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常用新闻词汇J

2006-06-03 13:38

  J:

  机场建设费 airport construction fee

  机电产品 mechanical and electrical products

  机构投资者 institutional investor

  机构臃肿 overstaffing in organizations (government)

  机器阅卷 machine scoring

  积极的财政政策 pro-active fiscal policy

  积压产品 overstocked commodities (inventories)

  基本国情 fundamental realities of the country

  基本路线要管一百年 The basic line must be followed unswervingly for a very long time to come.

  基本养老金社会化发放 retirees receive their basic pension through social security channels

  基层工作 grass-roots work

  基层监督 grass-roots supervision

  基层民主 democracy at the grassroots level

  基层组织 organizations at the grass-roots level

  基础设施 infrastructure

  基础设施建设 infrastructure construction

  基础税率 base tariff level

  基地组织 al-Qaeda group

  基因工程 genetic engineering

  基因突变 genetic mutation

  基因图谱 genome; Gene chip (DNA microarray)

  绩优股 blue chip

  缉毒队 narcotics squad

  缉私力量 the forces engaged in the fight against smuggling

  激励约束制度 incentive and control mechanism

  激烈竞争 cut-throat competition

  吉尼斯世界记录 Guinness (Book of Records)

  吉祥如意 Everything goes well

  吉祥物 mascot

  即开式奖券 scratch-open ticket; scratch pad

  极限运动 maximal exercise; X-game

  集束炸弹 cluster bomb

  集体观念 groupism; collective spirit

  集体婚礼 collective wedding ceremony; group wedding

  集体经济 collective economy

  集约经营 intensive operation

  集中精力把经济建设搞上去 go all out for economic development

  集资房 houses built on the funds collected by the buyers

  计费方法/ 按秒计费/ 按分计费 Calculating telephone fees/ per-second calculation/ per-minute calculation

  计划单列市 city specifically designated in the state plan

  计划经济 planned economy

  计划生育责任制 responsibility system of family planning

  计价器 taximeter

  计算机中央处理器 central processing unit(CPU)

  记名债券 registered bonds

  记帐式国库券 inscribed treasury bond

  记帐式国债 book-entry T-bonds

  记者席 press box

  记者招待会 press conference

  技工贸结合的科技型企业 scientific and technological enterprises that integrate scientific and technological development with industrial and trade development

  技术产权交易所 technology equity market; technology property right exchange

  技术工人 technician

  技术攻关 strive to make technological breakthrough

  技术交底 technical disclosure

  技术密集产品 technology-intensive product

  技术下乡 spread technological knowledge to farmers

  技术依托 technical backstopping

  技术转让 technology transfer

  既成事实 fait accompli (noun)

  既往不咎,忘掉旧嫌 let bygones be bygones

  继续深化国有企业改革、使企业真正成为市场竞争的主体 to deepen SOE reform to enable them to become main players in the market competition;

  加班 work extra shifts

  加工贸易 trade involving the processing of supplied raw materials

  加快市场步伐 accelerate the marketization; quicken the pace of marketization

  加密 encrypt

  加密频道 encoded channel

  加强军队和政权建设 strengthen army building and the organs of political power

  加强舆论监督 ensure that the correct orientation is maintained in public opinion

  加权平均值 weighted average

  加速上市 speed-to-market

  家庭联产承包责任制 the household contract responsibility system

  家庭影院 home theater

  家政服务 household management service

  家族企业 family firm

  嘉宾 distinguished guest, honored guest

  甲A足球队 Division A soccer team

  甲骨文 oracle bone inscriptions

  价格浮动范围 price-float range

  价格听证会 public price hearings

  假唱 lip-synch

  假动作 deception, feint

  假冒伪劣产品 counterfeit and shoddy products

  假球 soccer fraud

  假日经济 holiday economy

  假释 parole

  假小子 tomboy

  假帐 accounting fraud

  尖端产品 highly sophisticated products

  尖端课题 frontline subject

  坚持统一,反对分裂,增加了解,化解歧见 persist in reunification, oppose separation, increase understanding and iron out differences

  监督部门 watchdog

  减负 alleviate burdens on sb.

  减速玻璃(汽车) decelerating glass

  减员增效 downsize staffs and improve efficiency

  剪彩 cut the ribbon

  剪刀差 the scissors gap between the prices of … and …

  简政放权 streamline administration and delegate power; streamline administration and institute decentralization

