Pretty D- - The venerable church - The stricken heart - Dormant energies - The small packet - Nerves - The books - A picture - Mountain-like billows - The footprint - Spirit of De Foe - Reasoning powers - Terrors of God - Heads of the dragons - High- Church clerk - A journey - The drowned country.
AND when I was between six and seven years of age we were once more at D-， the place of my birth， whither my father had been despatched on the recruiting service. I have already said that it was a beautiful little town - at least it was at the time of which I am speaking - what it is at present I know not， for thirty years and more have elapsed since I last trod its streets. It will scarcely have improved， for how could it be better than it then was？ I love to think on thee， pretty quiet D-， thou pattern of an English country town， with thy clean but narrow streets branching out from thy modest market-place， with thine old-fashioned houses， with here and there a roof of venerable thatch， with thy one half- aristocratic mansion， where resided thy Lady Bountiful - she， the generous and kind， who loved to visit the sick， leaning on her gold-headed cane， whilst the sleek old footman walked at a respectful distance behind. Pretty quiet D-， with thy venerable church， in which moulder the mortal remains of England‘s sweetest and most pious bard.
Yes， pretty D-， I could always love thee， were it but for the sake of him who sleeps beneath the marble slab in yonder quiet chancel. It was within thee that the long-oppressed bosom heaved its last sigh， and the crushed and gentle spirit escaped from a world in which it had known nought but sorrow. Sorrow！ do I say？ How faint a word to express the misery of that bruised reed； misery so dark that a blind worm like myself is occasionally tempted to exclaim， Better had the world never been created than that one so kind， so harmless， and so mild， should have undergone such intolerable woe！ But it is over now， for， as there is an end of joy， so has affliction its termination. Doubtless the All-wise did not afflict him without a cause： who knows but within that unhappy frame lurked vicious seeds which the sunbeams of joy and prosperity might have called into life and vigour？ Perhaps the withering blasts of misery nipped that which otherwise might have terminated in fruit noxious and lamentable. But peace to the unhappy one， he is gone to his rest； the death-like face is no longer occasionally seen timidly and mournfully looking for a moment through the window-pane upon thy market-place， quiet and pretty D-； the hind in thy neighbourhood no longer at evening-fall views， and starts as he views， the dark lathy figure moving beneath the hazels and alders of shadowy lanes， or by the side of murmuring trout streams， and no longer at early dawn does the sexton of the old church reverently doff his hat， as， supported by some kind friend， the death-stricken creature totters along the church-path to that mouldering edifice with the low roof， inclosing a spring of sanatory waters， built and devoted to some saint， if the legend over the door be true， by the daughter of an East Anglian king.
But to return to my own history. I had now attained the age of six： shall I state what intellectual progress I had been making up to this period？ Alas！ upon this point I have little to say calculated to afford either pleasure or edification； I had increased rapidly in size and in strength： the growth of the mind， however， had by no means corresponded with that of the body. It is true， I had acquired my letters， and was by this time able to read imperfectly； but this was all： and even this poor triumph over absolute ignorance would never have been effected but for the unremitting attention of my parents， who， sometimes by threats， sometimes by entreaties， endeavoured to rouse the dormant energies of my nature， and to bend my wishes to the acquisition of the rudiments of knowledge； but in influencing the wish lay the difficulty. Let but the will of a human being be turned to any particular object， and it is ten to one that sooner or later he achieves it. At this time I may safely say that I harboured neither wishes nor hopes； I had as yet seen no object calculated to call them forth， and yet I took pleasure in many things which perhaps unfortunately were all within my sphere of enjoyment. I loved to look upon the heavens， and to bask in the rays of the sun， or to sit beneath hedgerows and listen to the chirping of the birds， indulging the while in musing and meditation as far as my very limited circle of ideas would permit； but， unlike my brother， who was at this time at school， and whose rapid progress in every branch of instruction astonished and delighted his preceptors， I took no pleasure in books， whose use， indeed， I could scarcely comprehend， and bade fair to be as arrant a dunce as ever brought the blush of shame into the cheeks of anxious and affectionate parents.
