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口译分类英语词汇(热门话题)

2006-07-16 11:46

  AA制 Dutch treatment; go Dutch B to B (B2B) business to business B to C (B2C) business to consumer NASDAQ National Association of Securities Deal Automated Quotations艾滋病(获得性免疫缺陷综合征) AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome)

  安居工程 housing project for low-income urban residents按成本要素计算的国民经济总值 GNP at factor cost按揭贷款 mortgage loan按揭购房 take out a mortgage to buy a house; buy a house on time按劳分配 distribution according to one's performance暗亏 hidden loss暗恋 unrequited love; fall in love with someone secretly奥姆真理教 Japanese Aum Doomsday Cult巴黎证券交易所 Paris Bourse把…当成耳旁风Like water off (on) a duck‘s back把握大局 grasp the overall situation白马王子 Prince Charming白色农业 white agriculture (also called “white engineering agriculture”; It refers to microbiological agriculture and biological cell agriculture.)

  白色行情表 white sheet白手起家 starting from scratch白雪公主 Snow White摆架子 put on airs摆谱儿 put on airs; show off; keep up appearances拜把兄弟 sworn brothers拜年 pay New Year calls or visits搬迁户 relocated families半拉子工程 uncompleted project傍大款 (of a girl) find a sugar daddy; be a mistress for a rich man; lean on a moneybags棒球运动记者 scribe包二奶 have a concubine (originally a Cantonese expression)

  包干到户 work contracted to households包干制 overall rationing system; scheme of payment partly in kind and partly in cash包工包料 contract for labor and materials保持国民经济发展的良好势头 maintain a good momentum of growth in the national economy保持国有股 keep the State-held shares保健食品 health-care food保理业务 factoring business保税区 the low-tax, tariff-free zone; bonded area/zone保证金 margins, collateral保证重点支出 ensure funding for priority areas保值储蓄 inflation-proof bank savings报国计划的实施 implementation of Dedicator's Project奔小康 strive for a relatively comfortable life本本主义 bookishness本命年 one's year of birth considered in relation to the 12 Terrestrial Branches笨鸟先飞 A slow sparrow should make an early start.蹦击 bungee, bungee jumping逼上梁山 be driven to drastic alternatives比较经济学 comparative economics比上不足,比下有余 worse off than some, better off than many; to fall short of the best, but be better than the worst闭门羹 given cold-shoulder边际报酬 marginal return边缘科学 boundary science便携式电脑 portable computer; laptop; notebook computer变相涨价 disguised inflation标书 bidding documents表演赛 demonstration match剥夺冠军 strip the gold medal of somebody博彩(业)lottery industry博士生 Ph.D candidate补缺选举 by-election不败记录 clean record, spotless record不承诺放弃使用武器 not undertake to renounce the use of force不打不成交 No discord, no concord.不到长城非好汉 He who has never been to the Great Wall is not a true man.不分上下的总统选举结果the neck-and-neck presidential election result不可再生资源 non-renewable resources不良贷款 non-performing loan不夜城 sleepless city, ever-bright city不正之风 bad (harmful) practice; unhealthy tendency布达拉宫 Potala Palace步行天桥 foot bridge擦边球 edge ball, touch ball擦网球 net ball财政收入 fiscal revenue采取高姿态 show magnanimity菜篮子工程 shopping basket program参政、的议政 participate in the management of State affairs仓储式超市 stockroom-style supermarket沧海桑田 Seas change into mulberry fields and mulberry fields change into seas——time brings great changes to the world. / What was once the sea has now changed into mulberry fields——the world is changing all the time.藏学 Tibetology草根工业 grass root industry (refers to village and township enterprises which take root among farmers and grow like wild grass)

  层层转包和违法分包 multi-level contracting and illegal sub-contracting查房 make/go the rounds of the wards差额投票 differential voting差额选举 competitive election拆东墙补西墙 rob Peter to pay Paul拆迁户 households or units relocated due to building demolition搀水股票 water-down stocks (ordinary stocks that can be bought by persons inside a stock company or a business at a cost lower that their face value)

  产粮大省 granary province产品结构 product mix产权明晰、的权责明确、的政企分开、的科学管理 clearly established ownership, well defined power and responsibility, separation of enterprise from administration, and scientific management产权制度、的产权关系 property relations; property order产销直接挂钩 directly link production with marketing产业的升级换代 upgrading of industries产业结构升级 upgrading of an industrial structure长江三角洲 Yangtze River delta长期共存、的互相监督、的肝胆相照、的荣辱与共 long-term coexistence, mutual supervision, sincere treatment with each other and the sharing of weal or woe长线产品 product in excessive supply畅通工程 “Smooth Traffic Project”唱高调 mouth high-sounding words超高速巨型计算机 giant ultra-high-speed computer超前消费 over-consuming, excessive consumption朝阳产业 sunrise industry炒作 speculation彻头彻尾的反动政治势力an out and out reactionary political force成份指数 component index成组技术 group technology承包 contract with承销商underwriter城市规划 city's landscaping plan; urban planning城市中年雅皮士 muppie (一批中年专业人士,附庸风雅,矫揉造作cutesification,崇尚竟品至上boutiqueification,攀比银行存款bankification等摆阔作风,由middle-aged urban yuppie缩合而成)

