托福听力Part C: 演讲
Directions： In this part of the test you will hear several talks. After each talk， you will hear some questions. The talks and questions will not be repeated. After you hear a question， read the four possible answers in your test book and choose the best answer. Then， on your answer sheet， find the number of the question and fill in the space that corresponds to the letter of the answer you have chosen.
TALK IN A GEOGRAPITY CLASS
The Old Canada Road is a long lost trail between the Canadian province of Quebec and Maine in the northeast corner of the United States. Yes it really was lost and finding it again was a complex process that involved state of our technology： how the location of the roads was pinpointed was very interesting. And I'll return to it as soon as I gave you a little background information. The road was begun in 1817， a few years before Maine even became a state. At the time Quebec was a major market for livestock， crops and fish. So a road to Quebec was seen by officials in Maine as necessary for trade. For about 20 years the movement of people and goods was mostly from Maine to Quebec， and then the trend reversed as thousands of Canadians immigrated to Maine to escape poor crops， the lack of jobs and the threat of disease. I think it was a color epidemic. Besides its negative reasons major building projects in Maine also made the state very attractive for the Canadians who needed work. I should stress though that immigration during that period went in both directions. In fact the flow of people and goods went completely unhindered. There wasn't even a border post until around 1850. The people of the time saw Maine and Quebec as single region mainly because of the strong French influence which is still evident in Maine today. Eventually the road fellsintosdisuse as a major railway was completed. Finally people simply forgot about it and that's how it came to be lost. This brings me back to the original topic.
例题：What does the speaker say about the road between Main and Quebec？
（A） It was built by the Canadians.
（B） It was built to facilitate trade.
（C） The path for the road was extremely difficult to clear.
（D） Hostilities between Canada and the United States caused construction delays.
演讲中题到了road是为了trade，即“So a road to Quebec was seen by officials in Maine as necessary for trade”。
例题：What is one reason Canadians began to immigrate to Maine during the 1800s？
（A） Maine was less influenced by the French government.
（B） Maine had better employment opportunities.
（C） Maine was politically stable.
（D） Marine had a better climate.？答案是B.
对话中提到了许多原因，如“to escape poor crops”，“the lack of jobs and the threat of disease”，以及“color epidemic”和“major building projects”。选项B是其中的一个，只是the lack of jobs变成employment opportunities而已。
例题：What can be inferred about the region including Maine and Quebec during the early 1800s？
（A） The area was economically unified.
（B） The authorities were unable to enforce law and order.
（C） The two governments fought for control of the area.
（D） Most of the people living there spoke only French.
这道题比较难，因为选项都不是原句的简单改写或者复述，你可以从短语“infer about”得到提示它是一道暗示推理题。有了这种思想准备之后，即使你一时没找到答案也不会太灰心。但是题总是要答的，甚至用猜。原对话中的句字“At the time Quebec was a major market for livestock， crops and fish. So a road to Quebec was seen by officials in Maine as necessary for trade”说明，A是正确答案。看来，暗示推理题并不好做。然而，有幸的是，暗示推理题的正确选项与其它3个选项有较大的区别。那就是选项中很少或者根本不用原话，或者原词。就像这一题，选项A中只有一个词重复原文，即area这个很不重要的词。
例题：What subject is the speaker most likely to discuss next？
（A） The latest practices of accurate mapmaking.
（B） The impact of epidemics on mass migration.
（C） The advantages of establishing international trade agreements.
（D） The technology used to locate the Old Canada Road.
原文的开头和结尾都提到了选项D的内容：开头——“finding it again was a complex process that involved state of our technology： how the location of the roads was pinpointed was very interesting. And I'll return to it as soon as I gave you a little background information.”与结尾——“that's how it came to be lost. This brings me back to the original topic.”