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新东方四级词汇笔记完整版1

2006-07-06 19:40   我要纠错 | 打印 | 收藏 | | |

  第1课

  如果想达到85分以上,词汇应该错6个以内。

  Jump for the sun, at least you land on the moon. 目标定的高一点有好处。

  4200单词要求对于4级考试,高三毕业是1800个单词。

  我喜欢这里: I like here.    Right: I like it here.

  I can succeed.    Right: I can do it.   I can make it.

  注意生活中的英语: Nike胜利女神。 Just do it.

  生活中的英语: Did you have a pleasant journey? (这时要用降调)

  I am very much frightened because a girl named Monika stands beside me. Oh, thank god! He‘s not the president now. (我很害怕)

  I was just screwed up. (我一团糟)

  四级考试中常见的考察词汇的题型:

  I 押韵题型(押头韵、押尾韵);

  答案总在相似中,如果有三个一样,基本上就在其中了。

  54. The rain was heavy and _A_ the land was flooded.

  A consequently   B continuously   C constantly   D consistently

  continue v. 继续,连续; continually adv. 时断时续地; continuously adv. 连续不断地。

  说不停的咳嗽时,continually是间歇的时断时续的咳嗽,continuously是一直不停的咳嗽。

  consequently adv. 因此,所以;(heavy rain大雨, light rain小雨)

  constantly adv. 始终如一地,连续发生地;constant temperature 恒温

  consistently adv. 一贯地,一致地; consistent adj.  consistent policy 一贯的政策。

  36. I hate people who _C_ the end of a film that you haven't seen before.

  A revise   B rewrite   C reveal   D reverse

  rewrite v. 重写,改写; revise vt. 修改,修正; reveal vt. 揭示,揭露;

  reverse vt. 颠倒,使反转,使反向。(vers是词根,表示转动;re是前缀,表示向相反方向)

  42. There were no tickets _D_ for Friday‘s performance.

  A preferable   B considerable   C possible   D available

  performance n. 表演,演出,演奏; perform vt.  possible adj. 可能的

  动词后加able构成形容词通常表示“可…的” read -> readable  accept -> acceptable

  consider vt. 考虑; considerable adj. (数量或尺寸)相当大(或多)的。

  preferable adj. 更好的,更可取的;

  available* adj. 可获得的,可利用的,可支配的。(重点词)

  33. In general, the amount that a student spends for housing should be held to one-fifth of the total _D_ for living expenses.

  A acceptable   B applicable   C advisable   D available

  living expenses 生活费; acceptable adj. 可接受的;

  apply vt. 申请,应用; applicable adj. 可应用的,适当的,合适的;

  advise vt. 建议; advice n. 建议; advisable adj. 明智的,可取的。

  54. It is our _A_ policy that we will achieve unity through peaceful means.

  A consistent   B continuous   C considerate   D continual

  achieve unity through peaceful means 通过和平手段取得统一; consistent policy 一贯政策

  II 构词法题型(词的转化,合成,派生);

  构成符合形容词的名词和数量词一律用单数。(见下面2个例题)

  31. Despite the wonderful acting and well-developed plot the _B_ movie could not hold our attention.

  A three-hours   B three-hour   C three-hours‘   D three-hour’s

  267. Professor White wrote a _C_ report yesterday.

  A two-thousand-words   B two-thousands-word

  C two-thousand-word    D two-thousands-words

  以ly结尾的不全是副词; friendly, lonely, lovely, likely, lively adj.

  考试中常见的否定前缀: un-、dis-、in-、im-

  56. _B_ his sister, Jack is quiet and does not easily make friends with others.

  A Dislike   B Unlike   C Alike   D Liking

  like vt. 喜欢; dislike vt. 不喜欢,厌恶; unlike prep. 不象…;

  alike adj. & adv. 同样的(地),相象的(地); liking n. 爱好,嗜好;

  take a liking for喜欢…,对…产生好感。

  III 近义词含义比较;

  44. There were some _A_ flowers on the table.

  A artificial   B unnatural   C false   D unreal

  unreal adj. 不真实的(不是真实世界所拥有的,虚幻的); Ends justify means 不择手段;

  false adj. 具有欺骗性的,假的,伪造的; false coin/passport/hair,a false tooth/false teeth

  unnatural adj. 不自然的,经常用来修饰人的行为举止,表示做作的,矫揉造作的。

  artificial adj. 人造人为的 artificial leg 假肢artificial leather 人造皮 genuine leather 真皮

  54. When people become unemployed, it is _C_ which is often worse than lack of wages.

  A laziness   B poverty   C idleness   D inability

  laziness n. 懒惰; poverty n. 贫穷; poor adj. 贫穷的;

  idleness n. 无事可做(中性,有时也有贬义含义); inability n. 没有能力,没有办法。

  69. A lot of ants are always invading my kitchen. They are a thorough _A_.

  A nuisance   B trouble   C worry   D anxiety

  invade 进攻,侵略; nuisance n. (具体的)令人讨厌的东西; trouble n. 烦恼,麻烦,问题;

  worry n. 担心,发愁; anxiety n. 焦虑。 What a nuisance. 真是烦。

  IV 搭配关系问题;

  extent n. 程度; to…… extent 到达…程度,在…程度之上; extent 只能和to搭配。

  object vi. 反对; object + to + 动名词(动词的ing形式)。

  objection n. 反对; objection + to + 动名词(动词的ing形式)。

  V 形相近,意相远;