  见面会 meet-and-greet

  建仓 open a position

  建设公债 public bonds for construction

  建筑面积 floorage; floor space

  渐近尾声 draw to a close

  渐进式台独 gradual Taiwan independence

  江南水乡 the south of the lower reaches of the Yangze River

  讲诚信,反欺诈 : honor credibility and oppose cheating

  奖励工资制度 a bonus wages system; a system of higher pay for better performance

  降落伞候选人,外来候选人(应召而来参加本人非所在地区竞选的政党候选人) parachute candidate

  降息 reduction of interest

  交叉报复 cross retaliation

  交钥匙工程 turn-key project

  焦土政策 Scorched Earth plan

  侥幸球 fluke

  矫情 use lame arguments

  脚踩两只船 sit on the fence

  脚踏实地 be down-to-earth

  叫板 challenge; pick a quarrel

  叫座 a box-office success; draw a large audience

  教书育人 impart knowledge and educate people

  教务处 dean's office

  教学法 pedagogy; teaching method

  教育部社政司 Social Science Research and Ideological Work Department of the Ministry of Education

  阶段性就业 periodic employment

  阶梯教室 lecture theatre; terrace classroom

  接口 interface

  街道企业 neighborhood enterprise

  街心花园 park at an intersection; garden in the city center

  节水龙头 water-saving taps

  节奏布鲁斯音乐(RMB音乐) rhythm blues

  结构工资制 structual wage system

  结售汇制度 the system of exchange, settlement and sales

  解放生产力 emancipate the productive forces

  解放思想、实事求是、与时俱进 Emancipate the mind, Seek truth from the facts, Keep pace with the times

  解放思想、实事求是的思想路线 ideological line of emancipating the mind and seeking truth from facts

  解困基金 anti-poverty funds

  戒毒所 drug rehabilitation center

  戒急用忍 overcome impetuosity and exercise patience; no haste, be patient

  借调 temporarily transfer

  借读生 transient student

  金本位 gold standard

  金边债券 gilt-edged bonds

  金刚经 Vajracchedika-sutra

  金降落伞 golden parachute

  金融电子化 computerize financial services

  金融工具 financial instruments

  金融危机 financial crisis

  金融违规行为 financial irregularities /improprieties

  金融重组 financial reorganization

  金融自由化 financial liberalization

  金融租赁 financial lease

  金税工程 the Golden Tax Project (a national taxation computer network)

  金无足赤,人无完人 Gold can't be pure and man can't be perfect.

  金玉满堂 Treasures fill the home

  紧箍咒 inhibiting magic phrase

  紧密型企业集团 tightly-knit groups of enterprises

  紧追 cling to, shadow, thunder on one's trail

  劲射 power shot

  近海渔业 offshore fishery

  近水楼台先得月 First come, first served; A water-front pavilion gets the moonlight first——the advantage of being in a favored position.

  进出口商会 chamber of import and export trade

  进口差价税 import variable duties

  进口附加税 import surcharge

  进口环节税 import linkage tax

  进口渗透 import penetration

  进项税 input tax

  进修班 class for further studies

  禁渔期 closed fishing seasons

  禁止在任何地方、任何环境进行一切方式的释放核能的核武器试验保爆炸 prohibit any nuclear weapon test explosion which releases nuclear energy at any place and in any environment

  京剧票友 Peking Opera fan

  京剧人物脸谱 types of facial make-up in Beijing opera

  经常项目顺差 favorable balance of current account, surplus of current account

  经常性贷款 commercial lending

  经常性支出 running expenses

  经济担保书 financial guarantee

  经济的持续高速发展 sustained and rapid development of economy

  经济调整 economic restructure

  经济房 low-cost housing

  经济复苏 economic resurgence

  经济和技术合作 ECOTECH cooperation (Economic and technology cooperation)

  经济林 cash tree

  经济全球化 economic globalization; economic integration

  经济失调指数 misery index

  经济师 economic engineer; economic manager; economist

  经济适用房 (economically) affordable housing

  经济头脑 commercially minded people; people with business sense

  经济总量 economic aggregate

  经营管理高度科学化的现代化大企业 modern big enterprise with highly scientific management system

  精简机构 streamline government organs

  精品 competitive products

  精神文明建设 promote cultural and ideological progress; develop socialist culture and ethics

  景泰蓝 cloisonné

  竞争上岗 take up a job through competition

  敬老院 home for the aged; seniors' home

  敬业精神 professional dedication; professional ethics

  靖国神社 Yasukuni Shrine

  境外就业 be employed abroad

  境外消费(服务贸易) consumption abroad

  纠风办 State Council Office for Rectifying

  九届全国人大四次会议 the Fourth Session of the Ninth National People's Congress

  九五攻关 State Key Task 95

  酒肉朋友 fair-weather friend

  救援人员 rescue workers

  就业前培训  pre-job training

  居委会 neighborhood committee; residents' committee

  局域网 local area network (LAN)

  举办城市 host city

  举报电话 informants' hot-line telephone

  举杯 propose a toast

  拒载 refuse to take passengers

  具有中国特色的 with Chinese characteristics

  聚集效益 aggregation effect

  决策性机构 policy-making body

  决战时刻 zero hour

  军嫂 soldier's wife

  军用飞机 warplane, military aircraft

  君子之交淡如水 the friendship between gentlemen is as pure as crystal; a hedge between keeps friendship green

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