  城乡信用社 credit corroborative in both urban and rural areas吃大锅饭 egalitarian practice of “everybody eating from the same big pot”吃皇粮 receive salaries, subsidies, or other supported from the government抽杀成功 hit through筹备委员会 preparatory committee筹资 raised capital/proceeds出风头 show off; in the limelight出家 pravrajana; cloister出口创汇能力 capacity to earn foreign exchange through exports出口加工区 export processing zones出口卖方信贷 seller's credit on exports出口退税制度 the system of refunding taxes on exported goods; export (tax) rebate出口押汇 bill purchased (B/P); outward documentary bill出口转内销 domestic sales of commodities originally produced for exports传销 pyramid selling; multi-level marketing窗口行业 various service trades创建卫生城市:build a nationally advanced clean city创业园 high-tech business incubator; pioneer park吹风会 (advanced) briefing春蕾计划 Spring Buds Program春运 (passenger) transport during the Spring Festival辞旧迎新 bid farewell to the old and usher in the new; ring out the old year and ring in the new磁悬浮列车 Maglev (magnetically levitated train)

  此地无银三百两 A guilty person gives himself away by consciously protesting his innocence.次新股 sub-new stock从粗放经济转变为集约经济 shift from extensive economy to intensive economy粗放式管理 extensive management促进全球经济一体化 foster integration with the global economy存款保证金 guaranty money for deposits达标活动 “target hitting” activities打白条 issue IOU打包贷款 packing credit (loan)

  打黑 crack down on speculation and profiteering打假 crack down on counterfeit goods打破僵局 break the deadlock打顺手 find one's touch, get into gear, settle into a groove大包干 all-round responsibility system大轰动 blockbuster大开眼界 open one's eyes; broaden one's horizon; be an eye-opener大款 tycoon大力扣杀 hammer大路货 staple goods大满贯 grand slam大排档 sidewalk snack booth; large stall大胜 white wash大事化小,小事化了 try first to make their mistake sound less serious and then to reduce it to nothing at all大腕 top notch大型电视系列片,长篇电视连续剧 maxi-series大学生创业 university students' innovative undertaking大要案 major and serious criminal cases大专生 junior college student大专文凭 associate degree代职 function in an acting capacity带薪分流 assign redundant civil servants to other jobs while allowing them to retain their original rank and benefits待岗 await job assignment, post-waiting待业 job-waiting单刀赴会 start a solo run单循环制 single round-robin system弹性工资 flexible pay弹性外交 elastic diplomacy党群关系 Party-masses relationship党政机关 Party and government organizations倒春寒 unusually cold spell in an otherwise warm early spring倒计时 countdown倒票 speculative reselling of tickets倒爷 profiteer捣浆糊 give the runaround盗版VCD pirated VCD盗打(电话) free call on somebody else's expense through illegal means盗用公款 embezzlement等外品 off-grade goods, rejects邓小平外交思想 Deng Xiaoping's diplomatic thoughts低调 low keyed (a metaphor for taking a cautious and slow approach)

  地方保护主义 regional protectionism地方财政包干制 system whereby local authorities take full responsibility for their finances地球村 global village地区差异 regional disparity地热资源 geothermal resources地市级城市 prefecture-level city第二产业 secondary industry第二上市 secondary listing第三产业 tertiary industry; service sector第三代移动电话(3G手机) third generation mobile; 3G mobile第一发球权 first inning第一发球员 first server第一双打 first pair点球 penalty kick点子公司 consultancy company电话号码升位 upgrade telephone number电话会议 teleconference电脑犯罪 computer crime电视直销 TV home shopping电信运营商 telecom operators电子商务认证 e-business certification吊球 drop shot吊销执照 revoke license钉子户 person or household who refuses to move and bargains for unreasonably high compensation when the land is requisitioned for a construction project定向培训 training for specific posts豆腐渣工程 jerry-built projects毒枭 drug trafficker独立核算工业企业 independent accounting unit(enterprise)

  度假外交holiday-making diplomacy短期债务 floating debt断交信 Dear John letter (from woman to man)

