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常用新闻词汇-S

2006-06-03 14:26

  S:

  塞翁失马,焉知非福 Misfortune may be an actual blessing.

  三八红旗手 woman pace-setter

  三八线 38th Parallel

  三步走战略 the three-step development strategy

  三产 tertiary industry

  三大作风 the Party's three important styles of work (integrating theory with practice, forging close links with the masses and practicing self-criticism)

  三废(废气、废水、废渣) three wastes(waste gas, waste water and waste residues)

  三高农业 three highs agriculture (high yield, high quality and high efficiency agriculture)

  三个代表 three represents theory (the Party must always represent the requirements of the development of China's advanced productive forces, the orientation of the development of China's advanced culture, and the fundamental interests of the overwhelming majority of the people in China.)

  三个有利于 three favorables (whether it promotes the growth of the productive forces in a socialist society, increases the overall strenth of the socialist state and raises the people's living standards

  三好学生 merit student; three good student(good in study, attitude and health)

  三讲教育(讲学习、讲政治、讲正气) three emphases education (to stress theoretical study, political awareness and good conduct); stress the need to study, to be political-minded and to be honest and upright

  三角恋爱 love triangle三角债 chain debt

  三来一补企业 the enterprises that process raw materials on clients' demands, assemble parts for the clients and process according to the clients' samples; or engage in compensation trade.

  三连冠 three successive championships

  三民主义 the Three People's Principles (Nationalism, Democracy and the People's Livelihood) put forward by Dr. Sun Yat-sen

  三农问题 issues concerning agriculture, countryside and farmers

  三陪 girls who provides illegal sexual services, esp. prostitute

  三权分立 separation of the executive, legislative and judicial powers

  三十而立 A man should be independent at the age of thirty. / At thirty, a man should be able to think for himself.

  三通 three direct links of trade, mail, and air and shipping services across the Taiwan Straits

  三通一平 three supplies and one leveling; supply of water, electricity and road and leveled ground (conditions ready for further economic development)

  三维电影 three-dimensional movie

  三维动画片 three-dimensional animation

  三无企业 three-no-enterprises (It refers to enterprises with no capital, no plant, and no administrative structure.)

  三峡工程 Three Gorges Project

  三下乡 a program under which officials, doctors, scientist and college students go to the countryside to spread scientific and literacy knowledge and offer medical service to farmers

  三资企业(中外合资企业,中外合作企业,外商独资企业) three kinds of foreign-invested enterprises or ventures: Sino-foreign joint ventures, cooperative businesses and exclusively foreign-owned enterprises in China

  三字经 three-character scripture

  三自原则 principles of self-administration, self-support and self-propagation

  散户 retail / private investor

  桑拿浴 sauna

  扫黄,打非 eliminate pornography and illegal publications

  扫盲 eliminate illiteracy

  扫尾工作 round-off work; wind-up work

  森林覆盖率 forest coverage; percentage of forest cover

  杀鸡用牛刀 break a butterfly on the wheel

  杀手锏 sudden thrust of the mace——one's trump or master card

  沙尘暴 sand storm; dust storm

  沙漠化 desertification

  刹住大吃大喝、公费旅游、铺张浪费的奢侈之风 put a stop to extravagance and waste (wining and dining of official guests,touring the country at public expenses)

  山不在高,有仙则名 No matter how high the mountain is, its name will spread far and wide if there is a fairy;

  山姆大叔 Uncle Sam

  煽情 arouse one's enthusiasm or fervor

  闪电战 blitz; lightning war

  闪客 flash

  商检局 Commodity Inspection Bureau

  商品房空置的现象 the vacancy problem in commercial housing

  商品化 commercialization

  商品经济 commodity economy

  商品条码 bar code

  商务旅游 business travel

  商业炒作 commercial speculation

  商业存在(服务贸易) commercial presence

  商业贷款 commercial loan

  商业网点 commodity network

  上岗 go to one's post; go on duty

  上岗证 work license

  上海合作组织 Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)

  上海五国第六次峰会 the sixth summit of Shanghai Five

  上海五国机制 the Shanghai Five mechanism上马 start a project

  上门服务 door-to-door service

  上门推销员 knocker

  上山下乡 (of educated urban youth) go and work in the countryside or mountain areas

  上市 to be listed

  上市公司 listed companies

  上网 to get on the Internet, surf the net

  上新台阶 reach a new level; reach a higher stage of development

  上有天堂,下有苏杭 Just as there is paradise in heaven, ther are Suzhou and Hangzhou on earth.

