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习语集锦 第二十三辑

2006-07-29 10:45

  1. Across the board/across-the-board; applying in all cases; affecting everybody or everything. 全面;全部的

  Examples:

  (1) The civil servants were given annual bonuses across the board.

  (2) Because of bad business, some companies have announced an across-the-board cut in development spending.

  2. Act as someone/something: do the work or duties of someone/something. 代替

  Examples:

  (1) In the director's absence, Mary will act as the director.

  (2) This sofa can act as a bed at night.

  3. Act as a brake on/upon/ to someone's activity:

  make someone act with more caution; play the role of deterring someone or something. 遏制

  Example: The rise in bank interest rate acted as a brake on people's unnecessary loans.

  4. Bear a/no resemblance to someone: (not) look like someone. 看起来像/不像……

  Examples:

  (1) Helen bears a resemblance to a famous singer.

  (2) Though they are sisters, they bear no resemblance to each other.

  5. Bear no relation to something:

  be very different from something. 与……无相似之处

  Example: What Jack has just said bears no relation to the actual fact.

  6. Bear out: support or confirm. 支持;证实

  Example: I will bear you out if you lodge a complaint against that rascal.

  7. Capable of doing something: able to do something. 能够

  Examples:

  (1) Is you company capable of handling such a large order?

  (2) Be careful! That person is capable of playing tricks.

  8. Capitalise on something: take advantage of something. 利用

  Example: Our team capitalised on its opponent's obvious weakness and won the game in the end.

  9. Decide / determine on / upon someone / (doing) something: choose someone/(doing)something. 考虑后作出决定

  Examples:

  (1) Has the committee decided on the finalists of the game?

  (2) After some contemplation, the couple determined on spending the holiday abroad.

  10. Decline and fall, the: the sequence leading to a final and complete loss of power, etc. 衰亡

  Example: Nothing is commoner than the decline and fall of an empire.

  11. Dedicate something to someone/(doing) something:

  (i) give something completely to someone; devote. 献身于

  Example: Dr Lin dedicated his life to finding a cure for AIDS.

  (ii) declare something in honour of someone. 献给……

  Example: He dedicated his first book to his late mother.

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