确定准许雇用未成年人为扒炭工或司炉工的最低年龄公约 CONVENTION No. 15 Convention Fixing the Minimum Age for the Admis-sion of Young Persons to Employment as Trimmers or Stokers
颁布日期：19211025 实施日期：19221120 颁布单位：日内瓦
[Date of coming into force： 20 November 1922.]
The General Conference of the International Labour Organization，
Having been convened at Geneva by the Governing Body of theInternational Labour Office， and having met in its Third Session on 25October 1921， and
Having decided upon the adoption of certain proposals with regard tothe prohibition of the employment of any person under the age of eighteenyears as trimmer or stoker， which is included in the eighth item of theagenda of the Session， and
Having determined that these proposals shall take the form of aninternational Convention，
adopts the following Convention， which may be cited as the minimum Age（Trimmers and Stokers） Convention， 1921， for ratification by the Membersof the International Labour Organization in accordance with the provisionsof the Constitution of the International Labour Organization：
For the purpose of this Convention， the term “vessel” includes allships and boats， of any nature whatsoever， engaged in maritime navigation，whether publicly or privately owned； it excludes ships of war.
Young persons under the age of eighteen years shall not be employed orwork on vessels as trimmers or stokers.
The provisions of Article 2 shall not apply——
（a） to work done by young persons on school-ships ortraining-ships， provided that such work is approved and supervised bypublic authority；
（b） to the employment of young persons on vessels mainly propelledby other means than steam；
（c） to young persons of not less than sixteen years of age， who，if found physically fit after medical examination， may be employed astrimmers or stokers on vessels exclusively engaged in the coastal trade ofIndia and of Japan， subject to regulations made after consultation withthe most representative organizations of employers and workers in thosecountries.
When a trimmer or stoker is required in a port where young persons ofless than eighteen years of age only are available， such young persons maybe employed and in that case it shall be necessary to engage two youngpersons in place of the trimmer or stoker required. Such young personsshall be at least sixteen years of age.
In order to facilitate the enforcement of the provisions of thisConvention， every shipmaster shall be required to keep a register of allpersons under the age of eighteen years employed on board his vessel， or alist of them in the articles of agreement， and of the dates of theirbirths.
Articles of agreement shall contain a brief summary of the provisionsof this Convention.
The formal ratifications of this Convention， under the conditions setforth in the Constitution of the International Labour Organization， shallbe communicated to the Director-General of the International Labour Officefor registration.
1. This Convention shall come into force at the date on which theratifications of two Members of the International Labour Organization havebeen registered by the Director-General.
2. It shall be binding only upon those Members whose ratificationshave been registered with the International Labour office.
3. Thereafter， the Convention shall come into force for any Member atthe date on which its ratification has been registered with theInternational Labour Office.
As soon as the ratifications of two Members of the InternationalLabour Organization have been registered with the International LabourOffice， the Director-General of the International Labour Office shall sonotify all the Members of the International Labour Organization. He shalllikewise notify them of the registration of ratifications which may becommunicated subsequently by other Members of the Organization.
Subject to the provisions of Article 8， each Member which ratifiesthis Convention agrees to bring the provisions of Articles 1， 2， 3， 4， 5and 6 into operation not later than 1 January 1924 and to take such actionas may be necessary to make these provisions effective.
Each Member of the International Labour Organization which ratifiesthis Convention engages to apply it to its colonies， possessions andprotectorates， in accordance with the provisions of article 35 of theConstitution of the International Labour Organization.
A Member which has ratified this Convention may denounce it after theexpiration of ten years from the date on which the Convention first comesinto force， by an act communicated to the Director-General of theInternational Labour Office for registration. Such denunciation shall nottake effect until one year after the date on which it is registered withthe International Labour Office.
At such times as it may consider necessary the Governing Body of theInternational Labour Office shall present to the General Conference areport on the working of this Convention and shall examine thedesirability of placing on the agenda of the Conference the question ofits revision in whole or in part.
The French and English texts of this Convention shall both beauthentic.