  少数服从多数、下级服从上级、局部服从全体、全党服从中央 the minority is subordinate to the majority, the lower level to the higher level, the part to the whole and the entire membership of the Party to the Central Committee

  蛇头 snakehead

  舍利子 Buddha's relics

  社会保障支出 expenditure for social security

  社会保障制度 social security system

  社会福利彩票 social welfare lotteries

  社会化服务体系 socialized service system; social service system

  社会力量办学 running of schools by non-governmental sectors

  社会名流 celebrity

  社会热点问题 hot spots of society

  社会效益 social effect /results /benefit

  社会治安情况 public security situation

  社会主义精神文明建设 socialist ideological and ethical progress

  社会主义市场经济 socialist market economy

  社论 editorial

  社区服务 community services

  涉外经济 foreign-related business

  摄政王 acting king; prince regent

  申办2008年奥运会 bid for 2008 Olympics

  申办奥运会 bid for the Olympic Games

  申办城市 the bidding cities

  申请破产保护 file for bankruptcy protection

  申诉权 right of petition

  身体素质 physique; physical constitution

  身外之物 worldly possessions

  深加工 deep processing; further processing

  神州行电话卡 Shenzhou pre-paid card

  审时度势 size up the situation

  渗透、颠覆和分裂活动 infiltrative, subversive and splittist activities

  升级换代 updating and upgrading (of products)

  生计问题 bread-and butter issue

  生命银行 bank for keeping the donated organs and remains of dead persons for medical use

  生态建筑 ecological construction

  生态林 ecological forest

  生态旅游 ecotourism

  生态农业 environmentally friendly agriculture

  生物恐怖主义 bioterrorism

  生物圈 biosphere

  生意兴隆 Business flourishes

  声讯台 information service center

  省会 provincial capital

  圣战(伊斯兰教徒对异教徒的战争) jihad

  失恋 be disappointed in love; be jilted

  失学儿童 dropout

  失业金 unemployment compensation

  师兄弟 (senior and junior) fellow apprentice

  施政纲领 administrative program

  十五计划《纲要》突出了战略性、宏观性、政策性 The Outline for the Tenth Five-Year highlights its strategic vision, broad perspectives and policy considerations

  十一界三中全会 the Third Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Party

  石漠化 stony desertification

  时不我待 Time and tide wait for no man.

  实报实销 complete reimbursement

  实话实说 speak the plain truth; call a spade a spade; tell it as it is

  实践是检验真理的唯一标准 Practice is the sole criterion for testing truth.

  实例化教学 case study teaching

  实时达帐 real-time account settlement

  实事求是 seek truth from facts; be practical and realistic; be true to facts

  实体经济 the real economy

  实现零的突破 fulfil the zero (gold medal, medal, etc) breakthrough

  实现小康目标 to achieve the goal of ensuring our people a relative comfortable life

  实现中华民族伟大复兴 bring about a great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation

  实行股份制 enforce stockholding system

  实行国民待遇 grant the national treatment to

  实行计划生育、控制人口数量、提高人口素质 promotion of family planning to control the population size and improve the health of the people

  食品卫生法 Food Hygiene Law of People's Republic of China

  使中国经济与国际接轨 To bring China's economy more in line with international practice

  世界奥林匹克日 the International Olympic Day

  世界大学生运动会(大运会) universiade

  世界观、人生观、价值观 world outlook; outlook on life; values

  世上无难事,只要肯攀登 Where there is a will, there is a way.