But the time was now at hand when the ice which had hitherto bound the mind of the child with its benumbing power was to be thawed， and a world of sensations and ideas awakened to which it had hitherto been an entire stranger. One day a young lady， an intimate acquaintance of our family， and godmother to my brother， drove up to the house in which we dwelt； she stayed some time conversing with my mother， and on rising to depart， she put down on the table a small packet， exclaiming， ‘I have brought a little present for each of the boys： the one is a History of England， which I intend for my godson when he returns from school， the other is . . .’ - and here she said something which escaped my ear， as I sat at some distance， moping in a corner， - ‘I intend it for the youngster yonder，’ pointing to myself； she then departed， and， my mother going out shortly after， I was left alone.
I remember for some time sitting motionless in my corner， with my eyes bent upon the ground； at last I lifted my head and looked upon the packet as it lay on the table. All at once a strange sensation came over me， such as I had never experienced before - a singular blending of curiosity， awe， and pleasure， the remembrance of which， even at this distance of time， produces a remarkable effect upon my nervous system. What strange things are the nerves - I mean those more secret and mysterious ones in which I have some notion that the mind or soul， call it which you will， has its habitation； how they occasionally tingle and vibrate before any coming event closely connected with the future weal or woe of the human being. Such a feeling was now within me， certainly independent of what the eye had seen or the ear had heard. A book of some description had been brought for me， a present by no means calculated to interest me； what cared I for books？ I had already many into which I never looked but from compulsion； friends， moreover， had presented me with similar things before， which I had entirely disregarded， and what was there in this particular book， whose very title I did not know， calculated to attract me more than the rest？ yet something within told me that my fate was connected with the book which had been last brought； so， after looking on the packet from my corner for a considerable time， I got up and went to the table.
The packet was lying where it had been left - I took it up； had the envelope， which consisted of whitish brown paper， been secured by a string or a seal， I should not have opened it， as I should have considered such an act almost in the light of a crime； the books， however， had been merely folded up， and I therefore considered that there could be no possible harm in inspecting them， more especially as I had received no injunction to the contrary. Perhaps there was something unsound in this reasoning， something sophistical； but a child is sometimes as ready as a grown-up person in finding excuses for doing that which he is inclined to. But whether the action was right or wrong， and I am afraid it was not altogether right， I undid the packet： it contained three books； two from their similarity seemed to be separate parts of one and the same work； they were handsomely bound， and to them I first turned my attention. I opened them successively， and endeavoured to make out their meaning； their contents， however， as far as I was able to understand them， were by no means interesting： whoever pleases may read these books for me， and keep them， too， into the bargain， said I to myself.
I now took up the third book： it did not resemble the others， being longer and considerably thicker； the binding was of dingy calf-skin. I opened it， and as I did so another strange thrill of pleasure shot through my frame. The first object on which my eyes rested was a picture； it was exceedingly well executed， at least the scene which it represented made a vivid impression upon me， which would hardly have been the case had the artist not been faithful to nature. A wild scene it was - a heavy sea and rocky shore， with mountains in the background， above which the moon was peering. Not far from the shore， upon the water， was a boat with two figures in it， one of which stood at the bow， pointing with what I knew to be a gun at a dreadful shape in the water； fire was flashing from the muzzle of the gun， and the monster appeared to be transfixed. I almost thought I heard its cry. I remained motionless， gazing upon the picture， scarcely daring to draw my breath， lest the new and wondrous world should vanish of which I had now obtained a glimpse. ‘Who are those people， and what could have brought them into that strange situation？’ I asked of myself； and now the seed of curiosity， which had so long lain dormant， began to expand， and I vowed to myself to become speedily acquainted with the whole history of the people in the boat. After looking on the picture till every mark and line in it were familiar to me， I turned over various leaves till I came to another engraving； a new source of wonder - a low sandy beach on which the furious sea was breaking in mountain-like billows； cloud and rack deformed the firmament， which wore a dull and leaden-like hue； gulls and other aquatic fowls were toppling upon the blast， or skimming over the tops of the maddening waves - ‘Mercy upon him！ he must be drowned！’ I exclaimed， as my eyes fell upon a poor wretch who appeared to be striving to reach the shore； he was upon his legs， but was evidently half smothered with the brine； high above his head curled a horrible billow， as if to engulf him for ever. ‘He must be drowned！ he must be drowned！’ I almost shrieked， and dropped the book. I soon snatched it up again， and now my eye lighted on a third picture： again a shore， but what a sweet and lovely one， and how I wished to be treading it； there were beautiful shells lying on the smooth white sand， some were empty like those I had occasionally seen on marble mantelpieces， but out of others peered the heads and bodies of wondrous crayfish， a wood of thick green trees skirted the beach and partly shaded it from the rays of the sun， which shone hot above， while blue waves slightly crested with foam were gently curling against it； there was a human figure upon the beach， wild and uncouth， clad in the skins of animals， with a huge cap on his head， a hatchet at his girdle， and in his hand a gun； his feet and legs were bare； he stood in an attitude of horror and surprise； his body was bent far back， and his eyes， which seemed starting out of his head， were fixed upon a mark on the sand - a large distinct mark - a human footprint. . . .
Reader， is it necessary to name the book which now stood open in my hand， and whose very prints， feeble expounders of its wondrous lines， had produced within me emotions strange and novel？ Scarcely - for it was a book which has exerted over the minds of Englishmen an influence certainly greater than any other of modern times - which has been in most people‘s hands， and with the contents of which even those who cannot read are to a certain extent acquainted - a book from which the most luxuriant and fertile of our modern prose writers have drunk inspiration - a book， moreover， to which， from the hardy deeds which it narrates， and the spirit of strange and romantic enterprise which it tends to awaken， England owes many of her astonishing discoveries both by sea and land， and no inconsiderable part of her naval glory.
Hail to thee， spirit of De Foe！ What does not my own poor self owe to thee？ England has better bards than either Greece or Rome， yet I could spare them easier far than De Foe， ‘unabashed De Foe，’ as the hunchbacked rhymer styled him.
The true chord had now been touched； a raging curiosity with respect to the contents of the volume， whose engravings had fascinated my eye， burned within me， and I never rested until I had fully satisfied it； weeks succeeded weeks， months followed months， and the wondrous volume was my only study and principal source of amusement. For hours together I would sit poring over a page till I had become acquainted with the import of every line. My progress， slow enough at first， became by degrees more rapid， till at last， under ‘a shoulder of mutton sail，’ I found myself cantering before a steady breeze over an ocean of enchantment， so well pleased with my voyage that I cared not how long it might be ere it reached its termination.
And it was in this manner that I first took to the paths of knowledge.
About this time I began to be somewhat impressed with religious feelings. My parents were， to a certain extent， religious people； but， though they had done their best to afford me instruction on religious points， I had either paid no attention to what they endeavoured to communicate， or had listened with an ear far too obtuse to derive any benefit. But my mind had now become awakened from the drowsy torpor in which it had lain so long， and the reasoning powers which I possessed were no longer inactive. Hitherto I had entertained no conception whatever of the nature and properties of God， and with the most perfect indifference had heard the divine name proceeding from the mouths of people - frequently， alas！ on occasions when it ought not to be employed； but I now never heard it without a tremor， for I now knew that God was an awful and inscrutable Being， the Maker of all things； that we were His children， and that we， by our sins， had justly offended Him； that we were in very great peril from His anger， not so much in this life as in another and far stranger state of being yet to come； that we had a Saviour withal to whom it was necessary to look for help： upon this point， however， I was yet very much in the dark， as， indeed， were most of those with whom I was connected. The power and terrors of God were uppermost in my thoughts； they fascinated though they astounded me. Twice every Sunday I was regularly taken to the church， where， from a corner of the large spacious pew， lined with black leather， I would fix my eyes on the dignified High-Church rector， and the dignified High-Church clerk， and watch the movement of their lips， from which， as they read their respective portions of the venerable liturgy， would roll many a portentous word descriptive of the wondrous works of the Most High.
