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常用新闻词汇-Z

2006-06-03 14:46

  Z:

  杂费 miscellaneous (incidental) express

       砸牌子 ruin reputation

  灾民 flood victims; flood-stricken people

  宰客 swindle money out of customers

  宰人 rip off

  载人卫星 manned satellite

  再贷款 re-lending; subloan

  再就业服务中心 re-employment service center

  再就业工程 re-employment project / program

  再生纸 recycled writing paper

  在孵(孵化器)企业 incubated enterprises (incubator)

  在建项目后续资金 additional funding for projects under construction

  在途资金 fund in float

  在线 (计算机) on-line

  在线网上书店 online bookstore

  在职博士生 on-job doctorate

  在职研究生 on-job postgraduates

  在字面上兜圈子 festoons of words

  赃款赃物 proceeds of crime

  脏弹 dirty bomb

  脏乱差 dirty, disorderly and bad

  糟粕 dross

  早恋 puppy love

  早市 morning session

  造假帐 falsified accounts

  造林运动 afforestation drive (campaign)

  噪声治理 noise abatement

  责任编辑 editor in charge

  责任追究制度 system of accountability

  增发股票 increase issues in stocks

  增加信任,减少麻烦,发展合作,不搞对抗 enhance trust, reduce trouble, develop cooperation and avoid confrontation

  增强人民体质 build up people's health

  增强型短信服务 EMS (Enhanced Message Service)

  增值税 value added tax(VAT)

  渣打银行 The Chartered Bank

  斋月(伊斯兰教) Ramadan/ month of fast

  债台高筑 become debt-ridden

  债务人持有资产 debtor-in-possession (DIP)

  债转股 debt-to-equity swap

  沾光 benefit from one's association

  占便宜 profit at others' expense

  占着茅坑不拉屎 be a dog in the manger

  战俘 prisoner of war (POW)

  战俘营 prisoner-of-war (POW) camp

  战斧式巡航导弹 Tomahawk cruise missile

  战略防御计划 Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI)

  战略伙伴关系 strategic partnership

  站得住脚 hold water

  站票 standing-room-only ticket

  站台票 platform ticket

  涨落线 advance balance line

  掌上电脑 palm pilot

  帐外设帐 keep additional accounts in addition to the authorized ones

  招标 invite a bid

  招标投标制 the system of public bidding for project

  招财进宝 Money and treasures will be plentiful

  招股说明书 prospectus

  招牌菜 signature dishes

  招商局 China Merchants Steam Navigation Co. Ltd. (China Merchants)

  招商引资 attract/bid for/invite investments (from overseas)

  招生就业指导办公室 enrolment and vocation guidance office

  折旧费 depreciation charge

  折衷方案 a compromise proposal

  侦察飞机 surveillance plane

  珍爱之人或物 apple of one's eyes

  珍稀濒危植物 rare or endangered species

  真空包装 vacuum packing

  真善美 the true, the good and the beautiful; truth, good and beauty

  振兴经济 revitalize the economy

  振兴中华 make China powerful and strong; revitalize the Chinese nation

  震感 seismaesthesia, feel of the earthquake(tremor)

  震级 earthquake magnitude

  震区 seismic zone

  震源 focus (of an earthquake), seismic origin

  震中 epicenter

  震中烈度 epicentral intensity

  震中区 epicentral area

  争端解决机构 dispute settlement body

  争议地区 disputed area

  正气 uprightness; integrity; probity; rectitude

  正式会计师 Certified Public Accountant (CPA)

  正式照会 formal note

  证券化 securitisation

  证券监督管理委员会 securities supervision commission

  证券交易委员会 Securities and Exchange Commission

  证券营业部 stock exchange; security exchange

  政策倾斜 policy support

  政策性贷款 policy-based lending; policy-related loan

  政策性亏损 policy-related losses; losses incurred due to policy decisions

  政策性住房 policy-related house, policy-based house

  政策银行 policy banks

  政策组合 policy mix

  政法委 politics and law committee

  政府采购 government procurement

  政府搭台,部门推动,企业唱戏 Governments set up the stage, various departments cooperate and enterprise put in the show.

