The Castle - A father‘s inquiries - Scotch language - A determination - Bui hin Digri - Good Scotchman - Difference of races - Ne’er a haggis - Pugnacious people - Wha are ye， man？ - The Nor Loch - Gestures wild - The bicker - New Town champion - Wild- looking figure - Headlong.
IT was not long before we found ourselves at Edinburgh， or rather in the Castle， into which the regiment marched with drums beating， colours flying， and a long train of baggage-waggons behind. The Castle was， as I suppose it is now， a garrison for soldiers. Two other regiments were already there； the one an Irish， if I remember right， the other a small Highland corps.
It is hardly necessary to say much about this Castle， which everybody has seen； on which account， doubtless， nobody has ever yet thought fit to describe it - at least that I am aware. Be this as it may， I have no intention of describing it， and shall content myself with observing that we took up our abode in that immense building， or caserne， of modern erection， which occupies the entire eastern side of the bold rock on which the Castle stands. A gallant caserne it was - the best and roomiest that I had hitherto seen - rather cold and windy， it is true， especially in the winter， but commanding a noble prospect of a range of distant hills， which I was told were ‘the hieland hills，’ and of a broad arm of the sea， which I heard somebody say was the Firth of Forth.
My brother， who， for some years past， had been receiving his education in a certain celebrated school in England， was now with us； and it came to pass， that one day my father， as he sat at table， looked steadfastly on my brother and myself， and then addressed my mother： - ‘During my journey down hither， I have lost no opportunity of making inquiries about these people， the Scotch， amongst whom we now are， and since I have been here I have observed them attentively. From what I have heard and seen， I should say that upon the whole they are a very decent set of people； they seem acute and intelligent， and I am told that their system of education is so excellent that every person is learned - more or less acquainted with Greek and Latin. There is one thing， however， connected with them， which is a great drawback - the horrid jargon which they speak. However learned they may be in Greek and Latin， their English is execrable； and yet I’m told it is not so bad as it was. I was in company， the other day， with an Englishman who has resided here many years. We were talking about the country and the people. “I should like both very well，” said I， “were it not for the language. I wish sincerely our Parliament， which is passing so many foolish acts every year， would pass one to force these Scotch to speak English.” “I wish so， too，” said he. “The language is a disgrace to the British Government； but， if you had heard it twenty years ago， captain！ - if you had heard it as it was spoken when I first came to Edinburgh！”‘
‘Only custom，’ said my mother. ‘I daresay the language is now what it was then.’
‘I don’t know，‘ said my father； ’though I daresay you are right； it could never have been worse than it is at present. But now to the point. Were it not for the language， which， if the boys were to pick it up， might ruin their prospects in life， - were it not for that， I should very much like to send them to a school there is in this place， which everybody talks about - the High School I think they call it. ‘Tis said to be the best school in the whole island； but the idea of one’s children speaking Scotch - broad Scotch！ I must think the matter over.‘
And he did think the matter over； and the result of his deliberation was a determination to send us to the school. Let me call thee up before my mind‘s eye， High School， to which， every morning， the two English brothers took their way from the proud old Castle through the lofty streets of the Old Town. High School！ - called so， I scarcely know why； neither lofty in thyself nor by position， being situated in a flat bottom； oblong structure of tawny stone， with many windows fenced with iron netting - with thy long hall below， and thy five chambers above， for the reception of the five classes， into which the eight hundred urchins who styled thee instructress were divided. Thy learned rector and his four subordinate dominies； thy strange old porter of the tall form and grizzled hair， hight Boee， and doubtless of Norse ancestry， as his name declares； perhaps of the blood of Bui hin Digri， the hero of northern song - the Jomsborg Viking who clove Thorsteinn Midlangr asunder in the dread sea battle of Horunga Vog， and who， when the fight was lost and his own two hands smitten off， seized two chests of gold with his bloody stumps， and， springing with them into the sea， cried to the scanty relics of his crew， ’Overboard now， all Bui‘s lads！’ Yes， I remember all about thee， and how at eight of every morn we were all gathered together with one accord in the long hall， from which， after the litanies had been read （for so I will call them， being an Episcopalian）， the five classes from the five sets of benches trotted off in long files， one boy after the other， up the five spiral staircases of stone， each class to its destination； and well do I remember how we of the third sat hushed and still， watched by the eye of the dux， until the door opened， and in walked that model of a good Scotchman， the shrewd， intelligent， but warm-hearted and kind dominie， the respectable Carson.
