1974年国际海上人命安全公约1991年修正案 AMENDMENTS TO THE INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION FOR THE SAFETY OF LIFEATSEA， 1974
[Adopted on 23 May 1991 by Resolution MSC. 22（59）]
TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER II-2 CONSTRUCTION-FIRE PROTECTION， FIRE DETECTION AND FIREEXTINCT ION
Amendment to Regulation 20 Fire control plans and fire drills
Amendment to Regulation 21 Ready Availability of fire-extinguishingappliances
Amendment to Regulation 28 Means of escape
Amendment to Regulation 32 Ventilation systems
Amendment to Regulation 36 Fixed fire detection and fire alarmsystems， automatic sprinkler， fire detection and fire alarm systems
Amendment to Regulation 40 Fire patrols， detection， alarms and publicaddress systems CHAPTER III LIFE-SAVING APPLIANCES AND ARRANGEMENTS
Replacement of Regulation 18 Emergency training and drills CHAPTER V SAFETY OF NAVIGATION
Replacement of Regulation 17 Pilot transfer arrangements CHAPTER VI CARRIAGE OF CARGOES （Replacement）
PART A GENERAL PROVISIONS
2 Cargo information
3 Oxygen analysis and gas detection equipment
4 The use of pesticides in ships
5 Stowage and securing
PART B SPECIAL PROVISIONS FOR BULK CARGOES OTHER THAN GRAIN 6 Acceptability for shipment
7 Stowage of bulk cargo
PART C CARRIAGE OF GRAIN
9 Requirements for cargo ships carrying grain CHAPTER VII CARRIAGE OF DANGEROUS GOODS
Amendment to Regulation 5 Documents
Addition of new Regulation 7-1 Reporting of incidents involvingdangerousAMENDMENTS TO THE INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION FOR THE SAFETY OF LIFE AT SEA，1974[Adopted on 23 May 1991 by Resolution MSC. 22（59）]
CHAPTER II-2 CONSTRUCTION-FIRE PROTECTION， FIRE DETECTION AND FIREEXTINCTION
Regulation 20 Fire Control Plans
The existing heading is replaced by the following： “Fire control plansand fire drills”
The following text is inserted after the heading： “（This Regulationapplies to all ships）”
The following new paragraph 3 is added after paragraph 2：
“3 Fire drills shall be conducted in accordance with the provisions ofRegulation III/18.”
Regulation 21 Ready Availability of Fire-extinguishing Appliances
The following text is added after the heading： “（This Regulationapplies to all ships）”
The existing text of this Regulation is replaced by the following：
“Fire-extinguishing appliances shall be kept in good order and beavailable for immediate use at all times”。
Regulation 28 Means of escape
The following text is inserted after the heading：
“（Paragraph 1.8 of this Regulation applies to ships constructed on orafter 1 January 1994）”
The following new subparagraph 1.8 is added after existingsubparagraph 1.7：
“。8 Where public spaces span three or more decks and containcombustibles such as furniture and enclosed spaces such as shops， officesand restaurants， each level within the space shall have two means ofescape， one of which shall give direct access to an enclosed verticalmeans of escape meeting the requirements of paragraph 5”。
Regulation 32 Ventilation systems
The following text is inserted after the heading：
“（Paragraph 1.7 of this Regulation applies to ships constructed on orafter 1 January 1994）”
The following new paragraph 1.7 is inserted between existingparagraphs 1.6 and 2：
“1.7 Where public spaces span three or more open decks and containcombustibles such as furniture and enclosed spaces such as shops， officesand restaurants， the space shall be equipped with a smoke extractionsystem. The smoke extraction system shall be activated by the requiredsmoke detection system and be capable of manual control. The fans shall besized such that the entire volume within the space can be exhausted in 10min or less.”
Regulation 36 Fixed fire detection and fire alarm systems， auto-matic sprinkler， fire detection and fire alarm systems
The following text is inserted after the heading：
“（Paragraph 2 applies to ships constructed on or after 1 January1994）”
The existing paragraph is numbered as paragraph 1， and the followingnew paragraph 2 is added after new paragraph 1：
“2 Where public spaces span three or more open decks and containcombustibles such as furniture and enclosed spaces such as shops， officesand restaurants， the entire main vertical zone containing the space shallbe protected throughout with an automatic sprinkler system in compliancewith regulation 12.”
