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70天攻克考研英语词汇 DAY 48

2006-7-28 01:02  

  coffee n.

  He prefers coffee with sugar and milk.

  猜一猜 A. 茶  B.啤酒 C. 饮料 D. 咖啡

  翻译 他喜欢加糖和牛奶的咖啡。

  penetrate v.

  I have penetrated into his eyes and ask him not to pretend as a fool.

  猜一猜 A. 打击 B. 假装 C. 撒谎 D.看穿

  翻译 我已经从他的眼神中看透了他,并且叫他不要再装傻了。

  permanent a.

  I will find a permanent job after my graduation from the university.

  猜一猜 A. 一直的B. 持久的C. 暂时的D. 转瞬即逝的

  翻译 大学毕业后,我要找一份固定的工作。

  perish v.

  More than two thousand people perished in the hurricane.

  猜一猜 A. 丧生B. 消失C. 灭绝D. 失踪

  翻译 有两千多人在暴风雨中丧生。

  词义扩展 v. ①凋谢 The flowers perished in the autumn.花儿在秋天凋谢了。② 毁灭,消亡

  The tall building perished in an earthquake.那栋建筑物在一场地震中毁坏了。

  fan n.

  It's so hotplease turn on the fan.

  猜一猜 A. 扇子B. 灿烂C. 油烟D. 空调

  词义扩展 n. (影,球等)迷

  v. 煽动,挑起The public's discontentment fanned new inquiries into the issue. 公众强烈的不满情绪激起对问题的重新调查。

  distribute v.

  Every morning the postman has letters and all sorts of papers distributed to every household all over the village.

  猜一猜 A. 收集B. 记录C. 分配D. 录用

  翻译 每天上午,这人要把信件和各类报纸送至全村各家各户。

  词义扩展 ① 分布 Small power plants are distributed over the valley along the river.沿河谷地区分布着一些小型水电站。② 配(电)distributing device 配电器③ 散布This machine can distribute seeds quickly and evenly over the field.这种机器在田里播种又快又匀。

  近义词 assign  分配,指派

  dizzy a.

  She often feels dizzy and weak and I advise her to see doctor.

  猜一猜 A. 兴奋的B.沮丧的C. 头晕目眩的,眩晕的D.热情的

  翻译 她时常觉得头晕无力,我建议她去看医生。

  词义扩展 (可能)使人头晕的,极高的 He likes to drive at a dizzy speed.他喜欢开快车。

  language n.

  Music is the only language in which you can not say a mean or sarcastic thing.

  猜一猜 A. 形式   B. 语言   C. 工具   D.艺术

  翻译 音乐是惟一不能用来表达卑鄙或讽刺事物的语言。

  大头巧记 angu+ age → lingu( tongue)+表示集合名词的词尾→ 用舌头说的东西:语言

  hose n.

  My father is watering the flowers in the yield with a hose.

  猜一猜 A. 自来水    B. 水泵   C. 水龙带   D. 水桶

  翻译 爸爸用水龙带给院子里的花浇水。

  词义扩展  v. 用软管(淋浇,冲洗)He is hosing down his car. 他在冲洗他的车。

  近义词 pipe

  epoch n.

  词义 时期,时代

  federal a.

  FBI is the abbreviative of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

  猜一猜 A. 官僚的B. 持股的C. 警署的D. 联邦的

  dusk n.

  词义 薄暮,黄昏

  disadvantage n.

  Her inability to speak English is a disadvantage when she attends international conferences.

  猜一猜 A. 羞愧B. 缺憾C. 不利条件D. 失败

  翻译 她不会说英语,这使她在参加国际会议时处于不利地位。

  分析 dis+ advantage 否定前缀+ 优势,优点→不利,不利条件

  词义扩展 损害It would be to your advantage to quarrel with the headmaster.和校长吵架可能要吃亏。

  disagree v.

  My wife disagreed with my decision to invest money on stock market.

  猜一猜 A. 支持B. 意见不同 C. 修改D. 破坏

  翻译 我的妻子不同意我把钱投在股票市场上。

  分析 dis+ agree否定前缀+ 同意→意见不同

  词义扩展 不一致The reports disagree with the facts.报道与事实不符。

  discharge v./n.

  The sewers discharge their contents into the river and pollute the water seriously.

