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2001年6月成人三级真题

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  北京地区(2001年6月9日)

  Part I Reading Comprehension (40%)

  Directions: There are four passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

  Passage 1

  Questions I to 5 are based on the following passage:

  In order to learn a foreign language well, it is necessary to overcome the fear of making mistakes. If the primary goal of language use is communication, then mistakes are secondary considerations that may be dealt with gradually as awareness of those mistakes increases. On the other hand, students should not ignore their mistakes. The language learner may observe how native speakers express themselves, and how native expressions differ from the way the learner might say them. For example, a Spanish speaker who has been saying "I do it" to express willingness to do something in the immediate future, could, by communicating with native speakers of English, observe that native speakers actually say "I'll do it". This difference can serve as a basis for the student to change his way of using the present tense in English. But a student who is unwilling to communicate in the first place would lose this Opportunity to learn by trial and error.

  1. According to the passage, the present tense in English is ________

  A. basically the same in English as it is in Spanish

  B. used with some verbs but not with others to express future intention

  C. not used to express a desire to do something in the immediate future

  D. not the most difficult problem for foreign students

  2. According to the passage, language learners can reduce the number of their mistakes by ________

  A. comparing their speech with that of native speakers

  B. reading good books in the foreign language

  C. asking native speakers for explanations

  D. speaking without regard to native speakers

  3. According to the passage, foreign language students who do not communicate with native speakers will NOT ________

  A. learn very much about the foreign society

  B. take advantage of available language

  C. have to worry about making mistakes

  D. learn about the history of the foreign language

  4. According to the passage, foreign language students should not worry too much about making mistakes because ________

  A. native speakers like foreign students who try to learn their language

  B. everyone makes mistakes when trying to communicate in a strange language

  C. native speakers will ignore their mistakes

  D. communication is the primary goal of language learning

  5. The author's major conclusion about the function of mistakes in foreign language learning is that _________

  A. mistakes are not important in the process of learning a language

  B. learners are often very afraid of making mistakes

  C. native speakers often do not tell foreign language learners about their mistake

  D. making mistakes can help the learner discover the rules of the language

  Passage 2

  Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:

  The Chinese have used a method called acupuncture (针灸) to perform operations for about 4, 000 years without putting the patient to sleep. a involves placing flexible needles into certain parts of the body. The needles are available in a number of stores in China and anyone may buy them.

  To learn how to use the needles takes about one month of training. But be skillful requires greater time. The person who performs the acupuncture knows how to put in the needles so the needles themselves are painful. This person also knows where to place the needles so the patient feels no pain in the area where the operation is to be performed. A particular operation might require 25 or more needles placed in various parts of the body. But now this operation requires only 3 or 4 needles.

  Today, the Chinese doctors are trying to learn more about acupuncture. They are trying to develop a convincing theory to explain how the needles work in preventing pain, or why a needle in the wrist, for example, would prevent the pain in the area of the mouth.

  A patient who needs an operation is given a choice between having acupuncture or having one of the chemicals used for putting him to sleep. It has been estimated that over half of the patients choose acupuncture because there is no sickness after the operation because the chemical may make the patient sick for a few hours or a day.

  6. Acupuncture is _________

  A. a medical needle B. a medical operation

  C. a medical technique D. a medical machine

  7. Which statement is not true of the performer of acupuncture?

  A. He knows where to place the needles without pain.

  B. He knows where the operation is to be performed.

  C. He knows how to use the needles in an operation.

  D. He knows how to perform the operation to cure the patient.

  8. To learn how to use the needles, it takes a person ________

  A. almost one month B. a couple of weeks

  C. a life time D. several months

  9. It can be learned form the passage that _________

  A. the person performing the acupuncture knows a lot about the making of needles

  B. acupuncture has existed in China for as long as 2,000 years

  C. an operation now needs fewer needles than in the past

  D. few patients prefer acupuncture to chemicals

  10. Which is implied but not stated in the passage?

  A. The Chinese mainly use acupuncture to cure strange disease.

  B. Most Chinese patients prefer acupuncture to chemicals in curing diseases.

  C. The Chinese have spread acupuncture all over the world.

  D. The Chinese are learning to be more skillful and efficient in acupuncture.

  Passage 3

  Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:

  Is teaching important? Well, of course it is. There was a time when the necessary knowledge could be taught to the young by family members. But as societies became more complex and division of labor more common, it was impossible for family members to teach the information and skills young people needed to become useful members of the society. As the need for specialists appeared, the job of teaching came into being in our county, and teaching as a job has been of increasing importance over the past hundred years. Today, we have strict rules for teachers. We hope all children ca~ attend schools. Many things tell us that teaching is indeed an "important" job.

