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诗经翻译--周南

2006-05-10 09:23

  1. 关睢 GUAN SUI

  关关雎鸠、在河之洲。

  窈宨淑女、君子好逑。

  参差荇菜、左右流之。

  窈宨淑女、寤寐求之。

  求之不得、寤寐思服。

  悠哉悠哉、辗转反侧。

  参差荇菜、左右采之。

  窈宨淑女、琴瑟友之。

  参差荇菜、左右芼之。

  窈宨淑女、 钟鼓乐之。

  Guan-guan go the ospreys,

  On the islet in the river.

  The modest, retiring, virtuous, young lady: ——For our prince a good mate she.

  Here long, there short, is the duckweed,

  To the left, to the right, borne about by the current.

  The modest, retiring, virtuous, young lady: ——

  Waking and sleeping, he sought her.

  He sought her and found her not,

  And waking and sleeping he thought about her.

  Long he thought ; oh ! long and anxiously ;

  On his side, on his back, he turned, and back again.

  Here long, there short, is the duckweed ;

  On the left, on the right, we gather it.

  The modest, retiring, virtuous, young lady: ——

  With lutes, small and large, let us give her friendly welcome.

  Here long, there short, is the duckweed ;

  On the left, on the right, we cook and present it.

  The modest, retiring, virtuous, young lady: ——

  With bells and drums let us show our delight in her.

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  2. 葛覃 GE TAN

  葛之覃兮、施于中谷。

  维叶萋萋、黄鸟于飞。

  集于灌木、其鸣喈喈。

  葛之覃兮、施于中谷。

  维叶莫莫、是刈是濩。

  为絺为绤、服之无斁。

  言告师氏、言告言归。

  薄污我私、薄澣我衣。

  害澣害否、归宁父母 。

  How the dolichos spread itself out,

  Extending to the middle of the valley !

  Its leaves were luxuriant ;

  The yellow birds flew about,

  And collected on the thickly growing trees,

  Their pleasant notes resounding far.

  How the dolichos spread itself out,

  Extending to the middle of the valley !

  Its leaves were luxuriant and dense.

  I cut it and I boiled it,

  And made both fine cloth and coarse,

  Which I will wear without getting tired of it.

  I have told the matron,

  Who will announce that I am going to see my parents.

  I will wash my private clothes clean,

  And I will rinse my robes.

  Which need to be rinsed, which do not ?

  I am going back to visit my parents.

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  3. 卷耳 JUAN ER

  采采卷耳、不盈顷筐。

  嗟我怀人、寘彼周行。

  陟彼崔嵬、我马虺隤。

  我姑酌彼金罍、维以不永怀。

  陟彼高冈、我马玄黄。

  我姑酌彼兕觥、维以不永伤。

  陟彼砠矣、我马瘏矣、我仆痡矣、云何吁矣。

  I was gathering and gathering the mouse-ear,

  But could not fill my shallow basket.

  With a sigh for the man of my heart,

  I placed it there on the highway.

  I was ascending that rock-covered height,

  But my horses were too tired to breast it.

  I will now pour a cup from that gilded vase,

  Hoping I may not have to think of him long.

  I was ascending that lofty ridge,

  But my horses turned of a dark yellow.

  I will now take a cup from that rhinoceros' horn,

  Hoping I may not have long to sorrow.

  I was ascending that flat-topped height,

  But my horses became quite disabled,

  And my servants were [also] disabled.

  Oh ! how great is my sorrow !

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  4. 樛木 JIU MU

  南有樛木、葛藟累之。

  乐只君子、福履绥之。

  南有樛木、葛藟荒之。

  乐只君子、福履将之。

  南有樛木、葛藟萦之。

  乐只君子、福履成之。

  In the south are trees with curved drooping branches,

  With the doliches creepers clinging to them.

  To be rejoiced in is our princely lady: ——

  May she repose in her happiness and dignity !

  In the south are the trees with curved drooping branches,

  Covered by the dolichos creepers.

  To be rejoiced in is our princely lady: ——

  May she be great in her happiness and dignity !

  In the south are the trees with curved drooping branches,

  Round which the dolichos creepers twine.

  To be rejoiced in is our princely lady: ——

  May she be complete in her happiness and dignity !

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  5. 螽斯 ZHONG SI

  螽斯羽、诜诜兮。

  宜尔子孙、振振兮。

  螽斯羽、薨薨兮。

  宜尔子孙、绳绳兮。

  螽斯羽、揖揖兮。

  宜尔子孙、蛰蛰兮。

  Ye locusts, winged tribes,

  How harmoniously you collect together !

  Right is it that your descendants

  Should be multitudinous !

  Ye locusts, winged tribes,

  How sound your wings in flight !

  Right is it that your descendents

  Should be as in unbroken strings !

