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2003年11月成人三级真题

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  试题(A)

  Part I Reading Comprehension (30%)

  Directions: There are three passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C, and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through center.

  Passage 1

  Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage:

  After a busy day of work and play, the body needs to rest. Sleep is necessary for good health. During this time, the body recovers from the activities of the previous day. (76) The rest that you get while sleeping enables your body to prepare itself for the next day.

  There are four levels of sleep, each being a little deeper than the one before. As you sleep, your muscles relax little by little. Your heart beats more slowly, and your brain slows down. After you reach the fourth level, your body shifts back and forth from one level of sleep to the other.

  Although your mind slows down, from time to time you will dream. Scientists who study sleep state that when dreaming occurs, your eyeballs begin to move more quickly (although your eyelids are closed). This stage of sleep is called REM, which stands for rapid eye movement.

  (77)If you have trouble falling asleep, some people recommend breathing very slowly and very deeply. Other people believe that drinking warm milk will help make you drowsy. There is also an old suggestion that counting sheep will put you to sleep!

  1. A good title for this passage is —— .

  A. Sleep B. Good Health C. Dreams D. Work and Rest

  2. The word drowsy in the last paragraph means —— .

  A. sick B. stand up C. asleep D. a little sleepy

  3. This passage suggests that not getting enough sleep might make you ——.

  A. dream more often  B. have poor health

  C. nervous D. breathe quickly

  4. During REM,—— .

  A. your eyes move quickly B. you are restless

  C. you dream D. both A and B

  5. The average number of hours of sleep that an adult needs is—— .

  A. approximately six hours B. about eight hours

  C. around ten hours D. not stated here

  Passage 2

  Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:

  Obviously television has both advantages and disadvantages.

  (78)In the first place, television is not only a convenient source of entertainment, but also a comparatively cheap one. With a TV set in the family people don't have to pay for expensive seats at the theatre, the cinema, or the opera. All they have to do is to push a button or turn a knob, and they can see plays, films, operas and shows of every kind. Some people, however, think that this is where the danger lies. The television viewers need to nothing. He does not even have to use his legs if he has a remote control. He makes no choice and exercises, no judgment. He is completely passive and has everything presented to him without any effort on his part.

  Television, it is often said, keeps one informed about current events and the latest developments in science and politics. The most distant countries and the strangest customs are brought right into one's sitting room. It could be argued that the radio performs this service as well; but on television everything is much more living, much more real. Yet here again there is a danger. The television screen itself has a terrible, almost physical charm for us. (79)We get so used to looking at the movements on it, so dependent on its pictures, that it begins to control our lives. People are often heard to say that their television sets have broken down and that they have suddenly found that they have far more time to do things and that they have actually begun to talk to each other again. It makes one think, doesn't it?

  There are any other arguments for and against television. We must realize that television itself is neither good nor bad. It is the uses that it is put to that determine its value to society.

  6. What is the major function of paragraph 1?

  A. To arouse the reader's concern

  B. To introduce the theme of the whole passage

  C. To summarize the whole passage

  D. To sate the primary uses of TV

  7. Television, as a source of entertainment, is       .

  A. not very convenient B. very expensive

  C. quite dangerous D. relatively cheap

  8. Why are some people against TV?

  A. Because TV programs are not interesting

  B. Because TV viewers are totally passive

  C. Because TV prices are very high.

  D. Because TV has both advantages and disadvantages

  9. One of the most obvious advantages of TV is that       .

  A. it keeps up informed B. it is very cheap

  C. it enables us to have a rest D. it controls our lives

  10. According to the passage, whether TV is good or not depends on       .

  A. its quality B. people's attitude towards it

  C. how we use it D. when we use it

  Passage 3

  Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:

