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考研英语作文万能模式(下)

2006-7-16 23:04 张鑫友外语研究网 
  第一段(描述现象)Nowaday there is often a lack of understanding between A and B.On the one hand, A find it difficult to……。On the other hand, B complain that …… are too "old-fashioned"(to)……。So whenever…… are in trouble ,they will seek help from …… instead of from……
  第二段(分析原因)There are some possible reasons for the problem.In the first place,……。In the second place,……put too much pressure on ……and spare little time to ……。Finally…… (参考原因:Even if A listen to the explanation of B, A often disagree with B.) As a result, the problem is becoming more and more serious.
  第三段(对症下药,给出建议。)To bridge the (gap) between A and B, both of them should be co-operative. For A ,they should be considerate of …… ( for the sake of …… ). As for B, they should ……。With joint efforts, A and B can reach a better understanding……
  笔者注:模式中的每一段基本都由首句,扩展句,结论三部份组成,此后模式中此类注释将部份同前省略。
  类比型
  1,立足两事物间的共性,阐述二者之间的相似之处(比较法)
  2,立足各自的个性,阐述二者之间的差异 (对照法)
  第一段(A的好处)Many people appreciate the conveniences of A.……。Also,……。
  第二段(B的好处)But B is also attractive.……
  第三段(A,B各自的不足)However, either A or B has its own disadvantages. A are confronted with many problems. Such as…… and so on. But B……
  第四段(我的选择)As for me, I prefer to A. First,……。Second,(参考原因:compared with the undeveloped factors of B, A is an adeal…… for me to……(最后谈对A不足的补救措施)Of course……
  对待某事物与成功的关系(以机遇为例)
  第一段(首句引出机遇——机不可失,失不再来)Opportunities don`t come often.(扩展句1机遇常常悄然离去)They come every once in a while. Very often, they come quietly and go by without being noticed.(结论珍惜机遇)Therefore, it is advisable that you should value and treat them with care.
  第二段(首句说明机遇的偶然性) When an opportunity presents itself(来到时),it brings a promise but never realizes it on its own. (扩展句1抓住机遇,实现成功的途径)If you want to achieve something or intend to fulfill one of your ambitions you must work hard, make efforts and get prepared.(扩展句2反证法)Otherwise, you will take no advantage of opportunities when they come to visit you. (结论必须做好一切可能的准备)It is clear that it order to be highly qualified for our future jobs. We should make every possible preparation.
  第三段(Relationship between opportunity and success——首句说明处理机遇的态度是成功者与失败者之间的区别) The difference between a man who succeeds and one who does not lies only in the way each treats opportunities.(扩展句1成功者的态度)The successfull person always make adequate preparations to meet…… as they duly arrive.(扩展句2失败者的态度)The unsuccessful person, on the other hand, works little and just waits to see them pass by.(结论)Obviously, the two different attitudes towards opportunities may lead to quite different consequences.
  第四段(我的观点) In my opinion, there are plenty of opportunities for everyone in our society, but only those who are prepared adequately and qualified highly can make use of them to achieve their purpose.
  笔者注:(1)全文选取该文做为自己的一个模式,是认为此类文章有一定的普遍性。考研时此类作文虽给出题纲,但短时间内不好扩展,有时甚至无话可说。所以对与此类文章,还是该早做准备——加以总结归纳。
  (2)此模式中大部份诸如“If you want to achieve something…… make efforts and get prepared.”等的句子实际也是模式说理句型,可运用于多种环境之中。平时要注意此类说理句型的总结,将其纳入模式之中。
  (3)特别像此类不好说具体道理的文章,尤其要注意文章的开头,结尾以及中间段的头尾的启,乘,转,合之处。因为考试中说理部份大家都可能差不多半斤八两。
  (4)“presents itself”= come,但在文中最好多用此类的新词(大学学的词或短语),这样就有可能成为亮点。
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