  猜一猜 A. 蓄积B. 追随C. 排出D. 执行

  翻译 下水管道把污水排入河里,严重污染了河水。

  分析 dis+ charge 否定前缀+负责→不受约束的,卸货,排出,流出

  词义扩展 ①发射,放(电)Clouds run into together discharging electricity and then lightning comes out.云层相撞放电产生闪电。② 释放,遣散,解雇He is discharged from the prison and decides to start a new life. 他从监狱里释放出来,决心开始新生活。③ 解除He has been discharged all debts.他被解除了所有债务。

  disclose v.

  The stranger refused to disclose his name and address.

  猜一猜 A. 更改B. 泄露C. 描述D. 认错

  翻译 那个陌生人拒绝透露自己的姓名和地址。

  分析 dis+ close 否定前缀+ 封闭→ 揭示,泄露

  近义词 uncover 揭露,暴露;expose  揭发,揭露;reveal 透露,泄露

  discourage v.

  He was discouraged with life and committed suicide.

  猜一猜 A. 满意B. 汲取 C. 反抗D. 泄气

  翻译 他对生活失去了信心而自杀了。

  分析 dis+ courage否定前缀+ 勇气→使泄气,使失去信心

  近义词 dishearten  灰心,失望

  disgrace n.

  Harry is in disgrace because he is too naughty.

  猜一猜 A. 孤单B. 失宠C. 愤怒D. 伤心

  翻译 哈里太调皮了,因而失去了大家的宠爱。

  分析 dis+ grace否定前缀+ 优雅→ 不再优雅,失宠,耻辱

  词义扩展 n. 耻辱 There is no disgrace in being poor.贫穷并不耻辱。v. ① 使失宠The general was disgraced in king's mind after the defeat.那位将军吃了败仗,失去了国王的宠爱。② 玷污,使蒙羞Your behavior disgraces us all.你的行为使我们大家丢脸。

  近义词 dishonor  使丢脸

  dismiss v.

  The worker was dismissed for stealing from his workshop.

  猜一猜 A. 惩罚B. 入狱C. 免职,开除D. 发配

  翻 这名工人因偷东西被开除了。

  分析 dis+ miss away+ send→ send away, 免职,解雇,开除,解散

  近义词 remove  移走,撤职;expel  赶出,开除

  disorder n.

  Everyone began shouting at once and the meeting broke up in disorder.

  猜一猜 A. 恐慌B. 麻烦C. 混乱D. 激动

  翻译 大家一下子全都喊起来,会议秩序大乱而被迫中断。

  分析 dis+ order 否定前缀+ 顺序,次序→混乱,杂乱;骚乱;失调,疾病

  词义扩展 ① 骚乱Troops are called to deal with the disorders in the capital.军人被招去镇压首都的骚乱。② 失调,疾病suffering from mental disorder  患精神病

  近义词 confusion  混乱,无秩序;riot 暴乱,骚动

  dispatch v.

  The warships have been dispatched to the South China Sea.

  猜一猜 A. 派遣,调遣B. 停泊C. 制造D. 准备

  翻译 军舰已派往南海地区。

  词义扩展 ① n. (公文)急件,快信a dispatch from the office in Paris.  来自巴黎办事处的急件② 新闻报道sent a dispatch from New York to Beijing  从纽约发往北京的新闻报道

  disperse v.

  The crowds were dispersed by the police and several were wounded.

  猜一猜 A. 监督B. 分散,驱散C. 围困D. 拘留

  翻译 警察驱散了人群,几个人受了伤。

  近义词 scatter  分散,散布

  display v.

  The girl's dresses were displayed in the big window of the store.

  猜一猜 A. 缝制B. 展览C. 比赛D. 设计

  翻译 女孩子的裙子在商店的大橱窗里展出。

  分析 dis+ play 否定+表演→陈列,展览,显示

  词义扩展 n. 陈列,展览,显示The works that costs them nearly five years are finally on display.花了他们将近五年时间的作品终于展出了。

  近义词 exhibit  显示,表现;show  展览,展览会

  disregard v.

  He completely disregarded my point of view, which made me very angry.

  猜一猜 A. 分析B. 重视C. 欣赏D. 不顾

  翻译 他完全不理会我的观点,这使我非常生气。

  分析 dis+ regard 否定前缀+ 关于,看,视→不管,不顾

  词义扩展 n. 不管,不顾He showed a total disregard for other people and their feelings.他显然丝毫也不顾及别人以及别人的感情。

  近义词 neglect  忽视,疏忽

  distract v.

