1.abstract art : 抽象派艺术
A nonrepresentational style that emphasizes formal values over the representation of subject matter.
Kandinsky produced abstract art characterized by imagery that had a musical quality.
2.abstract expressionism : 抽象表现派；抽象表现主义
A nonrepresentational style that emphasizes emotion, strong color, and giving primacy to the act of painting.
Abstract expressionism was at its peak in the 1940s and 1950s.
3.action painting : 动作画派
A term used to describe aggressive methods of applying paint.
Action painting often looks childish to the non-artist because of the
techniques used to apply paint, such as throwing it on the canvas.
4.airbrush : 喷枪；气笔
A nozzled tube used to apply paint in a spray form.
The famous sexy robots in Japan are produced using an airbrush.
5.art deco ：装饰派艺术
A style dominant in the 1920s and 1930s, characterized by repetitive, ornamental, and highly finished curvilinear and geometric designs, esp. in synthetic materials such as plastics.
Mary attended high school in a building that was famous for art deco style of architecture.
6.art nouveau ：新艺术
A decorative style in which fluid, biomorphic lines and swirling motifs were emphasized.
Beardsley prints produced in the late 19th century are a good example of the style of art nouveau.
7.avent-garde : 先锋派
Innovative art in advance of popular ideas and images, characterized by unorthodox and experimental method.
The avant-garde home of the famous actress sold for millions.
An emotional, dramatic style of the 16th-18th century, anticlassical in form and spirit.
Status and architecture from the Baroque have a dark, muscular, looming quality about them.
Painting on wax-treated cloth.
Susan learned about batik in college.
A design school that promoted functional and geometric elements in design.
Bauhaus school of design in Germany changed the way that the world thought about design.
（adj.） A term used to describe a style of art with strong religious content.
The Byzantine era extended from the 13th century and went into the 16th century and was characterized by art with religious influence.
Handwriting or penmanship, esp. elegant or “beautiful” writing as a decorative art.
Calligraphy has practically become a lost art in today’s computerized society.
A full-size, preliminary painting or sketch for a completed work.
Leonardo da Vinci’s cartoon of the Virgin Mary and Saint Anne hangs in the British National Gallery.
(1)The art of making objects such as pottery or clay.
(2)The objects themselves.
Savannah enjoys making ceramic pottery.
A composition of found objects, newspaper, and cloth over other material on a single surface.
We used to make computer collages when I was in college by first pasting various items together and then using a video camera to transmit the image onto a computer screen.
Aesthetically pleasing, harmonious, and effective arrangement of parts to form a whole.
Matisse used color and shapes and worked back and forth until he felt he had achieved a balanced composition.
17.computer art 计算机艺术
Electronically produced images displayed on video screen.
Computer art become popular in the 1980s when computers started to become more available to the public.
A style of art that departs from traditional reality, and emphasizes multifaceted, simultaneous views of subject and distorted perspectives.(early 20th century)
Pablo Picasso played a principal role in the early movement of cubism.
A style (1915-1925) with antirational approach and nihilistic, absurdist, and incongruous themes.
Dadaism asked “what is art?” and used humor and shock value as communicative elements.
A picture, design, or sketch done with lines in pen or pencil.
The drawings of Michelangelo were recently exhibited in New York.
An early 20th-century style emphasizing emotional expression, strong color and composition, and a distorted, theatrical treatment of image.
Professor Bryer will be giving a lecture on expressionism tonight.
A technique of painting directly on a wet, plaster surface.
We all marveled at the beauty of the 17th century fresco.
23.funk art ：非理性艺术；恶臭艺术
A combination of painting and sculpture, deliberately messing and rough, often humorously depicting provocative subjects.(U.S., mid-20th century)
Jeson has been collecting funk art since the mid 1960s.
A style glorifying modern technology, speed, and the machine age. ( Italy, early 20th century )
Art from the era of futurism can be identified by a combination of machine elements, cubism, and motion.
A realistic depiction of scenes from everyday domestic life.
Who is your favorite genre painter?
A style that emphasizes Christian imagery, brilliant color, and strong verticality in composition. ( 12th – 16th century )
Jean dislikes Gothic art because it feels too religious.
An opaque watercolor bound with gum.
Do you like the quality of gouache in paintings?
28. graphic arts ：平面造型艺术
Those visual arts that are linear in character, such as drawing and engraving, esp. those that involve printing and printmaking.
The computer is now enabling anyone to produce and design and experiment with graphic art.
(adj.) A style characterized by geometric abstraction, a flat picture plan, perfection of a surface, and graphic precision.（U.S., mid-20th century）
Patrick Nagel’s hard-edge style of 80’s women became one of the strongest images in the 20th century.
30.history painting ：历史题材的绘画
An academic depiction of scenes from mythology, history, or the Bible.
Temple Square in Salt Lake City has a visitor center filled with history paintings.
An extension of photorealism in which depiction of subject is indistinguishable from reality. (late 20th century)
The interesting aspect of hyperrealism is that it challenges the viewer to try to decide what is real and what isn’t.
A style emphasizing the depiction of light and its effects, with the act of seeing as its primary subject. (France 19th century
Impressionism has long been one of the most popular art movements. Van Gogh’s impressionistic painting entitled “Dr. Gachet” was purchased for a world record $ 85 million by a Japanese investor.
