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物业管理英语第六讲:Property Management Functions (Ⅰ)

2006-07-29 09:51

  Having looked at how requirements for management vary by property type,we will now examine a manager's day-to-day duties in more detail. Like many working people, a property manager wakes up in the morning, dresses for work, eats breakfast, and drives to an office (either on or off the managed premises)。 Once there, what does he or she do? We will first list all of the functions and then cover the most important ones in greater detail.

  MAKING A MANAGEMENT PLAN

  As the agent of the property owner, the property manager is bound to carry out the owner's objectives. Making explicit those objectives is the first step in creating a management plan.

  As we have seen, properties under paid management may be very small, or they may be multimillion-dollar complexes. A management plan can be equally simple or elaborate, as suits the scope of management and the market area of a property. Regardless on size, it is important to make a plan (which could range from a handwritten half page to 50 pages typed and bound, depending on the project…)。 Here we should note that a management plan for any size property contains three points: (1) an analysis of the competitive environment;(2) an analysis of the property itself, and (3) enumeration of the owner's objectives and recommendations for achieving them.

  MAKING A BUDGET

  A manager collects money, pays the bills, and sends what is left to the owner-in millions or hundreds. A budget is essential for two reasons: (1)

  to regulate cash flow-that is , to make sure sufficient cash is on hand to meet obligations like taxes, mortgage payments, operating expenses,and special capital improvements (e. g., new roof) when needed; and (2)

  to measure performance -to act as a standard for measuring the manager's success in meeting objectives.

  PAYING EXPENSES; KEEPING BOOKS AND RECORDS

  The property manager must see to it that operating expenses, real estate taxes, insurance premiums, and mortgage payments are paid when due. Depending on the arrangement, a manager may be authorized to sign checks or may only prepare a list of payments for the owner's attention. The manager also keeps records of income and outlays and works with the owner's accountant in preparing annual financial statements and tax returns. The manager may also be responsible for reports required by government authorities.

  Useful Expressions

  in detail  详细

  wake up 醒

  is bound to 有责任(义务)的……

  carry out 贯彻,执行

  regardless of 不管,不顾

  range from…to 在某个幅度或范围内变动

  depend on 依靠

  make sure 确信;务必

  on hand 现有;在手头,在手边

  act as 充当

  see to 要注意使……;务必使,保证使

  Notes

  1. Having looked at how requirements for management vary by property type,we will now examine a manager's day-to-day duties in more detail.

  此句中,分词短语having looked at…使用了完成形式,表示其动作发生在主句谓语动词之前,该分词短语在此句中作状语;由关系副词how引导的名词从句作look at 的宾语。例如:

  No one tells m how I should solve such kind of problems in school.

  2. either on or off the managed premises

  或者在或者不在所管理的物业内。

  3. Once there, what does he or she do?

  在此句中,once there是一个省略句,once作连词,引导时间状语从句,正常语句应为Once he or she is there.

  例如:

  Once you arrive in Los Angeles, please call me as soon as possible.

  4. As the agent of the property owner, the property manager is bound to carry out the owner's objectives.

  as 在此作介词,意为“作为”,其后接名词。例如:

  As parents we are concernal for our children's future.

  be bound to 是固定搭配,意为“负有……义务(责任)”,通常句式为 “be bound to + do…”。 例如:

  You are bound to obey the law if you are a good citizen.

  5. Making explicit those objectives is the first step in creating a management plan.

  该句是宾语补足语提前,正常语序为The first step in creating a management plan making those objectives explicit.

  6. A s we have seen, properties under paid management may be very small…。

  as 引导从句,承接前示或持续从句的内容,该从句可译为:正如我们所看到的。例如:

  7. A management plan can be equally simple or elaborate, as suits the scope of management and the market area of a property.

  在此句中as 作关系代词,意为“这一情况”,承接前面句子的内容。例如:

  The man was a teacher, as was evident from his way of speaking. 由那男人说话的样子可明显看出,他是个老师。

  8. from a handwritten half page to 50 pages typed and bound此句意为“从手写体的半页到打印并装订好的50页”,bound是动词bind的过去分词。

  9. …and sends what is left to the owner-in millions or hundreds.

  此句中what引导的名词从句作动词send的宾语,what是从句的主语,动作的承受者,故谓语用被动语态,to the owner作send的宾语,该部分可译为:把剩下的送给业主。

  10. The property manager must see to it that operating expenses, …and mortgage payments are paid when due.

  此句中,see to it中it作形式宾语,真正的宾语为that引导的从句。See to it that还可以直接用see that 表示,省略to it.例如:

  See (to it) that you always carry your passport.

  when due 是一个省略句,完整的语句应为:when they are due. they指前面提到的几种支付费用。

  11. The manager also keeps records of income and outlays and works with the owner's accountant in preparing annual…and tax returns.

  此句中,keep record of 后接两个宾语income 和 outlay, work和keep是平行谓语。

  tax returns 意为“退税”。

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