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2004年4月成人三级真题

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  2004年4月北京地区普通高等学校成人教育本科生英语统一考试

  试题(A)

  Part I Reading Comprehension(30%)

  Directions: There are three passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choose and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

  Passage 1

  Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage:

  A youngster's social development has a profound effect on his academic progress Kids who have trouble getting along with their classmates can end up behind academically as well and have a higher chance of dropping out(退学). In the early grades especially, experts say, youngsters should be encouraged to work in groups rather than individually so that teachers can spot children who may be having problems making friends "When children work on a project", says Lillian Kate, an educational professor at the University &Illinois, "they learn to work together, to disagree, to think, to take turns and lighten tensions These skills can't be learned through lecture We all know people who have wonderful technical skills but don't have any social skills Relationships should be the first R".

  At a certain age, children are also learning to judge themselves in relation to others. For most children, school marks the first time that their goals are not set by an internal clock but by the outside world Just as the 1-year-old struggling to walk the 6-year-old is struggling to meet adult expectations "Young kids don't know how to distinguish early-childhood education for the state of New Jersey, "(76) if they try hard to do something and fail. they may conclude that they will never be able to accomplish a particular task". "The effects of serious", says Hills, "a child who has had his confidence really damaged needs a rescue operation".

  1. The author seems to think that a kid's poor relationship with his classmates would        .

  A. have negative effects on his study

  B. develop his individualism but limit his intelligence

  C. eventually lead to his leaving school

  D. have nothing to do with his achievements in a course

  2. In the first paragraph, the word spot means        .

  A. teach B. help C. find D. treat

  3. For most children, school makes them understand        .

  A. that it is society rather than individual that decides one's future

  B. that they can meet the social needs

  C. that one's effort and one's ability can be two quite different matters

  D. that social needs and individual needs have nothing in common

  4. Which of the following is most unlikely for the author to do?

  A. To talk to the students who have mental problems.

  B. To help students develop a feeling of self-respect.

  C. To keep a student from playing alone.

  D. To announce a student's scores in public.

  5. Which of the following is the major concern of the passage about a student's needs?

  A. Individualism and cooperation.

  B. Academic success and independent thinking.

  C. Socialization and feeling of competence.

  D. Intelligence and respect.

  Passage 2

  Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:

  If the Europeans thought a drought-a long period of dry weather-was something that happened only in Africa, they know better now. After four years of below - normal rainfall (in some cases only 10 percent of annual average), vast areas of France, Spain, Portugal, Belgium, Britain and Ireland are dry and barren(贫瘠).(77) Water is so low in the canals of northern France that waterway traffic is forbidden except on weekends. Oyster(牡蛎)grows in Brittany report a 30 percent drop in production because of the loss of fresh water in local rivers necessary for oyster breeding. In southeastern England, the rolling green hills of Kent have turned so brown that officials have been weighing plans to pipe in water from Wales. In Portugal, farmers in the   southern Alentejo region have held prayer meeting for rain-so far, in vain.

  (78) Governments in drought-spread countries are taking severe measures. Authorities in hard-hit areas of France have banned washing cars and watering lawns. In Britain, water will soon be metered, like gas and electricity, "The English have always taken water for granted," says Graham Warren, a spokesman of Britain's National Rivers Authority. "Now they're putting a price on it." Even a sudden end to the drought would not end the misery in some areas. It will take several years of unusually heavy winter rain, the experts say, just to bring existing water reserves up to their normal levels.

  6. What does the author mean by saying "they know better now?"

  A. They know more about the causes of the drought.

  B. They have a better understanding of the drought in Africa.

  C. They have realized that the drought in Europe is the most serious one.

  D. They have realized that droughts hit not only Africa but also Europe.

  7. The drought in Europe has brought about all the following problems except        .

  A. below-normal rainfall B. difficult navigation

  C. a sharp drop in oyster harvest D. bone-dry hills

  8. The British government intends to        .

  A. forbid the car-washing service

  B. increase the price of the water used

  C. end the misery caused by the drought

  D. charge fees for the use of the water

  9. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?