  Too often young people get themselves employed quite by accident, not knowing what lies in the way of opportunity for promotion, happiness and security. As a result, they are employed doing jobs that afford them little or no satisfaction. (80)Our school leavers face so much competition that they seldom care that they do as long as they can earn a living. Some stay long at a job and learn to like it; others quit form one to another looking for something to suit them. The young graduates who leave the university look for jobs that offer a salary up to their expectation. Very few go out into the world knowing exactly what they want and realizing their own abilities. The reason behind all this confusion is that there never has been a proper vocational guidance in our educational institution. Nearly all grope (摸索) in the dark and their chief concern when they look for a job is to ask what salary is like. They never bother to think whether they are suited for the job or, even more important, whether the job suits them. Having a job is more than merely providing yourself and your dependants with daily bread and some money for leisure and entertainment. It sets a pattern of life and, in many ways, determines social status in life, selection of friends, leisure and interest.

  In choosing a career you should first consider the type of work which will suit your interest. Nothing is more pathetic than taking on a job in which you have no interest, for it will not only discourage your desire to succeed in life but also ruin your talents and ultimately make you an emotional wreck (受到严重伤害的人) and a bitter person.

  11. The reason why some people are unlikely to succeed in life is that they       .

  A. have ruined their talents B. have taken on an unsuitable job

  C. think of nothing but their salary D. are not aware of their own potential

  12. The difficulty in choosing a suitable job lies mainly in that       .

  A. much competition has to be faced

  B. many employees have no working experience

  C. the young people only care about how much they can earn

  D. schools fail to offer students appropriate vocational guidance

  13. Which of the following statements is most important according to the passage?

  A. Your job must suit your interest.

  B. Your job must set a pattern of life.

  C. Your job must offer you a high salary.

  D. Your job must not ruin your talents.

  14. The best title for this passage would be       .

  A. What Can A Good Job Offer.    B. Earning A Living

  C. Correct Attitude On Job-hunting    D. How To Choose A Job

  15. The word "pathetic" in Paragraph 2 most probably means       .

  A. splendid B. miserable C. disgusted D. touching

  Part Ⅱ Vocabulary and Structure (30%)

  Directions: In this part there are 30 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

  16. Today books are        to everyone because they are no longer expensive.

  A. available B. preferable C. reliable D. actual

  17. We shall ask for samples        and then we can make our decision.

  A. to be sent B. being sent

  C. to sent D. to have been sent

  18. The forest fire caused by the volcano is difficult to be       .

  A. put off B. put away C. put out D. put up

  19. It was not        midnight that they discovered the children were not in their beds.

  A. before B. at C. after D. until

  20. The girl is not happy at the new school. She has        friends there.

  A. few B. a few C. little D. quite a few

  21. Robots have already        human tasks in the industrial field.

  A. taken on B. taken out C. taken up D. taken over

  22. I can't find the recorder in the room. It        by somebody.

  A. must have taken B. may have taken

  C. may have been taken D. should have been taken

  23. He took the medicine, but it didn't have any       .

  A. answer B. cause C. effect D. work

  24. It is        that over one million Americans now live below the poverty line.

  A. judged B. estimated C. calculated D. considered

  25. He left        an important detail in his account.

  A. off B. over  C. behind D. out

  26. When there are small children around, it is necessary to put bottles of pills out of       .

  A. hand B. hold C. place D. reach

  27. I hadn't seen him for years, but I        his voice on the telephone.

  A. realized B. discovered C. recognized D. heard

  28. This place, originally a small town, has been        into a modern city.

  A. transported B. transferred C. transmitted D. transformed

  29. There was nobody        when we came round the corner.

  A. out of sight B. at sight C. by sight D. in sight

  30. We'll be only too glad to attend your party        we can get a baby-sitter.

  A. so far as B. provided that C. unless D. except that

  31. They couldn't        him of his mistake.

  A. advise B. convince C. persuade D. believe

  32. The old gentleman never fails to help        is in need of his help.

  A. whom B. who C. whoever D. whomever

  33.        under a microscope, a fresh snowflake has a delicate six-pointed shape.