  政府干预 government intervention

  政府工作报告 government work report

  政府廉洁高效 a clean and efficient government

  政府上网工程 Government Online Project

  政府特殊津贴获得者 winner of special government allowance

  政府贴息贷款 discount government loans

  政府职能转变 transform/shift the government functions

  政改方案(英国对香港) constitutional package

  政企不分 without a clear line between the functions of the government and enterprises; the functions of the government and enterprises mixed up

  政企分开 separate government functions from enterprise management

  政务公开 make government affairs public

  政治合格,军事过硬,作风优良, 纪律严明,保障有力 be qualified politically and competent militarily, have a fine style of work, maintain strict discipline and be assured of adequate logistical support

  政治局 politburo

  政治局常委 member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau

  政治迫害 political persecution; witch hunt

  政治体制改革 political restructuring

  政治协商、民主监督、参政议政 exercise political consultation and democratic supervision and participate in deliberating and administration of state affairs

  支付能力 payment capacity

  支原体 mycoplasma

  支柱产业 pillar / cornerstone industry

  知己知彼,百战不殆 Know the enemy and know yourself, and you can fight a hundred battles with no danger of defeat.

  知识产权 intellectual property

  知识经济 knowledge economy , knowledge-base economy

  知识就是力量 Knowledge is power.

  知识密集 knowledge-intensive

  知识转让 transfer of knowledge

  知识资本 knowledge capital

  执法人员 law enforcement officials; law-executor; law enforcer

  直播 live broadcast, live telecast

  直接道歉 a straight-out apology

  直接三通与双向交流 three direct links (mail, air and shipping services and trade) and bilateral exchanges

  直接选举 direct election

  直辖市 municipality directly under the Central Government

  直销 direct marketing; door-to-door sale

  职称 professional title

  职工工资集体协商制度 management-labor negotiation system for determining employee wages

  职工股 staff share

  职能转换 transformation of functions

  职务发明 on-duty invention

  职务犯罪 crime by taking advantage of duty

  职业高中(职高) vocational high school

  职业介绍所 career service center; job center

  职业经理人 professional manager

  职业培训 job training

  职业资格证书制度 professional qualification certificate system

  植物群落 plant community

  植物人 human vegetable; vegetable

  只读存储器 read-only-memory (ROM)

  纸包不住火 Truth will come to light sooner or later.

  纸上谈兵 be an armchair strategist

  制海权 command of the sea

  制空权 air space control; air supremacy; command of the air; air mastery; air domination

  制止外汇流失 prevent foreign exchange flight

  治理整顿 improve the environment and rectify the order; improvement and rectification

  质量管理 quality control

  质量认证体系认证证书 certificate of the system of quality certification

  质量守恒定律 law of conservation of mass

  致命要害 Achilles' heel

  掷钱猜先 toss

  智力引进 recruit / introduce (foreign) talents

  智力支持 intellectual support

  智囊团、思想库 the brain trust; think tank

  智商 intelligence quotient (IQ)

  滞后影响 lagged effect

  滞销商品 unmarketable goods

  置业 house purchasing

  中程导弹 intermediate-range missile; medium-range missile

  中东和平进程 the Middle East peace process

  中关村科技园区 Zhongguancun Science and Technology Park

  中国出口商品交易会(广交会) China Export Commodities Fair (Guangzhou Fair)

  中国电信 China Telecom

  中国工程院 the Chinese Academy of Engineering

  中国结 Chinese knot

  中国经济景气监测中心 China Economic Monitoring Center

  中国联通公司 China Unicom

  中国人民政治协商会议全国委员会 (简称 全国政协) National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC)

  中国新经济峰会 China New Economy Summit

  中国新闻出版报社 China Press and Publication News

  中国沿海专属经济区 China's exclusive economic waters

  中国移动通信公司 China Mobile

  中国预防医学科学院 the Chinese Academy of Preventive Medicine

  中国证监会 China's Securities Regulatory Commission

  中国证券监督管理委员会 China Securities Regulatory Commission (CSRC)