  The noise in the street distracted me from my reading.

  猜一猜 A. 促进B. 影响C. 领导D. 打扰

  翻译 街上的嘈杂声使我不能专心读书。

  分析 dis+ tract away+ 引开→打扰,分神

  词义扩展 迷惑,扰乱 The films managed to distract me from these troubles for a while.这部电影扰乱了我的思绪,让我暂时忘掉了这些烦恼。

  近义词 disturb 打扰,绕乱

  domain n.

  Through years of hard working he now is among the best in the domain of science.

  猜一猜 A. 领域,范围B. 科目C. 课题D. 发明

  翻译 经过多年努力他现在是科学领域的顶尖人物。

  词义扩展 ①  领地 The very act of stepping on this sacred domain causes a lump in my throat and a lot of sad thoughts on my mind.一踏上这块神圣的领地,我就止不住哽咽,许多伤心往事涌上心头。② 努力范围 Roman history is really out of my domain.我对罗马的历史实在一窍不通。

  近义词 territory 领土,地域;field 领域,战场;realm  领域;sphere  范围,领域,方面

  drain n.

  The drain was blocked up and the unpleasant smell kept passers by away.

  猜一猜 A. 工具B. 道路C. 排水沟D. 运输

  翻译 下水道堵住了,难闻的气味使行人都离得远远的。

  词义扩展 n. 消耗,负担Military expenditure has been a great drain on their country. 军费开支已是他们国家的巨大负担。

  v. 排去,放干After the rain stops, we have to drain off the water from the land.雨停之后我们得排去地上的积水。

  dream n.

  My friend's dream is to be a journalist.

  猜一猜 A. 梦想B. 计划C. 挑战D. 对手

  翻译 我朋友的理想是当一名新闻记者。

  词义扩展 v. 梦,梦想,幻想She sat there, dreaming away the hours.她坐在那儿,在遐想中把时间荒废掉了。

  bank n.

  Willows on the bank of the river gently greeted the breeze.

  猜一猜 A. 岸,堤B. 水流C. 剧本D. 尼龙绳

  翻译 河岸边的垂柳随风摆动。

  词义扩展 n.  银行,库 the deposit in the bank 银行存款 a blood bank 血库

  v. 存入银行 bank the funds 把钱存入银行break the bank  倾家荡产 bankbook 存折 bank on 指望,依赖

  bankrupt a.

  The exposure of taking bribes turned him bankrupt in reputation.

  猜一猜 A. 无情的B. 刺激的C. 破产的,彻底缺乏的D. 委屈的

  翻译 他收受贿赂的丑行曝光使他名誉扫地。

  分析 bank + rupt(= break ) →银行 + 破坏

  词义扩展 v. 使破产How could he predict that this contract would bankrupt his company? 他万万没想到这个合约会使导致他的公司破产。

  bankruptcy n.

  even if there is no way to have new funds injected, the company would never declare bankruptcy until the last minute.

  猜一猜 A. 破产B. 保释C. 冒险D. 投机

  clinic n.

  She was treated in a private clinic because she would not afford the huge expense of the hospital.

  猜一猜 A. 诊所      B. 房间      C.  病床      D.症状

  翻译 她在一家私人诊所就诊,因为她负担不起昂贵的医疗费。

  近义词 dispensary 诊疗所;hospital 医院;infirmary 疗养所,医院

  cure v.

  With the efforts of doctors and her parents, she was cured of the cancer.

  猜一猜 A. 纠正B. 医治,治愈C. 拯救D. 战胜

  翻译 在医生和家人的帮助下,她的癌症被治愈了。

  词义扩展 v. 矫正,纠正 Seeing his room in a mess, she wants to cure him of the bad habit of throwing things disorderly.看到他房里一团糟,她就想帮他改掉乱扔东西的坏习惯。  n. ①疗法,良药There is no cure for this disease.这种病还没有有效的疗法。② 治愈,痊愈The doctors are endeavoring to find a cure for AIDs.医生正在努力寻找能治愈艾滋病的疗法。

  bike n.

  Last year her father drove her to school, while now she goes to school by bike.

  猜一猜 A. 自行车B. 轿子C. 汽车D. 马车

  bulk n.

  The bulk of this oil tank is about 500 tons.