  A. Seeing B. Seen C. To see D. To be seen

  34. "When are you going to visit your uncle in Chicago?"

  "As soon as        our work for tomorrow."

  A. we're complete B. we'd complete C. we'll complete D. we complete

  35. Neither John nor I        able to persuade Richard's grandfather to attend the wedding.

  A. am B. are C. are to be D. is

  36. You ought        the matter to the manager the day before yesterday.

  A. to report B. to have reported C. to reporting D. have reported

  37. We look forward to        to the opening ceremony.

  A. invite B. be invited

  C. having been invited D. being invited

  38. Excuse me, but it is time to have your temperature       .

  A. taking B. taken C. took D. take

  39. I cannot        the truth of your words, although they go against my interests.

  A. but admit B. but admitting

  C. help but to admit D. help but admitting

  40. When I went to visit Mrs. Smith last week, I was told she two days before.

  A. has left B. was leaving C. would leave D. had left

  41. The boat will not arrive        forty-four hours.

  A. in B. at C. for D. by

  42. In winter, animals have a hard time        anything to eat.

  A. to find B. to finding C. to find out D. finding

  43. Since you won't take advice, there is no        in asking for it.

  A. place B. point C. reason D. way

  44.        is know to all, too much smoking will cause lung cancer.

  A. That B. It C. As D. What

  45. They have developed techniques which are        to those used in most factories.

  A. more B. better C. greater D. superior

  Part Ⅲ Identification (10%)

  Directions: Each of the following sentences has four underlined parts marked A, B, C and D. Identify the one that is not correct. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

  46. I'm old enough(A)not to (B)let my troubles to interfere (C)with (D)my work.

  47. It was(A) in the (B)primary school where (C)my teacher introduced me to (D)computers.

  48. Where (A)did the accident in which (B)your friend was hurt (C)took place(D)?

  49. There are(A) twelve people take part in (B)the experiment, four working(C) as a(D) group.

  50. Red and green (A)light, if mixing(B), in (C)the right proportion, will give (D)us yellow.

  51. We strongly (A)suggest that (B)Smith is told (C)about his (D)physical condition as soon as possible.

  52. Nearly three quarters of the surface (A)of the earth are(B) covered with water, and there (C)would be even less land if (D)the polar icecaps were melt.

  53. The seventeenth century was one which (A)many significant advances (B)were made (C)in both (D)science and philosophy.

  54. No  matter  whatever happens(A),  we're  determined to do our best(B) and make (C)the experiment a success.(D)

  55. Let's not (A)waste time on matters of no important(B). We have other vital(C) problems to deal with.(D)

  Part Ⅳ Cloze (10%)

  Directions: there are 20 blanks in the following passage, and for each blank there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D at the end of the passage. You should choose ONE answer that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet whit a single line through the center.

  What do we mean by a perfect English pronunciation? In one  56  there are as many different kinds of English as there are speakers of it.  57  two speakers speak in exactly the same  58 . We can always hear differences  59  them, and the pronunciation of English  60  a great deal in different geographical  61 . How do we decide what sort of English to use as a  62 ? This is not a question that can be  63  in the same way for all foreign learners of English.  64  you live in a part of the world  65  India or West Africa, where there is a long  66  of speaking English for general communication purpose, you should  67  to acquire a good variety of the pronunciation of this area. It would be  68  in these circumstances to use as a model BBC English or  69  of the sort. On the other hand, if you live in a country  70  there is no traditional use of English, you must take  71  your model some form of  72  English pronunciation. It does not  73  very much which form you choose. The most  74  way is to take as your model the sort of English you can  75  most often.