  A. Germany is the only country free from the drought

  B. Water reserves are at their lowest level in years due to drought

  C. The drought is more serious in Britain than in France

  D. Europe will not have heavy rain until several years later.

  10. Which of the following is the most appropriate title for the passage?

  A. Europe in Misery B. Drought Attacks Europe

  C. Be Economical With Water D. Europe, a Would-be Africa

  Passage 3

  Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:

  How can we get rid of garbage(垃圾)? Do we have enough energy sources to meet our future energy needs?

  These are two important questions that many people are asking today. Some people think that man might be able to solve both problems at the same time. They suggest using garbage as an energy source, and at the time it can save the land to hold garbage.

  For a long time, people buried garbage or dumped(倾倒)it on empty land. Now, empty land is scarce. But more and more garbage is produced each year. However, garbage can be a good fuel to use. The things in garbage do not look like coal, petroleum, or natural gas; but they are chemically similar to these fossil(化石)fuels. As we use up our fossil-fuel supplies, we might be able to use garbage as an energy source.

  (79) Burning garbage is not a new idea. Some cities in Europe and the United States have been burning garbage for years. The heat that is produced by burning garbage is used to boil water. The steam that is produced is used to make electricity or to heat nearby buildings. In Paris, France, some power plants burn almost 2 million metric tons of the cities garbage each year. The amount of energy produced is about the same as would be produced by burning almost a half million barrels of oil.

  (80) Our fossil fuel supplies are limited. Burning garbage might be one kind of energy source that we can use to help meet our energy needs. This method could also reduce the amount if garbage piling up on the earth.

  11. What two problems can man solve by burning garbage?

  A. The shortage of energy and air pollution.

  B. The shortage of energy and the land to hold garbage.

  C. Air pollution and the shortage of fossil fuel.

  D. Air pollution and the shortage of land to hold garbage.

  12. Which of the following is NOT the result of burning garbage?

  A. The garbage burned is turned into fossil fuels.

  B. The heat produced is used to boil water.

  C. The steam produced is used to make electricity.

  D. The steam produced is used to heat buildings.

  13. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true?

  A. About 2 million metric tons of garbage is burned in France each year.

  B. In a modern society, more and more garbage is produced each year.

  C. Using garbage is a good way to solve the problem of energy shortage.

  D. It will be too expensive to use garbage as an energy source.

  14. What is the author's attitude?

  A. Delighted B. Sad C. Agreeing D. Disagreeing

  15. The best title for the passage may be        .

  A. Garbage and the Earth

  B. Fossil Fuel and Garbage

  C. Land and Garbage

  D. Garbage - Energy Source

  Part II Vocabulary and Structure(30%)

  Directions: In this part there are 30 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

  16. It is from my grandparents        I learned a lot.

  A. who B. whom C. that D. which

  17. The writer has published many books,        are well received by the readers.

  A. none of whom B. all of which

  C. neither of who D. one of which

  18. Classes        , the students left for home without delay.

  A. were over B. being over C. are over D. over

  19. This is the dictionary        I depend a lot whenever I have problems with new words.

  A. with which B. in which C. on which D. for which

  20. Over ten people died and twenty people were        wounded in the train crash.

  A. horribly B. wrongly C. bitterly D. seriously

  21. Do you think Tommy is        the truth?

  A. saying B. speaking C. telling D. talking

  22. It is so hot. You should put the food into the refrigerator now. otherwise, it will        soon.

  A. harm B. hurt C. spoil D. damage

  23. Don't forget to write to me,        ?

  A. will you B. didn't you C. are you D. don't you

  24. It is important to remember the saying that        is better than cure.

  A. prevention B. promotion C. permission D. proportion

  25. Winning or losing is temporary, but friendship        .

  A. expects B. lives C. remains D. lasts

  26. Peter, whom everyone suspected,        to be innocent.

  A. turned out B. turned off C. turned up D. turned over

  27. Isn't that        they call peace and friendship?

  A. which B. this C. what D. where

  28. So        is the weather in England that by lunchtime there could be thunder and lightening.

  A. various B. varies C. variable D. variation

  29. All the arrangements should have been completed prior        our departure.

  A. in B. to C. by D. before

  30. I must tell you how        a letter from you.

  A. pleased I was to receive B. pleased I was to receiving

  C. was I pleased to receive D. pleased I was receiving

  31. I am considering        my job as I'm not getting on well with my boss.

  A. changing B. to change C. changed D. to be changed

  32.        the advice of his friends, he would not have suffered such a heavy loss in his business.