  世外桃源 a fictitious land of peace away from the turmoil of the world;

  市场饱和 market saturation; saturated market

  市场导向的就业机制 market-oriented employment mechanisms

  市场化 marketization

  市场疲软 sluggish market

  市场营销学 marketing

  市场占有率 market share

  市场准入 market access

  市话 local calls

  市盈率 p/e (price/earning) ratio

  市政工程 municipal works; municipal engineering

  市值 market capitalization

  事业单位 public institution

  视频点播 video on demand (VOD)

  试点工程 pilot project

  试点项目 pilot project

  试管婴儿 test-tube baby

  试用期 probationary period

  适度从紧的财政政策 moderately tight fiscal policy

  适龄儿童入学率 enrolment rate for children of school age

  适销对路的产品 readily marketable products

  适者生存 survival of the fittest

  释迦牟尼 Sakyamuni

  收购兼并 merger and acquisition

  收盘价 closing price

  收视率 audience ratings; television viewing

  手机充值 cellular phone replenishing

  手机入网费 initiation charges for mobile phone; mobile access fee

  首创精神 pioneering spirit

  首次公开发行的股票 initial public offering (IPO)

  首次上市(股票) IPO (Initial Public Offering)

  首发阵容(足球) first team

  首航 maiden voyage (of an aircraft or ship)

  首期按揭 down-payment

  寿司 sushi, a Japanese dish of rolls of cold rice flavoured and garnished

  受灾地区 disaster-affected are

  受灾群众 people afflicted by a natural disaster

  售后服务 after-sale services

  授信贷款 credit extension loan

  授信额度 line of credit

  瘦肉精(盐酸克伦特罗) clenobuterol hydrochloride

  枢纽工程 multi-purpose project or pivotal project

  树立企业良好形象 foster a good and healthy company image

  数据通信 data communication

  数码港 cyberport

  数字地球 digital globe

  数字蜂窝移动通信 digital cellular mobile telecommunications

  刷卡,划卡 to punch the card; to stamp the card

  甩卖 clearance sale; be on sale

  涮羊肉 instant-boiled mutton

  双刃剑 double-edged sword

  双向收费 two-way charge system

  双向选择 two-way selection (referring to employer and employee choosing each other in a job market)

  双学位 double degree

  双赢局面 win-win situation

  双职工 man and wife both at work; working couple

  双重遏制政策 dual containment policy

  双重轨制 two-tier system ; double-track system

  双重国籍 dual nationality

  谁言寸草心,报得三春晖 Such kindness of warm sun, can't be repaid by grass.

  水货 smuggled goods

  水墨画 Chinese brush drawing; ink and wash painting

  水土流失 soil erosion

  水下导弹 submarine-based missiles

  水涨船高 When the river rises, the boat floats high.

  税法的统一性和权威性 uniformity and authority of tax laws

  税前/税后收入 pretax / after-tax income

  税务师 tax accountant

  说曹操,曹操到 Talk of the devil and he comes.

  说明会 explanation session

  说起来容易做起来难 Easier said than done.

  硕博联读 a continuous academic project that involves postgraduate and doctoral study

  司仪 MC (master of ceremonies)

  私人企业 private enterprise

  私人游资 mobile private capital

  私营企业 privately-run enterprise

  思乡曲 Nostalgia

  思想僵铁 fossilized concept

  死而后已 until my heart stops beating

  死机 system halted

  死亡率 mortality

  死亡人数 death toll

  死帐 uncollectible account, bad debt, bad loan

  四大金刚 Four Heavenly Guardians at the entrance to a Buddhism temple; Four Devarajas

  四个现代化 four modernizations (the modernization of agriculture, industry, national defense, and science and technology)

  四合院 courtyard dwellilngs; quadrangle dwellings

  四十不惑 Life begins at forty.

  四书(《大学》、《中庸》、《论语》、《孟子》) The Four Books (The Great Learning, The Doctrine of the Mean, The Analects of Confucius, The Mencius)

  四项基本原则 the Four Cardinal Principles of adherence to the socialist road, the people's democratic dictatorship, the leadership of the Communist Party of China, and Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought

  四有新人 new generation of people with lofty ideals, moral integrity, good education and a strong sense of discipline

  送温暖工程 heart-warming project

  搜索引擎(计算机) search engine

  夙敌 arch-rival

  素质教育 quality education; education for all-around development

  酸雨 acid rain

  随行就市 prices fluctuating in response to market conditions

  岁岁平安 Peace all year round

  所得税 income tax

  所有权经营权分离 separate ownership from managerial authority

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