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2004年11月成人三级真题

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  2004年11月北京地区普通高等学校成人教育本科生英语统一考试

  试题(A)

  Part I Reading Comprehension (30%)

  Directions: There are three passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C, and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through center.

  Passage 1

  Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage:

  In the United States, 30 percent of the adult population has a "weight problem". To many people, the cause is obvious: they eat too much. But scientific evidence does little to support this idea. Going back to the America of the 1910s, we find that people were thinner than today, yet they ate more food. In those days people worked harder physically, walked more, used machines much less and didn't watch television. Several modern studies, moreover, have shown that fatter people do not eat more on the average than thinner people. In fact, some investigations, such as the 1979 study of 3,545 London office workers, report that, on balance, fat people eat less than slimmer people.

  Studies show that slim people are more active than fat people. A study by a research group at Stanford University School of Medicine found the following interesting facts:

  The more the men ran, the more body fat they lost.

  The more they ran, the greater amount of food they ate.

  (76) Thus, those who ran the most ate the most, yet lost the greatest amount of body fat.

  1.  The physical problem that many adult Americans have is that ________.

  A they are too slim         B they work too hard

  C they are too fat          D they lose too much body fat

  2   According to the article, given 500 adult Americans, _______ people will have a "weight problem."

  A 30      B 50       C 100        D 150

  3   Is there any scientific evidence to support that eating too much is the cause of a " weight problem?"

  A Yes, there is plenty of evidence.

  B Of course, there is some evidence to show this is true.

  C There is hardly any scientific evidence to support this.

  D We don't know because the information is not given.

  4   In comparison with the adult American population today, the Americans of the 1910s _______.

  A ate more food and had more physical activities

  B ate less food but had more activities

  C ate less food and had less physical exercise

  D had more weight problems

  5    Modern scientific researches have reported to us that ________.

  A fat people eat less food and are less active

  B fat people eat more food than slim people and are more active

  C fat people eat more food than slim people but are less active

  D thin people run less, but have greater increase in food intake

  Passage 2

  Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:

  By adopting a few simple techniques, parents who read to their children can greatly increase their children's language development. It is surprising but true. (77) How parents talk to their children makes a big difference in the children's language development. If a parent encourages the child to actively respond to what the parent is reading, the child's language skills increase.

  A study was done with 30 three-year-old children and their parents. Half of the children participated in the experimental study; the other half acted as the control group. In the experimental group, the parents were given a two-hour training session in which they were taught to ask open-ended questions rather than yes-or-no questions. For example, the parent should ask, "What is the doggie doing?" rather than "Is the doggie running away?" (78) The parents in the experimental group were also instructed in how to help children find answers, how to suggest alternative possibilities and how to praise correct answers.

  At the beginning of the study, the children did not differ in measures of language development, but at the end of one month, the children in the experimental group showed 5. 5 months ahead of the control group on a test of verbal expression and vocabulary. Nine months later, the children in the experimental group still showed an advance of 6 months over the children in the control group.

  6 Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?

  A  Children who talk a lot are more intelligent.

  B  Parents who listen to their children can teach them more.

  C  Active children should read more and be given more attention.

  D  Verbal ability can easily be developed with proper methods.

  7     What does "it" in line2 can most probably be replaced by?

  A Parents increasing children's language development

  B Reading techniques being simple

  C Parents reading to children

  D Children's intelligence development

  8     According to the author, which of the following questions is the best type to ask children about?

  A Do you see the elephant?     B Is the elephant in the cage?

  C What animals do you like?    D Shall we go to the zoo?

  9     The difference between the control group and the experimental group was _______

  A the training that parents received

  B the age of the children

  C the books that were read

  D the number of the children

  10    The best conclusion we can draw from the passage is that _______.

  A parents should be trained to read to their children

  B the more children read, the more intelligent they will become

  C children's language skills increase when they are required to respond actively

  D children who read actively seem six months older

  Passage 3

  Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:

  (79) The agriculture revolution in the nineteenth century involved two things: the invention of labor-saving machinery and the development of scientific agriculture. Labor-saving naturally appeared first where labor was scarce. "In Europe", said Thomas Jefferson, " the object is to make the most of their land, labor being sufficient; here it is to make the most of our labor, land being abundant." It was in America, therefore. That the great advances in nineteenth-century agricultural machinery first came. At the opening of the century, with the exception of a crude (粗糙的) plow, farmers could have carried practically all of the existing agricultural tools on their backs. (80) By 1860, most of the machinery in use today had been designed in an early form. The most important of the early inventions was the iron plow. As early as 1890 Charles Newbolt of New Jersey had been working on the idea of a cast-iron plow and spent his entire fortune in introducing his invention. The farmers, However, would home none of it , claiming that the iron poisoned the soil and made the weeds grow. Nevertheless, many people devoted their attention to the plow, until in 1869,James Oliver of South Bend, Indiana, turned out the first chilled steel plow.

  11. The word "here"(Para,1,Line 6) refers to ______.

  A Europe   B America   C New Jersey   D. Indiana

  12. Which of the following statement is NOT true?

  A. The need for labor helped the invention of machinery in America

  B. The farmer rejected Charles Newbolt's plow for fear of ruin of their fields.

  C. Both Europe and America had great need for farm machinery .

  D. It was in Indiana that the first chilled-steel plow was produced.

  13. The passage is mainly about _____.

  A. the agriculture revolution

  B. the invention of labor -saving machinery

  C. the development of scientific agriculture

  D. the farming machinery in America

  14. At the opening of the nineteenth -century, farmers in America_____.

  A. preferred light tools

  B. were extremely self-reliant(自给的)

  C. had many tools

  D. had very few tools

  15. It is implied but not stated in the passage that_____.

  A. there was a shortage of workers on American farms

  B. the most important of the early invention was the iron plow

  C. after 1869, many people devoted their attention to the plow

  D. Charles Newbolt had made a fortune by his cast-iron plow

  Part II Vocabulary and Structure(30%)

  Directions: In this part there are 30 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center

  16. The bridge was named _____ the hero who gave his life for the cause of the people.

  A after    B for    C  because of    D before

  17. There was a large crowed in the square _____ against the war.

  A protecting   B protesting   C preventing   D promoting

  18. We have ______ to the government for a home improvement loan.

  A. arranged   B approached   C applied   D appointed

  19. Tom _____ the shopkeeper with overcharging him for the articles he had bought.

  A. accused   B charged   C blamed   D criticized

  20. The idea sounds very good but will it work in ______?

  A. practice   B place   C advance   D. company

  21. He got a job so that he could be independent_____ his parents.

  A. on   B. in   C. of    D. from

  22. We had to wait a long time to get our passports, _____?

  A. won't we   B. don't we    C. didn't we   D. shouldn't you

  23. Do you feel like_____ today?

  A. having something eaten  B. having something to eat  C. to have something eaten   D. to have something to eat

  24. It's vital that enough money _____ collected to get the project started.

  A. is   B. be   C must be   D. can be

  25. We consider _____ the instrument be adjusted each time it is used.

  A. that it necessary   b. it necessary that   C. necessary that   D. necessary of it that

  26. _____, we decided to leave at once, as we didn't want to risk missing the bus .

  A . As it being pretty late   B. It being pretty late   C. It was being pretty late   D. Being pretty late

  27. _____ was one regarded as impossible has now become a reality.