  56. A. meaning B. sense C. case D. situation

  57. A Not B. No C. None D. Nor

  58. A. type B. form C. sort D. way

  59. A. between B. among C. of D. from

  60. A. changes B. varies C. shifts D. alters

  61. A. areas B. parts C. countries D. spaces

  62. A. direction B. guide C. symbol D. model

  63. A. given B. responded C. satisfied D. answered

  64. A. Because B. When C. If D. Whether

  65. A. as B. in C. like D. near

  66. A. custom B. use C. tradition D. habit

  67. A. aim B. propose C. select D. tend

  68. A. fashion B. mistake C. nonsense D. possibility

  69. A. everything B. nothing C. anything D. things

  70. A. where B. that C. which D. wherever

  71. A. to B. with C. on D. as

  72. A. practical B. domestic C. native D. new

  73. A. care B. affect C. trouble D. matter

  74. A. effective B. sensitive C. ordinary D. careful

  75. A. listen B. hear C. notice D. find

  Part Ⅴ Translation (20%)

  Section A

  Directions: In this part there are five sentences which you should translate into Chinese. These sentences are all taken from the 3 passages you have just read in the part of Reading Comprehension. You can refer back to the passages so as to identify their meanings in the context.

  76. The rest that you get while sleeping enables your body to prepare itself for the next day. (Passage 1)

  77. If you have trouble falling asleep, some people recommend breathing very slowly and very deeply. (Passage 1)

  78. In the first place, television is not only a convenient source of entertainment, but also a comparatively cheap one. (Passage 2)

  79. We get so used to looking at the movements on it, so dependent on its pictures, that it begins to control our lives. (Passage 2)

  80. Our school leavers face so much competition that they seldom care what they do as long as they can earn a living. (Passage 3)

  Section B

  Directions: In this part there are five sentences in Chinese. You shculd translate them into English. Be sure to write clearly.

  81.他们试图想出一个解决这个问题的办法。

  82.你离开教室时,别忘了关灯。

  83.他喜欢一边做作业,一边听音乐。

  84.我已了解清楚,他的结论是以事实为依据的。

  85.对于年轻人来说,独立思考问题的能力很重要。

  答案与题解

  1. A文章的第一段谈到睡眠能使身体健康,第二段、第三段谈到睡眠的

  几种状态,最后一段谈到很快入睡的几种方法。因此整篇文章都围绕

  睡眠而谈,因此A为正确答案。

  2. D drowsy:瞌睡的,想睡的。因为上一句的意思是:"如果你睡觉有

  困难的话,有人建议慢慢的深深呼吸。"紧接着作者说:"另外一些人

  认为喝热牛奶能使你……,根据上下文应该选"瞌睡的",因此只有D

  最符合题意。sick:有病的;stand up:起立。asleep:睡着的。

  3. B  答案在文章的第一段第二句话:  "Sleep is necessary for good

  health."意思是:"睡眠有利于身体健康。"因此本句的意思是睡眠不

  足有害健康。只有B最符合题意。

  4. D答案在第三段第二句话:  "Scientists who study sleep state that

  when dreaming occurs your eyeballs begin to move more quickly."意

  思是:"研究睡眠的科学家指出一个人做梦的时候眼球移动速度加快。"

  因此正确答案为D.

  5. D文章中没有谈到成年人的平均睡眠时间。

  6. B文章的第一段只有一句话:"Obviously television has both advantages

  and disadvantages."意思是:"显然,电视既有缺点又有优点",紧接着文

  章围绕着这一主题展开讨论。因此本段的作用是引出文章的主题。

  B最符合题意。

  7. D  答案在文章第二段的第二句话:"In the first place,television is

  not only a convenient source of entertainment,but also a comparatively

  cheap one."意思是:"电视不仅是很方便的娱乐的来源,而且相对便

  宜。"因此只有D最符合题意。

  8.B答案在文章的第二段有这样两个句子:"some people think that this

  is where the danger lies.""He is completely passive and has everything

  presented to him without any effort On his part."有些人认为电视的危

  险在于观众变的被动了。因此B为正确答案。

  9.A答案在第三段的第一句话:"television,it is often said,keeps one

  informed about current events and the latest developments in science

  and politics."电视能使人们了解科学、政治领域里的最新发展。因此

  A最符合题意。

  10.C 答案在文章的最后一句话:"It is the uses that is put to that determine value to society." 意思是:"电视的使用决定它对社会的价值。"因此C正确答案。

