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1998年6月成人三级真题

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  北京地区(1998年6月13日)

  College English Test

  Part I Reading Comprehension (40%)

  Directions: There are four passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and remark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

  Passage 1

  Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage.

  Almost every family buys at least one copy of a newspaper every day. Some people subscribe (订阅) to as many as two or three newspapers. But why do people read newspapers?

  Five hundred years ago, news of important happenings —— battles lost and won, kings or rulers overthrown (推翻) or killed —— took months and even years to travel from one country to another. The news passed by word of mouth and was never accurate. Today we can read in our newspapers of important events that occur in far away countries on the same y they happen.

  Apart from supplying news from all over the world, newspapers give us a lot of other useful information. There are weather reports, radio, television and film guides, book reviews, stories and, of course, advertisements. The bigger ones are put in by large companies to bring attention to their products. They pay the newspapers thousands of dollars for the advertising space, but it is worth the money, for news of their products goes into almost every home in the country. For those who produce newspapers, advertisements are also very important. Money earned from advertisements makes it possible for them to sell their newspapers at a low price and still make a profit.

  Newspapers often have information on gardening, cooking and fashion as well as a small but very popular section on jokes and cartoons(漫画).

  1. The habit of reading newspapers is _________

  A. uncommon in the world      B. not popular in U. S. A.

  C. widespread in the world      D. founded among a few families

  2. A few hundred years ago news did not ________

  A. receive attention            B. travel fast

  C. spread to other countries      D. take long to reach other countries

  3. In the past, news was ________

  A. sent by telegraph            B. passed from one person to another

  C. sent by letter               D. sent by telephone

  4. The money spent on advertisements is

  A. wasted B. not much

  C. worthwhile D. useless

  5. The section on jokes and cartoons is _________

  A. read only by children        B. of no value

  C. not helpful               D. read by many

  Passage 2

  Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:

  Pepys and his wife had asked some friends to dinner on Sunday, September 2nd, 1666. They were up very late on the Saturday evening, getting everything ready for the next day, and while they were busy they saw the glow of a fire start in the sky. By 3 o'clock on the Sunday morning, its glow had become so bright that Jane woke her husband to watch it. Pepys slipped on his dressing—gown and went to the window to watch it. It seemed fairly far away, o after a time he went back to bed. When he got up in the morning, it looked, as though the fire was dying down, though he could still see some flames. So he set to work to tidy his room and put his things back where he wanted them.

  While he was doing this, Jane came in to say that she had heard the fire was a bad one; hundred houses had been burned down in the night and he fire was still burning. Pepys went out to see for himself. He went to the Tower of London and climbed up ‘on a high part of the buildings so that he could see what was happening. From there, Pepys could see that it was, indeed, a bad fire and that even the houses on London Bridge were burning. The man of the Tower told him that the fire had started in a baker's shop in Pudding Lane; the baker's house had caught fire from the over — heated oven and then the flames had quickly spread to the other houses in the narrow lane. So began the Great Fire of London, a fire that lasted nearly five days, destroyed most of the old city and ended, so it is said, at Pie Corner.

  6. What is the passage about?

  A. The Great Fire of London.

  B. Who was the first to discover the fire.

  C. What Pepys was doing during the fire.

  D. The losses caused by the fire.

  7. They were up very late because ________

  A. it was Sunday morning            B. they were not very sleepy

  C. they were preparing for the dinner.   D. they saw the great fire start.

  8. What was Pepys doing when his wife told him about the fire?

  A. He was asleep.              B. He was writing something.

  C. He was putting things back.    D. He was looking out of the window.

  9: “Pepys slipped on his dressing gown. ” To slip on means

  A. to be wearing B. to be pushing

  C. to take off D. to put on

  10. Why did the flames spread quickly?

  A. The oven became very hot.

  B. The houses were close together.

  C. The baker did nothing to stop it.

  D. The baker's house was burning quickly.

  Passage 3

  Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passages

  A new report of the United Nations shows that, if the present growth rate of 2 percent per year continues, today's world population of 5. 1 will hit 6.4 billion by the year 2000.

  What's more, the great part of the growth ——— 9 of every 10 p~ added to the earth's population ——— will be in the poor and undeveloped countries. These are the nations where providing enough food for billions of people already is proving to be a headaching problem.