  猜一猜 . 重量  B. 容积,体积   C. 质量    D.材料

  翻译 这个油箱的容积大约是500吨。

  词组 in bulk ①  散装Housewives prefer to buy cheap stuff in bulk.家庭主妇们喜欢买散装的便宜货。② 大量,大批The farmers sell their products in bulk.农场主大批地出售他们的农产品。

  近义词 immensity 庞大的数量;mass 大量

  build v.

  The government is planning to build a skyscraper in the central of this city.

  猜一猜 A. 拆除     B. 建造     C. 购买      D.拍卖

  翻译 政府计划在市中心建一栋摩天大楼。

  词组 build up ①  积累,堵塞 Both sides have built up huge stockpiles of arms.双方都储备了大量的军用物资。 ② 树立,逐步建立 Mark Twain built up his worldwide reputation by his wonderful navels.马克 吐温凭着他精彩的小说逐步建立起了世界性的声誉。③ 增进,锻炼 Building up our bodies is as important as nourishing our mind.锻炼体质和增长知识一样重要。

  building n.

  The Great Wall is one of the most famous buildings in the world.

  猜一猜 A. 城墙    B. 建筑物    C. 名胜古迹   D.工程

  翻译 长城是世界上最有名的建筑之一。

  bullet n.

  The surgeon took a bullet out of his chest.

  猜一猜 A. 骨头       B. 残骸     C. 子弹         D.肿瘤

  翻译 医生从他的胸腔里取出了一颗子弹。

  分析 bul(球)+let(小的)=小的球状的东西

  近义词 ball 炮弹;missile 导弹;shot 炮弹

  bulletin n.

  The government's new bulletin will be published next week.

  猜一猜 A. 纪律       B. 条款       C. 政策         D.公告,公示

  翻译 政府的公告下个星期公布。

  近义词 announcement 通告;statement 声明

  cheer v.

  As soon as Mike knew his math score, he cheered wildly immediately.

  猜一猜 A. 振奋,高兴        B. 失望         C. 颓废       D.无精打采

  翻译 当麦克知道他的数学分数时立刻振奋起来。

  词义扩展 v. 喝彩,欢呼All of the audiences cheered when the pop star came in. 看到明星进来时,所有的观众都欢呼起来。

  n. 喝彩,欢呼Everybody gave a cheer when the champion stood on the stage.当冠军站在领奖台上时,所有的人都喝彩了。

  词组 cheer up ①  使高兴,使振奋 She told many jokes to cheer me up, but it didnt work.她讲了很多笑话想让我高兴起来,但是没有用。 ②  高兴起来,振奋起来 I cheered up at the thought of the long summer holiday. 一想到漫长的暑假我就高兴起来了。

  cheerful a.

  On hearing the good news, the children became cheerful.

  猜一猜 A. 热闹的    B. 狂野的     C. 高兴的     D.淘气的

  翻译 一听到这个好消息,孩子们很高兴。

  大头巧记 cheer(高兴,振奋) + ful 形容词后缀=高兴的

  近义词 pleasant 愉快的;happy 高兴的,快乐的;merry 愉快的,快乐的

  chemical a.

  The chemical industry was thriving in England during the 19th century.

  猜一猜 A. 纺织的  B. 机械的 C. 化学的  D.建筑的

  翻译 19世纪的英国化学工业很繁荣。

  大头巧记 chem +  ical与…有关的,…性的(形容词词尾)

  词义扩展 n. 化学制品,化学药品The professor was burnt badly when he was trying to test his new chemicals. 当这位教授试验他的新化学药品时被严重地灼伤了。

  chemist n.

  The young chemist has published 25 pieces of academic articles.

  猜一猜 A. 学者       B. 专家    C.  教授      D.化学家

  翻译 这位年轻的化学家已经发表了25篇学术性文章。

  大头巧记 chem +  ist表示人的名词词尾

  chemistry n.

  Mr. Smith devoted his whole life to chemistry and never regretted.

  猜一猜 A. 事业   B. 工作   C.  研究       D.化学

  翻译 史密斯先生把自己的一生都奉献给了化学事业,但从不后悔。

  大头巧记 chemist(化学家) + try 名词词尾=化学家从事的工作即化学

  emit v.

  The polluted air over urban cities was mainly caused by smoke and gas emitted by factories and cars.