  A. What   B. That     C. Which    D. As

  28. Mr. Smith , together with his wife and children, _____ going to the party this weekend.

  A. am   B. is    C are   D. will

  29. Would you mind _____ the computer game in your room?

  A. him playing   B. his playing   C. him to play   D. him play

  30. By next year he _____ in New York for five years.

  A. has worked   B. has been working  C. works   D. will have worked

  31. Henry is often seen _____ English aloud every morning in the classroom.

  A. read   B. reads   C. reading    D. to read

  32. Without heat and sunlight, plants on the earth_____ well.

  A. would not grow   B. will not grow   C. had not grown   D. would not be grown

  33. Only recently _____ to deal with the environmental problems.

  A. something has done   B. has something done   C. has something been done   D. something has been done

  34. The question_____ at the meeting tomorrow is very important.

  A. to discuss   B. being discussed   C. to be discussed  D. will be discussed

  35. Since this road is wet and slippery this morning, it _____ last night.

  A. must rain   B. was raining   C. must have rained   D. may rain

  36. The mother didn't know ____ to blame for the broken glass as it happened while she was out.

  A. who   B. when   C. how   D. what

  37. I believe that every crime, ____ the circumstance, should be severely punished.

  A. in spite of   B. because of   C. instead of   D. on account of

  38. The worker are busy _____ models for the exhibition.

  A. to make   B. with making  C. being making   D. making

  39. Yesterday Mr. Smith gave a vivid _____ of his recent visit to China.

  A. dialogue   B. idea   C. tale   D. account

  40. The definition leaves _____ for disagreement.

  A. a small room  B. much room   C. great deal room  D. not so big a room

  41. By the time you arrive this evening, _____ for two hours.

  A. I  will study  B. I will have been studied   C. I had studied   D. I will have been studying

  42. I would have joined him in a picnic, but I _____ his company.

  A. will not like   B. don't like   C. had not liked  D. might not like

  43. Let's finish our homework in a few seconds; it's time we _____.

  A. played football  B. will play football  C. play football  D. are playing football

  44. ______ at Harvard, he began to write his essay.

  A. Busy was as he   B. Busy as was he   C. Busy as he was   D. As was he busy

  45. Pierre often makes himself _____ by gesturing with his hands.

  A.  to understand   B. understanding   C. to be understood   D. understood

  Part III Identification (10%)

  Directions: Each of the following sentences has four underlined parts marked A, B, C and D. Identify the one that is not correct. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

  46. Advertising (A)gives useful information about which (B)products (C)to buying(D)

  47. In Hawaii (A), people are friendly (B)and always warmly (C)welcomed (D)visitors.

  48. Mara Dona will face (A)a possible prison term if  (B) finding (C)guilty on (D)the shooting charges.

  49. Having returned (A)from Berlin(B), he received no telephone call (C), neither.(D)

  50. "I am looking (A)forward to(B) receive (C)your letter!" she said happily(D).

  51. It is(A) in (B)his spare time when (C)Robert teaches himself (D)English and Japanese.

  52. People complain that the cost (A)of setting up (B)a company are (C)so great that only the rich can afford to run (D)a company in the country.

  53. Between you and I(A), we have had (B)an eye on (C)him for some time, and he might be (D)a runaway.

  54. At (A)school Li Ming ran into (B)many problems, such as choosing (C)classed and to handle (D)his time.

  55. Comparing (A)with the weather of (B)last winter, it is much (C)milder and more pleasant this winter.(D)

  Part IV Cloze (10%)

  Directions: there are 20 blanks in the following passage, and for each blank there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D at the end of the passage. You should choose ONE answer that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

  Can authority be criticized? In _56___ of the word , authority is not __57__ either out of respect or out of __58___ , In such countries children are not expected to __59__ thair teachers in school and ___60__ young scholars or __61___ industrial mean are hampered in technical research because they don't feel free to _62___ with their superiors. Clever researchers may be considered too __63__ to have "any right" to present __64__ that are different from knowledge and wisdom of men of old ages.

  ___65__, the American is _66___ from childhood to question, analyze and search. School tasks are ___67__ to encourage the use of a __68__ range of materials. A composition topic like "Write a paper __69__ the world's supply of sugar" will send even __70___ in search of completely unfamiliar ideas. __71___ in the primary grades, children are taught to __72___ libraries, and to search for __73___ ideas of various sorts. __74__ the time they are 14,15 and 16, many young scholars are marking original and ____75___ contributions in all fields of science.

  56. A such         B any         C much           D many

  57. A accepted      B claimed     C isolated         D challenged

  58. A fear          B mercy       C hate           D sympathy

  59. A question      B ask          C change         D charge

  60. A famous       B brilliant       C employed      D curios

  61. A original      B sensible       C imaginative      D affective

  62. A disagree      B complain       C link           D cooperate

  63. A old          B brave          C young         D nervous

  64. A functions     B awards         C rewards        D findings

  65.A Secondly      B. Then          C Therefore      D However

  66.A treated        B trained         C traced         D transformed

  67.A done         B designed        C fulfilled        D neglected

  68.A moderate      B limited         C wide          D various

  69.A of            B on            C for            D to

  70.A a child        B a boy          C a girl          D an adult

  71.A Since         B As            C If             D Even

  72.A organize       B use            C clean          D manage

  73.A conventional    B same          C new           D familiar

  74.A When          B Since         C During         D By

  75.A precious         B priceless       C worth          D valuable

  Part V Translation (20%)

  Section A

  Directions: In this part there are five sentences which you should translate into Chinese. These sentences are all taken from the 3 passage you have just read in the part of Reading Comprehension. You can refer back to the passages so as to identify their meanings in the context.