Rector. Thou didst divide the sea， through thy power： thou brakest the heads of the dragons in the waters.
Philoh. Thou smotest the heads of Leviathan in pieces： and gavest him to be meat for the people in the wilderness.
Rector. Thou broughtest out fountains， and waters out of the hard rocks： thou driedst up mighty waters.
Philoh. The day is thine， and the night is thine： thou hast prepared the light and the sun.
Peace to your memories， dignified rector， and yet more dignified clerk！ - by this time ye are probably gone to your long homes， and your voices are no longer heard sounding down the aisles of the venerable church - nay， doubtless， this has already long since been the fate of him of the sonorous ‘Amen！’ - the one of the two who， with all due respect to the rector， principally engrossed my boyish admiration - he， at least， is scarcely now among the living！ Living！ why， I have heard say that he blew a fife - for he was a musical as well as a Christian professor - a bold fife， to cheer the Guards and the brave Marines， as they marched with measured step， obeying an insane command， up Bunker‘s height， whilst the rifles of the sturdy Yankees were sending the leaden hail sharp and thick amidst the red-coated ranks； for Philoh had not always been a man of peace， nor an exhorter to turn the other cheek to the smiter， but had even arrived at the dignity of a halberd in his country’s service before his six-foot form required rest， and the gray-haired veteran retired， after a long peregrination， to his native town， to enjoy ease and respectability on a pension of ‘eighteenpence a day’； and well did his fellow-townsmen act， when， to increase that ease and respectability， and with a thoughtful regard for the dignity of the good church service， they made him clerk and precentor - the man of the tall form and of the audible voice， which sounded loud and clear as his own Bunker fife. Well， peace to thee， thou fine old chap， despiser of dissenters， and hater of papists， as became a dignified and High-Church clerk； if thou art in thy grave， the better for thee； thou wert fitted to adorn a bygone time， when loyalty was in vogue， and smiling content lay like a sunbeam upon the land， but thou wouldst be sadly out of place in these days of cold philosophic latitudinarian doctrine， universal tolerism， and half-concealed rebellion - rare times， no doubt， for papists and dissenters， but which would assuredly have broken the heart of the loyal soldier of George the Third， and the dignified High-Church clerk of pretty D-.
We passed many months at this place： nothing， however， occurred requiring any particular notice， relating to myself， beyond what I have already stated， and I am not writing the history of others. At length my father was recalled to his regiment， which at that time was stationed at a place called Norman Cross， in Lincolnshire， or rather Huntingdonshire， at some distance from the old town of Peterborough. For this place he departed， leaving my mother and myself to follow in a few days. Our journey was a singular one.
On the second day we reached a marshy and fenny country， which， owing to immense quantities of rain which had lately fallen， was completely submerged. At a large town we got on board a kind of passage-boat， crowded with people； it had neither sails nor oars， and those were not the days of steam-vessels； it was a treck- schuyt， and was drawn by horses. Young as I was， there was much connected with this journey which highly surprised me， and which brought to my remembrance particular scenes described in the book which I now generally carried in my bosom.
The country was， as I have already said， submerged - entirely drowned - no land was visible； the trees were growing bolt upright in the flood， whilst farmhouses and cottages were standing insulated； the horses which drew us were up to the knees in water， and， on coming to blind pools and ‘greedy depths，’ were not unfrequently swimming， in which case， the boys or urchins who mounted them sometimes stood， sometimes knelt， upon the saddle and pillions. No accident， however， occurred either to the quadrupeds or bipeds， who appeared respectively to be quite au fait in their business， and extricated themselves with the greatest ease from places in which Pharaoh and all his host would have gone to the bottom. Nightfall brought us to Peterborough， and from thence we were not slow in reaching the place of our destination.