  A. If he took B. If he should take C. Were he to take D. Had he taken

  33. John,        the bet, had to pay for the dinner.

  A. lost B. having lost C. losing D. having loss

  34. Do not trust such men        often like to praise you to your face.

  A. who B. that C. as D. they

  35. We have a desperate need        practice strict economy in every department.

  A. to B. of C. for D. about

  36. But for my classmates' help, I        the work in time.

  A. did not finish B. could not finish

  C. will not finish D. would not have finished

  37.        is known to us all, the earth moves around the sun.

  A. Because B. For C. So D. As

  38. With the flowers        everywhere, the park looks beautiful.

  A. to bloom B. blooming C. be blooming D. to be blooming

  39. The shortage of energy is getting worse. It        an immediate solution.

  A. calls off B. calls up C. calls for D. calls at

  40. The teacher spoke so fast that it was hard for the students to        what he was saying.

  A. take in B. take out C. take up D. take over

  41. Some pop singers have much influence        the young people.

  A. to B. for C. onto D. on

  42. The doctor advised her that she        enough rest before going back to work.

  A. to get B. get C. gets D. got

  43. I think I will do it myself        asking him for help.

  A. rather than B. other than C. instead of D. in place of

  44. No sooner had she entered the house        the telephone rang.

  A. when B. than C. as D. while

  45. Mary said to me, "Had I seen your bag, I        it to you."

  A. will return B. must return C. could return D. would have returned

  Part III Identification (10%)

  Directions: Each of the following sentences has four underlined parts marked A, B, C and D. Identify the one that is not correct. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

  46. Individual freedom does not in any sense(A) mean that (B)you can do what (C)you like at your free-will.(D)

  47. When we finally finished (A)the tiring (B)journey, we could not hardly (C)move a step further.(D)

  48. Arriving for (A)the lecture early is better (B)than to take (C)the chance of being (D)late.

  49. These part-time students expect to offer (A)some jobs on (B)campus during (C)the coming (D)summer vacation.

  50. He was so (A)excited after hearing the news and (B)he could not (C)fall asleep immediately.(D)

  51. You will not able (A)to pass the examination unless (B)you work harder (C)than you do (D)now.

  52. Only when it started (A)to rain he noticed (B)that he had left (C)his raincoat somewhere.(D)

  53. The waste, according to (A)the people there, has already (B)found their (C)way into the (D)drinking water.

  54. If you try to (A)learn too (B)many things at a time (C)you may get confusing(D).

  55. After (A)his graduation (B)from(C) the university, he has worked (D)in a famous computer company.

  Part IV Cloze (10%)

  Directions: there are 20 blanks in the following passage, and for each blank there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D at the end of the passage. You should choose ONE answer that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

  People used to say, "The hand that rocks the cradle(摇篮)rules the world." And "56 every successful man there's a woman."

  " 57  these saying mean the same thing. Men  58  the world, but their wives rule them.

  Most of the American women like  59  their husbands and  60  successful,  61  some of them want  62  for themselves. They want  63  jobs. When they work they want to be  64

  Paid. They want to be as successful as  65  .

  The American women's liberation(解放)movement was started by women who don't want to  66  successful men. They want to stand  67  men, with the same chance for success. They don't want to be told that certain jobs or offices are  68  to them. They refuse to work side by side with men who do the same work for  69  pay.

  A  70  woman must be  71  of being a woman and have confidence (自信)in  72  . If somebody says to her, "You've come a long way, baby." She'll smile and answer, "Not nearly as  73  as I'm going to go, baby!"

  This movement is quite new, and  74  American women do not agree. But it has already made some important changes in women's  75  and in men's lives, too.