A Japanese vertical scroll painting.
Debbie purchased several kakemono scrolls during her year as an exchange student in Japan.
34.kinetic art ：活动艺术
Art characterized by the incorporation of painted and sculpted mechanical parts into an art piece that moves or creates the impression of movement.
Kinetic art can be seen in front of many office buildings built during the 50’s and 60’s.
A depiction of natural land forms, sometimes allegorical.
Paula travels to New Mexico each summer to paint western landscapes.
A liquid in which pigment is mixed to form paint; a type of paint of coloring matter used in painting.
It’s sometimes fun to look at a painting and try to figure out what medium the artist used.
(adj)Characteristic of a highly academic classicism, esp. in porcelains. (China, 14th –17th centuries)
Dr. Franks is an expert on porcelains from the Ming dynasty.
37.minimal art ：极简抽象艺术；最小主义艺术
An abstract, simple, reductionist style with absence of all but basic formal elements and primary colors. (U.S. mid-20th century)
Minimalism is characterized by space with very sparse design elements and helped launch the popular art slogan of “less is more.”
A style that breaks with traditional art forms and searches for new modes of expression.
Modernism became popular in the early part of the 20th century.
An illustration composed of small, colored stones or tiles set into cement.
The new mall in town features a giant mosaic over the main entrance way.
A large-scale painting, usually on a wall or ceiling.
The McMullen’s have a giant mural painting along the hallway in their home.
A style modeled after proportion and restraint of Greek and Roman classical antiquity. (late 18th, early 19th century.)
We knew that Mr. Samuels was into neoclassicism by the way that he had his courtyard decorated with nude statues.
42.new wave ：新浪潮
A combination of cartoon, graffiti, and performance art in a minimalist, unsophisticated style (late 20th century.)
There’s a new wave art show currently on exhibit up at the local college gallery.
The undraped human figure, sometimes allegorical.
The nude has always played a powerful role in art throughout the ages.
44.oil paint ：油画颜料；油漆
Pigment mixed with drying oil, exp. linseed oil.
You can buy a beginner’s set of oil paints for under $ 20.
45.op art ：光效应艺术，视觉艺术
A style with graphic abstraction and pattern-oriented optical effects (mid-20th century)
Riley and Vasarely are two noteable artists who made contributions in the illusory world of op art.
46.performance art ：戏剧表演艺术
Use of paintings, sculpture, and video in live theatrical performance by the artist. (late 20th century)
We watched a program that featured performance art on TV last night.
A crayon made of color ground with chalk and compounded with gum water into paste, often of pale color.
Degas is probably my favorite pastel artist.
A system of realistically depicting three-dimensional objects or views onto two-dimensional, flat surfaces through convergent lines and planes.
Perspective illustration provides a three-dimensional view of objects or views.
A picture symbolizing an idea or object, used as an early form of writing.
Three men were arrested for vandalizing ancient pictographs found I the canyons of southern Utah.
Neo-impressionism characterized by the use of tiny, closely spaced dots or points of color that blend to produce a luminous quality.
The painting “Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte” by Seurat is probably the most famous work of pointillism.
51.pop art ：波普艺术
A style-making use of images from popular culture and commerce, often reproduced exactly. (mid-20th century)
Roy Litchenstein, who helped start the movement in the 1950s, continues to rule the king of pop art into the 90s.
A style with an unsophisticated, pretechnological, simple approach to form and content.
The famous series of “cut-outs” by Henri Matisse are a good example of primitivism.
Art that depicts reality as it appears.
I am in awe when I view realism such as the landscapes painted by 17th century Dutch artist Jan Vemeeer.
(adj.)Art that is classical in form and content. (n.) revival of aesthetics of classical antiquity. (14th – 17th century)
Renaissance art is still appreciated by artists of today.
Much of the greatest art in the history of the world was produced during the Renaissance.
A style with ornamental, poetic, curvilinear forms and lyrical themes.
Mrs. Mead is looking for a chair in rococo style.
The art of carving wood, chiseling stone, casting or welding metal, molding clay or wax, etc. into three-dimensional representations, as statues, figures, forms, etc.
Mr. Rushmore which depicts images of 4 U.S. presidents in the Black Hills, South Dakota, is one of the most famous sculptures in America.
A depiction of an artist’s own face
Artist’s self-portraits are usually very sought-after works of art.
58.still lift ：静物画
A realistic depiction of inanimate objects, esp. flowers, fruit, or domestic items.
Cezanne is known for his unique still life paintings of apples.
A style using subconscious mental activity as its subject matter, characterized by dreamlike, hallucinatory imagery.
The artist Salvador Dali is synonymous with surrealism.
A 19th century French movement that rejected realism and expressed subjective visions through evocative images.
Great art most always incorporates symbolism.
61.video art ：视频艺术
The use of filmed or videotaped material display alone or with other media.( late 20th century)
Video art has become a popular medium in today’s art, especially in collages.
A paint which is mixed with water and used to create pictures; A picture which has been done with this type of paint.
My uncle did a beautiful watercolor of a sunset while in Mexico.