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考研英语最后黄金押题小作文

2006-7-16 23:04 张鑫友外语研究网 

  目的和写法

  倡导信一般是为了解决某个普遍关注的问题而以某职能部门、权威人士或广大群众为对象的信函。通常有标题。其内容与本书前文所述的问题解决型考研英语作文题较为相似。

  A Letter to Citizens of Beijing as to Improving Involvement in Preparation for the 2008 Olympic Games.

  Dear Countrymen

  I am writing the letter to call on all people in Beijing to perk up and do more work for the coming 2008 Olympic Games. As a common citizen here in the capital of our great motherland, I jumped over joy when news came saying we won the competition for hosting the great games, the first in our history.

  But after a month-long excitement, I started to think about the question: What can I do for the huge project? I had been left with helplessness for all the past months, like many people did. But now I came up with some ideas that might attract you and equip us all with sufficient confidence.

  Maybe I would be too old to be a volunteer in 2008, but I will start studying English, and two of three of other foreign languages if possible, to be able to communicate with friends from all corners of the world. We could have been making Beijing an international city in the proper sense of the word. Apart from that I will try to understand modern concepts about making a city, and a country, more beautiful, for example, environmental protection, community construction, city planning, and above all, the quality of being a citizen in the modern metropolis, and make positive efforts to put them into practice.

  Actually, we will not be making preparation for preparation's sake. After 2008, I have all the reasons to be optimistic that Beijing, and our country, will be taking a strong position in the powers of the world.

  Please join me in the action and extend our excitement into a spirit that dares any possible difficulties!Thank you!

  Best wishes to Beijing and our country,

  Zhong Guan

  (A common citizen of Beijing)

  小作文之二——道歉信道歉信的目的是向收信人表明歉意,请求对方对自己的某种过失表示谅解。

  写作策略:

  首段:表明写信意图,对某事表示歉意。

  主体段落:说明道歉的具体原因,应展开。在主体段落中,写信人应当在申述理由时照顾读信人的感受,切忌强词夺理。

  结尾段:再次表明兼意,请求收信人的谅解。在结尾段还可以建议对自己的过失采取何种补救措施。

  道歉信中开头段常用句式和套话

  I am writing this letter to express my regret…

  I am writing to apologize for…

  I would like to give you my apology for…

  I am very sorry to say that…

  I must apologize about (not) doing sth…

  Please accept my sincere apology for…

  I am writing to say sorry for…

  I am terribly sorry, but…

  道歉信中结尾段常用句式和套话

  Once again, I am sorry for any inconvenience caused.

  Please allow me to say sorry again.

  Hope you can accept my apologies and understand my situation.

  I sincerely hope that you will be able to think in my position and accept my apologies.

  I want to let you know how regretful I am feeling now.

  I am sorry that I can't… and trust that you will be able to understand.

  ★例:

  Directions:

  One of your pen pals will shortly be visiting your city. For some reason, you can not manage to meet him at the airport on time. Write a letter:

  1) explaining why you cannot meet him at the airport,

  2) asking him to wait for you at the airport, and

  3) telling him how to identify you.

  You should write with no less than 100 words on Answer Sheet 2. Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use “Li Ming”instead. You do not need to write the address.

  范文:

  Dear Martin,

  I am looking forward to your visit. Just think, after all these years of writing to each other, we will finally have the chance to meet! However, I am sorry that I will not be able to meet you at the airport as soon as you arrive.

  The reason is that your flight will arrive early in the morning, and the earliest I can get To the airport will be about an hour after you land. Please wait for me in the arrival lounge. You should be able to have breakfast there while you wait.

  By the way, as we have never met I must tell you how to recognize me. I am of medium height and have a small moustache. In addition, I will be carrying a copy of the morning newspaper tucked under my left arm.

  Looking forward to our meeting.

  Yours sincerely,

  Li Ming

  小作文之三——感谢信感谢信是对收信人的某一行为表示感谢。

  写作策略:

  感谢信还有浓厚的感情色彩,具有比较浓的人情味,因此可操作性不是太强。考生即便学习了一篇范文,但对另外一道此类题目也是可能不知该从何处入手。实际上感谢信(还包括表扬信)从内容上恰恰与投诉信相反,因此可以直接套用投诉信的写法,只需将投诉信主体段落对投诉理由的具体说明改为对感谢或表扬理由的具体说明即可。例如,一道题目说代我在一个旅馆信了一段时间,但方方面面都不尽如人意,回家后你和家人都闹肚子,请你写一封投诉信。而另外一道题则是说你在一家旅馆住了一段时间,在那里度过了一段美好的时光,请你写一封感谢信。这两封信在主体段落上都可以从几个方面对该旅馆进行投诉或感谢,都可以从服务、饮食卫生、客房环境等几个方面来说明投诉或感谢的理由,只需将投诉信的不满改为感谢信的满意即可。由此可知,只要掌握了投诉信的写法,感谢信也应当是手到擒来。

  感谢信开头段常用句式和套话

  I am writing to extend my sincere gratitude for……

  I am writing to express my thanks for……

  I am writing to show my sincere appreciation for……

  I would like to convey in this letter my heartfelt thanks to you for……

  I feel deeply indebted to you and I really don't know how to thank you enough for your help.