  56. A. Behind B. Beside C. Before D. Under

  57. A. Neither B. All C. Both D. Either

  58. A. manage B. have C. control D. rule

  59. A. forcing B. to make C. waiting D. looking

  60. A. fathers B. mothers C. sons D. daughters

  61. A. so B. but C. thus D. or

  62. A. more B. little C. everything D. nothing

  63. A. light B. heavy C. no D. good

  64. A. nice B. fairly C. continuously D. endlessly

  65. A. husbands B. others C. men D. other women

  66. A. walk beside B. move behind C. go before D. stand behind

  67. A. beside B. for C. behind D. against

  68. A. opened B. closed C. open D. close

  69. A. a different B. the same C. a higher D. a high

  70. A. good B. free C. working D. liberated

  71. A. able B. kind C. proud D. fond

  72. A. her heart B. herself C. her position D. her husband

  73. A. far B. farther C. long D. distant

  74. A. some B. all C. few D. many

  75. A. lives B. world C. society D. position

  Part V Translation (20%)

  Section A

  Directions: In this part there are five sentences which you should translate into Chinese. These sentences are all taken from the 3 passage you have just read in the part of Reading Comprehension. You can refer back to the passages so as to identify their meanings in the context.

  76. If they try hard to do something and fail, they may conclude that they will never be able to accomplish a task. (Passage 1)

  77. Water is so low in the canals of northern France that waterway traffic is forbidden except  on weekends. (Passage 2)

  78. Governments in drought-spread countries are taking severe measures. Authorities in hard-hit areas of France have banned washing cars and watering lawns. (Passage 2)

  79. Burning garbage is not a new idea. Some cities in Europe and the United States have been burning garbage for years. (Passage 3)

  80. Our fossil fuel supplies are limited. Burning garbage might be one kind of energy source that we can use to help meet our energy needs. (Passage 3)

  Section B

  Directions: In this part there are five sentences in Chinese. You should translate them into English. Be sure to write clearly.

  81.今年他们建造的房子跟去年一样多。

  82.对不起,我忘了把你要的书带来了。

  83.这项工作太难了,你干不了。

  84.无论多么困难,我也不会失去信心。

  85.物体离我们越远,看起来就越小。

  答案与题解

  1.A 答案在第一段第二句话:"Kids who have trouble getting along

  with their classmates can end up behind academically as well.不能和

  同学很好相处的学生学习也会落后。"因此作者认为和同学的关系不

  好会对他的学习造成负面影响。A最符合题意。

  2.C spot:发现,找出。In early grades especially,youngsters should

  be encouraged to work in groups rather than individually SO that teachers

  can spot children who may be having problems making friends.尤其在早期,应当鼓励青年人一起学习,而不是独自学习,这样老师们就能发现哪些学生交朋友有困难。

  3.A 答案在第二段第二句话:"For most children,school marks the

  first time that their goals are not set by an internal clock but by the

  outside world.对于大多数学生来讲,学校使他们第一次明白他们目

  标的实现是由外部世界决定的,不是内在的因素。因此学校使学生们

  明白是社会而不是个人决定他们的未来。"A为正确答案。

  4.D 答案在第二段最后一句话:  "The effects of obvious methods of

  comparison such as posting grades can be serious.a child who has had

  his confidence really damaged needs a rescue operation.明显的对比分

  数的做法的后果是相当严重的。自尊心受到伤害的学生需要医治。"

  因此作者最不愿做的事情是公开学生的成绩。D为正确答案。

  71

  5.C 作者第一段谈到:"年轻人的社会能力会对他的学习产生很大的影

  响,因此一个人的社会能力应当放在第一位。"第二段谈到:"学生们

  的自信心非常的重要。"因此一个学生最关心的应当是具有社会化的

  能力和对自己能力的感觉。因此c为正确答案。

  6.D 答案在第一段第一句话:"If the Europeans thought a drought-a long period of dry weather-was something that happened only in Africa,they know better now.如果欧洲人认为干旱天气只会出现在非洲的话,那么他们现在更清楚的知道了,情况并非如 此。"因此,"they know better now"means they have realized that drought hit not only Africa but also Europe.欧洲人已经意识到干旱不仅会袭击非洲也会出现在欧洲。

