Editor's note: In the first half of 2002, the number of people with AIDS or infected with the HIV virus in China was reported to be 1 million. You may find the following terms useful in describing this shocking situation.
AIDS virus/HIV carriers /AIDS victim (patient)/HIV-positive 艾滋病病毒/HIV携带者/艾滋病患者/HIV阳性
A total of 300 HIV carriers and AIDS patients in China's Yunnan Province will benefit from a three-year clinical study programme aimed at finding a feasible way to treat the large numbers of HIV-positive patients in China. —CHINA DAILY
illegal plasma collection and blood transfusion/contaminated blood products 非法采血和输血/感染血制品
Doctors and health authorities believe that the low number of blood banks are primarily responsible for the growth of illegal blood collection and transfusion centres around the country. —HINDUSTAN TIMES
protected sex (sexual intercourse)/unprotected sex/ sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) 安全性行为/不安全性行为/性传染疾病
The police have arrested two more men on charges of having unprotected sex, although they knew they were infected with the virus that causes AIDS. —NEW YORK TIMES
intravenous drug abuse (addict)/abuser/injection drug user 静脉注射吸毒/静脉注射吸毒者/注射吸毒者
In some parts of the world, intravenous drug abuse is one of the major factors in the spread of HIV infections and the AIDS epidemic. —UNDCP.ORG
mother-baby transmission (mother-to-child HIV transmission) 母婴传播
Mother-baby transmission of HIV has been regarded as one of the main channels for the fatal AIDS disease in some developing countries. —REUTERS
high-risk group (behaviour)/more easily infected group 高危人群（行为）/易感人群
The findings do not satisfy public health officials who hope to stem the spread of the viral infection among this high-risk group, according to author Danielle C. Ompad in Maryland. —REUTERS
drug cocktail therapy (treatment) 鸡尾酒疗法
Song's condition was stabilized after receiving the "cocktail treatment" — a combination of anti-AIDS drugs that have so far proved effective in curbing, but not killing, HIV, the virus that causes AIDS.