  76. Thus, those who ran the most ate the most, yet lost the greatest amount of body fat.( Passage1)

  77. How parents talk to their children makes a big difference in the children's language development. If a parent encourages the child to actively respond to what the parent is reading, the child's language skills increase.( Passage2)

  78. The parents in the experimental group were also instructed in how to help children find answers, how to suggest alternative possibilities and how to praise correct answers.( Passage2)

  79. The agriculture revolution in the nineteenth century involved two things: the invention of labor-saving machinery and the development of scientific agriculture.( Passage3)

  80. By 1860, most of the machinery in use today had been designed in an early form.( Passage3)

  Section B

  Directions: In this part there are five sentences in Chinese. You should translate them into English. Be sure to write clearly.

  81.每个人都知道,学习对一个人的成长是至关重要的。

  82.我们的新产品非常受欢迎,对此我们感到十分自豪。

  83.您能说话大声点好让每个人都听得见吗?

  84.除了英语,你最好再学一门外语。

  85.在教育孩子方面,表扬比批评有效得多。

  答案与题解

  1.C答案在第一段第一句话:"In the United States,30 percent of the

  adult population has a"weight problem"在美国,30%的成年人都有

  体重问题。"因此许多美国成年人的身体问题是他们太胖了,C为正确

  答案。

  2.D答案也在第一段第一句话:In the United States,30 percent of the

  adult population has a"weight problem"在美国,30%的成年人都有

  体重问题。"因此,如果有500人的话,那么150人就会有体重问题。

  D为正确答案。

  3.C答案在第一段第三句话:"But scientific evidence does little to sup

  port this ides."因此几乎没有任何科学依据证明这一点。C为正确答案。

  4.A答案在第一段:"Going back to the America of the 1910s,we find

  that people were thinner than today,yet they ate more food.In those

  days people worked harder physically,walked more,used machines

  much less and didn't watch television.回顾十八世纪初,那时的人比

  现在的瘦,然而却吃的多。那时候,他们工作比现在辛苦,走路比现在

  多,使用机器比现在少,也不看电视。"因此"那时的人比现在吃的

  多,活动多。"符合题意思,A为正确答案。

  97

  5.A  答案在第二段和第三段:"Several modern studies have shown that

  fatter people do not eat more on the average than thinner people.Slim

  people are more active than fat people.有些现代科学研究证明:胖人

  不如瘦人吃的多,瘦人比胖人活动多。"因此胖人吃的少,活动少。符

  合题意。A为正确答案。

  6.D答案在第一段:"By adopting a few simple techniques.parents

  who read to their children can greatly increase their children's language development.父母给孩子读书的时候,通过采用一些简单的方

  法可以提高孩子的语言能力。"因此可以得出这样的结论:"语言能力

  可以通过适当的方法来提高。"D为正确答案。

  7.A根据上下文,it指父母能提高孩子的语言能力。

  8.C答案在第二段:"In the experimental group,the parents were giv-

  en a two——hour training session in which they were taught to ask open

  -ended questions rather than yes-or-no questions.在进行实验的

  这一组里,给家长进行两小时的培训,让他们学会向孩子们提一些不

  能用'是'或'不是'回答的问题。"因此家长提出的最好的问题应

  该是:"What animals do you like?""你喜欢什么样的动物?"C为正

  确答案。

  9.A答案在第二段。区别在于实验组里的家长接受了培训。

  10.C答案在第一段最后一句话。"If a parent encourages the child to

  actively respond to what the parent is reading,the child's language

  skills increase.如果家长鼓励孩子们对于家长给他们读的书的内容做

  出积极的反映,那么孩子们的语言能力就会提高。"因此C为正确答案。

  11.B根据上下文,这里的"here"指的是美国。

  12.C文章中有这样的句子:  "In Europe,the object is to make the

  most of their land,labor being sufficient,here it is to make the most

  of our labor,and land being abundant.在欧洲,我们的目标是劳动

  力充足,要充分利用土地,在美国是土地充足,要正确使用劳动力。"