  By the year 2000,today's “have not” nations will have a total population of 5 billion people, nearly four fifths of the world's population.

  Food isn't the only problem that such a population explosion presents. The more people there are and the worse their living conditions, the greater grow the possibility of all kinds of social problems.

  In 1830, world population reached 1 billion. It took only 100 more years to add another billion to world population just 30 more to add a third billion. And it took just 15 more years to reach the 4 billion mark in 1975.

  Actually, the world's birth rate is falling. But so is death rate, as medical advances have made it possible for man to live longer than before. Such advances have also reduced baby death rate. Unless population growth is reduced, the world population may reach 12 billion in a century. Is the earth capable of providing a good life for so large a population?

  11. A population explosion will lead to _________.

  _______

  A. a lot of social problems         B. medical advances

  C. a decrease in food production     D. a worse life in every country

  12. It took _______year for world population to grow form 1 billion to 3 billion.

  A. 100 B. 115 C. 130 D. 145

  13. By the year 2000, today's ____ nations will have a total population of 5 billion people, nearly four fifths of the world's population.

  A. biggest B. Asian C. developing D. developed

  14. ________, the world may have a population of 12 billion in a century.

  A. If man can live longer in the future

  B. If the science of medicine is developing fast enough

  C. If the population growth is not reduced

  D. If the earth is able to provide a good life for more people

  15. This passage tells us that _________

  A. the United Nations thinks it possible to avoid a population explosion

  B. 5. 1 billion people are living in the undeveloped countries

  C. in advanced nations the population growth is being controlled

  D. the world's population is increasing

  Passage 4

  Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage.

  A scientist who wants to predict the way in which consumers(消费者) will spend their money must study consumer behavior. He must obtain data both on the resources of consumers and on the motives that tend to encourage or discourage money spending.

  If an economist were asked which of three groups borrow most — — —people with rising incomes, Stable incomes, or decreasing incomes — — — he would probably answer, those with decreasing incomes. Actually years 1947— 1950,the answer was: people with rising incomes. People with decreasing incomes were next and people with stable incomes borrowed the least. This shows us that traditional assumptions(假设) about earning and spending are not always reliable. Another traditional assumption is that if people who have money expect prices to go up they will hasten to buy. If they expect prices to go down, they will postpone buying. But research surveys have shown that this is not always true. The expectations of price increases may not stimulate buying. One typical attitude was expresser by the wife of a mechanic in an interview at a time of rising prices. “In a few months,” she said, “we'll have pay more for meat and milk; we'll have less to spend on other things. ”Her family had been planning to buy a new car but they postponed this purchase. Furthermore, the rise in prices that has already taken place may be disliked and buyer's resistance may be produced. This is shown by the following typical comment: “I just don't pay these prices; they are too high.”

  The investigations mentioned above were carried out in America; condition most helpful to spending appears to be price stability. If prices have been stable and people consider that they are reasonable, they are likely to buy. Thus, it appears that the common business policy of maintaining stable prices is based on a correct understanding of consumer psychology(心理学)。

  16. According to the passage, if one wants to predict the way spend their money, he should _______

  A. rely on traditional assumptions about earning and spending

  B. try to encourage or discourage consumers to spend money

  C. carry out investigations on consumer behavior and get data on consumers incomes and money spending motives

  D. do researches in consumer psychology in a laboratory.

  17. According to paragraph 2, one traditional assumption is that people with ________ incomes borrow most.

  A. average        B. stable

  C. decreasing      D. rising

  18.According to paragraph 2, research surveys have proved that _________

  A. price increases always stimulate people to hasten to buy things

  B. rising prices may make people put off their purchase of certain things

  C. women are more sensitive to the rising in prices than men

  D. the expectations of price increases often make buyers feel angry.

  19. From the results of the surveys, the writer of this article _________

  A. concludes that the saving and spending patterns in Great Britain are better than those in America

  B. concludes that the consumers always expect prices to remain stable

  C. concludes that maintaining stable prices is a correct business policy

  D. does not draw any conclusion

  20. Which of the following statements is always TRUE according to the surveys mentioned in the passage?

  A. Consumers will put off buying things if they expect prices to decrease.

  B. Consumers will spend their money quickly if they expect prices to increase

  C. The price condition has an influence on consumer behavior

  D. Traditional assumptions about earning and spending are reliable.

  Part II Vocabulary and Structure (40%)