Regulation 40 fire patrols， detection， alarms and public addresssystems
The following text is inserted after the heading：
“（Paragraph 7 applies to ships constructed on or after 1 January1994）”
The following new paragraph 7 is added after existing paragraph 6：
“7 Where public spaces span three or more open decks and containcombustibles such as furniture and enclosed spaces such as shops， officesand restaurants， the entire main vertical zone containing the space shallbe protected throughout with a smoke detection system complying withRegulation 13， with the exception of paragraph 1.9.”
CHAPTER III LIFE-SAVING APPLIANCES AND ARRANGEMENTS
Regulation 18 Abandon ship training and drillsThe existing heading and text of this regulation are replaced by the fol-lowing： “Emergencytraining and drills”
1 This Regulation applies to all ships.
A training manual complying with the requirements of Regulation 51shall be provided in each crew messroom and recreation room or in eachcrew cabin.
3 Practice musters and drills
3.1 Each member of the crew shall participate in at least one abandonship drill and one fire drill every month. The drills of the crew shalltake place within 24 h of the ship leaving a port if more than 25% of thecrew have not participated in abandon ship and fire drills on board thatparticular ship in the previous month. The Administration may accept otherarrangements that are at least equivalent for those classes of ship forwhich this is impracticable.
3.2 On a ship engaged on an international voyage which is not a shortinternational voyage， musters of the passengers shall take place within24 h after their embarkation. Passengers shall be instructed in the use ofthe lifejackets and the action to take in an emergency. If only a smallnumber of passengers embark at a port after the muster has been held itshall be sufficient， instead of holding another muster， to draw theattention of these passengers to the emergency instructions required byRegulations 8.2 and 8.4.
3.3 On a ship engaged on a short international voyage， if a muster ofthe passengers is not held on departure， the attention of the passengersshall be drawn to the emergency instructions required by Regulations 8.2and 8.4.
3.4 Each abandon ship drill shall include：
。1 summoning of passengers and crew to muster stations with thealarm required by Regulation 6.4.2 and ensuring that they are made awareof the order to abandon ship specified in the muster list；
。2 reporting to stations and preparing for the duties described inthe muster list；
。3 checking that passengers and crew are suitably dressed；
。4 checking that lifejackets are correctly donned；
。5 lowering of at least one lifeboat after any necessarypreparation for launching；
。6 starting and operating the lifeboat engine；
。7 operation of davits used for launching liferafts.
3.5 Different lifeboats shall， as far as practicable， be lowered incompliance with the requirements of paragraph 3.4.5 at successive drills.
3.6 Each lifeboat shall be launched with its assigned operating crewaboard and manoeuvred in the water at least once every 3 months during anabandon ship drill. The Administration may allow ships operating on shortinternational voyages not to launch the lifeboats on one side if theirberthing arrangements in port and their trading patterns do not permitlaunching of lifeboats on that side. However， all such lifeboats shall belowered at least once every 3 months and launched at least annually.
3.7 As far as is reasonable and practicable， rescue boats other thanlifeboats which are also rescue boats， shall be launched each month withtheir assigned crew aboard and manoeuvred in the water. In all cases thisrequirement shall be complied with at least once every 3 months.
3.8 If lifeboat and rescue boat launching drills are carried out withthe ship mading headway， such drills shall， because of the dangersinvolved， be practised in sheltered waters only and under the supervisionof an officer experienced in such drills.
3.9 Emergency lighting for mustering and abandonment shall be testedat each abandon ship drill.
3.10 Each fire drill shall include：
。1 reporting to stations and preparing for the duties described inthe muster list required by Regulation 8.3；
。2 starting a fire pump using at least the two required jets ofwater to show that the system is in proper working order；
。3 checking fireman's outfits and other personal rescue equipment；
。4 checking the relevant communication equipment；
。5 checking the operation of watertight doors， fire doors， andfire dampers；
。6 checking the necessary arrangements for subsequent abandonmentof the ship.
