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谈综合英语课程中的定语的后置(二)

2006-7-8 21:59  

  四、定语从句通常由关系代词或关系副词引导,它可分为限制性定语从句和非限制性定语从句两种。限制性定语从句与先行词关系密切,两者之间不用逗号分开;非限制性定误从句对先行词作些补充说明,两乾之间常用逗号分开。定语从句须后置。

  1. The hotels are filled with tourists and businessmen who have come from all over the world.

  旅馆内住满了来自世界各地的游客和商人。

  2. This was the first period when he first began the research which led to his famous theory of relativity.

  这就是他最初开始的导致他著名相对论研究的时期。

  (此句中有两个定语从句,when引导的从句修饰period,which引导折从句修饰research)

  3. The Municipal Government spares no efforts in solving some of the hard-nut-to-crack problems, one of which is the housing.

  市政府不遗余力地解决一些棘手问题,其中之一是住房问题。

  4. It has always been a mystery to me why city dwellers, who appreciate all these things, obstinately pretend that they would prefer to live in the country.

  为什么城市居民对这一切都很欣赏,却固执地装作宁愿住在乡杆,这一直使我百思不得其解。

  五、副词 here, there, in, out, home, above, below, before, everyday yesterday等充当定语时,常须后置。

  1. Platform shoes are on the way out.

  厚底鞋即将过时。

  2. Then rain waters can rush unchecked to the valley bellow.

  于是雨水会肆元忌惮地冲向下面的山谷。

  3. Dr. Cohler said in an interview here.

  苛勒博士在这儿的一次会谈中说道。

  4. They wonder whether they will catch that last home.

  他们不知道能否直上未班火车回家。

  六、开容词修饰由 some, any, every, no等构成的复合不定代词时,须后置。

  1. Something strange has happened.

  奇怪的事情发生了。

  2.Everyone wants the big, land-eating "uglies" to be in someone else's backyard.

  每个都想让占地广的不受欢迎的大工程建在别人的后院内。

  七、以-ible或-able结尾的形容词 作定语时,常后置。

  1. That is the only solution possible.

  那是唯一可行的解决办法。

  2. While I can't give complete answers to these questions in the available.

  然而在有限的时间内我不能对这些问题作出全面的答复。

  1. Hes is the only person alive today who took part in that battle.

  他是参加那次战斗还活着的唯一的人。

  2. The baby awake is looking here and there.

  醒着的婴儿东张西望。

  通过上述例子,我们可以看到,英语中的定语后置有一定的规律可循。在今后英语学习中,还将会碰到其它一些定语后置现象,我们必须加以认真思考和总结。

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