And in this school I began to construe the Latin language， which I had never done before， notwithstanding my long and diligent study of Lilly， which illustrious grammar was not used at Edinburgh， nor indeed known. Greek was only taught in the fifth or highest class， in which my brother was； as for myself， I never got beyond the third during the two years that I remained at this seminary. I certainly acquired here a considerable insight in the Latin tongue； and， to the scandal of my father and horror of my mother， a thorough proficiency in the Scotch， which， in less than two months， usurped the place of the English， and so obstinately maintained its ground， that I still can occasionally detect its lingering remains. I did not spend my time unpleasantly at this school， though， first of all， I had to pass through an ordeal.
‘Scotland is a better country than England，’ said an ugly， blear- eyed lad， about a head and shoulders taller than myself， the leader of a gang of varlets who surrounded me in the playground， on the first day， as soon as the morning lesson was over. ‘Scotland is a far better country than England， in every respect.’
‘Is it？’ said I. ‘Then you ought to be very thankful for not having been born in England.’
‘That’s just what I am， ye loon； and every morning， when I say my prayers， I thank God for not being an Englishman. The Scotch are a much better and braver people than the English.‘
‘It may be so，’ said I， ‘for what I know - indeed， till I came here， I never heard a word either about the Scotch or their country.’
‘Are ye making fun of us， ye English puppy？’ said the blear-eyed lad； ‘take that！’ and I was presently beaten black and blue. And thus did I first become aware of the difference of races and their antipathy to each other.
‘Bow to the storm， and it shall pass over you.’ I held my peace， and silently submitted to the superiority of the Scotch - in numbers. This was enough； from an object of persecution I soon became one of patronage， especially amongst the champions of the class. ‘The English，’ said the blear-eyed lad， ‘though a wee bit behind the Scotch in strength and fortitude， are nae to be sneezed at， being far ahead of the Irish， to say nothing of the French， a pack of cowardly scoundrels. And with regard to the English country， it is na Scotland， it is true， but it has its gude properties； and， though there is ne’er a haggis in a‘ the land， there’s an unco deal o‘ gowd and siller. I respect England， for I have an auntie married there.’
The Scotch are certainly a most pugnacious people； their whole history proves it. Witness their incessant wars with the English in the olden time， and their internal feuds， highland and lowland， clan with clan， family with family， Saxon with Gael. In my time， the schoolboys， for want， perhaps， of English urchins to contend with， were continually fighting with each other； every noon there was at least one pugilistic encounter， and sometimes three. In one month I witnessed more of these encounters than I had ever previously seen under similar circumstances in England. After all， there was not much harm done. Harm！ what harm could result from short chopping blows， a hug， and a tumble？ I was witness to many a sounding whack， some blood shed， ‘a blue ee’ now and then， but nothing more. In England， on the contrary， where the lads were comparatively mild， gentle， and pacific， I had been present at more than one death caused by blows in boyish combats， in which the oldest of the victors had scarcely reached thirteen years； but these blows were in the jugular， given with the full force of the arm shot out horizontally from the shoulder.
But the Scotch - though by no means proficients in boxing （and how should they box， seeing that they have never had a teacher？） - are， I repeat， a most pugnacious people； at least they were in my time. Anything served them， that is， the urchins， as a pretence for a fray， or， Dorically speaking， a bicker； every street and close was at feud with its neighbour； the lads of the school were at feud with the young men of the college， whom they pelted in winter with snow， and in summer with stones； and then the feud between the old and new town！
One day I was standing on the ramparts of the Castle on the south- western side which overhangs the green brae， where it slopes down into what was in those days the green swamp or morass， called by the natives of Auld Reekie the Nor Loch； it was a dark gloomy day， and a thin veil of mist was beginning to settle down upon the brae and the morass. I could perceive， however， that there was a skirmish taking place in the latter spot. I had an indistinct view of two parties - apparently of urchins - and I heard whoops and shrill cries： eager to know the cause of this disturbance， I left the Castle， and descending the brae reached the borders of the morass， where were a runnel of water and the remains of an old wall， on the other side of which a narrow path led across the swamp： upon this path at a little distance before me there was ‘a bicker.’ I pushed forward， but had scarcely crossed the ruined wall and runnel， when the party nearest to me gave way， and in great confusion came running in my direction. As they drew nigh， one of them shouted to me， ‘Wha are ye， man？ are ye o’ the Auld Toon？‘ I made no answer. ’Ha！ ye are o‘ the New Toon； De’il tak ye， we‘ll moorder ye’； and the next moment a huge stone sung past my head. ‘Let me be， ye fule bodies，’ said I， ‘I’m no of either of ye， I live yonder aboon in the Castle.‘ ’Ah！ ye live in the Castle； then ye‘re an auld tooner； come gie us your help， man， and dinna stand there staring like a dunnot， we want help sair eneugh. Here are stanes.’