  感谢信结尾段常用句式和套话

  I must thank you again for your generous help.

  I am most grateful for your selfless donation.

  My true gratitude is beyond the word's description.

  I feel most obliged to thank you once more.

  Please accept my gratitude, now and always.

  ★例:

  Directions:

  After being involved in an accident, you were looked after by another person. Write a letter:

  1) mentioning what happened in the accident,

  2) telling the person about your recovery, and

  3) expressing your thanks.

  You should write with no less than 100 words on Answer Sheet 2. Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use "Li Ming" instead. You do not need to write the address.

  范文:

  Dear John,

  I am writing to thank you for looking after me after that unfortunate accident the otherday, when I was knocked off my bike by a taxi. If it had not been for your assistance in givingme first aid and taking me to a nearby hospital, I fear that the consequences might have beenmuch more serious.

  The doctor says that my broken leg is healing well. In addition, the taxi company hasagreed to pay my hospital bills. Everyone agrees that it was your quick-witted response in that Emergency that has led to this satisfactory outcome.

  Although nowadays many people talk about the need to be unselfish and to help others, we see very few people practicing what they preach. But you showed by your actions that you are an exception.

  Yours sincerely,

  Li Ming

  小作文之四——建议信建议信开头段常用句式和套话

  I am writing in reply to…

  I would like to suggest that…

  I am writing with my suggestion proposal about…

  I am writing to express my views concerning…

  You have asked me for my advice with regard to…and I will try to make some conducive suggestions.

  表达建议常用句式和套话

  I feel that it would be beneficial if…

  I would like to suggest that…

  I would recommend that…

  If I were you, I would…

  You may consider doing…

  It would seem to me that you could…

  As you may agree that…

  建议信结尾常用句式和套话

  I hope you will find these suggestions/proposals/recommendations helpful/practical/ useful.

  I trust you will take my suggestion into account.

  I would be more than happy to see improvements in this regard.

  I would be ready to discuss this matter to further details.

  ★例:

  Directions:

  You have a friend who is about to enter university, and he wants you to advise him on which subject to specialize in——history, in which he is very interested, or computer science, which offers better job prospects. Write a letter:

  1) explaining what he could do,

  2) why he could do this, and

  3) wishing him luck with his studies.

  You should write with no less than 100 words on Answer Sheet 2. Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use “Li Ming” instead. You do not need to write the address.

  范文:

  Dear John,

  You asked for advice concerning whether you should study history or computer science at university. I will try making some suggestions.

  University is preparation for your career. You should consider studying a subject which will best equip you to earn a living. Computer science offers more job opportunities than history. We are now in a high-tech age. For the foreseeable future, it would be necessary for everyone to be equipped with computer skills merely to earn a living!

  Of course, you don't have to devote all your time at university to studying computers and nothing else. I would recommend that you continue reading of history in your spare time. That way, you will find that your leisure hours are enriched while you prepare yourself for a worthwhile career in computer science.

  Whatever you decide to do, good luck with you studies!

  Yours sincerely,

  Li Ming

  小作文之五——寻找失物信寻找失物信的目的是要收信人帮助寻找失物并将其返还失主。

  写作策略:

  首段:表明与收信人的相关性,说明写作意图。因为你要麻烦收信人,一般还可以在首段表示必要的歉意。

  主体段落:说明失物的具体内容以及失物的重要性。

  结尾段:说明如找到失物如何将其返还失主,并对收信人表达谢忱。

  一般来说,这种信中的写信人与收信人是相互认识的,注意称呼语的使用。

  寻找失物信开头常用句式和套话

  I am sorry to disturb you, but I have to……

  I am writing this letter to report the loss of my…… when I……

  I am writing this letter to request your assistance in finding my…… which I have lost during the stay with your hotel.

  I hope it will not be too much trouble for you to help me finding my suitcase which I have lost due to carelessness.

  I am writing this letter to see if it is possible for me to have my camera back.

  寻找失物信结尾常用句式和套话

  I would really appreciate it if you could……

  I would be grateful if you could……

  I also suggest that the lost bag be sent to…… if possible.

  Thank you for your help.

  I am looking forward to your reply.

  ★例:

  Directions:

  You have just spent a weekend staying at the Lilo Hotel in Adelaide. When you get home you find that you have left a bag at the hotel. Write to the manager of the hotel:

  1) giving any relevant information about the bag and its contents

  2) asking the manager to contact you immediately if the bag is found and

  3) telling him/her how the bag can be sent to you.

  You should write with no less than 100 words on Answer Sheet 2. Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use "Li Ming" instead. You do not need to write the address. (10 points)

  范文:

  Dear Mr. Simpson,

  I stayed in your hotel on 23rd and 24th of October, in Room 603. When I arrived home, I discovered that I had left one of my bags at the hotel. Could you please check to see if my bag has been found?

  The bag is a small black leather case. Inside the bag, you will find several business cards, a small address book, and three copies of a business proposal. These things are not very valuable in monetary terms, but they have a lot of personal value.

  I would appreciate it if you could contact me as soon as possible, particularly since I need the proposal for a presentation. If you could send the bag to me by courier service, I would be most grateful. I will arrange to pay for the service.

  Thank you for your help.

  Yours sincerely,

  Li Ming

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