3.11 Fire drills should be planned in such a way that dueconsideration is given to regular practice in the various emergencies thatmay occur depending on the type of ship and its cargo.
3.12 The equipment used during drills shall immediately be broughtback to its fully operational condition， and any faults and defectsdiscovered during the drills shall be remedied as soon as possible.
3.13 Drills shall， as far as practicable， be conducted as if therewere an actual emergency.
4 On-board training and instructions
4.1 On-board training and instructions in the use of the ship'slife-saving appliances， including survival craft equipment， and in the useof the ship's fire-extinguishing appliances shall be given as soon aspossible but not later than 2 weeks after a crew member joins the ship.However， if the crew member is on a regularly scheduled rotatingassignment to the ship， such training shall be given not later than 2weeks after the time of first joining the ship. Individual instruction maycover different parts of the ship's life-saving and fire-extinguishingappliances， but all the ship's life-saving and fire-extinguishingappliances shall be covered within any period of 2 months.
4.2 Each member of the crew shall be given instructions which shallinclude but not necessarily be limited to：
。1 operation and use of the ship's inflatable liferafts；
。2 problems of hypothermia， first-aid treatment of hypothermia andother appropriate first-aid procedures；
。3 special instructions necessary for use of the ship'slife-saving appliances in severe weather and severe sea conditions；
。4 operation and use of fire-extinguishing appliances.
4.3 On-board training in the use of davit-launched liferafts shalltake place at intervals of not more than 4 months on every ship fittedwith such appliances. Whenever practicable this shall include theinflation and lowering of a liferaft. This liferaft may be a specialliferaft intended for training purposes only， which is not part of theship's life-saving equipment. Such a special liferaft shall beconspicuously marked.
The date when musters are held， details of abandon ship drills andfire drills， drills of other life-saving appliances and on-board trainingshall be record in such log-book as may be prescribed by theAdministration. If a full muster， drill or training session is not held atthe appointed time， an entry shall be made in the log-book stating thecircumstances and the extent of the muster， drill or training sessionheld.“
CHAPTER V SAFETY OF NAVIGATION
Regulation 17 Pilot ladders and mechanical pilot hoists
The existingheading and text of this Regulation are replaced by the following： “Pilottransfer arrangements
（i） Ships engaged on voyages in the course of which pilots arelikely to be employed shall be provided with pilot transfer arrangements.
（ii） Equipment and arrangements for pilot transfer which areinstalled on or after 1 January 1994 shall comply with the requirements ofthis Regulation and due regard shall be paid to the standards adopted bythe Organization.
（iii） Equipment and arrangements for pilot transfer which areprovided on ships before 1 January 1994 shall at least comply with therequirements Regulation 17 in force prior to that date and due regardshall be paid to the standards adopted by the Organization prior to thatdate.
（iv） Equipment and arrangements which are replaced after 1 January1994 shall， in so far as is reasonable and practicable， comply with therequirements of this Regulation.
（i） All arrangements used for pilot transfer shall efficientlyfulfil their purpose of enabling pilots to embark and disembark safely.The appliances shall be kept clean， properly maintained and stowed andshall be regularly inspected to ensure that they are safe to use. Theyshall be used solely for the embarkation and disembarkation of personnel.
（ii） The rigging of the pilot transfer arrangements and theembarkation and disembarkation of a pilot shall be supervised by aresponsible officer having means of communication with the navigatingbridge who shall also arrange for the escort of the pilot by a safe routeto and from the navigating bridge. Personnel engaged in rigging andoperating any mechanical equipment shall be instructed in the safeprocedures to be adopted and the equipment shall be tested prior to use.
（c） Transfer arrangements
（i） Arrangements shall be provided to enable the pilot to embarkand disembark safely on either side of the ship.
（ii） In all ships where the distance from sea level to the pointof access to， or egress from， the ship exceeds 9 m， and when it isintended to embark and disembark pilots by means of the accommodationladder， or by means of mechanical pilot hoists or other equally safe andconvenient means in conjunction with a pilot ladder， the ship shall carrysuch equipment on each side， unless the equipment is capable of beingtransferred for use on either side.
