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建筑专业及钢结构专业词汇(l-s)

2006-06-13 15:26

  L

  laced of battened compression member 格构式钢柱(51)

  lacing and batten elements 缀材(缀件)(51)

  lacing bar 缀条(51)

  lamellar tearing 层状撕裂(62)

  lap connectlon 叠接(搭接)(59)

  lapped length of steel bar 钢筋搭接长度(36)

  large pannel concrete structure 混凝土大板结构(25)

  large-form cocrete structure 大模板结构(26)

  lateral bending 侧向弯曲(40)

  lateral displacement stiffness of storey 楼层侧移刚度(20)

  lateral displacement stiffness of structure· 结构侧移刚度(20)

  lateral force resistant wallstructure 抗侧力墙体结构(12)

  leg size of fillet weld 角焊缝焊脚尺寸(57)

  length of shear plane 剪面长度(67)

  lift—slab structure 升板结构(25)

  light weight aggregate concrete 轻骨料混凝土(28)

  limit of acceptance 验收界限(23)

  limitimg value for local dimension of masonry structure·

  砌体结构局部尺寸限值(47)

  limiting value for sectional dimension 截面尺寸限值(47)

  limiting value for supporting length 支承长度限值(47)

  limiting value for total height of masonry structure· 砌体结构总高度限值(47)

  linear expansion coeffcient 线膨胀系数(18)

  lintel 过梁(7)

  load bearing wall 承重墙(7)

  load-carrying capacity per bolt 单个普通螺栓承载能力(56)

  load—carrying capacity per high—strength holt 单个高强螺桂承载能力(56)

  load—carrying capacity per rivet 单个铆钉承载能力(55)

  log 原木(65)

  log timberstructure 原木结构(64)

  long term rigidity of member 构件长期刚度(32)

  longitude horizontal bracing 纵向水平支撑(5)

  longitudinal steel bar 纵向钢筋(35)

  longitudinal stiffener 纵向加劲肋(53)

  longitudinal weld 纵向焊缝(60)

  losses of prestress ‘预应力损失(33)

  lump material 块体(42)

  M

  main axis 强轴(56)

  main beam· 主梁(6)

  major axis 强轴(56)

  manual welding 手工焊接(59)

  manufacture control 生产控制(22)

  map cracking 龟裂(39)

  masonry 砌体(17)

  masonry lintel 砖过梁(43)

  masonry member 无筋砌体构件(41)

  masonry units 块体(43)

  masonry—concrete structure 砖混结构(¨)

  masonry—timber structure 砖木结构(11)

  mechanical properties of materials· 材料力学性能(17)

  melt—thru 烧穿(62)

  method of sampling 抽样方法(23)

  minimum strength class of masonry 砌体材料最低强度等级(47)

  minor axls· 弱轴(56)

  mix ratio of mortar 砂浆配合比(48)

  mixing water 拌合水(27)

  modified coefficient for allowable ratio of height to

  sectionalthickness of masonry wall 砌体墙容许高厚比修正系数(47)

  modified coefficient of flexural strength for timber curved mem—

  弧形木构件抗弯强度修正系数(68)

  modulus of elasticity of concrete 混凝土弹性模量(30)

  modulus of elasticity parellel to grain 顺纹弹性模量(66)

  moisture content 含水率(66)

  moment modified factor 弯矩调幅系数

  monitor frame 天窗架

  mortar 砂浆

  multi—defence system of earthquake—resistant building· 多道设防抗震建筑

  multi—tube supported suspended structure 多筒悬挂结构

  N

  nailed joint 钉连接,

  net height 净高l

  net span 净跨度

  net water/cementratio 净水灰比

  non-destructive inspection of weld 焊缝无损检验

  non-destructive test 非破损检验

  non-load—bearingwall 非承重墙

  non—uniform cross—section beam 变截面粱

  non—uniformly distributed strain coefficient of longitudinal tensile

  reinforcement 纵向受拉钢筋应变不均匀系数

  normal concrete 普通混凝土

  normal section 正截面

  notch and tooth joint 齿连接

  number of sampling 抽样数量

  O

  obligue section 斜截面

  oblique—angle fillet weld 斜角角焊缝

  one—way reinforced(or prestressed)concrete slab‘‘ 单向板

  open web roof truss 空腹屋架,

  ordinary concrete 普通混凝土(28)

  ordinary steel bar 普通钢筋(29)

  orthogonal fillet weld 直角角焊缝(61)

  outstanding width of flange 翼缘板外伸宽度(57)

  outstanding width of stiffener 加劲肋外伸宽度(57)

  over-all stability reduction coefficient of steel beam·

  钢梁整体稳定系数(58)

  overlap 焊瘤(62)

  overturning or slip resistance analysis 抗倾覆、滑移验算(10)