  Directions :In this part there are 40 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

  21. How long do you think ________ to finish this urgent task?

  A. did it take you   B. it will take you

  C. will it take you   D. it to take you

  22. Wealth, education and occupation vary greatly ________ members of the middle class.

  A. among   B. between

  C. from   D. inside

  23. Let's buy our tickets while I still have _________

  A. a little money to leave   B. little money left

  C. a few dollars left        D. few dollars to leave

  24. ________ was not the way the event happened.

  A. Which the press reported      B. That the press reported

  C. What did the press report      D. What the press reported

  25. People do not like such persons who are always ______the way of others.

  A. on        B. by

  C. in         D. behind

  26. At first we were ________ by Don's words, but soon we were tired of them.

  A. great    B. far

  C. much     D. never

  27. He talks as if he ________everything in the world.

  A. knows              B. knew

  C. had known         D. would have known

  28. The doctor advised that Mr. Malan ____ an operation right away so as to save his life.

  A. had B. would have

  C. have            D. was going to have

  29. He forgot about ____ him to attend my wife's birthday party.

  A. I asking           B. my asking

  C. me to ask          D. mine to ask

  30. So little ____ about stock exchange that the lecture was completely beyond me.

  A. did I know       B. I had known

  C. I knew          D. was I known

  31. The boy's laziness _____ his failure in the exams.

  A. resulted from        B. brought in

  C. resulted in          D. led into

  32. Only guests of the hotel enjoy the_____ of using the private beach.

  A. privilege B. possibility

  C. favor D. advantage

  33. Tom ______more than twenty pounds for the dictionary.

  A. spent      B. pay

  C. cost       D. took

  34. The governor had to_______ all his appointments for the day and rush to the train accident.

  A. set off B. pay off

  C. see off D. call off

  35. One car went too fast and ____ missed hitting another car. A. completely        B. greatly

  C. narrowly D. little

  36. He was accused ____ stealing from the shop.

  A. with       B. in

  C. of D. at

  37. It took me a long time to ____ the disappointment of losing the match.

  A. get over B. get up

  C. get into D. get down

  38. All the reference books should be made ____ to the teachers and student~ in our university.

  A. concerned B. available

  C. related D. flexible

  39. He never thought the committee would ________ his proposal.

  A. put up B. object to

  C. pass on D. call on

  40. The company official ____ I thought would be fired received a raise.

  A. whom     B. whoever

  C. who D. of whom

  41. Mr. Green my letter, otherwise he would have replied before now.

  A. must have received B. must have failed to receive

  C. must receive D. must fail to receive

  42. We shall appreciate _________ from you soon.

  A. being heard B. hearing

  C. to hear D. having been heard

  43. I fell and hurt myself while I ______tennis.

  A. was playing B. am playing

  C. play D. played

  44. ________ you disagree with her, her idea is still worth considering.

  A. Even if       B. If only

  C. Instead of      D. Despite of

  45. I'd _______ you didn't touch that, if you don't mind.

  A. rather B. better

  C. happier D. further

  46. The two men were arrested for breaking into that shop have been_______ $ 10,000

  A. committed B. driven

  C. charged D. fined

  47. The driver might have ______the accident if he had had his headlights on.

  A. missed B. avoided

  C. stopped D. dismissed

  48.The people at the party were worried about Janet because no one was aware ________ she had gone.

  A. where that           B. of where

  C. of the place D. the place

  49. I ________ on the door for ten minutes now without an answer.

  A. was knocking B. am knocking

  C. knocking D. have been knocking

  50. _______ tired after a hard work ,she fell into bed and went straight to sleep.