  7.A 欧洲的干旱引起了以下问题:船只航行困难,牡蛎产量下降,干旱

  的山丘。低于平均水平的降雨量不属于干旱引起的问题,而应当是由

  于少的降雨量引起干旱。因此A为正确答案。

  8.D 答案在第二段有这样的句子:"In Britain,water will soon be metered,

  like gas and electricity.在英国,水像电和气一样开始记录了。"

  "The English have always taken water for granted,now they are put-

  ting a price on it.英国人对于用水总是想当然,现在他们也开始给水

  定价了。因此英国政府打算开始收水费了。D为正确答案。

  9.B 答案在文章的最后一句话:"It will take several years of unusually

  heavy winter rain,just to bring existing water reserves up to their

  normal levels.如果想让水库的水达到通常的水平,得需要几年的时

  间,而且需要非同寻常的大的降雨量。因此"由于多年干旱,水库的

  水位已经最底了。此句话正确。

  10.B 文章第一段谈到干旱给欧洲带来的灾难,第二段谈到干旱国家的

  政府采取的一些措施。因此文章的题目应当是:  "Drought Attacks

  Europe干旱袭击欧洲" B为正确答案。

  11.B 答案在文章的最后一句话:"Burning garbage might be one kind

  of energy source that we can use to help meet our energy needs.this

  method could also reduce the amount if garbage piling up on the

  earth."因此焚烧垃圾可以解决两个问题:能源短缺,节省土地。

  12.A 文章第四段谈到焚烧垃圾产生的热可以使水沸腾,产生的蒸汽可

  以发电,也可以给大楼供热,但是没有谈到焚烧的垃圾会变成化石。

  13.D 把垃圾作为一种能源非常贵不符合文章的内容。

  14.C 作者持赞成的态度。

  15.D 文章的标题应当是:"Garbage——一一Energy Source."

  16.C 此句测试强调句型的用法。It is…that…本句的意思是:"从我祖父母那里我学到了很多。又如:It was in the street that mymother met Tom yesterday.(强调地点主语)昨天,我母亲是在街上遇见汤姆的。It was not until Wednesday that I phoned the office.(强调时间状语)直到星期三我才给办公室打去电话。

  17.B 此句测试非限定性定语从句的用法。因为关系代词修饰的是指物

  的名词,因此用which;根据本句的句意,要选肯定句。本句的意思

  是:"这位作者出版了好多部书,都非常受读者的欢迎。"又如:"He

  felt that his pupils,most of whom lived in the towns,should get to

  know the wonders of the countryside.他觉得他那些大多住在城里的

  学生应该了解乡村的美妙景色。关系代词whom指的是pupils.

  18.B 此句测试非谓语动词的用法。当分词短语的主语和主句的主语不

  一致而且又有自己的主语的时候,要用分词的独立主格。因此只有B

  最符合语法结构。本句的意思为:"下课后,同学们没有耽误时问直

  接回家了。分词的独立主格作时间状语。It being Sunday,you

  needn't go to sch001.因为是星期天,你用不着去上学。分词的独立

  78

  主格做原因状语。All the work done,you can have a rest.所有的工作都完成了,可以休息了。分词的独立主格做条件状语。

  19.C 此句测试定语从句的用法。depend on…依靠,取决于。因此C为正确答案。

  20.D 此句测试四个副词的用法。seriously:严重的,严肃的。He

  was seriously i11.他患了重病。本句的意思是:"在这次火车相撞事

  件中十多个人死亡,二十多人严重受伤。horribly:令人恐惧的,可

  怕的。He died horribly and in great pain.他死的很惨,且疼痛不堪。

  wrongly:错误地,不正当地。wrongly directed错误指导。bitterly:

  痛苦的。

  21.C 此句测试四个动词的辨析。tell the truth:说实话,tell a lie:说

  谎。是固定搭配。因此C为正确答案。

  22.C spoil:指食物变坏。如:Fruit spoils if kept too long.水果放的

  时间长了会烂。因此c最符合题意。本句的意思是:"天气这么热,

  应当把食物放到冰箱了,否则很快就会坏。"harm:损害,危害。

  There is no harm in trying.不妨一试。hurt:使……伤心。These

  criticisms have hurt his pride deeply.这些批评大大伤害了他的自尊

  心。damage:损害,破坏(使其失去价值)。The storm did great

  damage to the crops.那场暴风雨对农作物造成了极大的伤害。

  23.A 此句测试祈使句的反意疑问句。如果是祈使句的反意疑问句,后

  面的反问一般用will you?如:Speak louder,will you?请大声点,好

  吗?本句的意思是:"别忘了给我写信,好吗?"因此C最符合题意。

  24.A 此句测试四个名词的辨析。prevention:防止,预防。Prevention

  is better than cure.预防胜于医治。因此A最符合题意。promotion:

  提升,晋级。permission:允许proportion:比例。

  25.D 此句测试四个动词的辨析。last:持续,延续。The hot weather

  lasted until September.炎热的天气一直持续到九月。本句的意思是:

  "输还是赢都是暂时的,但是友谊常存。因此D最符合题意。expect:

  期望,期待。live:生活remain:仍然。

  26.A 此句测试turn动词短语的用法。turn out:结果是,证明是。It

  looked like raining this morning.but it has turned out to be a fine

  day.今天早晨看起来要下雨,结果是个晴天。本句的意思是:"大家

  都怀疑彼得,结果他是无辜的。因此A最符合题意。turn off:关掉。

  Please turn off the lights when you leave classroom.离开教室时请关

  上灯。turn up:出现He promised to come but hasn't turned up yet.

  他答应来,但还没到。turn over:翻倒,翻转。The car turned over in

  a crash.那辆汽车撞翻个儿了。

  27.C 此句是一个what引导的表语从句。陈述句的语序应当是这样的:

  "That isn't what they call peace and friendship."变成疑问句:"

  Isn't that what they call peace and friendship?"what在从句中作call

  .  的宾语。因此C最符合题意。

  28.C 此句测试词汇的用法。题干中有SO,因此后面要接形容词,variable:变化多端的。various:各种各样的。因此C最符合题意。本句的意思是:"伦敦的天气变化多端,到午饭时就可能会电闪雷鸣。"vary:变化,是动词。variation:变化,名词。

  29.B 固定搭配:prior to:在……之前。本句的意思是:"在离开之前,应当把一切准备好。"

  30.A 此句为how引导的宾语从句。how后面紧跟它所修饰的形容词

  或副词,然后再接一个陈述句。另外注意短语:be pleased to do

  sth…。因此A为正确答案。本句的意思是:"我必须告诉你收到你

  的来信我是多么的高兴。

  7,5

  31.A  consider后面接动名词做宾语。因此A为正确答案。本句的意思

  是:"我正在考虑换工作,因为我和老板关系不太好。又如:"We:are

  considering learning a foreign 1anguage.我们正在考虑学一门外语。"

  32.D 此句测试虚拟语气的用法。此句为和过去的事实相反的虚拟句,

  if省略,句子倒装。因此D最符合题意。本句的意思是:"如果他听

  了朋友们的劝告的话,他的生意就不会这么损失惨重。"

  33.B 此句测试分词短语的用法。分词短语的完成时做原因状语。本句

  的意思是:"约翰因为打赌输了,只好付饭钱。"

  34.C  such…as引导定语从句。例如:"we have found such materials

  as are used in their factory.我们找到了象他们厂里用的那种材料。

  (such在句中做主语)Such people as you describe are short nowadays.