  中国政协委员 member of the National Committee of CPPCC

  中华人民共和国渔政渔港监督管理局 Administration of Fishery and Fishing Harbor Supervision of the PRC

  中华世纪坛 China Millennium Monument

  中华医学会 Chinese Medical Association

  中介 intermediary agent

  中立国 neutralized state

  中流砥柱 mainstay; chief cornerstone

  中美战略核武器互不瞄准对方 non-targeting strategic nuclear weapons against each other

  中日友好四项原则: 和平友好,平等互利,互相信赖,长期稳定 The four principles of Sino-Japanese friendship: peace and friendship, equality and mutual benefit, mutual trust, and long-term stability

  中山装 Chinese tunic suit

  中式快餐 Chinese fast food

  中文信息处理系统 Chinese information processing system

  中心环节 key link

  中型商用飞机 mid-size G200 business jets

  中央大型企业工委 Central Work Committee for Large Enterprises

  中央国家机关 China's State organs

  中央纪律检查委员会 Central Commission for Discipline Inspection of the CPC

  中央经济工作会议 the Central Economic Working Conference

  中央领导集体 central collective leadership

  中央商务区 central business district (CBD)

  中央统战部 United Front Work Department of CPC Central Committee

  中央综治委“严打”整治斗争检查组 Strike-hard Campaign Inspection Group of Central Committee for Comprehensive Management of Public Security.

  中药 traditional Chinese medicine

  中专生 secondary specialized or technical school student

  终点控制区 terminal control area

  终端服务器 terminal server

  终身职务制 life-long tenure

  终审权 right of adjudication; right of giving final approval

  种植业 crop farming

  众口难调 It is difficult to cater to all tastes.; One man's meat is another man's poison.

  众矢之的 target of public criticism

  重点发展 prioritize

  重复建设 building redundant project; duplication of similar projects

  重复生产 duplication of production

  重复引进 inroduction of redundant technical facilities; importation of redundant technical facilities

  重合同,守信用 abide by contracts and keep one's words; honor credit and promise

  重合同、守信用的原则 the principle of equality and mutual benefit and “honoring contracts adn standing by reputation”

  重灾区 the harder-hit area

  洲际弹道导弹 intercontinental ballistic missiles

  珠穆朗玛峰 Mount Qomolangma

  诸边协议 plurilateral agreement

  主板市场 main board of the stock market

  主办2008年奥运会 host the 2008 Olympic Games

  主持人 anchorperson

  主叫方付费 caller-pays system

  主渠道 main channel

  主权豁免 sovereign immunity

  主体经济 the mainstay of the economy

  主体思想 (DPRK) Juche Idea

  主页 home page

  住房分配货币化进程 capitalization process of housing distribution/allocation

  住房零首付 zero-yuan first payment (for apartments)

  住宅小区 residence community

  助跑 approach run, run-up

  助学行动 activity to assist the impoverished students

  注册会计师 certificated public accountant (CPA)

  注册资本 registered capital

  驻港部队 People's Liberation Army garrison in Hong Kong

  抓大放小 to invigorate large enterprises while relaxing control over small ones; focus on the restructuring of major enterprises and leave minor ones to fend for themselves

  抓大放小,三改一加强 (Efforts were focused on) the reform, reorganization, upgrading and better management of enterprises, aiming at well managing large enterprises while adopting more flexible policies toward small ones

  抓住机遇 seize the opportunity

  抓住机遇,深化改革,扩大开放,促进发展,保持稳定 seize the current opportunity, deepen the reform, open China wider to the outside world, promote development and maintain stability

  专访 exclusive interview

  专利产品,仿冒必究 patented product(s), counterfeiting not allowed

  专卖店 exclusive agency; franchised store

  专门的营销机构 market boards

  专门人才 professional personnel; special talents

  专升本 upgrade from junior college student to university student; students with the diploma of junior college try to obtain the undergraduate diplomat through self-taught study

  专题报道 special coverage

  专业化分工 division of labor based on specialization

  专业化经营 specialized operation

  专属经济区 exclusive economic zone

  转败为胜 turn the tables (on someone)