  队长袖标(足球) skipper's armband对……毫无顾忌 make no bones about ……

  对冲基金 hedge fund对外招商 attract foreign investment多党合作制 multi-party co-operation in exercising State power多任务小卫星 small multi-mission satellite (SMMS)

  夺冠 take the crown厄尔尼诺现象 El Nino phenomenon恶性通货膨胀 hyperinflation恶性循环 vicious circle二板市场; 创业板市场 growth enterprise board; second board; hi-tech board二次创业 start a new undertaking二级市场secondary market二进宫 to enter the palace a second time (people with a past criminal record again commits a crime, and is convicted and put into a correctional institution)

  二流选手 scrub, second-rater二手房 second-hand house二元经济 dual economy发案率 incidence (of criminal cases)

  发烧友 fancier; zealot; enthusiastic fan发展不平衡 disparate development发展是硬道理 Development is of overriding importance. / Development is the absolute need.法制国家 a state with an adequate legal system法治国家 a country under the rule of law翻两番 quadruple反败为胜 bring about a complete turnabout, pull out of the fire反不正当竞争法 Law of the People's Republic of China Against Competition by Inappropriate Means反腐倡廉 combat corruption and build a clean government防抱死系统 ABS (anti-lock braking system)

  防洪工程 flood-prevention project房管 real estate management访谈式竞选 (候选人在电视访谈节目中亮相进行的竞选)talk-show campaign放下架子 to relinquish haughty airs; to get off one's high horse; throw off one's airs放行单 release permit飞毛腿(导弹)Scud missile飞行药检 spot check非对称数字用户环路 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Loop (ADSL)

  费改税 transform administrative fees into taxes分拆上市 A subsidiary company of a corporation is listed on the stock market.分流 reposition of redundant personnel分期付款 installment payment分税制 system of tax distribution分销 sub-underwriting, distribution粉领族 pink-collar tribe (Women who play major role in certain professions such as office workers, secretaries, models, airline hostesses, etc)

  风险投资 venture capital; risk investment封闭式基金 close-ended fund封杀出局 force out疯牛病 mad cow disease; bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE)

  锋利扣杀 razor-sharp smash扶贫 poverty alleviation浮动工资 floating wages; fluctuating wages福利彩票 welfare lotteries福利分房 welfare-oriented public housing distribution system复式住宅duplex apartment; compound apartment (a type of residential housing that maximizes usable space by increasing the number of the story building)

  覆盖率 coverage rate改制上市:An enterprise is re-organized according to modern corporate system so that it will get listed on the stock market.干部队伍革命化、的年轻化、的知识化、的专业化 make the ranks of cadres more revolutionary, younger in average age, better educated and professionally more competent尴尬,困境,糟糕 pretty pass感谢款待的信 a bread and butter letter (a letter sent as thanks for being treated well as someone's guest)

  港人治港 Hong Kong people administering Hong Kong高层次、的全方位的对话 high-level and all-directional dialogue高产优质 high yield and high quality高度自治 high degree of autonomy高杠杆交易机构 highly-leveraged institutions(HLI)

  高官会 Senior Officials Meeting (SOM)

  高级商务师 Certified Business Executive高架公路 elevated highway; overhead road高科技板块 high-tech sector高难度动作 stunner, stunt高清晰度 high definition高新技术产业开发区 high and new technology industrial development zone个人收入应税申报制度 the system of the declaration of individual incomes for tax payment个人自扫门前雪, 莫管他人瓦上霜 hoe one‘s own potatoes各大菜系 major styles of cooking各尽所能let each person do his best; from each according to his ability各就各位On your marks!“根本政治制度 fundamental political system跟踪审计 follow-up auditing工程公司 engineering company工商局 industrial and commercial bureau工薪阶层 salariat; state employee; salaried person工业控制一体化integrated industrial control; industrial control of integration工业园区 industrial park公费医疗 medical services at state expense公告板服务 Bulletin Board Service (BBS)

  公积金public accumulation funds, public reserve funds公检法 public security organs, procuratorial organs and people's courts公开喊价市场 open outcry markets公款吃喝 recreational activities using public funds公路隔离带 median公司分立与解散 separation and dissolution of a company公益林 public welfare forest公正、的公平、的公开 just, fair and open公证财产 notarize the properties功夫不负有心人 Everything comes to him who waits.恭喜发财 May you be prosperous!; Wish you all the best!