  P

  padding plate 垫板(52)

  partial penetrated butt weld 不焊透对接焊缝(61)

  partition 非承重墙(7)

  penetrated butt weld 透焊对接焊缝(60)

  percentage of reinforcement 配筋率(34)

  perforated brick 多孔砖(43)

  pilastered wall 带壁柱墙(42)

  pit· 凹坑(62)

  pith 髓心(?o)

  plain concrete structure 素混凝土结构(24)

  plane hypothesis 平截面假定(32)

  plane structure 平面结构(11)

  plane trussed lattice grids 平面桁架系网架(5)

  plank 板材(65)

  plastic adaption coefficient of cross—section 截面塑性发展系数(58)

  plastic design of steel structure 钢结构塑性设计(56)

  plastic hinge· 塑性铰(13)

  plastlcity coefficient of reinforced concrete member in tensile zone

  受拉区混凝土塑性影响系数(34)

  plate—like space frame 干板型网架(5)

  plate—like space truss 平板型网架(5)

  plug weld 塞焊缝(60)

  plywood 胶合板(65)

  plywood structure 胶合板结构(64)

  pockmark 麻面(39)

  polygonal top-chord roof truss 多边形屋架(4)

  post—tensioned prestressed concrete structure 后张法预应力混凝土结构(24)

  precast reinforced concrete member 预制混凝土构件(26)

  prefabricated concrete structure 装配式混凝土结构(25)

  presetting time 初凝时间(38)

  prestressed concrete structure 预应力混凝土结构(24)

  prestressed steel structure 预应力钢结构(50)

  prestressed tendon 预应力筋<29)

  pre—tensioned prestressed concrete structure· 先张法预应力混凝土结构(24)

  primary control 初步控制(22)

  production control 生产控制(22)

  properties of fresh concrete 可塑混凝土性能(37)

  properties of hardened concrete 硬化混凝土性能(38)

  property of building structural materials 建筑结构材料性能(17)

  purlin“—””— 檩条(4)

  Q

  qlue timber structurer 胶合木结构(㈠)

  quality grade of structural timber 木材质量等级(?0)

  quality grade of weld 焊缝质量级别(61)

  quality inspection of bolted connection 螺栓连接质量检验(63)

  quality inspection of masonry 砌体质量检验(48)

  quality inspection of riveted connection 铆钉连接质量检验(63)

  quasi—permanent value of live load on floor or roof,

  楼面、屋面活荷载准永久值(15)

  R

  radial check 辐裂(70)

  ratio of axial compressive force to axial compressive ultimate

  capacity of section 轴压比(35)

  ratio of height to sectional thickness of wall or column

  砌体墙柱高、厚比(48)

  ratio of reinforcement 配筋率(34)

  ratio of shear span to effective depth of section 剪跨比(35)

  redistribution of internal force 内力重分布(13)

  reducing coefficient of compressive strength in sloping grain for

  bolted connection 螺栓连接斜纹承压强度降低系数(68)

  reducing coefficient of liveload 活荷载折减系数(14)

  reducing coefficient of shearing strength for notch and tooth

  connection 齿连接抗剪强度降低系数(68)

  regular earthquake—resistant building 规则抗震建筑(9)

  reinforced concrete deep beam 混凝土深梁(26)

  reinforced concrete slender beam 混凝土浅梁(26)

  reinforced concrete structure 钢筋混凝土结构(24)

  reinforced masonry structure 配筋砌体结构(41)

  reinforcement ratio 配筋率(34)

  reinforcement ratio per unit volume 体积配筋率(35)

  relaxation of prestressed tendon 预应筋松弛(31)

  representative value of gravity load 重力荷载代表值(17)

  resistance to abrasion 耐磨性(38)

  resistance to freezing and thawing 抗冻融性(39)

  resistance to water penetration· 抗渗性(38)

  reveal of reinforcement 露筋(39)

  right—angle filletweld 直角角焊缝(61)

  rigid analysis scheme 刚性方案(45)

  rigid connection 刚接(21)

  rigid transverse wall 刚性横墙(42)

  rigid zone 刚域(13)

  rigid-elastic analysis scheme 刚弹性方案(45)

  rigidity of section 截面刚度(19)

  rigidly supported continous girder 刚性支座连续梁(11)

  ring beam 圈梁(42)

  rivet 铆钉(55)

  riveted connecction 铆钉连接(60)

  riveted steel beam 铆接钢梁(52)

  riveted steel girder 铆接钢梁(52)

  riveted steel structure 铆接钢结构(50)

  rolle rsupport 滚轴支座(51)

  rolled steel beam 轧制型钢梁(51)

  roof board 屋面板(3)

  roof bracing system 屋架支撑系统(4)

  roof girder 屋面梁(4)

  roof plate 屋面板(3)

  roof slab 屋面板(3)

  roof system 屋盖(3)

  roof truss 屋架(4)

  rot 腐朽(71)

  round wire 光圆钢丝(29)