（iii） Safe and convenient access to， and egress from， the shipshall be provided by either：
（1） a pilot ladder requiring a climb of not less than 1.5 mand not more than 9 m above the surface of the water so positioned andsecured that：
（aa） it is clear of any possible discharges from the ship；
（bb） it is within the parallel body length of the shipand， as far as is practicable， within the mid-ship half length of theship；
（cc） each step rests firmly against the ship's side； whereconstructional features， such as rubbing bands， would prevent theimplementation of this provision， special arrangements shall， to thesatisfaction of the Administration， be made to ensure that persons areable to embark and disembark safely；
（dd） the single length of pilot ladder is capable ofreaching the water from the point of access to， or egress from， the shipand due allowance is made for all conditions of loading and trim of theship， and for an adverse list of 15 °； the securing strongpoints，shackles and securing ropes shall be at least as strong as the side ropes；
（2） an accommodation ladder in conjunction with the pilotladder， or other equally safe and convenient means， whenever the distancefrom the surface of the water to the point of access to the ship is morethan 9 m. The accommodation ladder shall be sited leading aft. When inuse， the lower end of the accommodation ladder shall rest firmly againstthe ship's side within the parallel body length of the ship and， as far asis practicable， within the mid-ship half length and clear of alldischarges； or
（3） a mechanical pilot hoist so located that it is within theparallel body length of the ship and， as far as is practicable， within themid-ship half length of the ship and clear of all discharges.
（d） Access to the ship's deck
Means shall be provided to ensure safe， convenient and unobstructedpassage for any person embarking on， or disembarking from， the shipbetween the head of the pilot ladder， or of any accommodation ladder orother appliance， and the ship's deck. Where such passage is by means of：
（i） a gateway in the rails or bulwark， adequate handholds shall beprovided；
（ii） a bulwark ladder， two handhold stanchions rigidly secured tothe ship's structure at or near their bases and at higher points shall befitted. The bulwark ladder shall be securely attached to the ship toprevent overturning.
（e） Shipside doors
Shipside doors used for pilot transfer shall not open outwards.
（f） Mechanical pilot hoists
（i） The mechanical pilot hoist and its ancillary equipment shallbe of a type approved by the Administration. The pilot hoist shall bedesigned to operate as a moving ladder to lift and lower one person on theside of the ship， or as a platform to life and lower one or more personson the side of the ship. It shall be of such design and construction as toensure that the pilot can be embarked and disembarked in a safe manner，including a safe access from the hoist to the deck and vice versa. Suchaccess shall be gained directly by a platform securely guarded byhandrails.
（ii） Efficient hand gear shall be provided to lower or recover theperson or persons carried， and kept ready for use in the event of powerfailure.
（iii） The hoist shall be securely attached to the structure of theship. Attachment shall not be solely by means of the ship's side rails.Proper and strong attachment points shall be provided for hoists of theportable type on each side of the ship.
（iv） If belting is fitted in the way of the hoist position， suchbelting shall be cut back sufficiently to allow the hoist to operateagainst the ship's side.
（v） A pilot ladder shall be rigged adjacent to the hoist andavailable for immediate use so that access to it is available from thehoist at any point of its travel. The pilot ladder shall be capable ofreaching the sea level from its own point of access to the ship.
（vi） The position on the ship's side where the hoist will belowered shall be indicated.
（vii） An adequate protected stowage position shall be provided forthe portable hoist. In very cold weather， to avoid the danger of iceformation， the portable hoist shall not be rigged until its use isimminent.
（g） Associated equipment
（i） The following associated equipment shall be kept at hand readyfor immediate use when persons are being transferred：
（1） two man-ropes of not less than 28 mm in diameter properlysecured to the ship if required by the pilot；
（2） a lifebuoy equipped with a self-igniting light；
（3） a heaving line.
（ii） when required by paragraph （d）， stanchions and bulwarkladders shall be provided.