  共产党领导下的多党合作与政治协商 multi-party cooperation and political consultation under the leadership of Communist Party股本share capital股本金 equity capital骨干企业 key enterprise挂靠 be attached or affiliated to; be subordinate to挂职 1) take a temporary post (in order to temper oneself); 2) serve in a lower level unit for a period while retaining one's position in the previous unit关税壁垒 customs barrier; tariff wall光谷 optical valley光机电一体化 optical, mechanical and electronic integration光盘杂志 CD-ROM magazine光通讯 photo-communication; optical communication广告电话直销direct response advertising广域网 wide area network (WAN)

  归口管理 put under centralized management by specialized departments国产化率 import substitution rate; localization rate of parts and components国防动员体制 the mobilization for national defense国际惯例 international common practice国际化战略 internationalization strategy国际日期变更线 International Date Line (IDL)

  国际商业机器公司 International Business Machine Corporation (IBM)

  国家经济体制改革委员会 the State Commission for Restructuring the Economic Systems国家控股公司 state-controlling company国家普通话水平考试 National Proficiency Test of Putonghua国家一级保护 first-grade State protection国家质量技术监督局 the State Bureau of Quality and Technical Supervision国脚 player of the national football team; footballer of the national team国库券 treasury bonds国民党 Kuomintang国民经济支柱产业 pillar industries in national economy国民生产总值 gross national product (GNP)

  国内生产总值 gross domestic product (GDP)

  国土局 Land and Resources Bureau国债专项资金 special fund for treasury bond过度开垦 excess reclamation过犹不及 going too far is as bad as not going far enough; beyond is as wrong as falling short; too much is as bad as too little海市蜃楼, 镜花水月, 无稽之谈 a mare‘s nest海湾战争综合征 the Gulf War syndrome函授大学 correspondence university汉字处理软件 Chinese character processing software旱地滑雪场 mock skiing park航母 aircraft carrier航向错误, 奉行错误方向 on the wrong tack豪赌 unrestrained gambling好出风头的运动员 exhibitionist, grandstander好莱坞大片 Hollywood blockbuster好球 “Strike”好事不出门,恶事传千里 Good news never goes beyond the gate, while bad news spread far and wide.合理引导消费 guide rational consumption合议庭 collegiate bench和服 Kimono核销 cancel after verification黑店 gangster inn黑客 hacker黑社会 Mafia-style organizations; gangland红包 (中)red paper containing money as a gift, (贬) bribe, kickback红筹股red chips红股 bonus share红帽子企业 red cap enterprise (refers to the reputation a private enterprise enjoys by becoming attached to a government department and doing business in the name of a state-run or collective-run enterprise)

  红细胞生成素 Erythropoietin (EPO)

  宏观调控 macro-control后防空虚 leave the defense exposed后台管理 back-stage management呼啦圈 hula hoop胡子工程 long-drawn-out project (a project which takes so long that young workers become bearded)

  虎父无犬子 A wise goose never lays a tame egg.互动广告 interactive advertisement户口簿 residence booklet户口管理制度 domicile system, residence registration system户主 head of a household护身法宝 amulet华表 ornamental column/cloud pillar/stele华盖 canopy滑板车 scooter坏球 “Ball”还俗 resume secular life, unfrock环太平洋地区 Pacific Rim换手率 turnover rate黄、的赌、的毒 pornography, gambling and drug abuse and trafficking黄金时段 prime time灰色收入 income from moonlighting挥棒 swing挥棒不中 fan汇丰银行 Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation (HSBC)

  婚介所 matrimonial agency婚外恋 extramarital love活到老,学到老 One is never too old to learn.火炬计划 Torch Program (a plan to develop new and high technology)

  货币化 monetization货币回笼 withdrawal of currency from circulation货到付款 cash on delivery机场建设费 airport construction fee机构投资者 institutional investor机构臃肿的 overstaffing in organizations (government)

  积压产品 overstocked commodities (inventories)

  基本国情 fundamental realities of the country基本路线要管一百年 The basic line must be followed unswervingly for a very long time to come.基层民主 democracy at the grassroots level基层组织 organizations at the grass-roots level基础设施 infrastructure基因工程 genetic engineering基因突变 genetic mutation绩优股 blue chip缉毒队 narcotics squad缉私力量 the forces engaged in the fight against smuggling激烈竞争 cut-throat competition吉尼斯世界记录 Guinness (Book of Records)

  吉祥物 mascot集体婚礼 collective wedding ceremony集中精力把经济建设搞上去 go all out for economic development计划单列市 city specifically designated in the state plan计划生育责任制 responsibility system of family planning计算机辅助教学 computer-assisted instruction (CAI)

  计算机中央处理器 central processing unit(CPU)

  记者席 press box技术产权交易所 technology equity market; technology property right exchange技术交底 confide a technological secret to somebody技术密集产品 technology-intensive product技术下乡 spread technological knowledge to farmers既成事实fait accompli (noun)

