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英语词汇-春节词汇

2006-07-29 15:42

  春节 The Spring Festival

  农历 lunar calendar

  正月 lunar January; the first month by lunar calendar

  除夕 New Year's Eve; eve of lunar New Year

  初一 the beginning of New Year

  元宵节 The Lantern Festival

  Customs:

  过年 Guo-nian; have the Spring Festival

  对联 poetic couplet: two successive rhyming lines in poetry

  春联 Spring Festival couplets

  剪纸 paper-cuts

  年画 New Year paintings

  买年货 special purchases for the Spring Festival do Spring Festival shopping

  敬酒 propose a toast

  灯笼 lantern: a portable light

  烟花 fireworks

  爆竹 firecrackers (People scare off evil spirits and ghosts with the loud pop.)

  红包 red packets (cash wrapped up in red paper, symbolize fortune and wealth in the coming year.)

  舞狮 lion dance (The lion is believed to be able to dispel evil and bring good luck.)

  舞龙 dragon dance (to expect good weather and good harvests)

  戏曲 traditional opera

  杂耍 variety show; vaudeville

  灯谜 riddles written on lanterns

  灯会 exhibit of lanterns

  守岁 staying-up

  拜年 pay New Year's call; give New Year's greetings; New Year's visit

  禁忌 taboo

  去晦气 get rid of the ill- fortune

  祭祖宗 offer sacrifices to one's ancestors

  压岁钱 gift money; money given to children as a lunar New Year gift

  Culture Note: In the old days, New Year's money was given in the form of one hundred copper coins strung together on a red string and symbolized the hope that one would live to be a hundred years old. Today, money is placed inside red envelopes in denominations considered auspicious and given to represent luck and wealth

  辞旧岁 bid farewell to the old year

  扫房 spring cleaning; general house-cleaning

  Blessings:

  金玉满堂 Treasures fill the home

  生意兴隆 Business flourishes

  岁岁平安 Peace all year round

  恭喜发财 Wishing you prosperity

  和气生财 Harmony brings wealth

  心想事成 May all your wishes come true

  吉祥如意 Everything goes well

  国泰民安 The country flourishes and people live in peace

  招财进宝 Money and treasures will be plentiful

  一帆风顺 Wishing you every success

  步步高升 Promoting to a higher position

  出入平安 Safe trip wherever you go

  祝你新的一年快乐幸福: Wish you happiness and prosperity in the coming year!

  事业成功,家庭美满: Wish you success in your career and happiness of your family!

  Food names:

  年糕 Nian-gao; rise cake; New Year cake

  团圆饭 family reunion dinner

  年夜饭 the dinner on New Year's Eve

  饺子 Jiao-zi; Chinese meat ravioli;dumpling

  汤圆 Tang-yuan; dumplings made of sweet rice, rolled into balls and stuffed with either sweet or spicy fillings

  八宝饭 eight treasures rice pudding

  糖果盘 candy tray:

  什锦糖 assorted candies - sweet and fortune

  蜜冬瓜 candied winter melon - growth and good health

  西瓜子 red melon seed - joy, happiness, truth and sincerity

  金桔 cumquat - prosperity

  糖莲子 candied lotus seed - many descendents to come

  糖藕 candied lotus root - fulfilling love relationship

  红枣 red dates - prosperity

  花生糖 peanut candy - sweet

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