Adequate lighting shall be provided to illuminate the transferarrangements overside， the position on deck where a person embarks ordisembarks and the controls of the mechanical pilot hoist.“
CHAPTER VI CARRIAGE OF CARGOESThe title and text of Chapter VI are replaced by the following： “CARRIAGEOF CARGOES”。
PART A GENERAL PROVISIONS
Regulation 1 Application
1 This Chapter applies to the carriage of cargoes （except liquids inbulk， gases in bulk and those aspects of carriage covered by otherChapters） which， owing to their particular hazards to ships or persons onboard， may require special precautions in all ships to which the presentRegulations apply and in cargo ships of less than 500 tons gross tonnage.However， for cargo ships of less than 500 tons gross tonnage， theAdministration， if it considers that the sheltered nature and conditionsof voyage are such as to render the application of any specificrequirements of part A or B of this Chapter unreasonable or unnecessary，may take other effective measures to ensure the required safety for theseships.
2 To supplement the provisions of parts A and B of this Chapter， eachContracting Government shall ensure that appropriate information on cargoand its stowage and securing is provided， specifying， in particular，precautions necessary for the safe carriage of such cargoes.
Regulation 2 Cargo information
1 The shipper shall provide the master or his representative withappropriate information on the cargo sufficiently in advance of loading toenable the precautions which may be necessary for proper stowage and safecarriage of the cargo to be put into effect. Such information shall beconfirmed in writing and by appropriate shipping documents prior toloading the cargo on the ship.
2 The cargo information shall include：
。1 in the case of general cargo， and of cargo carried in cargounits， a general description of the cargo， the gross mass of the cargo orof the cargo units， and any relevant special properties of the cargo；
。2 in the case of a bulk cargo， information on the stowage factorof the cargo， the trimming procedures and， in the case of a concentrate orother cargo which may liquefy， additional information in the form of acertificate on the moisture content of the cargo and its transportablemoisture limit；
。3 in the case of a bulk cargo not classified in accordance withthe provisions of Regulation VII/2， but which has chemical properties thatmay create a potential hazard， in addition to the information required bythe preceding subparagraphs， information on its chemical properties.
3 Prior to loading cargo units on board ships， the shipper shallensure that the gross mass of such units is in accordance with the grossmass declared on the shipping documents.
Regulation 3 Oxygen analysis and gas detection equipment
1 When transporting a bulk cargo which is liable to emit a toxic orflammable gas， or cause oxygen depletion in the cargo space， anappropriate instrument for measuring the concentration of gas or oxygen inthe air shall be provided together with detailed instructions for its use.Such an instrument shall be to the satisfaction of the Administration.
2 The Administration shall take steps to ensure that crews of shipsare trained in the use of such instruments.
Regulation 4 The use of pesticides in ships
Appropriate precautions shall be taken in the use of pesticides inships， in particular for the purposes of fumigation.
Regulation 5 Stowage and securing
1 Cargo and cargo units carried on or under deck shall be so loaded，stowed and secured as to prevent as far as is practicable， throughout thevoyage， damage or hazard to the ship and the persons on board， and loss ofcargo overboard.
2 Cargo carried in a cargo unit shall be so packed and secured withinthe unit as to prevent， throughout the voyage， damage or hazard to theship and the persons on board.
3 Appropriate precautions shall be taken during loading and transportof heavy cargoes or cargoes with abnormal physical dimensions to ensurethat no structural damage to the ship occurs and to maintain adequatestability throughout the voyage.
4 Appropriate precautions shall be taken during loading and transportof cargo units on board ro-ro ships， especially with regard to thesecuring arrangements on board such ships and on the cargo units and withregard to the strength of the securing points and lashings.
5 Containers shall not be loaded to more than the maximum gross weightindicated on the Safety Approval Plate under the International Conventionfor Safe Containers （CSC）。
PART B SPECIAL PROVISIONS FOR BULK CARGOES OTHER THAN GRAIN
Regulation 6 Acceptability for shipment
1 Prior to loading a bulk cargo， the master shall be in possession ofcomprehensive information on the ship's stability and on the distributionof cargo for the standard loading conditions. The method of providing suchinformation shall be to the satisfaction of the Administration.
2 Concentrates or other cargoes which may liquefy shall only beaccepted for loading when the actual moisture content of the cargo is lessthan its transportable moisture limit. However， such concentrates andother cargoes may be accepted for loading even when their moisture contentexceeds the above limit， provided that safety arrangements to thesatisfaction of the Administration are made to ensure adequate stabilityin the case of cargo shifting and further provided that the ship hasadequate structural integrity.