  猜一猜 A. 散发 B. 吸收C. 处理D. 净化

  翻译 城市上空的污染空气主要是由工厂和汽车排出的烟气造成的。

  大头巧记 前缀e (出来)+词干mit(送),意即排出,散发

  近义词 give off发出; send out放出

  encourage v.

  His tutor was always encouraging him during his research.

  猜一猜 A. 教导B. 训练C. 鼓励D. 辅助

  翻译 在他的研究过程中,他的导师一直在鼓励他。

  大头巧记 前缀en,里面,中;courage勇气,胆量。将勇气,胆量注入其中,即为鼓励

  大头例句 Her family often encouraged her nott to give up.她的家人经常鼓励她别放弃。

  end n./v.

  词义 n.端,梢;末端,结束 v.终止,结束

  词组 in the end 最后,终于In the end, they succeeded in the competition.最后,他们在比赛中赢了。

  ending n.

  词义 结尾,结局

  equivalent a./n.

  词义 a.(to)相等的,等价的,等值的 n.相等物,等价物,等值物

  大头巧记 前缀equi=equal相等的,等价的;val=value价值,价值相等的(物),引申为相等物,等价物,等值物

  大头例句 The American president is equivalent to the British prime minister.美国总统和英国首相是相等的。

  equip v.

  词义 (with)装备,配备

  equipment n.

  词义 设备,器材,装置

  menu n.

  A menu is a card on which are printed the names and prices of foods provided in the hotel.

  猜一猜 A. 目录B. 菜单C. 清单D. 账单

  翻译 菜单就是一张卡片,上面印有旅店里提供的食物的名字和价格。

  peasant n.

  Before the Civil War, the living condition of peasants is terrible.

  猜一猜 A. 地主  B. 农民C. 农场主D. 商人

  翻译 内战前, 农民的生活条件很糟糕。

  peculiar a.

  They were given away by their peculiar behavior.

  猜一猜 A. 有规律的 B. 古怪的, 异常的C. 详细的D. 不道德的

  翻译 他们古怪的行为举止出卖了他们。

  词义扩展 a. 特殊的, 特有的One of its peculiar halls is entered by a Gothic arched gateway of aged brick and stone. 穿过一扇由年代久远的砖石建成的哥特式的拱门, 就是它的其中一间特殊的大厅。

  peculiarity n.

  The delicious dish is the peculiarity of the region.

  猜一猜 A. 特色, 独特性 B. 名牌C. 古怪D. 普遍性

  翻译 这道佳肴是这个地方的特色菜。

  pen n.

  He gave a pen to me as a gift.

  猜一猜 A. 钢笔 B. 铅笔C. 圆珠笔D.蜡笔

  翻译 他送了一支钢笔给我作为我的生日礼物。

  perpetual a.

  There is no perpetual motion in the world.

  猜一猜 A. 存在的   B. 永恒的     C. 创造的     D. 疲劳的

  翻译 世界上是没有永动机的。

  petty a.

  We needn't concern about these petty details.

  猜一猜 A. 具体的   B. 琐碎的C. 封建的   D. 高度的

  翻译 我们不用为这些琐碎的细节操心。

  词义扩展 小气的,小心眼的 His petty mind was shown by his common behaviors.从他的日常行为可以看出他是一个小气的人。

  phone n.

  The invention of phone has brought us a brand new world.

  猜一猜 A. 纸张 B. 电话 C. 电报 D. 电影

  词义扩展 v. 给…打电话Please phone me when you arrive.你到了就给我打一个电话吧。

  physical a.

  They pay more attention to the pursuit in the physical world rather than in the spiritual one.

  猜一猜 A. 精神的 B. 无形的 C. 物质的 D. 现实的

  词义扩展 ①  肉体的,身体的physical exercise 锻炼身体 ② 自然科学的,物理的physical science 物理学

  physically ad.

  A person who is always cares for pursuing physically and ignoring spiritual side will not know the true meaning of life.

  猜一猜 A. 体育的 B. 健美的 C. 物质的 D. 基础的

  词义扩展 ①体格上,身体上physically healthy 身体健康② 按自然规律 physically possible 按照自然规律可能

  physician n.

  I need a friend rather than a physician to comfort myself.

  猜一猜 A. 老师 B. 牧师 C. 朋友 D. 内科医生

  分析 physic是医术,医学的意思,ian表示什么样的人,合起来就是搞医术的医生了。

  physicist n.

  This physicist has won the Nobel Prize for Physics this year.