  Ye locusts, winged tribes,

  How you cluster together !

  Right is it that your descendents

  Should be in swarms !

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  6. 桃夭 TAO YAO

  桃之夭夭、灼灼其华。

  之子于归、宜其家室。

  桃之夭夭、有蕡其实。

  之子于归、宜其室家。

  桃之夭夭、其叶蓁蓁。

  之子于归、宜其家人。

  The peach tree is young and elegant ;

  Brilliant are its flowers.

  This young lady is going to her future home,

  And will order well her chamber and house.

  The peach tree is young and elegant ;

  Abundant will be its fruits.

  This young lady is going to her future home,

  And will order well her chamber and house.

  The peach tree is young and elegant ;

  Luxuriant are its leaves.

  This young lady is going to her future home,

  And will order well her family.

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  7. 兔罝 TU JU

  肃肃兔罝、椓之丁丁。

  赳赳武夫、公侯干城。

  肃肃兔罝、施于中逵。

  赳赳武夫、公侯好仇。

  肃肃兔罝、施于中林。

  赳赳武夫、公侯腹心。

  Carefully adjusted are the rabbit nets ;

  Clang clang go the blows on the pegs.

  That stalwart, martial man

  Might be shield and wall to his prince.

  Carefully adjusted are the rabbit nets,

  And placed where many ways meet.

  That stalwart, martial man

  Would be a good companion for his prince.

  Carefully adjusted are the rabbit nets,

  And placed in the midst of the forest.

  That stalwart, martial man

  Might be head and heart to his prince.

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  8. 芣苡 FOU YI

  采采芣苡、薄言采之。

  采采芣苡、薄言有之。

  采采芣苡、薄言掇之。

  采采芣苡、薄言捋之。

  采采芣苡、薄言袺之。

  采采芣苡、薄言襭之。

  We gather and gather the plantains ;

  Now we may gather them.

  We gather and gather the plantains ;

  Now we have got them.

  We gather and gather the plantains ;

  Now we pluck the ears.

  We gather and gather the plantains ;

  Now we rub out the seeds.

  We gather and gather the plantains ;

  Now we place the seeds in our skirts.

  We gather and gather the plantains ;

  Now we tuck out skirts under our girdles.

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  9. 汉广 HAN GUANG

  南有乔木、不可休息。

  汉有游女、不可求思。

  汉之广矣、不可泳思。

  江之永矣、不可方思。

  翘翘错薪、言刈其楚。

  之子于归、言秣其马。

  汉之广矣、不可泳思。

  江之永矣、不可方思。

  翘翘错薪、言刈其蒌 。

  之子于归、言秣其驹 。

  汉之广矣、不可泳思 。

  江之永矣、不可方思 。

  In the south rise the trees without branches,

  Affording no shelter.

  By the Han are girls rambling about,

  But it is vain to solicit them.

  The breath of the Han

  Cannot be dived across ;

  The length of the Jiang

  Cannot be navigated with a raft.

  Many are the bundles of firewood ;

  I would cut down the thorns [to form more].

  Those girls that are going to their future home, ——

  I would feed their horses.

  The breadth of the Han

  Cannot be dived across ;

  The length of the Jiang,

  Cannot be navigated with a raft.

  Many are the bundles of firewood ;

  I would cut down the southern wood [to form more].

  Those girls that are going to their future home, ——

  I would feed their colts.

  The breadth of the Han

  Cannot be dived across ;

  The length of the Jiang

  Cannot be navigated with a raft.

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  10. 汝坟 RU FEN

  遵彼汝坟、伐其条枚。

  未见君子、惄如调饥。

  遵彼汝坟、伐其条肆。

  既见君子、不我遐弃。

  鲂鱼赪尾、王室如毁 。

  虽则如毁、父母孔迩 。

  Along those raised banks of the Ru,

  I cut down the branches and slender stems.

  While I could not see my lord,

  I felt as it were pangs of great hunger.

  Along those raised banks of the Ru,

  I cut down the branches and fresh twigs.

  I have seen my lord ;

  He has not cast me away.

  The bream is showing its tail all red ;

  The royal House is like a blazing fire.

  Though it be like a blazing fire,

  Your parents are very near.

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  11. 麟之趾 LIN ZHI ZHI

  麟之趾、振振公子。

  于嗟麟兮。

  麟之定、振振公姓。

  于嗟麟兮。

  麟之角、振振公族。

  于嗟麟兮。

  The feet of the Lin: ——

  The noble sons of our prince,

  Ah ! they are the Lin !

  The forehead of the Lin: ——

  The noble grandsons of our prince,

  Ah ! they are the Lin !

  The horn of the Lin: ——

  The noble kindred of our prince,

  Ah ! they are the Lin !

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