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美国财产法(8)

2006-07-22 10:02   我要纠错 | 打印 | 收藏 | | |

  3.5 Gift

  赠与(gift)是某人将自愿将其财产转让给另一个人,并不附加任何条件和补偿。(A gift

  is a present transfer of property by one person to another without

  any consideration or compensation)

  要使赠与行为有效,须符合以下三个要素(Three requirements):第一,必须正式移交或音乐会所赠与的财产;第二,必须是赠与人的主观意愿;每三,必须被接受。

  There are three requirements for the making of a valid gift:

  (1) there must be a delivery from the donor to the donee; (2)

  the donor must possess an intent to make a present gift; and

  (3) the donee must accept the gift.

  赠与可以分为两类:

  生前赠与(Gifts inter vivos),

  临终赠与(Gifts causa mortis)

  所谓生前赠与是指赠与人在其正常生活期间所进行的赠与行为。这种赠与是不可撤销的。而临终赠与是指赠与人在处于生命垂危时所进行的赠与,这种赠与在一定情况是可以改变的。

  Gifts inter vivos-An inter vivos gift is a gift made during

  the donor's life when the donor is not under any threat of impeding

  death. An inter vivos gift, once made is irrevocable

  Gifts causa mortis- a gift causa mortis is a gift made in contemplation

  of immediately approaching death. A gift causa mortis is revoked

  if the donor recovers from the illness that prompted the gift

  交付是赠与的有效要素之一。交付可以分为以下三类:

  实际交付(Actual physical Delivery)这个好理解。

  推定交付Constructive delivery)- it is handing over the means of

  obtaining possession such as the keys to a car for example.

  However when the articles or goods are present and able to then

  physical delivery must occur.

  象征性交付(Symbolic delivery )- handing over something that is symbolic

  to the property given such as a writing. Notice that once again

  if physical delivery can occur it must occur.

  下面是关于交付的几个例子,请读者仔细阅读:

  Examples of different types of delivery

  1. A finds O's mislaid ring. O say to A it's yours. A keeps

  it. O changes her mind. Who has title O or A? A has better right

  to the property because the elements are sought. The delivery

  aspect is met because A has possession.

  2. A finds O's mislaid ring. A returns it to O. O looks at it

  and says to A: "Its your." O takes it to have it downsized

  for A. O is killed. Who has title, O or A? O has better title

  because A did not have possession of it. The transfer of the

  ring existed before the intent to give was made. A gave the

  ring back to O so manual transfer was not made.

  3. A finds O's mislaid ring. A returns it to O. O says I promise

  to leave it to you when I die. O is killed. Who has title, O

  or A. Without a will, future intent does not qualify. It has

  to be present intent to kill

  4. O gives savings bank book to B. (Bank permits book holders

  to withdraw funds)。 O dies before B takes money out. Who has

  title to the savings account? B because we have constructive

  delivery

  5. O gives B check. O dies before B can cash it. Is check good?

  Holding- no gift until check paid because donor retains dominion

  and control of funds.

  6. O gives A written instrument: I give you my wristwatch. O

  reneges. This is valid gift because symbolic delivery is satisfied.

  7. O hands A the leash to his pit-bull saying "Here take

  this" O walks away. Has title to the pit bull passed to

  A.? It is unclear it "here takes this" was an intent

  to give, and if A accepted the gift.

  上一篇:  美国财产法(6)

  下一篇:  美国财产法(7)

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