  因此说欧洲和美国都急需农业机械化错误的。C正确答案。

  13.B文章的中心思想应当是:"节省劳力的机器的发明"

  14.D文章中有这样的句子:"At the opening of the century,with the

  exception of a crude plow,farmers could have carried practically all

  of the existing agricultural tools on their backs..在本世纪初,除了

  一个粗糙的耕犁之外,农民可以把其余所有的农具放在背上。"说明

  当时的农具很少。D为正确答案。

  15.A文章暗含的内容:"美国缺乏劳动力。"

  16.A  固定搭配name after…以……命名。本句意思是:"这座桥以

  这位英雄的名字命名的,他为了人民的事业牺牲了自己的生命。"因

  此A最符合题意。because of因为。

  17.B  固定搭配protest against…对某事提出抗议。本句的意思是:

  "广场上有大批人群正在抗议战争。"因此B最符合题意。prevent sb

  from doing sth:阻止某人做某事。protect…from使……免受伤

  害。promote:提升,提拔。

  18.C  固定搭配apply for…申请。本句的意思是:"我们已经向政府

  申请改善住房贷款。"因此C最符合题意。arrange for…安排好

  ……,appoint as…被任命为……。

  19.B固定搭配charge with…指控,指责。如:"He charged me with

  irresponsible.他指责我不负责任。"本句的意思是:"汤姆指控这个

  店员,对于他在此买的商品多收了钱。"因此B最符合题意。Accuse sb of sth

  …指责,指控。如:"accuse sb  of a crime-指控某人犯罪"blame sth on sb…把……怪罪至……They blamed the failure on George.他们把失败怪罪到乔治头上。criticize:批评。

  20.A固定搭配in practice:在实践中,实际上。本句的意思是:"想

  法听起来不错,但是实际中行的通吗?"因此A最符合题意。in

  place:适当的,合适的。in advance:提前。

  21.C固定搭配be in(1ependent.f…独立于……之外,不受……支

  配。  如:  "If you have a car,you are independent of trains and buses.

  如果你有汽车,你就不需要火车和汽车了。"本句的意思是:"他找到了工作,因此他就依赖父母了。"因此C最符合题意。

  22.C此句测试反意疑问句的用法。因为前面的句子是过去时,因此

  选C.

  23.B固定搭配feel like doing sth…想要……如:  "I don't feel like

  eating just now.我现在不想吃。"have something to eat:吃点东西。

  因此B为正确答案。本句的意思为:"今天想吃点什么?"

  24.B此句测试虚拟语气的用法。形容词vital后面连接主语从句的时

  候要虚拟语气should+动词原形。因此B为正确答案。本句的意思

  是:"要想开始这个项目必须有足够的资金。"

  25.B此句测试含有形式宾语、宾语从句的句子结构。正确的结构为动

  词+it+形容词+真正的宾语。因此B为正确答案。本句的意思是:

  "我们认为非常必要每次在使用仪器的时候进行调试。"

  26.D此句测试非谓语动词的用法。本句为现在分词短语做原因状语,

  分词的主语和句子的主语一致,因此D为正确答案。本句的意思是:

  "已经很晚了,我们决定立刻离开,因为我们不想误车。"

  27.A此句测试连词的用法。因为本句为主语从句,what在从句中做

  主语,因此A正确答案。本句的意思是:"曾经被认为是不可能的事

  情如今变成了现实。"

  28.B此句测试主谓一致的用法。当主语后跟有with,along with,together

  with,besides,except,including,as well as,rather than等词

  时,谓语动词不受词组的影响,仅和第一个主语保持一致。如:"She

  as well as the other girls is going to another supermarket.她和其他

  女孩打算去另一个超市。""The father.,rather than the brothers,is

  responsible.父亲和哥哥们是负责任的。"本句的意思是:"史密斯先

  生和他的妻子和孩子周末去参加宴会。"因此B最符合题意。

  29.B本句测试动名词的逻辑主语。mind的后面要接动名词做宾语,动

  名词的逻辑主语用物主代词+动名词。本句的意思是:"我在你房间

  里玩电脑游戏你介意吗?"