  既往不咎, 忘掉旧嫌 let bygones be bygones加班 work extra shifts加密 encrypt加强舆论监督 ensure that the correct orientation is maintained in public opinion加权平均值 weighted average家庭联产承包责任制 the household contract responsibility system家族企业 family firm嘉宾 distinguished guest, honored guest甲骨文 inscriptions on animal bones or tortoise shells假唱 lip-synch假动作 deception, feint假日经济 holiday economy尖端产品 highly sophisticated products坚持统一,反对分裂,增加了解,化解歧见 persist in reunification, oppose separation, increase understanding and iron out differences监督部门 watchdog减负 alleviate burdens on sb.减速玻璃(汽车)decelerating glass减员增效 downsizing for efficiency; cut payroll to improve efficiency剪彩 cut the ribbon剪刀差 the scissors gap between the prices of …… and ……

  江南水乡 the south of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River讲诚信,反欺诈: honor credibility and oppose cheating

  降落伞候选人,外来候选人(应召而来参加本人非所在地区竞选的政党候选人)parachute candidate侥幸球 fluke脚踩两只船 sit on the fence脚踏实地 be down-to-earth教书育人 impart knowledge and educate people教学法 pedagogy; teaching method教育部社政司 Social Science Research and Ideological Work Department of the Ministry of Education接口 interface街道企业 neighborhood enterprise街心花园 park at an intersection; garden in the city center节奏布鲁斯音乐(RMB音乐) rhythm blues结售汇制度 the system of exchange, settlement and sales解放生产力 emancipate the productive forces解放思想、的实事求是的思想路线 ideological line of emancipating the mind and seeking truth from facts解困基金 anti-poverty funds戒毒所 drug rehabilitation center戒急用忍 overcome impetuosity and exercise patience; no haste, be patient金本位 gold standard金边债券 gilt-edged bonds金降落伞 golden parachute金融电子化 computerize financial services金融危机 financial crisis金税工程 Golden Tax Project金无足赤, 人无完人 Gold can't be pure and man can't be perfect.紧箍咒 inhibiting magic phrase紧密型企业集团 tightly-knit groups of enterprises紧追 cling to, shadow, thunder on one's trail劲射 power shot近海渔业 offshore fishery近水楼台先得月 First come, first served; A water-front pavilion gets the moonlight first——the advantage of being in a favored position.进出口商会 chamber of import and export trade进口渗透 import penetration进修班 class for further studies禁渔期 closed fishing seasons禁止在任何地方、的任何环境进行一切方式的释放核能的核武器试验保爆炸 prohibit any nuclear weapon test explosion which releases nuclear energy at any place and in any environment京剧票友 Peking Opera fan京剧人物脸谱 types of facial make-up in Beijing opera经常项目顺差favorable balance of current account, surplus of current account经常性贷款 commercial lending经常性支出 running expenses经济林 cash tree经济全球化 economic globalization; economic integration经济失调指数 misery index经济头脑 commercially minded people; people with business sense经营管理高度科学化的现代化大企业 modern big enterprise with highly scientific management system精简机构 streamline government organs精品 competitive products景泰蓝 cloisonné敬业精神 professional dedication; professional ethics九五攻关 State Key Task 95居委会 neighborhood committee; residents' committee局域网 local area network (LAN)