3 Prior to loading a bulk cargo which is not a cargo classified inaccordance with the provisions of Regulation VII/2 but which has chemicalproperties that may create a potential hazard， special precautions forits safe carriage shall be taken.
Regulation 7 Stowage of bulk cargo
1 Bulk cargoes shall be loaded and trimmed reasonably level， asnecessary， to the boundaries of the cargo space so as to minimize the riskof shifting and to ensure that adequate stability will be maintainedthroughout the voyage.
2 When bulk cargoes are carried in 'tween-decks， the hatchways of such'tween-decks shall be closed in those cases where the loading informationindicates an unacceptable level of stress of the bottom structure if thehatchways are left open. The cargo shall be trimmed reasonably level andshall either extend from side to side or be secured by additionallongitudinal divisions of sufficient strength. The safe load-carryingcapacity of the 'tween-decks shall be observed to ensure that thedeck-structure is not overloaded. PART C CARRIAGE OF GRAIN
Regulation 8 Definitions
For the purposes of this part， unless expressly provided otherwise：
1 “International Grain Code” means the International Code for the SafeCarriage of Grain in Bulk adopted by the Maritime Safety Committee of theOrganization by resolution MSC. 23 （59） as may be amended by theOrganization， provided that such amendments are adopted， brought intoforce and take effect in accordance with the provisions of Article VIII ofthe present Convention concerning the amendment procedures applicable tothe Annex other than Chapter I.
2 The term “grain” includes wheat， maize （corn）， oats， rye， barley，rice， pulses， seeds and processed forms thereof whose behaviour is similarto that of grain in its natural state.
Regulation 9 Requirements for cargo ships carrying grain
1 In addition to any other applicable requirements of the presentRegulations， a cargo ship carrying grain shall comply with therequirements of the International Grain Code， and hold a document ofauthorization as required by that Code. For the purpose of thisRegulation， the requirements of the Code shall be treated as mandatory.
2 A ship without such a document shall not load grain until the mastersatisfies the Administration， or the Contracting Government of the portof loading on behalf of the Administration， that the ship will complywith the requirements of the International Grain Code in its proposedloaded condition.“
CHAPTER VII CARRIAGE OF DANGEROUS GOODS
Regulation 5 Documents
The existing text of paragraph 3 of this Regulation is replaced by thefollowing paragraphs 3， 4， and 5：
“3 The persons responsible for the packing of dangerous goods in afreight container or road vehicle shall provide a signed container packingcertificate or vehicle packing declaration stating that the cargo in theunit has been properly packed and secured and that all applicabletransport requirements have been met. Such a certificate or declarationmay be combined with the document referred to in paragraph 2.
4 Where there is due cause to suspect that a freight container or roadvehicle in which dangerous goods are packed is not in compliance with therequirements of paragraph 2 or 3， or where a container packing certificateor vehicle packing declaration is not available， the freight container orvehicle shall not be accepted for shipment.
5 Each ship carrying dangerous goods shall have a special list ormanifest setting forth， in accordance with the classification set out inRegulation 2， the dangerous goods on board and the location thereof. Adetailed stowage plan， which identifies by class and sets out the locationof all dangerous goods on board， may be used in place of such a speciallist or manifest. A copy of one of these documents shall be made availablebefore departure to the person or organization designated by the portState authority.“
The following new Regulation 7-1 is inserted after Regulation 7：“Regulation 7-1 Reporting of incidents involving dangerous goods
1 When an incident takes place involving the loss or likely lossoverboard of packaged dangerous goods into the sea， the master， or otherperson having charge of the ship， shall report the particulars of such anincident without delay and to the fullest extent possible to the nearestcoastal State. The report shall be based on the guidelines and generalprinciples adopted by the Organization.
2 In the event of the ship referred to in paragraph 1 being abandoned，or in the event of a report from such a ship being incomplete orunobtainable， the owner， charterer， manager or operator of the ship， ortheir agents shall， to the fullest extent possible， assume the obligationsplaced upon the master by this Regulation.“