国务院办公厅转发国家茧丝绸协调小组关于茧丝绸经营管理体制改革意见的通知 CIRCULAR OF THE GENERAL OFFICE OF THE STATE COUNCIL ON THE TRANSMISSION OF THE SUGGESTIONS OF THE STATE COCOON-SILK COORDINATION GROUP CONCERNING THE REFORM OF THE COCOON-SILK OPERATIONAL AND MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
（November 16， 1996）
颁布日期：19961116 实施日期：19961116 颁布单位：国务院办公厅
The Suggestions Concerning the Reform of the Cocoon-Silk Operational and Management System of the State Cocoon-Silk Coordination Group have been approved by the State Council and are hereby transmitted to you for implementation in the light of the actual conditions of your respective regions.
APPENDIX： THE SUGGESTIONS CONCERNING THE REFORM OF THE COCOON-SILK OPERATIONAL AND MANAGEMENT SYSTEM （October 10， 1996）
With a view to changing the present status of weakness in macro-control in the cocoon-silk industry， separation of trade， industry and agriculture， dislocation in production， supply and marketing and export competition at low prices by multi-channels in the operational system， and establishing a cocoon-silk operational and management system inconformity with the requirements of the development of the socialist market economy， and in compliance with the spirit of the instructions of the leadership of the State Council， the following suggestions concerning the reform of the cocoon-silk operational and management system are put forward：
1. Principles and Objectives of the Reform
The reform of the cocoon-silk operational and management system should， in line with the basic requirements for the establishment of the socialist market economy system and modern enterprise system， effect the separation of the government from the enterprises， break regional blockade and departmental compartmentalism， and strengthen and perfect macro-control to promote the formation of a unified socialist market； embark on the road of forming entities with the establishment of integrated trade， industry and agriculture cocoon-silk group corporations in accordance with the principle of voluntariness and with the market as the guidance； manage satisfactorily the interests of agriculture， industry， commerce and trade and mobilize the enthusiasm of all sides by adhering to the principle of reciprocity and mutual benefit and with assets as the linkage； center on the improvement in economic performance， increase the income of farmers， promote the benign development of the industry， expand export and foreign exchange earnings， increase handing-over of profit-tax， make the distribution channels smooth and realize the transformation of the mode of economic growth from the extensive type to the intensive type so as to promote sustained， steady and healthy development of the cocoon-silk industry.
2. Formation of Provincial （Municipal） Cocoon-Silk Group Corporations
The major cocoon-silk producing provinces （municipality） （Zhejiang， Jiangsu， Sichuan， Shandong， Anhui and Guangdong Provinces and the city of Chongqing） shall be the focus in the formation of integral trade， industry And agriculture cocoon-silk group corporations. All major cocoon-silk producing provinces （municipality） shall， on the basis of in-depth investigation and study and repeated authentication， put forth proposals for the formation taking into consideration the actual conditions of the localities； study and work out qualifications of the enterprises required to join the group corporations including scales of the enterprises， quality of products， management standards and economic performance； sort out and consolidate silk reeling mills and silk spinning mills， close down and suspend the operations of a number of small-scale enterprises turning out products of poor quality， amalgamate them with others or switch to the manufacture of other products and organize enterprises with strength into group corporations. The group corporations may be classified in three tiers： the closely knit tier， the semi-closely knit tier and the loose tier， the modes of association include association in assets， contractual association and service association.
“Trade” shall be the “dragon head” （driving force） in the formation of provincial （municipal） group corporations， that is， the existing provincial （municipal） silk corporations shall be the “dragon head”。 Prefectures， cities and counties should determine the “dragon head” units on the basis of the strength of the enterprises in promoting the development of the industry， which may either be foreign trade enterprises or production enterprises or supply and marketing cooperatives.
