雅思辅导热招
您的位置:外语教育网 > 雅思 > 复习指导 > 阅读 > 正文

IELTS阅读方法与技巧1

2006-07-08 14:15   我要纠错 | 打印 | 收藏 | | |

  READING STRATEGIES AND SKILLS

  This course will give you the opportunity to develop and practice reading strategies and skills which can be applied to all forms of IELTS tests. The strategies and skills you will practice are as follows:

  1.Predicting

  2.Skimming

  3.Scanning

  4.Detailed reading

  5.Guessing unknown words

  6.Understanding main ideas

  7.Inferring

  8.Understanding text organization

  9.Assessing a writer‘s purpose

  10.Evaluating a writer‘s attitude.

  1 Predicting

  Before you read a text in detail, it is possible to predict what information you may find in it. You will probably have some knowledge of the subject already, and you can use this knowledge to help you anticipate what a reading text contains. After looking at the title, for example, you can ask yourself what you know and do not know about the subject before you read the text. Or you can formulate questions that you would like to have answered by reading the text. These exercises will help you focus more effectively on the ideas in a text when you actually start reading.

  To help you predict, you may also use skimming and scanning strategies as described below.

  2 Skimming

  Skimming involves reading quickly through a text to get an overall idea of its contents. Features of the text that can help you include the following:

  (a) Title

  (b) Sub-title(s)

  (c) Details about the author

  (d) Abstract

  (e) Introductory paragraph

  (f) First, second and last sentences of following paragraphs

  (g) Concluding paragraph

  A text may not contain all of these features - there may be no abstract, for example, and no sub-titles - but you can usually expect to find at least (a), (e), (f) and (g)。 Focusing on these will give you an understanding of the overall idea or gist of the text you are reading - in other words, a general understanding as opposed to a detailed reading.

  Another term for this kind of reading is surveying. Surveying can be described as looking quickly through a book, chapter of a book, article from a journal, etc., to decide whether or not it is suitable for your purpose. To decide whether or not a text is suitable, especially if it is a book, you will also need to focus on the following features in addition to those mentioned above:

  (a) Edition and date of publication

  (b) Table of contents

  (c) Foreword

  (d) Introduction

  (e) Index

  3 Scanning

  When you scan a text, again you look quickly through it. However, unlike skimming, scanning involves looking for specific words, scanning involves rapid reading for the specific rather than the general; for particular details rather than the overall idea. When you read a text, for example, you may want to find only a percentage figure or the dates of particular historical events instead of the main ideas. Scanning will help you find such information more efficiently.

  4 Detailed reading

  A second and third reading of a text will also focus on the secondary ideas and details which support, explain and develop the main ideas. This can be described as a more comprehensive reading. It involves a slower and more careful reading process. At this stage you can also try to guess the meaning of unfamiliar vocabulary.

  5 Guessing unknown words

  It is unlikely that you will understand 100 percent of the vocabulary in a text, especially at a first reading. Use first the context and then your own knowledge of the subject to help you guess the meaning of unknown words. At your first reading of a text it is usually best not to stop and consult your dictionary. This will interrupt your process of reading and understanding. often the meaning of unfamiliar words and phrases becomes clear as you continue to read through the text. The dictionary can be used at a later stage.

  6 Understanding main ideas

相关资讯:
网站导航:
 四六级 指南 动态 经验 试题 资料  托福 指南 动态 经验 留学 备考
 雅思 指南 动态 机经 经验 辅导  公共英语 指南 动态 备考 试题 辅导
 日语 就业 辅导 留学 考试 报考  法语 资料 文化 考试 留学 辅导
 韩语 入门 口语 阅读 留学 文化  西语 辅导 资料 考试 留学 风采
冲刺班套餐
300元/门
系统讲解考点,轻松应对考试
课时数:40课时
口语冲刺班
100元/门
揭秘口语技巧,提升口语能力
课时数:10课时
听力冲刺班
100元/门
传授答题方法,把握考试动向
课时数:10课时
阅读冲刺班
100元/门
归纳解题技巧,攻克阅读难关
课时数:10课时
写作冲刺班
100元/门
讲解高分秘诀,提升写作水平
课时数:10课时
学员 32875sjdglsh:
外语教育网雅思课程很好,知识点剖析得很详细,浅显易懂,并结合了考题进行讲解,很适合冲刺备考学习。向大家极力推荐!
学员 ppoik:
这次雅思考试口语得到了6分,多亏了刘志良老师的帮助。考试的时候遇到了一个澳洲口音的考官,很不自在。但是在上外语教育网课程的时候,刘老师曾经讲过应对这类老师的办法。自己有些紧张,不过还是很好地应对了考题。虽然中途出了一些小错误,但最终老师给了我6分,我很开心。感谢网校!
学员 bvcji:
我的雅思居然考了7.1分,这是我原来想都不敢想的。感谢外语教育网的陪伴以及冉继军老师的细心讲解。
学员 tyunl:
雅思顺利通过,心情很激动,明年终于可以去加拿大留学了。感谢外语教育网的老师!
学员 erhjfalke:
外语教育网雅思辅导课程真的很棒,让我在这么短的时间内学会了很多,相信这次我一定可以顺利通过考试。希望越来越多的考生可以知道我们的网校,一起在这里学习。
学员 agnoirjg4703:
刘志良和冉继军老师讲得很好!通过学习你们的雅思辅导课程,我顺利地通过了考试。希望同学们也积极报名到外语教育网学习,共同进步。
学员 73648khaf:
我已经把外语教育网的雅思辅导课程学完了,只想说我的选择没有错。感谢刘志良老师和冉继军老师,感谢外语教育网!
学员 yasiyasi:
雅思得了7分!我是从4月中旬才开始复习的,白天工作很忙,只能利用晚上的时间。冉继军老师的讲解真的很棒,如果没有老师的帮助,我想我很难取得这样的成绩,谢谢!真诚地谢谢冉老师!祝您工作顺利!
学员 dgdxfv:
雅思真不好考啊!多亏外语教育网的复习资料,很全面,省了大量的时间!努力备考中……
版权声明
   1、凡本网注明 “来源:外语教育网”的所有作品,版权均属外语教育网所有,未经本网授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他方式使用;已经本网授权的,应在授权范围内使用,且必须注明“来源:外语教育网”。违反上述声明者,本网将追究其法律责任。
  2、本网部分资料为网上搜集转载,均尽力标明作者和出处。对于本网刊载作品涉及版权等问题的,请作者与本网站联系,本网站核实确认后会尽快予以处理。
  本网转载之作品,并不意味着认同该作品的观点或真实性。如其他媒体、网站或个人转载使用,请与著作权人联系,并自负法律责任。
  3、本网站欢迎积极投稿
  4、联系方式:
编辑信箱:for68@chinaacc.com
电话:010-82319999-2371