  30.D本句测试将来完成时的用法。表示将来某个时间要完成的动作。

  本句的意思是:"到明年为止,他在纽约已经工作了五年了。"

  31.C现在分词做宾语补足语,表示动作正在进行。本句的意思是:

  "有人看见亨利每天早晨在教室大声朗读英语。"

  32.A本句测试虚拟语气的用法。without引导含蓄的虚拟条件句。本

  句是与现在的事实相反的句子,因此用A.如:"without electricity,

  there would not be modern industry.如果没有电的话,就没有现代工业。"

  33.c本句测试倒装句的用法。only放在句首,句子倒装。如:"Only

  in this way can we work out the physics problem.只有用这种方法,

  我们才能解出这道物理题来。"本句的意思是:"只是在最近才对于

  环境保护方面采取了些措施。"

  34.C本句测试非谓语动词的用法。本句为动词不定式的被动式做定语

  表示将要发生的动作。意思是:"明天会上要讨论的问题非常重要。"

  35.C本句测试情态动词+完成时的用法,表示对已经发生的事情的肯

  定的猜测。如:  "I didn't hear the phone.I must have been asleep.

  我没有听见电话玲响,我肯定睡着了。"本句的意思是:"既然今天早

  晨路上又湿又滑,昨晚肯定下雨了。"

  36.A本句测试动词不定式的疑问式的用法。连接代词或副词+不定式

  够成了不定式的疑问式,在句子中可以做主语、宾语、表语和状语。

  女Ⅱ:"Mr.Li taught us how to work out the difficult problem.  李先

  生教我们如何解难题。""Please tell me when to start?请告诉我何时

  出发?"本句的意思是:"杯子字摔碎了,妈妈不知道该责备谁,因为

  当时她出去了。"

  37.A  in spite of:不管,不顾。He went out in spite of the rain.尽管

  下雨,我仍然外出。本句的意思是:"我认为每一种犯罪,不管环境

  如何,都应当受到严重的惩罚。"因此A符合题意。because.f:由

  于,因为。instead of:替代。on account of:由于,因为。

  38.D固定搭配:be busy doing sth 忙与做……。本句的意思是:"工人

  们忙于为展览做模型。"

  39.D本句测试四个名词的辨析。account:述说,说明。如:"Give us

  an account 0f what happened.把发生的事情给我们说一遍。因此D

  符合题意。本句的意思是:"昨天,史密斯先生惟妙惟肖地给我们讲

  述了他近期到中国的访问。"dialogue:对话。idea:想法。tale:

  神话。

  40.B room:空间,地方。(不可数名词)The table takes up too much

  room.桌子占地方太大。much修饰不可数名词。因此B为正确答

  案。本句的意思是:"这个定义留下许多争议的余地。"

  41.D此句测试将来完成进行时的用法。本句的意思是:"到今晚你来

  的时候,我们就已经学习了两个小时了。

  42.B本句的题干是一个表示虚拟的句子,但是后面的句子是表示真实

  语气的。因此正确答案为B.本句的意思是:"我本来想参加他的野

  餐的,但是我不喜欢他们。"

  43.A 本句测试it is time+ that+从句(谓语动词用过去时表示虚拟)。

  本句的意思:"让我们在几秒种内完成作业,该踢足球了。"

  44.C本句测试让步状语从句的用法。as引导让步状语从句时,句子倒

  装。如:"Young as he is,he knows a lot of things.虽然他年龄不

  大,可知道的事情很多。"本句意思是:"虽然他在哈佛大学很忙,但

  他又开始写作了。"

  45.D  make oneself understood:使自己的意思被别人明白。本句的意

  思是:"他经常通过打手势让别人明白他的意思。"

  46.D应改成to buy,which to buy是动词不定式的疑问式。本句的意

  思是:"广告给我们一些有用的信息,告诉我们买哪一种商品。"

  47.D应改成welcome,做谓语动词,一般现在时。本句意思是:"在夏

  威夷,人们总是非常的友好,热情欢迎游客。"

  48.C应改成found,if(he is)found guilty.本句的意思是:"如果在这

  个枪击案件中他被发现有罪的话,那么他就有可能面临监禁。"

  49.D应改成either.本句的意思是:"从柏林回来后,他也没有接到

  电话。"

  50.c  应改成receiving,look forward to doing sth,盼望做……。本句

  的意思是:"我盼望着你的来信。"

  5l_C应改为that,it is…that…强调句型。本句意思是:"是在业

  余时间罗伯特自学英语和日语。"

  52.C应改为is,因为本句的主语是the cost,是不可数名词。意思是:

  "人们抱怨说在这个国家成立一个公司的成本太高了,只有富人才能

  有钱开公司。"

  .