  11.B答案可以在最后一段找到:"Nothing is more pathetic than taking

  on a job in which you have no interest,for it will not only discourage

  your desire to succeed in life but also ruin your talents."因此有些人

  事业不成功的原因是选择了不合适的工作。因此B是正确答案。

  13. A答案在第二段第一句话。  "In choosing a career you should first

  consider the type of work which will suit your interest."选择职业的

  时候首先要考虑的是这个工作你是否有兴趣。"因此A正确答案。

  14.D文章的第一段谈到:"年轻人找工作时候的随意性,因为他们没有

  经过任何的培训。"第二段谈到:"选择职业的时候首先考虑的是自己

  是否有兴趣。"因此文章的标题应当是:"如何选择工作"因此D为正

  确答案。

  15.B  miserable:痛苦的。splendid:辉煌的。disgusted:厌恶的。

  touching:接触的。因此只有B最符合题意。

  16.A  available:可利用的,可获得的,可到达的。例如:These tickets are

  available for seven days only.这些票有效期只有七天。They tried all

  available means to save the old man.他们想尽了一切办法来救这位老人。

  本句的意思是:"如今大家都有书了,因为书不再那么贵了。"因此只有

  A的用法符合题意。preferable:更好的,更优越的。reliable:可靠的。actual:

  实际的。

  17.A本句测试非谓语动词做宾语补足语,因为是将来式,所以用动词

  不定式做宾补,又因为宾语和宾语补足语之间是逻辑上的动宾关系,

  因此用动词不定式的被动。本句的意思是:"我们要求把产品的样品

  送来,然后我们可以做出决定。"

  18.C  本句测试put的短语动词的用法。put out:扑灭,熄灭(灯)例如:

  They put the fire out with water.他们用水把火扑灭了。put off:推迟,

  延期。Let's put the English Evening off to next week.咱们把英语晚会

  推迟到下周举行吧。put away:放好,收好。Put away the tea things in

  the cupboard.把茶具放到橱柜里。put up:举起,升起。Put up your

  hands if you have any questions.有问题举手。因此只有C符合题意。本

  句的意思是:"由火山引发的森林火灾很难扑灭。"

  19.D本句测试not until:直到……才。本句的意思是:"直到半夜他

  们才发现孩子们不在床上。

  20.A  本句的意思是:"这个女孩在新的学校不高兴,因为在那里她几

  乎没有朋友。"修饰可数名词用few,a few表示"有一些",few表示

  "几乎没有".因此只有A符合题意。1ittle修饰不可数名词。

  21.D  本句测试take短语动词的语法。take over:承担,接管。

  例如:He wi11 take over his father's business.他将接替他父亲的事业。

  本句的意思是:在工业领域里机器人已经取代了人类。take on(雇用)

  They took on a new secretary.他们雇用了一名新秘书。take out:拿 出,取出。

  例如:Please take out a piece of paper,let's have a dictation.请拿出一张纸来,我们开始听写。take up:占据(时间、空间)This bookcase take up too much room.这个书架占了太多的空间。

  22.C 本句测试情态动词+完成时的用法。must+完成时表示对过去已经发生的动作的一种肯定的猜测。should+完成时表示应该做的事情而没有做。may+完成时表示可能发生的动作。本句的意思是"我在房间里找不到我的录音机了,可能被别人拿走了。"因此,只有C最符合题意。

  23. C effect:效果,作用。本句话的意思是:"他吃了药,但是没有一点作用。"

  24.B  it is estimated that…据估计。本句的意思是:"据估计:大约有一百多万美国人生活在贫困线以下。"

