 a pile of books

  可怜某人(因同情而帮助某人)  have / take pity on sb.

  出于同情 out of pity

  代替 in place of

  坐某人的座位,代替某人的职务 take one's place

  举行,发生 take place

  代替,代理 take the place of

  订计划 make a plan

  玩牌 play cards

  对某人开一个玩笑 play a joke on sb.

  与…一起玩 play with sb.

  在操场上 on the playground

  对…感到满意 be pleased with

  喜欢做某事 take pleasure in doing sth.

  生活富裕 live in plenty

  正要…的时候 on the point of

  对某人有礼貌 be polite to sb.

  受某人喜爱 be popular with sb.

  占有,拥有 take possession of

  发电站 power station

  当权,执政 take power

  因为某事赞扬某人 praise sb. for sth.

  赞扬 in praise of

  出席会议 be present at a meeting

  眼下 at present

  互赠礼物 exchange presents

  在压力下 under pressure

  防止某人做某事 prevent sb. from doing

  以…为代价 at the price of

  无论花多少代价(不惜任何代价) at any price

  以…为自豪;对…感到得意 take pride in

  小学 primary school

  入狱,被监禁 go to prison

  在狱中服刑 be in prison

  将某人送进监狱 throw / put sb. into prison

  越狱 escape from prison

  解决问题 solve the problem

  回答问题 answer the question

  遵守诺言 keep one's promise

  答应,许下诺言 make a promise

  以…自豪 be proud of

  养家糊口 provide food and clothes for one's family

  公共事务 public affairs

  舆论 public opinion

  当众,公开 in public

  出版社 publishing house

  故意地 on purpose

  把…推到一边 push aside

  推倒,(风)刮倒 push over

  拖延,推迟 put off

  不可能 out of the question

  接力赛 a relay race

  通过无线电广播 on the radio

  衣衫褴褛,穿破衣服 in rags

  在火车站 at the railway station

  小(大)雨 light / heavy rain

  一线希望 a ray of hope

  伸手去拿 reach for sth.

  够不着 out of ones' reach

  乐意干某事 be ready to do

  事实上 in reality

  实现希望 realize one's hope

  为此,为此理由 for this reason

  接待处 reception desk

  参考;谈到 refer to

  留在某人的记忆中 remain in one's memory

  提醒某人做某事 remind sb. to do sth.

  使某人想起 remind sb. of sth.

  应…请求 by request

  因此,结果 as a result

  盛产;有大量的… be rich in

  除掉 get rid of

  抢走某人某物 rob sb. of sth.

  起重要作用 play an important role

  扮演…的角色 play the role of

  给…腾出地方 make room for

  对某人无礼 be rude to sb.

  用完 run out of

  高峰时间,拥挤时间 rush hour

  满足某人的需要 satisfy one's needs

  节省体力 save one's strength

  也就是说 that is to say

  为某事责备某人 scold sb. for sth.

  就座,坐下 take one's seat

  不让人知道某事,保密 keep sth. a secret

  抓住小偷的衣领 seize a thief by the collar

  与某人握手 shake hands with sb.

  店员;营业员 shop assistant

  领某人出去/进来 show sb. out / in

  炫耀 show off

  对岸;在…另一面 on the other side of

  支持某人(方) take the side of

  站在…一边 take sides in

  看不见 lose sight of

  看到,发现 catch sight out

  看不见 out of sight

  静静地 in silence

  和…类似的 be similar to

  单程票 single ticket

  量…的大小(尺寸) take the size of

  偷偷塞给某人一张纸条

  slip a note into one's hand

  在雪地上滑倒 slip on the snow

  克服困难 smooth away difficulties

  大约 or so

  与…有关系 have something to do with

  国歌 the national song

  大胆地说,清楚并响亮地说 speak out

  发言,演讲 make a speech

  以…的速度 at a speed of

  平方公里 square kilometers

  代表,象征 stand for

  饿死 starve to death

  处于良好状态 in a good state

  逐步地,一步一步地 step by step

  遵守诺言 stick to one's word / promise

  趴在地上 lie on one's stomach

  四层楼的住宅 a house of four storeys

  赶上风暴 be caught in the storm

  对…要求严格 be strict with sb. in sth.

  擦火柴 strike a match

  挣扎着起来 struggle to one's feet

  仔细研究 make a study of

  突然,冷不防 all of a sudden

  暑假 summer holidays

  向某人供应/提供 supply sb. with sth.

  使某人惊奇的是 to one's surprise

  擦脸上的汗 sweat off one's face

  坐下吃饭 sit down to table

  纳税 pay one's taxes

  沏茶 make tea

  用望远镜 through a telescope

  讲故事 tell a story

  辨别,分清 tell one from the other

  量体温 take one's temperature

  数以万计 tens of thousands of

  被…吓了一跳 be terrified at

  因某事感谢某人 be thankful to sb. for sth.

  扔掉 throw away

  吐出(食物),呕吐 throw up

  立刻,很快 in no time

  交通堵塞 traffic jam

  跟某人开玩笑,欺骗某人 play a trick on sb.

  处于困境(苦恼)中 be in trouble

  一条裤子 a pair of trousers

  上大学 attend university

  拜访某人 pay a visit to sb.

  高声地(喊) at the top of one's voice

  在交战 at war

  穿旧;使筋疲力尽 wear out

  拔草 pull out the weeds

  穿着白色衣服 be dressed in white

  通盘,作为整体 as a whole

  总的来说 on the whole

  有志者事竟成。

  Where there is a will, there is a way.

  乐意做某事 be willing to do sth.

  擦掉灰尘 wipe off the dust

  创造奇迹 make wonders

  不足为奇;难怪 no wonder

  插话 get in a word

  和某人说句话 have a word with sb.

  总之,简言之 in a word

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