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温斯顿·丘吉尔 在俄国遭到入侵时发表的广播演说

2006-07-07 16:48

Winston Churchill BROADCAST ON RUSSIA BEING INVADED June 22 , 1941

Winston Churchill


June 22,1941

  At 4 o'clock this morning Hitler attacked and invaded Russia.Suddenly,without declaration of war,without even an ultimatum,the German bombs rained down from the sky upon the Russian cities; the German troops violated the Russian frontiers and an hour later the German Ambassador,who till the night before was lavishing his assurances of friendship,almost of alliance,upon the Russians,called upon the Russian Foreign Minister to tell him that a state of war existed be- teen Germany and Russia.

  Hitler is a monster of wickedness,insatiable in his lust for blood and plunder.The Nazi regimes devoid of all theme and principle except appetite and racial domination.It excels in all forms of human wickedness,in the efficiency of its cruelty and ferocious aggression.No one has been a more consistent opponent of Communism than I have for the last twenty-five years.I will unsay no words that I‘ve spoken about it.But all this fades away before the spectacle which is now unfolding.

  The past, with its crimes,its follies and its tragedies,flashes away.I see the Russian soldiers standing on the threshold of their native land, guarding the fields which their fathers have tilled from time immemorial.I see them guarding their homes,their mothers and wives pray,ah,yes,for there are times when all pray for the safety of their loved ones,for the return of the breadwinner,of the champion,of their protectors.

  I see the 10,000 villages of Russia,where the means of existence was wrung so hardly from the soil,but where there are still primordial human joys,where maidens laugh and children play.I see advancing upon all this,in hideous onslaught,the Nazi war machine,with its clanking,heel-clicking,dandified Prussian officers,its crafty expert agents,fresh from the cowing and tying down of a dozen countries.I see also the dull,drilled, docile,brutish masses of the Hun soldiery,plod-ding on like a swarm of crawling locusts.I see the German bombers and fighters in the sky,still smarting from many a British whipping,so delightful to find what they believe is an easier and a safer prey.And behind all this glare,behind all this storm,I see that small group of villainous men who planned,organized and launched this cataract of horrors upon mankind.

  And then my mind goes back across the years to the days when the Russian armies were our Al- lies against the same deadly foe,when they fought with so much valor and constancy and helped to gain a victory,from all share in which,alas,they were,through no fault of ours,utterly cut off.

  I have lived through all this and you will par-don me if I express my feelings and me stir of old memories.But now I have to declare the decision of His Majesty's Government,and I feel sure it is decision in which the great Dominions will,in due course,concur.And that we must speak of now,at once,without a day's delay.I have to make the declaration but,can you doubt what our policy will be?

  We have but one aim and one single irrevocable purpose.We are resolved to destroy Hitler and every vestige of the Nazi regime.From this nothing will turn us.Nothing.We will never parley; we will never negotiate with Hitler or any of his gang.We shall fight him by land; we shall fight him by sea; we shall fight him in the air,until,with God's help we have rid the earth of his shadow and liberated its people from his yoke.

  Any man or State who fights against Nazism will have our aid.Any man or State who marches with Hitler is our foe.This applies not only to organized States but to all representatives of that vile race of Quislings who make themselves the tools and agents of the Nazi regime against their fellow countrymen and against the lands of their births.These Quislings,like the Nazi leaders themselves,if not disposed of by their fellow countrymen,which would save trouble,will be delivered by us on the morrow of victory to the justice of the Al- lied tribunals.That is our policy and that is our declaration.

  Hitler's invasion of Russia is no more than a prelude to an attempted invasion of the British Isles.He hopes,no doubt,that all this may be ac-accomplished before the Winter comes and that he can overwhelm Great Britain before the fleets and air power of the United States will intervene.He hopes that he may once again repeat upon a greater scale than ever before that process of destroying his enemies one by one,by which he has so long thrived and prospered,and that then the scene will be clear for the final act,without which all his conquests would be in vain,namely,the subjugation of the Western Hemisphere to his will and to his system.

  The Russian danger is therefore our danger and the danger of the United States just as the cause of any Russian fighting for his hearth and home is the cause of free men and free peoples in every quarter of the globe.

  Let us learn the lessons already taught by such cruel experience.Let us redouble our exertions and strike with united strength while life and power remain.














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