  25 . D  本句测试leave短语动词的用法。leave out:遗漏,缺漏。例如:

  The printer has left out two lines from this paragraph.印刷工把这一

  段遗漏了两行。本句的意思是:"在他的叙述中遗漏掉了重要的细

  节。"因此D最符合题意。leave off.停止,结束。例如:It's time to

  leave off work是下班的时候了。leave over:剩下,省下。例如:

  How much money was left over?还剩多少钱?leave behind:遗留,丢下。例如:The men had all run away, leaving only women and children behind.男人们都跑了,只剩下老年妇女和孩子。

  26.D  out of reach:固定搭配,意思是:"够不着"本句的意思是:

  "周围有孩子的时候,一定要把要瓶子放到够不着的地方。"

  27.C 本句的意思是:"我好多年不见他了,但是在电话中我能辨别出他的声音。"

  28. D  本句测试四个动词的辨析。transform:改变,转变。transform one

  form of energy into another:把一种能变成另一种能。本句的意思是:

  "这个地方,起初是个小城镇,如今变成了一个座现代化的城市。"因此

  D最符合题意。transport:运送,运输。transport passengers from Shanghai to Beijing从上海运送乘客到北京。transfer:转移,转系。transfer from the army to the navy从陆军转到海军。transfer to another college转学到另一所学院。transmit:传输,传递,传播。

  29. D  in sight:在视线之内,看的见。本句的意思是:"我们转弯的时

  候,没有看见任何人。Out of sight在视线之外,看不见。

  30. B  本句测试连词的用法。provided that:假如,以……为条件,相当

  于if例如:I will come provided that I am well enough.如果我完全 好了我就来。I will lend you my book provided that you keep it clean.只要你保证书的干净整洁,我就把书借给你。本句的意思是:"如果

  我们能找到保姆的话,我们将非常乐意参加您的宴会。"因此B最符

  合题意。unless:除非,如果不……例如:I shall go there unless it

  rains.如果不下雨我就去。I shall sleep with the windows open unless

  it's really cold.如果天气不是非常冷的话,我就开着窗户睡觉。except that:除了……Your  article is quite good except that there are several spelling mistakes.你的文章很好,除了几个拼写错误。SO(as)far as:(表示程度,范围)就……,尽……至于……,as far as I know就我所知。as far as possible尽可能。

  31.B  convince sb of sth:使某人确信某事。本句的意思是:"他们不

  能够使他相信他自己的错误。"因此B最符合题意。persuade sb. to dosth劝说某人做某事。

  32.C  本句测试关系代词引导的宾语从句的用法。whoever引导的宾语

  从句,whoever在从句中做主语。本句的意思是:"这位老年人总是乐于帮助每一个需要帮助的人。"

  33.B  本句测试非谓语动词的用法。分词短语做状语,因为主语和分词

  之间的关系是动宾关系,因此用过去分词。

  34.D  本句是测试时态的用法。在时间、条件状语从句中要用一般现在

  时表示将来。因此本句的正确答案为D.

  35.A  本句测试主谓一致这一语法点。Neither…nor,either…or

  连接主语时,谓语动词要采取就近原则。例如:Neither Tom nor I

  nor anybody else knows how to do it.不论是你,我或者是其他任何

  人都不知道怎么做。Either John or his friends are to blame for the

  bad results.不是约翰就是他的朋友们要对此不良后果负责。本句的

  意思是:"我和约翰都不能劝说理查得的爷爷参加婚礼。"

  36.B  本句测试情态动词ought to+完成时,表示应当做的事情而没有

  做。本句的意思是:"前天你应当向经理汇报这件事情。"因此B为正

  确答案。

  37.D look forward to短语中的to是介词,因此其后要接动名词做宾

  语,又根据题意,要用动名词的被动。本句的意思是:"我们都盼望着

  能被邀请参加开幕式。"