  S

  safety classes of building structures 建筑结构安全等级(9)

  safetybolt 保险螺栓(69)

  sapwood 边材(65)

  sawn lumber+A610 方木(65)

  sawn timber structure 方木结构(64)

  saw-tooth joint failure 齿缝破坏(45)

  scarf joint 斜搭接(70)

  seamless steel pipe 无缝钢管(54)

  seamless steel tube 无缝钢管(54)

  second moment of area of tranformed section 换算截面惯性矩(34)

  second order effect due to displacement 挠曲二阶效应(13)

  secondary axis 弱轴(56)

  secondary beam 次粱(6)

  section modulus of transformed section 换算截面模量(34)

  section steel 型钢(53)

  semi-automatic welding 半自动焊接(59)

  separated steel column 分离式钢柱(51)

  setting time 凝结时间(38)

  shake 环裂(70)

  shaped steel 型钢(53)

  shapefactorofwindload 风荷载体型系数(16)

  shear plane 剪面(67)

  shearing rigidity of section 截面剪变刚度(19)

  shearing stiffness of member 构件抗剪刚度(20)

  short stiffener 短加劲肋(53)

  short term rigidity of member 构件短期刚度(31)

  shrinkage 干缩(71)

  shrinkage of concrete 混凝干收缩(30)

  silos 贮仓(3)

  skylight truss 天窗架(4)

  slab 楼板(6)

  slab—column structure 板柱结构(2)

  slag inclusion 夹渣(61)

  sloping grain ‘斜纹(70)

  slump 坍落度(37)

  snow reference pressure 基本雪压(16)

  solid—web steel column 实腹式钢柱(

  space structure 空间结构(11)

  space suspended cable 悬索(5)

  spacing of bars 钢筋间距(33)

  spacing of rigid transverse wall 刚性横墙间距(46)

  spacing of stirrup legs 箍筋肢距(33)

  spacing of stirrups 箍筋间距(33)

  specified concrete 特种混凝上(28)

  spiral stirrup 螺旋箍筋(36)

  spiral weld 螺旋形焊缝(60)

  split ringjoint 裂环连接(69)

  square pyramid space grids 四角锥体网架(5)

  stability calculation 稳定计算(10)

  stability reduction coefficient of axially loaded compression

  轴心受压构件稳定系数<13)

  stair 楼梯(8)

  static analysis scheme of building 房屋静力汁算方案(45)

  static design 房屋静力汁算方案(45)

  statically determinate structure 静定结构(11)

  statically indeterminate structure 超静定结构(11)

  sted 钢材(17)

  steel bar 钢筋(28)

  steel column component 钢柱分肢(51)

  steel columnbase 钢柱脚(51)

  steel fiber reinforced concrete structure· 钢纤维混凝土结构(26)

  steel hanger 吊筋(37)

  steel mesh reinforced brick masonry member 方格网配筋砖砌体构件(41)

  steel pipe 钢管(54)

  steel plate 钢板(53)

  steel plateelement 钢板件(52)

  steel strip 钢带(53)

  steel support 钢支座(51)

  steel tie 拉结钢筋(36)

  steel tie bar for masonry 砌体拉结钢筋(47)

  steel tube 钢管(54)

  steel tubular structure 钢管结构(50)

  steel wire 钢丝(28)

  stepped column 阶形柱(7)

  stiffener 加劲肋(52)

  stiffness of structural member 构件刚度(19)

  stiffness of transverse wall 横墙刚度(45)

  stirrup 箍筋(36)

  stone 石材(44)

  stone masonry 石砌体(44)

  stone masonry structure 石砌体结构(41)

  storev height 层高(21)

  straight—line joint failure 通缝破坏(45)

  straightness of structural member 构件乎直度(71)

  strand 钢绞线(2,)

  strength classes of masonry units 块体强度等级(44)

  strength classes of mortar 砂浆强度等级(44)

  strength classes of structural steel 钢材强度等级(55)

  strength classes of structural timber 木材强度等级(66)

  strength classes(grades) of concrete 混凝土强度等级(29)

  strength classes(grades) of prestressed tendon 预应力筋强度等级(30)

  strength classes(grades) of steel bar 普通钢筋强度等级(30)

  strength of structural timber parallel to grain 木材顺纹强度(66)

  strongaxis 强轴(56)

  structural system composed of bar ”杆系结构(11)

  structural system composed of plate 板系结构(12)

  structural wall 结构墙(7)

  superposed reinforced concrete flexural member 叠合式混凝土受弯构件(26)

  suspended crossed cable net 双向正交索网结构(6)

  suspended structure 悬挂结构(3)

  swirl grain 涡纹(1)

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