外语教育网
您的位置:外语教育网 > 英语影音 > 双语快讯 正文
  • 站内搜索:

牛津字典青睐新生词汇

2006-07-01 10:30

  Do chuggers bother you when you want to rock up to a restaurant with your cockapoo to hoover a supersized ruby murray?

  Confused? Then you need to refer to the new Oxford Dictionary of English to understand a host of(1) new words that appear for the first time in its latest edition.

  Among the new entries(2) are "potty-mouthed" (meaning using or characterised(3) by bad language), "lush" (very good) and "scopophilia" (sexual pleasure derived chiefly from(4) watching others when they are naked(5) or engaged(6) in sexual activity).

  Some words, such as "demographic" (a particular sector of a population) have become commonplace(7) but only now make it into the dictionary.

  They are joined by those emerging from new technology like "phishing" (fraudulently(8) sending emails purporting(9) to be from reputable(10) firms to get individuals to reveal personal details).

  Many of the new words are simply formed by mixing two others together, such as charity and mugger making "chugger" (someone who approaches passers-by in the street asking for donations(11) for a charity) and "labradoodle" (a cross between a Labrador retriever and a poodle).

  "To suit the pace of our lifestyle today there is a growing tendency to mix words together to make entirely new ones called blends(12)," the dictionary researchers said.

  They also said there were now 350 ways of insulting(13) someone —— from "chucklehead" to "muppet" —— ten times more than there were complimentary(14) expressions, while there were 50 words for good-looking women, there were only about 20 for men.

  And for those without a dictionary to hand, "rock up" means arrive, "cockapoo" is a mix between a cocker spaniel dog and a poodle, "hoover" means to eat something quickly, and "ruby murray" is rhyming(15) slang for a curry(16).

  每当你带着你的cockapoo,rock up to饭馆hoover超大ruby murray的时候,有没有被chuggers打扰过?

  晕了吧?现在你需要去查看一下最新版本的牛津英文字典,很多词都是第一次出现的。

  新单词包括"potty-mouthed",意思是说脏话或者总是讲粗口;"lush",意思是非常好;"scopophilia",意思是通过偷窥裸体或者进行性行为而获得快感。

  还有一些专业词汇,这次也被纳入常用词类,例如"demographic",它原本是人口统计学的专业术语。

  另外还有一些词汇来自新技术,例如"phishing",意思是假称知名公司向个人发送电子邮件来骗取个人信息。

  很多新单词只是由另外两个单词组合而成的,例如“charity(慈善)”和“mugger(路匪)”组成了“chugger”,指的是在大街上拦住行人请求慈善捐赠的人:“labradoodle”则是“Labrador retriever(拉布拉多猎狗)”和“poodle(狮子狗)”的混合体。

  字典的研究人员说:“现代的人们越来越喜欢把单词拼凑在一起组成一个全新的单词,我们称这类单词为合成词”。

  他们还说从“chucklehead(傻瓜)”到“muppet(提线木偶)”,现在大约有350种骂人的用语,比赞美用语多十倍;有50个词可以用来形容漂亮的女人,但是只有20个可以用来形容男人。

  对于现在手头没有字典的朋友们,我来解释一下:“rock up”的意思是到达:“cockapoo”是“cocker spaniel dog(西班牙长耳猎犬)”和“poodle(狮子狗)”的合成词:“hoover”的意思是快速地吃东西:“ruby murray”则是咖喱的另一种俚语押韵表达法。

  1. a host of:许多,一大群

  2. entry:条目

  3. characterized:以…为特点

  4. derive from:得自,由来,衍生

  5. naked:裸体的,无遮盖的

  6. engage:从事

  7. commonplace:平常话,日常用语

  8. fraudulently:欺骗性地

  9. purport:声称

  10. reputable:著名的

  11. donation:捐款,捐赠

  12. blend:混合

  13. insult:侮辱,凌辱

  14. complimentary:称赞的,夸奖的

  15. rhyming:押韵

  16. curry:咖哩粉,咖哩饭菜

相关热词:牛津字典 英语 新闻
考试英语系列辅导课程
周 涵著名职称英语辅导专家,十余年职称英语教学实践……详情>>
周涵:职称英语辅导名师
赵文通资深学位英语辅导专家,深谙命题方向及重点、难点……详情>>
赵文通:学位英语考试辅导名师
冉继军北京大学博士,知名高校教师,雅思权威辅导专家……详情>>
冉继军:雅思考试辅导名师

  1、凡本网注明 “来源:外语教育网”的所有作品,版权均属外语教育网所有,未经本网授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他方式使用;已经本网授权的,应在授权范围内使用,且必须注明“来源:外语教育网”。违反上述声明者,本网将追究其法律责任。
  2、本网部分资料为网上搜集转载,均尽力标明作者和出处。对于本网刊载作品涉及版权等问题的,请作者与本网站联系,本网站核实确认后会尽快予以处理。本网转载之作品,并不意味着认同该作品的观点或真实性。如其他媒体、网站或个人转载使用,请与著作权人联系,并自负法律责任。
  3、联系方式
  编辑信箱:for68@cdeledu.com
  电话:010-82319999-2371