  38.B  固定用法:have sth done:表示这个动作由别人来完成。例如:I

  had my dress mended.我让人把我的衣服修补好了。They had some

  money saved.他们把这些钱攒了起来。本句的意思是:"对不起,该测体温了。"

  39.A  cannot but+原形动词:不得不,必然。例如:He cannot but

  wait.他只好等着。I cannot but agree.我不得不同意。本句的意思

  是:"我不得不承认你的话的真实性,虽然他们违背我的遗愿。"

  40.D  本句测试过去完成时的用法。表示过去的过去。本句的意思是:

  "我上周去拜访史密斯夫人的时候,有人告诉我说她两天前就走了。"

  41.A  本句测试介词in的用法。in:在(一段时问)之后,(用于将来

  时)。例如:I'll be back in a day or two.我过一两天就会回来。My

  son's birthday is in two week's time.我儿子的生日再过两周就到了。

  本句的意思是:"这艘船44小时之内不会到。"

  42.D  当have作"有"解释时,如果后面跟有表达某些情感的名词如:

  difficulty,trouble,problem,fun,a hard time等通常使用动名词,实

  际上这种句型是在动名词前省去了介词in.例如:Accustomed to

  climbing trees,I had no difficulty reaching the top.因为习惯爬树了,

  我毫不费力就爬到了最高处。"why were you late?""I had a hard

  time getting up this morning."你为什么又迟到了?因为今天早晨起

  床的时候很费劲。本句的意思是:"冬天,动物很难找到吃的东西。"

  43.B there is no point in doing sth…it is no point in doing sth..,

  做……事情毫无意义。There is no point in doing SO.这样做毫无意

  义。There is not much point in repairing the old car.那辆旧汽车修

  理也没有多大用处了。本句的意思是:"既然你不打算听我的建议,

  要它有什么意义呢?"

  44.C 固定用法as is known to all:众所周知。本句的意思是:"众所周

  知,吸烟过多会引起肺癌。又如:"As is known to all,the earth

  moves around the sun.."

  45.D  短语:be superior to:优越于……。又如:"He thinks he is

  superior to us because his father is an important person..  他因为父亲是

  大人物,就高人一等。本句的意思是:"他们开发了新的技术,比大

  多数工厂里的都先进。"

  46.C  应改为:interfere,因为let后面要接原形动词。本句的意思:"我

  年龄大了,不会让烦恼影响我的工作。"

  47.C  应改为that,强调句型:it is…that.本句的意思是:"是在小

  学,我的老师第一次向我介绍了计算机。"

  48.D  应改为take,过去时的疑问句,前面已经有了助动词did.本句

  的意思是:"你的朋友受伤了,车祸是在哪发生的?"

  49.B  应改为taking,分词短语做定语。本句的意思是:"有12个人参,

  加了试验,4个人一组。"

  50.B  应改为mixed,因为分词和主语:"red and green light"是动宾

  关系,因此要用过去分词。本句的意思是:"红灯、绿灯混合到一起,

  如果比例正确的话,就会变成黄色。"

  51.C  应改为be told,因为是suggest引导的宾语从句,谓语动词省略了

  should.本句的意思是:"我们强烈建议告诉尽快史密斯先生他的身

  体状况。"

  52.B  应改为is,因为主语是:"surface",是不可数名词,所以谓语动

  词用单数。本句的意思是:"地球几乎四分之三的表面是水,如果北

  极的冰山融化了的话,陆地就更少了。"

  53.A  应改为when,在定语从句中做状语。本句的意思:"十七世纪科

  学和哲学领域里发生了许多有意义的进步。"

  54.A  应改为what happen ;,因为no matter what-whatever.本句的

  意思是:"无论发生什么事,我们决心尽力使实验成功。"

  55.B  应改为matters of no importance, of 后要接名词。本句意思是:

  "不要把时间浪费在不重要的事情上,我们还有重要的事情去做。"

  56.B  in.no sense:在某种意义上,固定用法。其余几个词都不能和in

  搭配。本句的意思是:"在某种意义上,有多少人讲英语,就有多少

  种英语。"

  57.B  只有n.后面可以接名词。

  58.D  in the same Way.固定用法。本句的意思是:"没有两个人讲的英

  语完全一样。"

  59.A  difference between them,它们之问的区别。本句的意思是:"我

  们总能听到他们之间的区别。"

  60.B  vary in在……方面不同。固定用法。

  61.A  in different geographical areas:这里指不同的地理区域英语的发

  音会有很大不同。

  62.D  use as a model,意思是:作为一个范例。本句的意思是:"我们如

  何决定把哪种英语作为范例去学习呢?"

  63.D  因为前面出现一个名词question,所以可以断定选D.本句的意思

  是:"对于学英语的人来讲这个问题很难回答。"

  64.C根据上下文判断,需要if引导一个条件状语从句。本句的意思是:

  "如果你生活在印度或西非这样的国家。"

  65.A  as:表示列举。

  66.C  a long tradition of speaking English:这里指讲英语的古老的传统。

  67.C  select:选择。本句的意思是:"在印度或西非这样有着讲英语的

  古老的传统的国家里,你应当广泛学习这里众多的发音。"

  68.B  根据上下文的意思选B.本句的意思是:"在这样的环境里如果

  你把BBC或这类的英语当作标准来学习的话,你就错了。"

  69.C  or anything of this sort:这里指任何诸如此类的。

  70.A  where引导的定语从句。本句的意思是:"如果你生活在没有讲

  英语的传统的这样的国家里。"

  71.D  take…as…,把……看做……。本句的意思是:"你必须把一

  些实用的英语的发音当作标准来学习。"

  72.A  some form of practical English pronunciation:这里指有实际用

  途的英语发音。

  73.D  it does not matter…没有关系。本句的意思是:"选择哪种形式

  都没有关系。"

  74.A  the most effective way…最有效发方法。

  75.B  本句的意思是:"最有效的方法是:把你最常听到的英语作为标

  准来学习。"

  76.翻译时注意句子的结构。此句是一个含有定语从句和时间状语从句的

  主从复合句。译文:睡眠获得的休息可以使你的身体为第二天的工作

  做准备。

  53

  77.翻译时注意句子的结构。此句是一个含有条件状语从句的主从复合

  句。译文:如果你睡觉有困难的话,有人建议慢慢的深深的呼吸。

  78.翻译时注意短语:"not only…but also:不仅……而且".译文:首

  先,电视不仅是一个非常方便的娱乐手段,而且相对来讲比较便宜。

  79.翻译时SO…that:如此……以至于……。译文:我们如此习惯看电

  视上的动作和画面,以至于它开始控制我们的生活。

  80.翻译时注意SO…that:如此……以至于……;what引导的宾语从

  句以及as long as:只要。译文:我们的毕业生就业面临着激烈的竞

  争。因此他们找工作的时候什么也不考虑只要能谋生就行。

  81.此句为简单句。注意短语:come up with:想出。以及介词和名词的

  搭配。A solution to the problem.译文:They are trying to come up

  with a solution to the problem.

  82.此句为含有时间状语的祈使句。注意短语要用:forget to do sth:表

  示动作还没有发生。译文:Don't forget to turn off the lights when

  you leave the classroom.

  83.此句测试while引导的从句的用法。表示一边……一边……。译文:

  He prefers to do his homework while listening to the music.

  84.此句为含有形式宾语的从句。注意:短语be based on…以……为

  基础。I have made it clear that his conclusion is based on facts.

  85.此句为简单句。注意短语:the ability tO think independently or to

  think on one's own:独立思考的能力。译文:As for the young,the

  ability to think independently is very important.

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