  你描述的这种人现在已经很少了。(such在句子中做宾语)

  35.A  have need to do sth:必须做某事。本句的意思是:"我们急需在

  每个领域里厉行节约。"

  36.D  此句是含有含蓄条件句:"but for'my classmate's help"的句子,

  因此要选择一个虚拟语气的句子。因为是和过去的事实相反,因此D

  为正确答案。本句的意思是:"要不是同学们的帮助,我不会按时完

  成任务的。"

  37.D  as is known to a11:固定搭配,众所周知。又如:As is known to

  all,too much smoking will cause lung cancer.众所周知,过多吸烟

  会引起肺癌。

  38.B  本句测试with介词短语引导的分词的独立主格。with后面接复

  合宾语,因为宾语the flowers和宾语补足语之间是逻辑上的主谓关

  系,因此用现在分词。因此B为正确答案。本句的意思是:"到处鲜

  花盛开,公园非常美丽。"

  39.C 本句测试call动词短语的用法。call for:要求,需求。如:This

  invitation does not call for an answer.这张请贴不要求答复。The

  present situation calls for rapid action by the government.当前的局

  势要求政府立即采取措施。因此c最符合题意。本句的意思是:"能

  源缺乏越来越严重,需要立即解决。"call off:取消。"The football

  match was called off on account of rain.足球赛因下雨取消。"例如:

  call up:打电话。例如:"I'11 call you up as soon as I get home.我一

  到家就给你打电话。"call at:拜访。例如:  "We called at John's

  house yesterday.昨天我们到约翰家拜访。"

  40. A  此句测试take动词短语的用法。take in:理解,领会。The

  students found it easy to take in what their teacher had taught.学生

  们发现老师讲的东西很容易领会。因此A最符合题意。本句意思是:

  "老师讲的太快了,学生们很难理解。take out:拿出,取出。例如:

  Please take out a piece of paper,let's have a dictation.请拿出一张纸

  来,我们开始听写。take up:占据(时间、空间)This bookcase

  take up too much room.这个书架占了太多的空间。take over:承

  担,接管。例如:He will take over his father's business.他将接替

  他父亲的事业。

  41.D  固定搭配,have an influence on…对……有影响。本句的意思

  是:"有些流行歌手对年轻人有很大影响。

  43.C  本句的意思是:"我想我自己做而不去求助于他。"Instead of和in place of两个短语都是取代的意思,前者是用甲不用乙,后者是以甲代替乙。如:"In making this dish,we should use sesame oil instead of peanut oil.做这个菜,应该用香油,不应该用花生油。In making this dish, we used sesame oil in place of peanut oil.我们做这个菜时,用香油代替了花生油。因此C符合题意。rather than:宁愿,不是……而是……。如:"John ought to go rather than George.约翰比乔治更应该去。These shoes are comfortable rather than pretty.这鞋不好看可是很舒服。Other than:不同于。除了。如:"The truth is quite other than what you think.事实与你想的完全不同。A11 parts of the house other than the windows were in good condition.除了窗子外,屋子的其他部分都很好。"

  44.B no sooner…than,hardly..when,固定搭配,一……就……本

  句的意思是:"她刚进门,电话就响了。

  45.D  此句测试虚拟语气的用法。因为题干中有句话:"had I seen your

  bag"表示和过去的事实相反的句子,if省略,因此D为正确答案。本

  句的意思是:  "玛丽对我说:"如果我看见了你的书包,我会还给

  你的。

  46.C  应改为whatever引导的宾语从句。本句的意思是:"个人自由并

  不意味着你可以自由地去做一切你喜欢做的事情。"

  47.C  应去掉not或者hardly,双重否定会变成肯定。本句的意思是:

  "当我们完成这一令人疲惫的旅行时,累的一步也不想动了。"

  48.C  应改为taking,因为是平行结构,要和主语arriving的形式保持

  一致。本句的意思是:"听报告时早点去要比有可能迟到好。"

  49.A  应改为be offered,意思是:"学生们期望被给一份工作。"本句

  的意思是:"这些勤工俭学的学生们期望暑假在校园里能找到一份

  工作。"

  50.B  应改为that,固定结构:SO…that…如此……以至于……。

  本句的意思是:"他听到这个消息时非常激动以至于不能很快入睡。"

  51.A  应改为will be able to.本句的意思是:"除非你比现在更努力学

  习,否则你考试就会不及格。"

