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四级常考几种类型作文题目

2006-05-12 08:47   我要纠错 | 打印 | 收藏 | | |

大学英语四级考试常考的几种类型的作文题目

外语教育网四六级辅导专家  梁海燕

  社会热点话题

  图表题

  书信题

  对比观点选择题

  格言题外语教育网版权所有www.for68.com

  Ⅰ.对比观点选择题:

  1.有人认为……;

  2.另外一些人认为……;

  3.谈谈你的观点和看法。(最好写成4段)

  实例二 99年6月真题

  Reading Selectively or Extensively?

  Outline: 1.有人认为读书要有选择 2.有人认为应当博览群书 3.我的想法

  Score: 8分

  Some people think reading shall be chosen. Because some books are good to human beings and some books are harmful to people.

  Some people think that men should read books widely. Because wide reading can help man get much knowledge. And man can use it to change the world.

  It is my point that reading must be selectively. Because reading is important to man. Some books can help man but some books can lead some people to crime. It can be seen in the newspapers and watched on TV. We can make full use of some good books and gain more useful knowledge. It can make our life more beautiful. We must give up those unhelpful books. They are not good to us. Reading them is wasting time and money. So reading selectively is an important part in reading.

  失分原因:结构失调,表述方式单一

  典型的对比观点选择题的文章逻辑结构:

  (启)Paragraph Ⅰ:外语教育网版权所有www.for68.com

  (1)引出将要评论的事物或者是观点;

  (2)简明扼要地提出人们在这个问题上的两种不同看法。

  Score: 14分

  How should we read? Should we read selectively or extensively? Everyone has his own view.(启)

  注:第一句提出问题,第二句提出两种见解

  典型的对比观点选择题的文章逻辑结构:

  (承)Paragraph Ⅱ:

  (1)提出一种观点或优点;

  (2)本段的支持性分论点;

  (3)本段总结(可以省略)。

  Some people think we should read selectively. They argue that with the development of modern science and technology, more and more books are published. It is impossible for us to read all the books. What's more, there are many bad books that are poisonous to our mind, and we shouldn't read them. Since we can't read all the books and we shouldn't read bad books, we must read selectively.(承)

  注:1.本段总分总结构

  2. they argue that = they think that

  3. with the development of…… 随着……的发展

  4. what's more 递进关系,moreover

  5. bad = pornographic 色情的 & violent 暴力的

  典型的对比观点选择题的文章逻辑结构:外语教育网版权所有www.for68.com

  (转)Paragraph Ⅲ:

  (1)承上启下的过渡句;

  (2)提出另一种观点或缺点;

  (3)本段的支持性分论点;

  (4)本段总(可以省略)。

  But others may not agree, they emphasize that today's society is not what it was. If one man has many kinds of knowledge, he will have more chances to succeed. If a man knows much in one field but knows nothing in other fields, he may be useless. Since we must have many kinds of knowledge, we must read extensively.(转)

  注:1. But 转折词(信号词)

  2. they emphasize that = they think that

  3. today's society is not what it was 现代社会今非昔比

  4. 许多知识 a wide range of knowledge/ a large scope of knowledge/ much knowledge;     获取知识 acquire/ get knowledge

  5. knows nothing→little;he may be useless→he may not be of great use to the society 后者比前者更委婉,尽量不要绝对化

  典型的对比观点选择题的文章逻辑结构:

  (合)Paragraph Ⅳ:(1)平衡两种看法; (2)给出自己的观点。

  Who's right? I think both of them have something right. But I think we should read extensively first. We should read books in many fields, and read selectively in one field.(合)

  Score: 11分

  When it comes to reading, some people think that reading selectively is a good way, but some other people do not agree with them, they think that reading extensively is better.

  注:结构非常好,可以套用。外语教育网版权所有www.for68.com

  Those people, who think that reading selectively is better, believe that good books are as many as bad books. Those good books can give us pleasure and knowledge, while those bad books can only lead us to the wrong way. So, they suggest that we should only choose the good books to read and never touch the bad books.

  注:1. "people, who……,"应去掉逗号,改为限定性定语从句。

  2. as many as bad books 改为 as many as bad ones

  3. lead us to the wrong way 改为 lead sb. astray

  4. they suggest that = they think that

  5. touch 碰(闪光点词汇)

  But, the other people, who hold that reading extensively is better, think that one kind of books can only give us one aspect of knowledge. Even the best book only contains one field of information. So, they can easily come to the conclusion that "to know more, to read more". So they believe that reading extensively is better.

  注:1. hold "认为"同样表示"think"的词还有argue, emphasize, believe, suggest, claim, insist, maintain, agree, hold

  2. the best book 在西方国家是"圣经"的意思

  3. to know more, to read more 错误,中式英语

  To my point, we should choose good books to read and read good books as many as possible. By this way, we can increase the quality and quantity of reading.

  范文 Is Television a Blessing or a Curse?

  Now, it is generally accepted that television plays an important part in people's lives. But, there is an ongoing heated discussion as to whether television is a blessing or a curse.

  注:it is generally accepted that 人们通常认为外语教育网版权所有www.for68.com

  As is often pointed out by some people, television keeps one better informed about current events, allows one to follow the latest developments in politics and science, and offers an endless series of programs which are both instructive and stimulating.

  注:1. As is often pointed out by some people = Some people think that

  2."使……"不用make,而用keep, allow, offer

  However, other people insist that television is a curse rather than a blessing. They argue that it has brought about many serious problems. The major one is its effects on young people. They are now so used to getting their information, education and entertainment from television that their literacy as well as physical ability has been greatly weakened.

  In summary, television has both advantages and disadvantages. Whatever effects it has, one thing is certain, television in itself is neither good nor bad. It is the use that determines its value to society.

  范文 Traveling

  People who like traveling have their reasons. They maintain that traveling can help them expand their scope of knowledge, especially geographical and historical learning. They go on to point out that touring will provide more chance for them to enjoy food and try on clothes that they otherwise cannot possibly have.

  注:geographical and historical 押尾韵,如:押头韵 clean & clear

  Those who dislike traveling have their reasons. They would argue that traveling means a considerable amount of money and energy. For example, traffic and accommodation require money and walking while seeing sights often tires you.

  In practice, traveling does more good than harm. If your finance and health permit, you might as well do some traveling from time to time. It will at least enable you to get familiar with people and things that you will probably grow to like and love.

  注:1. in practice = I think外语教育网版权所有www.for68.com

  2. does more good than harm 好处比坏处多,其他表达方法:be superior to/ inferior to 比如:The advantages are superior to the disadvantages.

  3. enable 使

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