For my own part I wished for nothing better， and， rushing forward， I placed myself at the head of my new associates， and commenced flinging stones fast and desperately. The other party now gave way in their turn， closely followed by ourselves； I was in the van， and about to stretch out my hand to seize the hindermost boy of the enemy， when， not being acquainted with the miry and difficult paths of the Nor Loch， and in my eagerness taking no heed of my footing， I plunged into a quagmire， into which I sank as far as my shoulders. Our adversaries no sooner perceived this disaster， than， setting up a shout， they wheeled round and attacked us most vehemently. Had my comrades now deserted me， my life had not been worth a straw‘s purchase， I should either have been smothered in the quag， or， what is more probable， had my brains beaten out with stones； but they behaved like true Scots， and fought stoutly around their comrade， until I was extricated， whereupon both parties retired， the night being near at hand.
‘Ye are na a bad hand at flinging stanes，’ said the lad who first addressed me， as we now returned up the brae； ‘your aim is right dangerous， mon， I saw how ye skelpit them， ye maun help us agin thae New Toon blackguards at our next bicker.’
So to the next bicker I went， and to many more， which speedily followed as the summer advanced； the party to which I had given my help on the first occasion consisted merely of outlyers， posted about half-way up the hill， for the purpose of overlooking the movements of the enemy.
Did the latter draw nigh in any considerable force， messengers were forthwith despatched to the ‘Auld Toon，’ especially to the filthy alleys and closes of the High Street， which forthwith would disgorge swarms of bare-headed and bare-footed ‘callants，’ who， with gestures wild and ‘eldrich screech and hollo，’ might frequently be seen pouring down the sides of the hill. I have seen upwards of a thousand engaged on either side in these frays， which I have no doubt were full as desperate as the fights described in the ILIAD， and which were certainly much more bloody than the combats of modern Greece in the war of independence： the callants not only employed their hands in hurling stones， but not unfrequently slings； at the use of which they were very expert， and which occasionally dislodged teeth， shattered jaws， or knocked out an eye. Our opponents certainly laboured under considerable disadvantage， being compelled not only to wade across a deceitful bog， but likewise to clamber up part of a steep hill， before they could attack us； nevertheless， their determination was such， and such their impetuosity， that we had sometimes difficulty enough to maintain our own. I shall never forget one bicker， the last indeed which occurred at that time， as the authorities of the town， alarmed by the desperation of its character， stationed forthwith a body of police on the hill-side， to prevent， in future， any such breaches of the peace.
It was a beautiful Sunday evening， the rays of the descending sun were reflected redly from the gray walls of the Castle， and from the black rocks on which it was founded. The bicker had long since commenced， stones from sling and hand were flying； but the callants of the New Town were now carrying everything before them.
A full-grown baker‘s apprentice was at their head； he was foaming with rage， and had taken the field， as I was told， in order to avenge his brother， whose eye had been knocked out in one of the late bickers. He was no slinger or flinger， but brandished in his right hand the spoke of a cart-wheel， like my countryman Tom Hickathrift of old in his encounter with the giant of the Lincolnshire fen. Protected by a piece of wicker-work attached to his left arm， he rushed on to the fray， disregarding the stones which were showered against him， and was ably seconded by his followers.
- what avails the defence of a wicker shield？ - what avails the wheel- spoke， should there be an opportunity of using it， against the impetus of an avalanche or a cannon-ball？ - for to either of these might that wild figure be compared， which， at the distance of five yards， sprang at once with head， hands， feet and body， all together， upon the champion of the New Town， tumbling him to the earth amain. And now it was the turn of the Old Town to triumph. Our late discomfited host， returning on its steps， overwhelmed the fallen champion with blows of every kind， and then， led on by his vanquisher， who had assumed his arms， namely， the wheel-spoke and wicker shield， fairly cleared the brae of their adversaries， whom they drove down headlong into the morass.