  猜一猜 A. 医生 B. 作家 C. 物理学家 D. 运动员

  physics n.

  Physics is a subject needs independent thinking and keen observation.

  猜一猜 A. 动力学 B. 机械学 C. 物理学 D. 热能学

  分析 physio是自然,物理的意思,ics常用于学术用语的词尾,两部分合起来就是物理学的意思了。

  physiology n.

  He is interested in physiology although he is not a student of medical care.

  猜一猜 A. 物理学 B. 化学 C. 解剖学 D. 生理学

  pipe n.

  The pipe was broken last night.

  猜一猜 A. 管子  B. 街道  C. 窗户 D. 电线

  翻译 管子昨天晚上破了。

  词义扩展 ①烟斗  He used to smoke pipe.他习惯于抽烟斗。② 笛 She is good at playing pipe of Pan.她擅长于排箫。

  pipeline n.

  The rout of the pipeline in the street is designed by Tom.

  猜一猜 A. 电线   B. 网络  C. 道路   D. 管线

  翻译 这管线的线路是由汤姆设计的。

  大头巧记 pipe(管子)+line(线)=管线

  enlarge v.

  词义 扩大,放大,增大

  大头巧记 前缀en使…变得,成为;large大的,使变大,扩大,增大

  近义词 broaden扩大,变宽; increase增长,增大; magnify放大,扩大

  enquire v.

  词义 =inquire

  enrich v.

  词义 使富足,使肥沃

  大头巧记 前缀en使…变得,成为;rich富裕的,富足的,使富足,使肥沃

  大头例句 The discovery of coal mine in the area enriched the people there.这个地区煤矿的发现使得那里的人民富裕起来了。

  entire a.

  词义 完全的,全部的,完整的

  近义词 whole完整的,完全的;full完全的,完美的;complete全部的;total整个的,全部的

  entitle v.

  Students are entitled to half price of the movie ticket.

  猜一猜 A. 剥夺 B. 命题C. 有资格D. 免去

  翻译 学生享受电影票半价优惠。

  大头巧记 前缀en使…有,成为;title头衔,资格,标题,引申为给以权利(或资格);给…以称号;给…命题

  大头例句 The successful businessman was entitled to duke by the king.那个成功的商人被国王授予公爵称号。

  近义词 title赋予头衔,加标题于;empower授权予,使能够

  pity v.

  Pity the poor beggar begging in the cold wind!

  猜一猜 A. 可怜   B. 关心   C. 遗憾 D. 温暖

  翻译 可怜可怜这个在冷风中乞讨的乞丐吧!

  词义扩展 n. 憾事,怜悯It is a pity that we can not go out for the bad weather.因为天气不好我们不能外出。

  近义词 compassion,mercy,sympathy

  plan n.

  What is your plan for the holiday?

  猜一猜A. 愿望    B. 计划    C. 心情   D. 目的地

  翻译 你假期的计划是什么?

  词义扩展 n. 平面图,设计图 His work is to draw up plans for an extension. 他的工作就是绘制扩建图。

  v. 计划I had prepared for 20 friends,but only 10 of them arrived.我作好了招待20个朋友的准备,但只来了10个。

  近义词 design,arrange

  plate n.

  Many animals have a protective shell of bony plates.

  猜一猜 A. 皮    B. 片   C. 毛   D. 纤维

  翻译 很多动物都有自我保护的鳞片。

  词义扩展 n. ①  盘子,盆子   The plate is kept in the cupboard.餐盘放在厨房。② 板,钢板Steel plates often used in plan making.金属常用于飞机制造。

  v. 镀,电镀The copper tray is plated with silver. 这个铜托盘用银镀的。

  pleasant a.

  She makes herself pleasant to every visitor.

  猜一猜 A. 令人愉快的     B. 认真的    C. 严肃的     D. 麻烦的

  翻译 她总是很友好的对待每一个访客。

  大头巧记 plea +sant

  近义词 cheerful,delightful

  please v.

  Open the door,please.

  猜一猜 A. 请 B. 让C. 好D. 是

  翻译 请开门。

  词义扩展 ①使愉快,使满意It is hard to please everyone.要让每个人都满意是不容易的。② 喜欢,愿意You can eat as much as you please.你可以想吃多少就吃多少。

  pleasure n.

  It gives me great pleasure to welcome our teacher.

