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不要让便秘打扰来之不易的旅行

2006-07-01 10:05

  While it is common knowledge that diarrhea(1) is associated with(2) traveling, many people may not be aware that constipation(3) as well is often experienced when traveling long distances.

  Constipation can occur during travel because of differences in routine, diet, changes in lifestyle and not drinking enough water. Other factors contributing to constipation are lack of(4) exercise and ignoring the urge to go to the bathroom.

  People who experience constipation may find it difficult and painful to have a bowel(5) movement. Other symptoms(6) include feeling bloated(7), uncomfortable or sluggish(8).

  Sufferers may find they spend hours in the bathroom, only to have an unsatisfactory result. In some people, constipation is chronic and can last 12 weeks or more. In other words, constipation is not something you want to deal with either on vacation or during normal daily living.

  "Constipation, particularly if it's chronic, can hinder(9) quality of life because of the unpleasant symptoms associated with it," said Douglas Drossman, M.D. "As such(10), it is important for people who are affected to openly(11) discuss this with their doctor, because there are solutions."

  Constipation is more common than you may think. It affects 30 million people in the United States and is the cause of 2.5 million visits to physicians(12) and 92,000 hospitalizations(13) annually.

  Traditionally, treatments for constipation included increasing fiber intake, drinking enough water and using laxatives(14) or stool(15) softeners. However, these treatments are not always effective, and in some cases, may actually make the problem more severe. This can lead to increased bloating or gas, or carry a risk of dependency(16) on laxatives. Additionally, laxatives, stool softeners and even fiber therapies purchased in pharmacies(17) could be bulky(18) and hard to transport.

  Researchers are studying the use of new medications and behavioral(19) techniques to treat constipation. For example, research has focused on activating the Chloride Channel.

  Whether you are traveling or just being bothered in daily life, if you experience chronic constipation, you should take the important step to visit a doctor. A doctor will be able to accurately assess(20) the problem and provide treatment recommendations.

  人们都知道旅行时要千万小心别患上痢疾,但是在长途旅行过程中,经常会发生的便秘却总被忽略。

  由于旅行中生活习惯、饮食、生活方式的改变和缺乏足够的水,便秘很容易发生。 缺乏锻炼和忽略想上厕所的冲动也是导致便秘的原因。

  便秘的人会感觉大肠蠕动困难,十分痛苦。其他的感觉还有涨痛、不适或者行动迟缓。

  便秘的人通常在厕所呆上好几个小时,失望而归。有些人的便秘是慢性的,可以持续12周或者更长。也就是说,无论在旅行期间还是日常生活中,便秘问题都需要被重视。

  道格拉斯·多罗斯曼博士说:“便秘,特别是慢性便秘,带来的不适感觉会降低生活质量。因此,便秘患者应该大方地告诉医生自己的问题,因为这是可以医治的。”

  便秘远比你想得要普遍。美国有三千万人便秘,每年有二百五十万人去看医生,九万二千人住院治疗。

  通常,治疗便秘的方法有:多摄入纤维食品、多喝水、使用轻泻剂或者大便软化剂。但是,这些方法并非绝对有效,甚至有时候可能让情况更糟糕。它可能引起涨痛或者生成气体,也可能造成药物依赖。而且倾泻剂、大便软化剂,甚至是纤维药物的用量总是很大,难以携带。

  研究人员正在研究新的药物和行为技术治疗便秘。例如已有研究人员关注通过促进氯离子通道运动的方式解决便秘。

  无论你在旅行或者只是在日常生活中遭受便秘的折磨,尤其是慢性便秘,你应该迈出重要的一步—去看医生。医生会准确地判断病症,并给予诊疗建议。

  1. diarrhea:痢疾、腹泻

  2. be associated with:与…伴随而来的,与…相关的

  3. constipation:便秘

  4. lack of:缺乏… lack在这里作名词

  5. bowel:肠

  6. symptom:征兆

  7. bloated:发胀的

  8. sluggish:行动迟缓的

  9. hinder:阻碍、打扰

  10. as such:同样地

  11. openly:不隐瞒地

  12. physician:医师

  13. hospitalization:住院治疗

  14. laxative:轻泻剂

  15. stool:大便

  16. dependency:依赖

  17. pharmacy:药房

  18. bulky:体积大的

  19. behavioral:动作的

  20. assess:评估

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