  举报电话 informants' hot-line telephone拒载 refuse to take passengers君子之交淡如水 the friendship between gentlemen is as pure as crystal; a hedge between keeps friendship green竣工式 completion ceremony卡丁车 kart开发一代,储存一带,预研一代 (产品) to develop this generation of products while researching on the next generation of products开放式基金 open-ended fund开工不足 enterprises running under their production capacity开工典礼 commencement ceremony开后门under-the-counter deals; offer advantages to one's friends or relatives by underhand means开题报告 opening speech; opening report, thesis proposal开小灶 give special favor开夜车 burn the midnight oil; work over night看跌/看涨期权 put / call option看守政府, 看守内阁,过渡政府 caretaker cabinet抗震棚 quake-proof shelter考研 take part in the entrance exams for postgraduate schools考研热 the craze for graduate school科技成果转化为生产力 transfer of scientific and technological achievements科技含量 technology content科技是第一生产力 Science and technology constitute a primary productive force.科教兴国 rely on science and education to rejuvenate the nation科研攻关 scientific research and tackle the key research project可持续发展战略 strategy of sustainable development可转换债券convertible bond刻录机 CD writer; disc-carving machine空头支票 accommodation note, lip service空中小姐 air hostess; air stewardess控股公司 holding company口蹄疫 foot-and-mouth disease扣帽子 put a label on跨世纪工程 a trans-century project跨越式发展 great-leap-forward development快速反应部队 rapid response force快讯 news flash; flash宽带接入 broadband access宽带网 broadband networks宽限期 grace period亏损企业 enterprises running in the red/under deficit困难职工 the needy扩大内需 to expand domestic demand垃圾债券 junk bond拉动经济增长 fuel economic growth拉关系 try to curry favor with拉拉队 cheering squad拉拉队长 cheer-leader, rooter king拉尼娜现象 La Nina phenomenon来电显示电话机 caller ID telephone来料加工 process materials supplied by clients; accept customers' materials for processing蓝筹股 blue chips劳动合同制 labor contract system老少边穷地区 former revolutionary base areas, areas inhabited by minority nationalities, remote and border areas and poverty-stricken areas老生常谈,陈词滥调 cut and dried老字号 an old and famous shop or enterprise篱笆墙 barriers/ blockage to inter-regional trading礼尚往来 Courtesy calls for reciprocity.礼仪小姐 ritual girl理货公司 tally company立体农业 three-dimensional agriculture利改税 substitution of tax payment for profit delivery利好因素 wrinkle利基 niche连带责任 joint liability联产承包责任制 system of contracted responsibility linking remuneration to output; contract system with remuneration linked to output联合国会费 the UN membership dues联合兼并 conglomeration and merger of enterprises联合联络小组 joint liaison group联合投标 syndicated tender联想集团 Legend Group廉洁奉公,以正治国 (of an official) clean and devoted, and govern the state with his own example of uprightness廉政、的勤政、的务实、的高效政府 an honest, diligent, pragmatic and efficient government廉政建设 construction of a clean and honest administration练摊 to be a vendor良性循环 virtuous circle粮食收购部门 (government's) grain procurement (purchasing) agencies粮油关系:grain and oil rationing registration两岸直航促进会 Association for Promotion of Cross-Straits Direct Transportation两弹一艇 A-bomb, H-bomb and nuclear-powered submarine两个对等的政治实体 “two equal political entities两个文明一起抓 place equal emphasis on material and ethical progress两手抓两手都要硬 We must address ourselves to the problem of both material and spiritual civilization(both material as well as culture and ideological progress) without any letup.两思(致富思源,富而思进) to think of the source of getting rich and of making progress after becoming affluence两院院士academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Chinese Academy of Engineering劣等品shoddy goods; substandard goods猎头公司 head-hunting company临时主教练 caretaker coach零配件 spare and accessory parts领头羊 bellwether流动人口 transient population流动图书馆 traveling library; bookmobile留得青山在,不怕没柴烧 Where there is life, there is hope.留学咨询:consulting on the study abroad留职停薪 retain the job but suspend the salary龙头老大 leading enterprise; flagship of the industry路演road show旅行结婚 have a honeymoon trip绿地覆盖率 forest coverage rate绿化 afforestation绿色急救通道 emergency green path绿色食品 green food乱集资、的乱摊派、的乱收费 unwarranted pooling of funds, arbitrary requisition of donations and exaction of fees from enterprises乱收费、的乱摊派、的乱罚款 arbitrary charges, fund-raising quotas and fines论文答辩 (thesis) oral defense裸机bare mobile phone马拉松式竞选活动 campaignathon马路菜场入室工程 the project to build indoor free market to accommodate street vegetable vendors马太效应 the Matthew effect (A phenomenon in specific circles whereby one's accomplishments and reputation tend to snowball, and those with meager accomplishments have greater difficulty achieving accomplishments. )

  买一送一 two-for-one offer, buy one get one free满意度 degree of satisfaction盲流和倒流人员 transient from the countryside冒充包装(销售)[指将劣质商品包装成外观像名优产品出售的做法] copycat packaging帽子戏法 hat trick每逢佳节倍思亲 On festive occasions more than ever one thinks of one's dear ones far away./ It is on the festival occasions when one misses his dear most.美声唱法 bel canto美食节 gourmet festival门户网站 portals门前三包 be responsible for general sanitation, green covering and keeping good social order in a designated area outside the unit building朦胧诗 misty poetry蒙古包 (Mongolian) yurt蒙古大夫 quack孟子 Mencius民办教师 teachers in rural schools who do not receive the normal remuneration from the government民工潮 farmers' frenzied hunt for work in cities民进党 Democratic Progressive Party民主党派、的工商联与无党派人士 non-Communist parties, federations of industry and commerce, personages without party affiliation民族国家 nation state民族凝聚力 national cohesion民族委员会 ethnic affairs commission民族文化大省 a province with rich ethnic culture明明白白消费(2000年保护消费者权益工作主题)transparent consumption模拟测试 mock test; simulated exam磨洋工 dawdle along莫失良机 make hay while the sun shines目标管理 management by objectives内耗 in-fighting内环路 inner ring road内联企业 enterprises with internal connections纳米 nanometer耐用消费品 durable consumer items (goods)

