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国家科学技术奖励条例 Regulations on State Science and Technology Prizes

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(Adopted at the Sixteenth Executive Meeting of the State Council on April 28, 1999, promulgated by Decree No. 265 of the State Council of the People's Republic of China on May 23, 1999)
颁布日期:19990523  实施日期:19990523  颁布单位:国务院

  Chapter 1 General Principles

  Article 1 These Regulation are formulated in order to prize citizens and organizations who have made remarkable contributions to the scientific and technological progress activities, mobilize the enthusiasm and creativity of scientific and technical workers, promote the development of science and technology endeavors, and boost the overall national strength.

  Article 2 The State Council establishes the following State science and technology prizes:

  (1) State Highest Science and Technology Prize;

  (2) State Natural Science Prize;

  (3) State Technological Invention Prize;

  (4) State Scientific and Technological Progress Prize;

  (5) International Scientific and Technological Cooperation Prize of the People's Republic of China.

  Article 3 The State science and technology prizes follow the guideline of valuing knowledge and respecting talents.

  Article 4 The State maintains the solemnity of the State science and technology prizes.

  The evaluation and grant of the State science and technology prizes shall not be illegally interfered by any organizations or individuals.

  Article 5 The administrative department of science and technology under the State Council is responsible for organizing the evaluation of State science and technology prizes.

  Article 6 The State establishes the State Science and Technology Prizes Committee, which invites experts and scholars in relevant fields to form an Evaluation Committee that are responsible for evaluating the State science and technology prizes according to the provisions of these Regulations.

  The candidates for members of the State Science and Technology Prizes Committee shall be proposed by the administrative department of science and technology of the State Council, and then submitted to the State Council for approval.

  Article 7 The establishment of society-oriented science and technology prizes by social non-governmental sectors shall be through registration procedures with administrative departments of science and technology. The specific measures are to be formulated by the administrative department of science and technology of the State Council.

  Non-governmental sectors establishing society-oriented science and technology prizes upon registration shall not charge any fees in prizeing activities.

  Chapter 2 The Establishment of State Science and Technology Prizes

  Article 8 The State Highest Science and Technology Prize is granted to the following scientific and technical workers:

  (1) those who have made great breakthroughs at the frontier of contemporary science and technology or who have made remarkable contributions to the development of science and technology.

  (2) those who have created great economic or social profits through innovation of science and technology, transformation of scientific and technological results, and industrialization of high-tech.

  The State Highest Science and Technology Prize is granted to no more than 2 persons each year.

  Article 9 The State Natural Science Prize is granted to citizens who have made significant scientific discoveries in illuminating natural phenomena, characteristics and laws in fundamental research and applied fundamental research.

  The significant scientific discoveries mentioned in the preceding paragraph shall meet the following conditions:

  (1) predecessors have not yet discovered or illuminated them;

  (2) they have significant scientific value;

  (3) they have been acknowledged by both domestic and foreign natural science circles.

  Article 10 The State Technological Invention Prize is granted to citizens who have made significant technological inventions by applying scientific and technological knowledge to achieve products, technologies, materials and its systems.

  The significant technological inventions mentioned n the preceding paragraph shall meet the following conditions:

  (1) predecessors have not yet invented them or made them public;

  (2) they possess innovativeness and creativeness;

  (3) they can bring remarkable economic and social benefits after implementation.

  Article 11 The State Scientific and Technological Progress Prize is granted to the following citizens and organizations that have made remarkable contributions to the application and dissemination of advanced scientific and technological results and the accomplishment of significant scientific and technological projects, plans and programs:

  (1) those who, in the implementation of technological development programs, have accomplished significant scientific and technological innovations, or transformation of scientific and technological results, thus creating remarkable economic profits;

  (2) those who, in the implementation of social and public interests programs, have been engaged in fundamental scientific and technological work and in scientific and technological endeavors for social and public interests for a long period, and tested through practice, have produced remarkable social benefits;

  (3) those who, in the implementation of the State security programs, have made great scientific and technological contributions to promoting the construction of modernization of national defense and safeguarding security of the State;

  (4) those who, in the implementation of major engineering programs, have guaranteed the meeting of the projects with international advanced standards.

  The State Scientific and Technological Progress Prize for major engineering programs mentioned in Sub-paragraph (4) of the preceding paragraph is only granted to organizations.

  Article 12 The International Scientific and Technological Cooperation Prize of the People's Republic of China is granted to the following foreigners or foreign organizations that have made great contributions to China's scientific and technological endeavors:

  (1) those who have made great scientific and technological achievements in cooperative research and development with Chinese citizens or organizations;

  (2) those who have achieved particularly remarkable results in introducing advanced science and technology to Chinese citizens and organizations as well as in training talents;

  (3) those who have made great contributions to the promotion of international scientific and technological exchange and cooperation between China and foreign countries.

  Article 13 The State Highest Science and Technology Prize and the International Scientific and Technological Cooperation Prize of the People's Republic of China are not classified into different grades.

  The State Natural Science Prize, the State Technological Invention Prize and the State Scientific and Technological Progress Prize are classified into two grades, i.e. the First Award and the Second Award.