  In recent years, there has been an increasing need for teachers to be "responsible ". This means that the public expects teachers to succeed u teaching important information to the young. Teachers' salaries today, while not much, certainly are much higher than they were in years past. These increases have come about because people have realized that without enough salaries, people who have abilities will not become teachers. Today almost no one says that "anybody will do" for a teacher. The public expects "quality people " to teach the young, and progress is being made to give salaries that will make people who have abilities become teachers.

  11. Before the job of teaching came into being, _________

  A. young people had had to be self-educated

  B. specialists had been in charge of teaching young people

  C. family members had been responsible for the education of the young

  D. the society had played an important role in educating young people

  12. The job of teaching came into being mainly because of ________

  A. The need for specialists

  B. the explosion of information

  C. the development of the society

  D. the civilization of human beings

  13. Teachers' salaries are raised today in order to _________

  A. show the importance of teaching as a job

  B. improve the quality of public teaching

  C. make teachers "responsible" in their teaching

  D. attract more qualified people to become teachers

  14. "Anybody will do" for a teacher means that _________

  A. almost all people want to become a teacher

  B. the job of teaching is so easy that everybody can do it

  C. a teacher will do whatever he can for his students

  D. a teacher is so highly respected that people all want to help him

  15. We know from the passage that ________

  A. teaching is a product of the society's division of labor

  B. enough salaries are necessary in making quality people become teachers

  C. greater progress has to be made in teaching

  D. It is important to be successful in teaching the young

  Passage 4

  Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage:

  Though some people have suggested that women should return to housework in order to leave more jobs for men, the idea has been rejected by both women and men in public opinion polls(民意测验). Lately some union officials have suggested that too many women are employed in type of work more suitable fore men and that women should step aside to make way for unemployed young men. They argue that women - - especially women in their childbearing years actually delay economic development and result in lower productivity, poor quality and inefficiency.

  To solve the problem, they have suggested that the working women stay at home while their husbands or brothers were given double wages. They argue that under these circumstances ~families would retain their same level of income, and women could run the house and raise children much better.

  The suggestion has been rejected by 9 out of 10 people polled. A hundred persons in a big city were questioned last summer. Out of 50 women, 46 said they were unwilling to leave their jobs, no matter what the situation was. The other 4 said they would like to return home if their jobs could be taken by their sons or daughters. Of 50 men polled, only 6 said they would like to see their wives give up their jobs, if it meant higher wages for themselves.

  Some other people have suggested another way died "phased employment theory ". The theory suggests that a woman worker take leave from her job when she is seven months pregnant(妊娠) and stay off the job until her baby reaches the age of 3. It suggests that women on leave receive 75 percent of their normal salary and be allowed to return to work after the 3-year period. This will benefit children, women, their families and the society. Some of those polled, both women and men, felt the idea is a good one. It definitely seems to be more acceptable than the suggestion that women return to home forever.

  16. Some union officials have suggested that women should return home because _________

  A. all of them are employed in unsuitable types of work

  B. their participation in work has a bad influence on the economic development

  C. most skilled male workers are now unemployed

  D. nowadays no one can take care of children except women

  17. Some union officials have suggested that if women resign their jobs.

  A. they should be allowed to attend school to be trained

  B. their jobs should be taken over by the male members of their families

  C. their children should also leave their kindergartens

  D. the male employees in their families should receive double wages

  18. According to the passage, the suggestion that women should return to housework was ________

  A. welcomed by women only

  B. welcomed by men only

  C. opposed by most men and women

  D. welcomed by men and women

  19. From the passage we can see "phased employment" means ________

  A. women are allowed to take leave form their jobs during their childbearing years

  B. women stay at home on weekdays and go to work on weekends or holidays

  C. a woman should resign her job forever if she has a child

  D. two or more women share the same job

  20. According to the "phased employment theory, during a woman's leave from her job _________

  A. her work should be done by her husband or brothers

  B. her family's income level will be a little lower than it normally is

  C. her family can still keep the same level of income

  D. either her husband or her brothers will be given double wages

  Part II Vocabulary and Structure (40 %)