  男高音演唱家 tenorist男权主义思想 male chauvinism南水北调工程 divert water from the south to the north project难得糊涂 Where ignorance is bliss, it's folly to be wise.囊括 complete a sweep闹情绪 be disgruntled; be in a fit of pique能官能民 be ready to both serve as an official and be one of the common people能进能出,能上能下competent to work both at the top and at the grass roots能上网的手机 WAP phone泥菩萨过河 like a clay Buddha fording the river-hardly able to save oneself; each one is looking out for his own survival年同比 year-on-year; on an annual basis年夜饭 family reunion dinner扭转局面 reverse the tide, turn the table农村剩余劳动力 surplus rural labor (laborers)

  农工商联合企业 agro-industrial-commercial combines偶像 idol派出所 local police station跑龙套 utility man, play a bit role, general handyman泡沫经济 bubble economy配股 allotment of shares配套政策 supporting policies棚户 shacks; family that live in shacks碰钉子 get snubbed碰头会 brief meeting ( A brief, small-scale, informal meeting with no fixed agenda, the main purpose of which is to exchange information.)

  皮包公司 bogus company疲软股票 soft stock啤酒肚 beer belly骗汇、的逃汇、的套汇 obtain foreign currency and false pretenses, not turn over foreign currency owed to the government and illegal arbitrage票贩子 scalper, ticket tout票房 box office贫富悬殊 polarization of rich and poor贫铀弹 depleted uranium bomb平均主义 equalitarianism平面设计师 graphic designer平时不烧香,临时抱佛脚 never burn incense when all is well, but clasp Buddha's feet when in distress评头论足 nit-pick瓶颈制约 “bottleneck” restrictions扑网(体) rush-up, rushing普选制 general election system期房 forward delivery housing骑警 horseback police旗袍 cheong-sam; Chi-pao企业孵化器 enterprise incubator企业集团的松散层 loose level (of an enterprise group)

  企业文化 corporate culture起跑器 block洽谈会 fair, meeting千禧婴儿 millennium infant; millennium baby强化班 intensive training program/class抢跑 false start, beat the gun敲竹杠make somebody pay through the nose; put the lug on; rob by a trick切入点 point of penetration; breakthrough point亲民党 People First Party勤工俭学 part-work and part-study system; work-study program轻轨火车 light rail train清明节 Qingming Festival/ Pure Brightness Festival/ Tomb Sweeping Day清算/结算 clearing /settlement情感消费 emotional consumption情有独钟 show special preference (favor) to …

  区位商业 location-based commerce屈体 jackknife, pike圈外人士 people out of the loop全方位外交 multi-faceted diplomacy全国卫生城市 National Hygienic City全景电影 cinepanoramic全面实施以德育为核心、的以创新精神和实践能力为重点的素质教育 carry on the quality education centering on moral education and emphasizing creativity and practice全民健身计划纲要 outline of the nationwide body-building plan全能冠军 all-around winner全球定位系统 global positioning system (GPS)

  全球通 global system for mobile communications全天候飞机 all-weather aircraft全天候服务round-the-clock service全优工程 all-round excellent project权贵资本主义(又译裙带资本主义或亲朋好友资本主义) crony capitalism拳头产品 flagship products; competitive products; knock-out products; blockbuster裙带风 nepotism; petticoat influence裙带关系 networking through petticoat influence群言堂 allow everybody to air his view; let everyone have his say; speak one's mind freely燃油附加税 bunker surcharge染指 reap undeserved profit from; encroach upon绕圈子 beat around the bush热岛效应 tropical island effect人才流失brain drain人浮于事 overstaffing人工智能 artificial intelligence(AI)

  人海战术 huge-crowd strategy人机交互 human-computer interaction人际交往 human communication人均住房 per-capita housing人口负增长 negative population growth (NPG)

  人类免疫缺陷病毒Human Immunodeficiency Virus(HIV)

  人情债 debt of gratitude认股权证 warrant任意球 free kick日本协力银行 Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC)

  融资渠道 financing channels入水时水花很少 clean entry软新闻 soft news软着陆 soft landing塞翁失马,焉知非福 Misfortune may be an actual blessing.三八红旗手 woman pace-setter三步走战略 the three-step development strategy三大作风 the Party's three important styles of work (integrating theory with practice, forging close links with the masses and practicing self-criticism)

  三个代表 “three represents” theory (The Party should always represent the development needs of China's advanced social productive forces, always represent the onward direction of China's advanced culture, and always represent the fundamental interests of the largest member of the Chinese people.)