  猜一猜 A. 愉快     B. 伤心    C. 震惊   D. 遗憾

  翻译 我很高兴能去迎接我们的老师。

  大头巧记 plea+ sure

  词义扩展 乐事,乐趣  She has many pleasures in her lives.她的生活有很多乐趣。

  plow n.

  The farmers tractor pulls a plough through the soil to turn it over

  猜一猜 A. 犁B. 锄头C. 锹D. 铲

  翻译 农民用拖拉机拉犁来耕翻泥土。

  dear a.

  Mother likes complaining that the clothes are getting dearer.

  猜一猜 A. 时尚的B. 简约的C. 昂贵的D. 奇怪的

  翻译 妈妈喜欢抱怨衣服越来越贵了。

  词义扩展  ①亲爱的She is my dearest friend.她是我最亲密的朋友。② 珍贵的Life is very dear to us.生命对我们是极其宝贵了。③  int. [表示惊讶,怜悯等] 呵!哎呀!Dear me!我的天啊!

  intervene v.

  I hate being intervened when dealing with my own affairs.

  猜一猜 A. 干预    B. 责备   C. 警告    D.批评

  翻译 我讨厌别人干预我处理自己的事情。

  词义扩展 v. 插入,介入I shall start on Sunday if nothing intervenes. 如果没有什么特殊事情发生,我星期日就动身。

  invaluable a.

  We quite appreciate your invaluable help to us.

  猜一猜 A. 非常宝贵的   B. 毫无益处的   C. 没被采纳的  D.及时的

  翻译 我们非常感激您对我们宝贵的帮助。

  近义词 priceles

  clause n.

  There is a clause in the law about protecting children and women's rights.

  猜一猜 A. 文件   B. 表述    C. 条款   D.从句

  翻译 这项法律中有一条是关于保护妇女和儿童权益的。

  词义扩展 n. 从句,分句 The attributive clause modified the noun before it. 这个定语从句修饰前面的名词。

  claw n.

  Tigers conquer other animals with their sharp claws.

  猜一猜 A. 牙齿      B.  武器      C. 尾巴      D.脚爪

  翻译 老虎用它们锋利的爪子征服其他动物。

  近义词 foot 脚;hoof 蹄;trotter 动物蹄

  clay n.

  Bricks are usually made of clay.

  猜一猜 A. 水泥   B. 粘土    C. 石头      D.木材

  翻译 砖通常是用粘土做的。

  近义词 earth 土;mud 泥土;soil 土

  altogether ad.

  词义 完全,全部地;总共;总之

  大头例句 I am not altogether convinced by your argument. 我还没有完全被你的论证所说服。Altogether the people were in favor of the revolution.总的来说,人民还是拥护革命的。

  seam n.

  Seam of the stocks is the unsatisfying part of the stocks.

  猜一猜 A. 底部B. 接缝C. 顶端 D. 光线

  翻译 长袜的缝是这双袜子不让人满意的地方。

  大头巧记 sea 是大海,m是一座山mountain,这座山就是两片海域的接缝处

  seek v.

  We have been sought for the solutions for a long period.

  猜一猜 A. 知道B. 寻找C. 解决D. 检验

  词义扩展 试图,企图They are seeking to cheat us.他们企图蒙骗我们。

  prey n.

  The rabbit is always the prey of beast.

  猜一猜 A. 捕获物B. 祈祷C. 牺牲者D. 受害者

  翻译 兔子经常成为野兽的猎物。

  prey on ① 捕食,杀害Snakes prey on frogs for food.蛇捕捉青蛙为食。② 折磨,损害The death of the little cat preyed on her very much.小猫的死使他非常难过。

  infrared n.

  Is infrared visible?

  猜一猜 A. 紫外线  B. 放射线  C. 红外线   D. 蓝紫光

  翻译 红外线可见么?

  大头巧记 inf +rare(少见的)+d(形容词) 联想:红外线是少见的

  词义扩展 a. 红外线的 Some infrared machines are useful to us.一些红外线机械对我们很用。

  ingenious a.

  He is ingenious at choosing right man for the right place.

  猜一猜 A. 遗传的  B. 善于的 C. 病毒的  D. 主导的

  翻译 他善于把正确的人安排在正确的位置。

  分析 in +gen(基因) +ious(形容词尾) 联想:遗传的

  词义扩展 ①有独创性的He always has ingenious ideas. 他总是有有独创性的意见。② 精制的She designed a very ingenious machine.她发明了一种很精制的机械。

  近义词 clever,creative

  inherent a.