The responsibilities of the newly-formed provincial （municipal） cocoon-silk group corporations shall be： implementation of relevant industrial policy of the state and the overall development plans of the cocoon-silk industry of their respective regions， responsibility for the internal management of the groups， organization of production and export of cocoon-silk and coordination of the interests of agriculture， industry， commerce and trade. Specifically they contain the following contents：
（1） Establishment of stable mulberry tree-silkworm-cocoon bases， implementation of plans of mulberry tree planting， silkworm raising and cocoon procurement， providing support for mulberry tree planting and silkworm raising and series of pre-production， mid-production and post-production services to silkworm raising farmers； extension of excellent silkworm breeds and scientific silkworm raising techniques， and prevention and treatment of diseases and pests； fostering big households of mulberry tree planting and silkworm raising； exercising unified control over the production and business operation of silkworm eggs and procurement of cocoons， and strict implementation of the state policy of cocoon price and standards for cocoon quality.
（2） Responsibility for the control of enterprises of the silk industry within the groups， formulation and implementation of plans for technological transformation， scientific research projects and annual development； control over the blind development of processing capabilities； adjustment of product structure， and development of famous， special， superior and new products.
（3） Stepping up the construction of procurement and distribution networks， opening up international and domestic markets， coordinating export prices and increasing export and foreign exchange earnings.
（4） Establishing and perfecting various control measures of the group corporations with the purpose of enhancing their economic strength to ensure the preservation and increment of value of state-owned assets.
3. Smoothing out Property Rights Relations
Existing interests of all sides should be taken into account and satisfactory settlement and arrangement made in respect of personnel， property and materials in the formation of cocoon-silk group corporations.
（1） Assets of silkworm egg breeding stations of agricultural departments and scientific research institutions shall betaken into silk corporations in accordance with relevant provisions on the management of state-owned assets， and there shall be no change in the nature of the institutions， treatment of their personnel and original sources of financial resources.
（2） Assets of cocoon stations belonging to the state shall be taken into the group corporations in accordance with the provisions on the management of state-owned assets； for assets belonging to the supply and marketing cooperatives and farmers， the group corporations may follow the mode of leasing， entrusted agency， pooling shareholder and purchasing. In cases the property rights relations of which are not clear， a settlement shall be sought with the coordination of the local government and the formation of group corporation shall in no way be affected. Satisfactory settlement of existing workers， staff members and honorary retirees and other retired personnel engaging specially in cocoon procurement and drying for supply and marketing departments shall be carried out in the light of the specific conditions of the localities.
（3） The silk reeling mills and silk spinning mills kept after sorting out and consolidation， regardless of their relations of subordination and types of ownership， may join cocoon-silk group corporations in accordance with the principle of voluntariness and subject themselves to the control of cocoon-silk group corporations.
4. Strengthening Leadership and Conducting the Work in an Active， Steady and Satisfactory Way
Formation of cocoon-silk group corporations shall be undertaken in a planned way， in steps， actively， steadily and satisfactorily. With existing provincial （municipal） silk corporations as the basis， silkworm egg breeding stations， research institutions and cocoon procurement units shall first be taken into the group corporations， then the state-owned large- and medium-size backbone enterprises shall be absorbed into the group corporations according to classifications.
Efforts should be made for the proposals for formation to be approved and adopted by the provincial （municipal）governments by the end of the year and the time seized in the organization for implementation.
Reform of the cocoon-silk operational and management system involves many areas and heavy tasks and the time is pressing. To ensure the smooth carrying out of the reform， major cocoon-silk producing provinces （municipality） may setup coordination groups to be put under the charge of the competent leaders of provincial （municipal） governments， and concrete work shall be done by the economic and trade commissions （economic commissions， planning and economic commissions） in conjunction with departments of foreign economic relations and trade， textile， silk， agriculture， supply and marketing， price administration， industry and commerce and technical supervision， and macro-regulation and control and unified management of the cocoon-silk industry strengthened in accordance with the unified deployment of the State Cocoon-Silk Coordination Group and provincial （municipal） governments.
Reference may be made to the above-mentioned Suggestions in the implementation of the reform of cocoon-silk trade， industry and agriculture integration in non major cocoon-silk producing provinces （autonomous regions）。