  A. Felt B. Feeling

  C. Being felt D. To feel

  51. He was ________ enough to understand my questions from the gestures I made.

  A. intelligent B. efficient

  C. proficient C. diligent

  52. If you ________ the speed limit, you will get into trouble with the police.

  A. exclude B. exceed

  C. excuse D. execute

  53. He opened the door and let himself in quietly ________ not to make ~u family.

  A. because B. so as

  C. so that D. despite

  54. I wish you ________ to me before you went and bought that car.

  A. spoke B. will speak

  C. was going to speak D. had spoken

  55. The director, who was recently promoted, did ________

  A. work more than anyone else    B. more than anyone else work

  C. more work than anyone else    D. work more than anyone

  56. Before her marriage, she spent a considerable time in that very part of Shanghai, ________ she belonged.

  A. which B. to where

  C. to which D. at which

  57. “Good—bye, Mr. Wang. I'm pleased _______

  A. to meet          B. meeting

  C. to have been meeting  D. to be met

  58. The investigation, ________ will soon be published, was made by john.

  A. at which the results B. the results on which

  C. whose results D. at whose results

  59. Don't you know he is an old friend of ________?

  A. my brother          B. my brothers

  C. my brother's        D. my brother's friend

  60. ________ you return those books to the library immediately you will have to pay a fine.

  A. Until B. Unless

  C. If D. Provided

  Part III Identification (10%)

  Directions: Each of the following sentences has four underlined parts marked A, B, C, and D. Identify the one that is not correct. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

  61. The more frequent the child expresses his interest in an activity, the stranger it will become.

  A B     C                   D

  62. It is always easier to select a tool than to use them.

  A B      C D

  63. During the discussion, Mr. Boyd remained silent when asking his opinion.

  A B C  D

  64. She sings too loudly, the same as what her teacher does.

  A B  C  D

  65. He asked what had the weather been like during my holidays and I said that it had been awful.

  A B                                  C              D

  66. A number of errors made by him was surprising.

  A B C             D

  67. She stood there for a while with her hands risen.

  A B  C     D

  68. It is on each individual effort which the safety and happiness of the whole depend.

  A B                           C   D

  69. Our history professor is such a knowledgeable person that it seems that there isn't nothing which he

  A                           B                  C

  does not know.

  D

  70. I feel like to take a long walk. Would you like to go with me?

  A    B C        D

  Part IV Close (10%)

  Directions There are 20 blanks in the following passage, and for each blank there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D at the end of the passage. You should choose the ONE answer that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

  Once upon a time a poor farmer taking a sack of wheat to the mill did not know 71 to do when it slipped from his horse and fell 72 the road. The sack was 73 heavy for him to 74, and his only hope was that 75 some one would come riding by and 76 a hand.

  It was not long 77 a rider appeared, but the farmer's heart sank when he 78 him, for it was the great man who lived in a castle near by. The farmer 79 have dared to ask 80 farmer to help, or any poor man who might have come 81 the road, but he could not beg a 82 of so great a man.

  83, as soon as the great man came up he got 84 his horse, saying, “I see you've had bad luck, friend. How good it is 85 I'm here just at the 86 time.” Then he took one 87 of the sack, the farmer the other, and between them they lifted it on the horse.

  “Sir,” asked the farmer, “how can I pay you?”

  “Easily enough,” the great man 88. “Whenever you see 89 else in trouble, 90 the same for him.”

  71. A. how B. what

  C. which D. whether

  72. A. on B. in

  C. off D. onto

  73. A. so B. very

  C. quite D. too

  74. A. pick B. lift

  C. take D. left

  75. A. presently B. immediately

  C. generally D. quickly

  76. A. lend       B. present

  C. borrow     D. put

  77. A. before     B. until

  C. after       D. since

  78. A. knew      B. understood

  C. remembered  D. recognized

  79. A. ought      B. should

  C. would      D. could

  80. A. one        B. other

  C. some       D. another

  81. A. across      B. along

  C. through     D. alone

  82. A. favor      B. support

  C. hand       D. help

  83. A. Nevertheless B. However

  C. Moreover   D. Although

  84. A. off        B. from

  C. down       D. out of

  85. A. when      B. which

  C. then        D. that

  86. A. exact      B. same

  C. right       D. good

  87. A. piece      B. end

  C. part        D. edge

  88. A. referred    B. responded

  C. reflected    D. replied

  89. A. someone   B. everyone

  C. anyone     D. one

  90. A. make      B. create

  C. do         D. perform

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