  52.B  应改为:did he notice,因为only放在句首,因此句子要倒装。本

  句的意思是:"只有在开始下雨的时候,他才意识到他不知把雨衣丢

  在什么地方了。"

  53.C  应改为:its,代指前面的waste,不可数名词。本句的意思是:

  "据那里的人讲:人们在饮用的水里发现了废物。"

  54.D  应改为confused,因为主语是you,指人。本句的意思是:"如果你一次学的东西太多的话,你就会迷惑。"

  55.A  应改since,因为后面用的是完成时。本句的意思:"自从他从大

  学毕业,他就在一家著名的计算机公司工作。"

  56.A  根据上下文本句的意思应当是:"每个成功的男人的背后都有一

  个女人。"因此A为正确答案。

  57.C  因为前面提到两种说法"The hand that rocks the cradle rules the

  world.""Behind every successful man there's a woman."因此用

  both表示两种说法的含义是一样的。C最符合题意。

  58.D  rule:控制,统治。本句的意思是:"别人主宰着世界,而他们的

  妻子主控制他们。"

  59.B  like后面接to do sth.

  60.C  根据上下文的意思应当是:丈夫和儿子。

  77

  61.B  根据上下文的意思要使用一个表示转折的连词。

  62.A  本句意思是:"大多数妇女希望他们的丈夫和儿子成功,但是有

  些妇女想的更多的是她们自己。"

  63.D good jobs好的工作。本句的意思是:"她们想要好的工作。"

  64.B fairly:相当好的。continuously:持续地。end1essly:无休止地。

  nice:adj.好的,漂亮的。因此只有B最复合题意。本句的意思是:

  "他们工作的时候希望他们的工资合适。"

  65.C  根据文章的内容,这里的意思是指女人想和男人一样的成功。

  66. D  本句的意思是:"美国的妇女不想站在成功男人的背后由此开始

  了美国的妇女解放运动。"

  67.A  本句的意思是:"他们想站在男人的旁边,也就是说同样想有成

  功的机会。"

  68.B  本句的意思是:"他们不希望有人告诉他们说某个工作或某个办

  公室不要女的。"

  69.A  本句的意思是:"她们不希望和男人一起工作,报酬却不一样。"

  70.D  本句的意思是:"一个解放了的妇女必须以自己是女性而自豪,

  而且应当对自己有信心。"

  71.C be proud of…以……为自豪。

  72. B  have confidence in oneself:对自己有信心。

  73.A  本句的意思是:"如果有人对她说:你已经取得了很大的成绩。

  她会笑着说:比我想象的还差些。"

  74.D  本句的意思是:"这是一个新的运动,许多美国妇女不同意。"

  75.A  本句的意思是:"但是它已经使男性、女性的生活发生了重要的

  变化。"因为and后面是men's lives,因此结构平行,用women's

  lives.

  76.本句是一个含有条件状语从句的主从复合句。译文:如果他们试图

  做什么事,却没有做成,他们可能会得出这样的结论:他们永远也

  不能完成某一特定的任务。

  77.注意so…that…如此……以至于……译文:法国北部运河河水的

  水位是如此之低,以至除周末外,船只禁止航行。

  78.此句为两个简单的句子。take severe 1neasures:采取紧急措施。译

  文:在旱灾蔓延的国家,各级政府正在采取严厉的措施。法国遭受

  旱灾较重的地区的地方当局已禁止用水洗车和浇草坪。

  79.此句为两个简单句,注意时态为现在完成进行时。译文:燃烧垃圾

  并非什么新想法。多年来,一些欧洲和美国的城市一直都在这么做。

  80.此句为两个简单句。译文:我们的矿物燃料供应有限。燃烧垃圾可

  能会提供一种有助于满足我们能源需求的能源。

  82.for.gel,后面接动词不定式,表示动作还没有生。译文:I am sorry,I

  forget to bring the book you want.

  83.too…to…太……以至于不……。译文:The work is too difficult

  for you to finish.

  84.however引导让步状语从句。However difficult it may be,1 will never

  lose my confidence.

  85.注意结构:the more…the more...越……越……。译文:The farther an

  object is away from us,the smaller it looks.

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