  With regard to the State Natural Science Prize, the State Technological Invention and National Prize and the State Scientific and Technological Progress Award, the total number of programs granted awards each year shall not be more than 400.

  Chapter 3 Evaluation and Conferment of State Science and Technology Prizes

  Article 14 Evaluations are carried out once a year for the State science and technology prizes.

  Article 15 The candidates for State science and technology prizes shall be nominated by the following units and individuals:

  (1) the people's government of provinces, autonomous regions or municipalities directly under the Central Government;

  (2) the relevant departments of, and agencies directly subordinate to, the State Council;

  (3) the general departments of the Chinese People's Liberation Army;

  (4) other units and experts of science and technology conforming to the qualification requirements provided for by the administrative department of science and technology of the State Council that have confirmed by the administrative department of science and technology of the State Council .

  The candidate for the State science and technology prizes nominated by the nominating units mentioned in the preceding paragraph shall be decided according to the suggestions of the experts of science and technology in the relevant fields about the evaluation results on their scientific and technological achievements, the categories and the grades of prizes.

  Measures for nominating candidates for the State science and technology prizes in Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan are to be formulated by the administrative department of science and technology of the State Council.

  Embassies and consulates of the People's Republic of China stationed in foreign countries may nominate candidates for the International Scientific and Technological Cooperation Prize of the People's Republic of China.

  Article 16 Candidates nominated by nominating units and individuals for the State science and technology prizes shall be nominated in a limited quota; and when making the nomination, the nominating units and individuals shall fill out a unified letter of nomination and provide true and reliable materials for evaluation.

  Article 17 The Evaluation Committee shall make a conclusion of verification of scientific and technological achievements, and make a proposal on persons selected to receive prizes, the categories, and the grades of prizes to the State Science and Technology Prizes Committee.

  The State Science and Technology Prizes Committee shall make a decision on the persons selected to receive prizes, the categories and the grades of prizes on the basis of the proposal made by the Evaluation Committee.

  The rules of evaluation for the State science and technology prizes is to be formulated by the administrative department of science and technology of the State Council.

  Article 18 The administrative department of science and technology of the State Council shall examine and verify the decision made by the State Science and Technology Prizes Committee about the persons selected to receive prizes, the categories and the grades of prizes for the State science and technology prizes, and the report to the State Council for approval.

  Article 19 The State Highest Science and Technology Prize are submitted to the President for signature and grant of the certificate and prize money.

  The certificate and prize money for the State Natural Science Prize, the Technological Invention Prize and the State Scientific and Technological Progress Prize are granted by the State Council.

  The certificate for the International Scientific and Technological Cooperation Prize of the People's Republic of China are granted by the State Council.

  Article 20 The sum of prize money for the State Highest Science and Technology Prize is prescribed by the State Council.

  The sum of prize money for the State Natural Science Prize, the State Technological Invention Prize and the State Scientific and Technological Progress Prize is prescribed by the administrative department of science and technology of the State Council together with the department of finance of the State Council.

  The outlays for the awards for the State science and technology prizes shall be listed in and paid from the budget of the Central government.

  Chapter 4 Penalty Provisions

  Article 21 The prize shall be withdrew and the prize money shall be refunded by the administrative department of science and technology of the State Council after the approval of the State Council, if the State science and technology prizes are found to be gained by plagiarizing or trespassing others' discoveries, inventions or other scientific and technological achievements or by any other cheating acts.

  Article 22 The administrative department of science and technology of the State Council shall send out a circular, criticizing the units and individuals that provide false data and materials and assist others to gain the State science and technology prizes by cheating; for those serious cases, the qualification of nomination is suspended temporarily or withdrew permanently; people who take direct responsibility will be given administrative punishments in accordance with laws.

  Article 23 Society-oriented science and technology prizes, which are established by non-government sectors without registration and permission, will be banned by the administrative departments of science and technology.

  Non-government sectors that have established society-oriented science and technology prizes, if charging fees in the prizing activities, shall be have the fees charged confiscated by the administrative departments of science and technology, and may be impose a fine of not less than 1 time but not more than 3 times the fees charged; for serious cases, the registration shall be cancelled.

  Article 24 Personnel participating in evaluation activities of State science and technology prizes and related work, if engaging in deception or practicing personal favoritism, shall be imposed administrative sanctions according to law.

  Chapter 5 Supplementary Provisions

  Article 25 The relevant departments of the State Council may establish ministerial-level science and technology prizes according to special situations of national defense and State security. The specific measures are to be formulated by the relevant departments of the State Council, which shall be submitted to the administrative department of science and technology of the State Council.

  The people's governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government may establish one provincial-level prize of science and technology. The specific measures are formulated by people's governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government, which shall be submitted to the administrative department of science and technology of the State Council.

  Article 26 These Regulation shall take effect as of the date of promulgation. The Regulations of the People's Republic of China on Natural Science Prizes, the Regulations of the People's Republic of China on Invention Prizes and the Regulations of the People's Republic of China on Scientific and Technological Progress Prizes revised and promulgated by the State Council on June 28, 1993 are repealed at the same time.

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