  53.A应改为:between you and me,代词用宾格,意思是"咱们私下

  说说".本句的意思是:"咱们私下说说,我们已经观察他好久了,

  他可能是个逃犯。"

  54.D应改为:handling,和前面的choosing是平行结构,接在such as

  的后面。本句的意思是:"在学校里,李明遇到很多问题,如:挑选

  班级和安排时间。

  55.A应改为compared,因为分词的主语和句子的主语不一致。本句的

  意思是:"和去年冬天比较,今年冬天的天气更温和更好。"

  56.C文章的上文谈到:"权威能被批评吗?"本句的意思是:"从字面

  的更多意思来看,无论是出于尊敬还是害怕,权威是不容被挑战的。

  57.D

  58.A

  59.A question:怀疑。本句的意思是:"在这样的国家里,孩子们是不

  能怀疑老师的。"

  60.B  brilliant:有成就的,辉煌的。此处指有成就的作家。

  61.A original:新颖的,有创造性的。

  62.A disagree:不同意。本句的意思是:"很有成就的学者和很有创新

  的工业领域里的专家他们的研究受到限制因为他们不能随意反对他

  们的前辈。"

  63.C

  64.D本句的意思是:"聪明的研究人员被认为是太年轻了,没有权利

  提出和前辈的知识、智慧不同的研究结果。"

  65.D文章从这段开始进行转折。

  66.B train:训练,培训。本句的意思是:"然而,美国人从小就受训要

  学会疑问,分析,寻找。

  67.B design:设计,计划。Design to do sth:目的是……,计划……。

  68.C本句的意思是:"学校的教育是旨在鼓励学生广泛运用资料。

  69.B on:关于

  70.D本句的意思是:"一篇题目为:"世界糖的供应"的作文会让即

  使是成年人也需要查询他们所不知道的资料。"

  71.D  even in the primary grades:即使在川、学。

  72.B use the 1ibraries:使用图书馆。

  73.c new ideas of various sorts:各种各样的新思想。本句的意思是:

  "即使在小学,也教育学生如何使用图书馆,如何寻找新思想。"

  74.D by:在……之时。在他们14,15,16岁的时候。

  75.D valuable:有益的,有价值的。本句的意思是:"在他们14,15,

  16岁的时候,许多年轻的学者便在科学领域里做出了新的有益的

  贡献。"

  76.注意定语从句的翻译。译文:因此,跑得最多的人吃得也最多,但

  同时也失掉最多量的脂肪。

  77.第一句翻译的时候,注意:主语是一个动词不定式的疑问式,第二句

  是含有条件状语从句的复合句。译文:父母同他们的孩子们之间的

  谈话方式对孩子的语言能力的发展有重大的影响。如果一个父(母)

  亲鼓励其孩子对他(她)朗读的东西做出积极反应的话,孩子的语

  言技巧就会增强。

  78.此句中有三个动词不定式的疑问式并列。译文:实验组的父母亲还

  学会了如何帮助孩子们找出答案,如何建议可供选择的(可能)方

  法以及如何表扬孩子们的正确回答。

  79.译文:十九世纪的农业革命包括两个方面:节省劳力的机器的发明

  和科学耕种的形成(出现)。

  80.译文:绝大多数今天(当今)使用的农机具,在1860年已具雏形。

  82.注意使用so…that...如此……以至于……。be proud of…

  对……感到自豪。译文:"Our new products are so popular that we

  are all proud of it."  or"Our new products are very popular,of which

  we are very proud."

  83.注意使用:s.that…以便,引导的结果状语从句。英译文:"could

  you speak a little louder please so that everyone can hear you?"

  84.注意介词besides:除了……以外(包括)。译文:"Besides English,

  you'd better learn another foreign language.".

  85.比较状语从句。In educating children,praise is much(far)more effective than criticism.

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