  Directions In this part there are 40 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

  21. The _________ of the play is so great that many people want to see it.

  A. attention B. attempt

  C. attraction D. attack

  22. Do you think they have ________ food for all these people here?

  A. subsequent B. beneficial

  C. average D. sufficient

  23. The old lady ________ on hearing his son's death.

  A. broke down B. broke in

  C. broke out D. broke away

  24. I have to _________ my visit as I'll be very busy next week.

  A. call for B. call off

  C. call on D. call in

  25. He has been teaching for 2 years, but being a teacher is not his ________

  A. chance B. character

  C. choice D. attitude

  26. This is a very ________ situation and we don't know how to face it yet.

  A. comprehensive B. compound

  C. competent D. complicated

  27. It is _________ for a person in his position to make such a mistake.

  A. less B. rare

  C. little D. few

  28. Don't forget ________ the window before leaving the room.

  A. to close B. to have closed

  C. having closed D. closing

  29. You had better _________ a doctor as soon as possible.

  A. seen B. saw

  C. seeing D. see

  30. The old man is used to ________ early in the morning.

  A. exercising B. exercise

  C. exercised D. exercises

  31. Before joining the army, he spent a lot of time in the village ________ he belonged.

  A. which B. to which

  C. to where D. at which

  32. Do you mean this is the _________ decision you have made after thinking for hours?

  A. total B. ultimate

  C. upright D. tight

  33. It is because she is very devoted to her students _________ she is respected by them.

  A. who B. which

  C. what D. that

  34. I gave John a present but he gave me nothing ________

  A. in turn B. in return

  C. in advance D. in vain

  35. I cannot tell the _________ difference between the twins.

  A. slight B. single

  C. simple D. slender

  36. Words ________ meaning, as we all know.

  A. convince B. contribute

  C. convey D. conquer

  37. I don't like to disturb you, because you're quite tired ________ working hard today.

  A. of                  B. on

  C. out                 D. with

  38. _________ I saw was two men crossing the street.

  A. That B. Whom

  C. Who D. What

  39. A curve is a line _________ no part is straight and which has no angle.

  A. of which B. whose

  C. in which D. that

  40. _________ I'm mistaken, I've seen that man before.

  A. Because B. If

  C. Unless D. Provided

  41. The fisherman~________ poor, coule not buy another boat.

  A. being                 B. was

  C. is                    D. been

  42. All man must die, but death can vary ________its significance.

  A. with                  B. on

  C. from                  D. in

  43. Three people, ________, were injured in the accident.

  A. included a child        B. include a child

  C. including a child        D. includes a child

  44. We use plastics _________ wood and metal now.

  A. in place of             B. to take of

  C. take the place of        D. to take place

  45. 1 spent half an hour _________ this difficult math problem.

  A. working on     B. to work on

  C. on work               D. having worked on

  46. The medicine can prevent you _________

  A. being drunk            B. got drunk

  C. get drunk D. from getting drunk

  47. Her suggestion that everybody _________ was not appreciated.

  A. singing a song B. sang a song

  C. sung a song D. sing a song

  48. 1 have taken many photos. I'm going to get the film ________

  A. being developed B. developed

  C. developing D. to be developed

  49. ________the last one, I answered all the questions.

  A. Except                 B. Besides

  C. Except for              D. In addition to

  50. He suggested _________ a lecture given by Professor White on English language learning.

  A. me to attend             B. my attention

  C. my attending            D. me attending

  51. Not always ________ they want to.

  A. people can do what       B. can people do what

  C. People cannot do what    D. can't people do what

  52. "Good-bye, Miss liu. I'm very pleased _________

  A. to meet you             B. having met you

  C. meeting you             D. to have met you

  53. I didn't go to the party, but I do wish I ________ there.

  A. were                   B. had been

  C. would be               D. will be

  54. 1 will never forget the ten years ________ we both spent in the little village.