  转轨 transfer to a different track; retracking

  转轨经济 economies in transition; transition economy

  转化机制 (of State-owned enterprises) to shift to new management mechanisms

  转基因生物 GMOs (Genetically Modified Organisms)

  转基因食品 GM food (genetically modified food)

  转配股 transferred allotted shares

  转世灵童 reincarnated soul boy

  转体 truck rotation, turn, twist

  转业 transferred to civilian work

  转移支付 transfer payment

  撞线 breast the tape

  追潮族 fashion follower

  追车族 auto fan

  追赶型和跨越式发展 pursuant and leap-forward development

  追究责任 call to account; ascertain where the responsibility lies

  追平 produce the equalizer

  追星族 star fan; groupie

  坠落的残骸、碎片 falling debris

  准备金 reserve fund; capital reserves

  准博士 all but dissertation (ABD)

  准上市公司 pro-listed companies

  资本充足率 capital adequacy

  资本额过多 overcapalisation

  资本利润率 rate of return on capital

  资本外逃 capital flight

  资不抵债 insolvency

  资产保值增值 maintain and increase the value of assets; maintenance and appreciation of assets value

  资产剥离 peel off (bad) assets of a company

  资产调控 assets control

  资产负债表 balance sheet

  资产阶级自由化 bourgeois liberalization

  资产评估 asset assessment

  资产置换 replacement of assets

  资产重组 reorganized assets; assets reorganization

  资金到位 fully funded (project)

  资金划拨 capital allocation

  资金汇划 fund remittance and transfer

  资源配置 the distribution (allocation) of resources

  资源优化配置 most optimum distribution of resources

  姊妹楼, 又称双子座, 美国世贸中心的主要建筑 twin towers

  自动柜员机 automatic teller machine (ATM)

  自发罢工,野猫式罢工(未经工会批准的罢工) wildcat strikes

  自费留学 go to study abroad at one's own expense

  自律机制 the self-discipline system

  自然保护区 natural reserve; nature preservation zone

  自然耗损 natural wearing

  自然资源保护区 natural resource protection areas

  自我保护意识 self-protection awareness

  自学成才 become well-educated through self-study

  自学考试 self-taught examination

  自营 self-run

  自营性存款 self-operating deposit

  自由港 free-trade port, free port

  自由竞争 free competition

  自由流通 free flow

  自由贸易区 free-trade zone

  自由职业者 free lance

  自治权 right ti autonomy; autonomy

  自主经营,自负盈亏 make one's own management decisions and take full responsibility for one's own profits and losses

  自助银行 self-help bank

  自足经济 self-sufficient economy

  自作自受 stew in one's own juice

  综合国力 comprehensive national strength

  综合经济效益 overall economic efficiency; composite economic results

  综合授信 comprehensive credit line

  综合素质 comprehensive quality

  综合业务数字网 ISDN (Integrated Services Digital Network)

  综合整治 comprehensive improvement

  综合指数 composite index

  综合治理 comprehensive treatment

  综艺节目 variety show

  总裁助理 assistant president

  总经理负责制 general manager responsibility system

  走过场 go through the motions

  走后门 get in by the back door

  走上良性发展的轨道 going on the track of sound progress

  走新型工业化道路 Take a new road to industrialization

  走穴 (actors, singers, etc.) perform for outside salary income without approval by the unit they belong to

  阻碍司法 obstruction of justice

  组委会 organizing committee

  祖传 handed down from one's ancestors

  祖国和平统一大业 peaceful reunification of the motherland

  最不发达国家 LDCs (Least-developed countries)

  最初谈判权(初谈权) INRs (Initial Negotiating Rights)

  最低工资保障制度 minimum wage guarantee system

  最低生活保证制度 system for ensuring a minimum standard of living

  最后的投票 make the final vote

  最惠国待遇 most-favored-nation status

  最终用户 end user

  遵纪守法、廉洁奉公 observe the relevant code of conduct and the law and honestly perform one's official duties

  左倾 pinko

  左右为难 between the devil and the deep blue sea; between the rock and the hard place

  坐视不管 sit idle

  做假帐 salt a false account

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