  He has an inherent love of car.

  猜一猜 A. 固有的,内在的,天生的B.传统的 固执的C. 思想的 思想境界的D.物质的 表面的

  翻译 他天生爱车。

  分析 in(向内,进入)+her(粘附)+ent(形容词词尾)=粘附在里面的=固有的,内在的,天生的

  近义词 natural,internal

  inherit v.

  The new government inherited the economic problems of the last four years.

  猜一猜 A. 获得    B. 继承  C. 完成  D. 了解

  翻译 新政府继承了前四年的经济问题

  分析 源自中古英语 enheriten,in(向内,进入)+her(粘附)+it(同ite,促成)=促成内部的粘附=继承

  alter v.

  The significant event has altered the course of history.

  猜一猜 A. 发展 B. 倒退C. 影响D. 改变

  翻译 那个意义深远的事件改变了历史的进程。

  大头巧记 词干alter意为其他的;使成为其他的,自然是改变,变更。

  大头例句 The ship altered its direction towards north.船转向北航行。

  近义词 change改变;变化;transfer改变,转移;transform改变,转化

  alteration n.

  The third edition of the dictionary made some alterations to the previous one.

  猜一猜 A. 倒退 B. 影响C. 改变D. 发展

  翻译 这部字典的第三版在上一版的基础上作了一些改动。

  大头巧记 词干alter意为其他的;后缀ation为名词词尾;成为其他的,引申为改变,变更

  大头例句 He made some alterations to the scheme.他对计划作了些变更。

  近义词 change改变,变化;transformation变化,转变

  alternate a./v.

  He alternated his character between father and son in the play.

  猜一猜 A. 扮演 B. 交替C. 选择D. 改变

  翻译 他在剧中轮流扮演父亲和儿子两个角色。

  大头巧记 词干alter意为其他的;后缀nate为动词词尾;引申为交替,轮流

  词义扩展 a.交替的,轮流的She is wearing a skirt with alternate red and blue stripes. 她穿着一件有红蓝相间条纹的裙子。

  alternative a./n.

  词义 a.两者挑一的 n. 可供选择的事物,替换物,选择对象

  大头巧记 词干alter意为其他的;后缀native为形容词词尾;引申为可供选择的;替换物

  大头例句 You have no alternative but to work hard.你除了努力工作,别无选择。

  aluminum/aluminium n.

  词义 铝

  clap v.

  The audience clapped hands when the tiger jumped over the fire circle.

  猜一猜 A. 举起       B. 拍      C. 握紧       D.挥动

  翻译 看到老虎跳过火圈时,观众们拍手叫好。

  词义扩展 n. 拍(手),掌声,霹雳声I was awakening by a clap of thunder last night.昨天晚上,我被一阵雷声惊醒了。

  clash v.

  I heard the chairs clashing next door.

  猜一猜 A. 断裂       B. 碰撞       C. 移动      D.摔破

  翻译 我听到隔壁的椅子在碰撞。

  词义扩展 n. 碰撞。碰撞声The violent clash of the two cars frightened the passerby.两辆车剧烈的碰撞声吓坏了路上的行人。

  clasp n.

  The clasp of my coat was broken when I was rushing into the classroom.

  猜一猜 A.  帽子      B. 口袋       C. 饰带      D.扣子

  翻译 当我冲进教室时,我的外套上的扣子坏了。

  词义扩展 n. 握手,拥抱The first time I saw him, I was surprised by his firm clasp.第一次见到他时,他一个紧紧的拥抱让我大吃一惊。v. ① 钩住,扣住The hunter clasped his hunting dog with rope.猎人用绳子把猎狗扣住了。 ② 紧握,抱紧Mother clasped her lovely baby to her chest. 妈妈紧紧地把可爱的宝宝抱在胸前。

  cool a.

  It's cool to sit under the tree in summer.

  猜一猜 A. 郁闷的   B. 自由的   C. 凉爽的    D. 寒冷的

  翻译 夏天坐在树下很凉快。

  词义扩展 a. 冷静的,沉着的,冷淡的 He is a cool man especially when he encounters unexpected events.他十分沉着,特别是遇到意外事件时更是如此。

  v. (使)冷却,(使)冷静Cool down the milk for the baby.把婴儿喝的牛奶冷却一下。

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