  A. when                   B. during which

  C. in which                 D. which

  55.The experiment, ________ will soon be announced~ was done by my colleagues.

  A. of whose results            B. the results on which

  C. at which the results         D. whose results

  56. Sorry, I don't know he is a friend of _________.

  A. your brother's            B. your brothers

  C. your brother's friend        D. your brother

  57. Had the weather been good, the children ________ Out for a walk.

  A. had gone                  B. would go

  C. could have gone            D. went

  58. 1 believe he _________ an accident, otherwise he would have arrived on time.

  A. would have had            B. could have had

  C. must have had             D. should have had

  59. After saying that, he ________ the door quickly.

  A. made for                 B. made up

  C. made out                 D. made

  60. The young man promised to his parents, "I would never_________ again."

  A. let you out                B. let you down

  C. let you in                 D. let you by

  Part III  Identification (10%)

  Directions: Each of the following sentences has four underlined parts marked A, B, C and D. Identify the one that is not correct. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

  61. Mary showed the customs officer her passport, then John showed him his one.

  A B C  D

  62. I was just falling sleep last night when I heard a knock at the door.

  A   B C D

  63. The meeting was interesting to some people, and to me it was boring.

  A  B C           D

  64. Ever since the world began, nations have difficulty in keeping peace with their neighbors.

  A B C D

  65. She was angry, went out, and slamming the door behind her.

  A B C D

  66. Bats are able to guide them by producing sound waves too high for us to hear.

  A B C             D

  67. The salesman told me that a good pair of glasses were supposed to last at least 3 to 4 years.

  A B C   D

  68. You had better return to your dormitory and to enjoy the company of your room-mates instead of

  A B C

  wasting time with me.

  D

  69. The boy denied to have seen anyone in the building when being questioned by the teacher shortly

  A B                           C

  after the incident.

  D

  70. I could not speak the language, neither had I friends nor acquaintances in the town.

  A                B C D

  Part IV  Cloze (10%)

  Directions There are 20 blanks in the following passage, and for each blank there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D at the end of the passage. You should choose the ONE answer that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

  Television broadcasts are 71 to an area that is Within the 72 of the sending station or its relay(中转站). 73 television relays are often placed on hills and mountains so that they can 74 a wider region, they still can not cover more land than one from the hilltop 75 a clear day.

  However, the rays also go out into the atmosphere, 76 there is a relay station on a satellite that 77 around the earth, it can send the pictures to any point on the earth from which the satellite is 78. Three satellites 79 turning around over the equator(赤道)send any television program to any part of the earth. 80 makes it possible for world 81 of newspapers to give the news in all countries at the same time. 82 it may be possible for a subscriber (订户)to a televised newspaper to 83 a button and see a newspaper page 84 his television screen. He could also decide when he wants the page 85, 86, by dialing different such as 87 on a telephone dial, he could choose the language or the edition of the paper he wants to read.

  It seems strange to think that, even today, methods of the 88 are not entirely useless. For example, sometimes 89 agencies which use radio and Telstar also use pigeons to 90 messages between offices in large cities because the pigeons are not bothered by traffic problems.

  71. A. limited B. bounded

  C. prohibited D. shifted

  72. A. view B. range

  C. miles D. distance

  73. A. Although B. Even

  C. Unless D. Whenever

  74. A. help B. spread

  C. cover D. pass

  75. A. in B. during

  C. at D. on

  76. A. and then B. and if

  C. when D. by far

  77. A. spins B. jumps

  C. revolves D. circles

  78. A. visible B. watched

  C. spotted D. protected

  79. A. always B. temporarily

  C. periodically D. permanently

  80. A. Which B. That

  C. What D. This

  81. A. population B. articles

  C. editions D. reports

  82. A. Someday B. At the future

  C. The other day       D. One day

  83. A. touch             B. press

  C. suppress           D. thumb

  84. A. at                 B. on

  C. in                 D. by

  85. A. turn               B. to be turned

  C. turning             D. to turn

  86. A. and               B. moreover

  C. also               D. then

  87. A. what              B. those

  C. these              D. ones

  88. A. passed             B. old days

  C. past               D. out-of-date

  89. A. books             B. conference

  C. newspapers         D. press

  90. A. send               B. take

  C. distribute           D. bring

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