  三个有利于 “three favorables” (whether it promotes the growth of the productive forces in a socialist society, increases the overall strength of the socialist state and raises the people's living standards三好学生 merit student; three good student (good in study, attitude and health)

  三讲教育(讲学习、的讲政治、的讲正气) “three emphases” education (to stress theoretical study, political awareness and good conduct)

  三角恋爱 love triangle三角债 chain debts三来一补企业 the enterprises that process raw materials on clients' demands, assemble parts for the clients and process according to the clients' samples; or engage in compensation trade.三连冠 three successive championships三十而立 A man should be independent at the age of thirty. / At thirty, a man should be able to think for himself.三通 three direct links of trade, mail, and air and shipping services across the Taiwan Straits三通一平 “three supplies and one leveling”; supply of water, electricity and road and leveled ground (conditions ready for further economic development)

  三维电影 three-dimensional movie三维动画片 three-dimensional animation三无企业 three-no-enterprises (It refers to enterprises with no capital, no plant, and no administrative structure.)

  三下乡 a program under which officials, doctors, scientist and college students go to the countryside to spread scientific and literacy knowledge and offer medical service to farmers三资企业 foreign-invested enterprises: Sino-foreign joint ventures(中外合资企业), cooperative businesses (中外合作企业) and exclusively foreign-owned enterprises in China(外商独资企业)

  三字经 three-character scripture散户 retail / private investor桑那浴 sauna扫黄、的打非eliminate pornography and illegal publications扫尾工作 round-off work; wind-up work杀手锏 sudden thrust of the mace——one's trump or master card沙尘暴sand storm; dust storm山不在高,有仙则名;No matter how high the mountain is, its name will spread far and wide if there is a fairy;

  商检局 Commodity Inspection Bureau商品房空置的现象 the vacancy problem in commercial housing商品条码 bar code上山下乡 (of educated urban youth) go and work in the countryside or mountain areas上市 to be listed上网 to get on the Internet上有天堂,下有苏杭 Just as there is paradise in heaven, there are Suzhou and Hangzhou on earth.少数服从多数、的下级服从上级、的局部服从全体、的全党服从中央 the minority is subordinate to the majority, the lower level to the higher level, the part to the whole and the entire membership of the Party to the Central Committee社会热点问题 hot spots of society社会治安情况 public security situation, law-and-order situation涉外经济 foreign-related business申办奥运会 bid for the Olympic Games身体素质 physique; physical constitution神州行电话卡 Shenzhou pre-paid card审时度势 size up the situation渗透、的颠覆和分裂活动 infiltrative, subversive and splittist activities生态农业 environmental-friendly agriculture失恋 be disappointed in love; be jilted失学儿童 dropout师兄弟 (senior and junior) fellow apprentice时不我待 Time and tide wait for no man.实话实说 speak the plain truth; call a spade a spade实践是检验真理的唯一标准 Practice is the sole criterion for testing truth.实体经济 the real economy实现零的突破 fulfill the zero (gold medal, medal, etc) breakthrough实现小康目标 to achieve the goal of ensuring our people a relatively comfortable life, attain the goal of building a well-off society实现中华民伟大复兴 bring about a great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation实行国民待遇 grant the national treatment to实行计划生育、的控制人口数量、的提高人口素质 promotion of family planning to control the population size and improve the health of the people食品卫生法 Food Hygiene Law of People's Republic of China史记 Shi Ji/ Historical Records世界观、的人生观、的价值观 world outlook; outlook on life; values市场疲软 sluggish market市场准入 market access市盈率p/e (price/earning) ratio市值 market capitalization事业单位 public institution试用期 probationary period适度从紧的财政政策 moderately tight financial policy适销对路的产品的 readily marketable products适者生存survival of the fittest收购兼并M&A (merger and acquisition)

  收入 invisible income; off-payroll income; side money收视率 audience ratings; television viewing手机入网费 mobile access fee首创精神 pioneering spirit首航 maiden voyage (of an aircraft or ship)

  首期按揭 down-payment受灾地区 disaster-affected are售后服务 after-sale services授信额度 line of credit树立企业良好形象 foster a good and healthy company image刷卡, 划卡 to punch the card; to stamp the card甩卖 clearance sale; be on sale涮羊肉 instant-boiled mutton双刃剑 double-edged sword双向选择 two-way selection, referring to employer and employee choosing each other in a job market水货 smuggled goods水墨画 Chinese brush drawing; ink and wash painting硕博联读 a continuous academic project that involves postgraduate and doctoral study司仪 MC (master of ceremonies)

  思乡曲 Nostalgia思想僵铁 fossilized concept死机 system halted四大金刚 Four Heavenly Guardians at the entrance to a Buddhism temple; Four Devarajas

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