  65. In Britain, the best season of the year is probably _A_ spring.

  A late   B last   C latter   D later

  late adj. 晚的,晚于通常时间的; late spring 晚春、暮春; last adj. 最后的,最终的;

  later adj. 更晚的(late的比较级)、时间概念后一半的;只适用于表示某个世纪的后半期;

  The later twentieth century. 二十世纪的后一半。

  latter adj. (两者中)后者的; former adj. (两者中)前者的;

  59. Some people would like to do shopping on Sundays since they expect to pick up wonderful _B_ in the market.

  A batteries   B bargains   C baskets   D barrels

  battery n. 电池; bargain n. 特价商品; It‘s really a bargain. 你真会买东西,不是说真便宜。

  basket n. 篮子; barrel n. 桶; wonderful bargain 物美价廉的商品;bargain v. 讨价还价;

  53. Remember that customers don‘t _D_ about prices in that city.

  A debate   B consult   C dispute   D bargain

-------------------------XXXX-XX-------------------------

  41. The bridge was named _A_ the hero who gave his life for the cause of the people.

  A after   B with   C by   D from

  cause 事业; be named after 以…的名字命名;

  42. There were no tickets _D_ for Friday‘s performance.

  A preferable   B considerable   C possible   D available

  preferable adj. 更好的,更可取的;

  358. _C_ the Revolutionary War, the United States was an English colony.

  A Inferior to   B Superior to   C Prior to   D Preferable to

  具有比较意味的形容词只要与介词to搭配即可表示其比较级。 super- 表示在…上方,超过…

  inferior adj. 低于…的,劣于…的; superior adj. 高于…的,优于…的; prior adj. 在…之前的

  Revolutionary War 特指美国独立战争;second adj. 第二的(含有比较意味,也与to搭配)

  He is second to none. 首屈一指,无与伦比;

  30. Cancer is second only _B_ heart disease as a cause of death.

  A of   B to   C with   D from

  43. It wasn't such a good dinner _C_ she had promised us.

  A that   B which   C as   D what

  such … that … 如此… 以至于… ; sb + be + ___ + sth 空格处应为能加双宾语的动词;

  加双宾语的动词的用法:动词 + sb + sth(主动形式); sb + be + pp + sth(被动形式);

  59. American women were _D_ the right to vote until 1920 after many years of hard   struggle. [the right to vote 选举权]

  A ignored   B neglected   C refused   D denied

  deny v. 否认,拒绝;deny sb sth 拒绝给予某人某物;

  44. They decided to chase the cow away _C_ it did more damage.

  A unless   B until   C before   D although

  45. _B_ student with a little common sense should be able to answer the question.

  A Each   B Any   C Either   D One

  common sense 常识; each 这个词在英语中强调的是个体与众不同的特点;

  any 这个词强调的是很多东西在一起的共性; either 两者之间任何一个;

  31. The medicine is on sale everywhere. You can get it at _C_ chemist‘s.

  A each   B some   C any   D certain

  46. All _D_ is a continuous supply of the basic necessities of life.

  A what is needed   B for our needs   C the thing needed   D that is needed

  当all作定语从句的先行词时,从句只能用that来引导; all that = what

  47. _A_ with the size of the whole earth, the highest mountain does not seem high at all.

  A When compared   B Compare   C While comparing   D Comparing

  本题的关键是弄清compare与mountain的关系; when 可以直接加过去分词;

  before(after) + being + 过去分词;

  44. After _A_ for the job, you will be required to take a language test.

  A being interviewed   B interviewed   C interviewing   D having interviewed

  They lose their health to make money, and they lose their money to restore health.

  48. _C_ she first heard of the man referred to as a specialist. [专家]

  A That was from Stephen   B It was Stephen whom

  C It was from Stephen that   D It was Stephen that

  本题重点是强调句式; 当被强调部分指人且在句子中作宾语时,其余部分可用whom引导;

  49. If these shoes are too big, ask the clerk to bring you a smaller _D_.

  A suit   B set   C one   D pair

  50. Many new _A_ will be opened up in the future for those with a university education.

  A opportunities   B necessities   C realities   D probabilities

  51. He must have had an accident, or he _A_ then.

  A would have been here   B had to be here   C should be here   D would be here

  must have + 过去分词 表示对过去行为的肯定推测;

  与过去事态相反用:情态动词 + have + 过去分词 来体现虚拟语气;

  must 一定,必须; needn't, don't have to 不必;

  53. You _A_ all those calculations! We have a computer to do that sort of thing.

  A needn‘t have done   B must not have done

  C shouldn‘t have done   D can not have done

  should have + 过去分词 本应该,本应当; shouldn't have done本不应该,本不应当;

  44. It was very kind of you to do the washing-up, but you _D_ it.

  A mustn‘t have done   B wouldn’t have done

  C mightn‘t have done   D didn’t have to do

  52. It was essential that the applications forms _C_ back before the deadline.

  A must be sent   B would be sent   C be sent   D were sent

  It be essential that 后面一定用虚拟语气,且句子谓语动词固定为(should) + 动词原型;

  It was essential that the applications forms send back before the deadline.

  53. We _D_ our breakfast when an old man came to the door.

  A just have had   B have just had   C just had   D had just had

  when 还可以表示①刚……就… (有动作先后关系)、②恰在此时;

  44. I had just started back for the house to change my clothes _D_ I heard voices.

  A as   B while   C after   D when

  45. I felt somewhat disappointed and was about to leave, _C_ something occurred which attracted my attention.

  A unless   B until   C when   D while

  64. It was essential that these application forms _D_ back as early as possible.

  A must be sent   B will be sent   C are sent   D be sent

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