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考研英语词汇辨析(连载11)

2006-7-6 21:40  

  construction industry建筑工业,行业

  a very solid construction特别坚固的建筑物

  bear a construction可解释为;可作某一解释

  可参见STRUCT 条

  consumer n.消费者

  解析:

  「衍」consume vt.消耗, 消费, 消灭, 大吃大喝, 吸引vi.消灭, 毁灭

  be consumed with (giving lessons) 因……而变得憔悴,给……弄得心劳神疲

  consume away消耗掉;憔悴;枯萎凋谢

  credit n.信任, 信用, 声望, 荣誉,

  「财务」贷方, 银行存款;vt.相信, 信任, 把……归给

  解析:(常与to, with连用)存入(账户)

  Please credit my account with $1000.

  请将1000美元存入我的帐户。

  add to ones credit增加荣誉

  be a credit to使…感到光荣,给…争光

  be bare of credit名誉不好,无信誉

  be to sb.s credit为某人增光

  crack credit 失信用

  do sb. credit 为某人增光;证明某人具有某种才能或品质

  get (take) credit for 因…而得到好评

  give credit to 相信,信任;称赞,赞扬

  give sb. credit for sth. 为…赞扬(肯定)某人认为某人具有(某种品德、才能等)

  have credit with sb. 得到某人的信任

  have the credit of 有…的好名声

  lend credit to 使更可信;证实

  look for credit 力求出人头地

  lose credit with sb. 失去某人的信任;在某人眼中失去威信

  on credit 赊(购)

  place credit in 相信

  redound to ones (sb.s) credit 为自己(某人)增光

  reflect credit on 为…增光,使…光荣;使……感到光荣

  take credit to oneself for 把…归功于自己,自称(某事)是自己干的

  to sb.s credit 值得赞扬;对某人有利 在某人贷方;属于某人;使某人感到光荣

  credit goes to 归功于

  credit ……to…… 把…归功于;把某数记入某人账户

  credit sb.(sth.) with 认为某人(某事)具有…

  cultural adj.文化的

  解析:custom 表示风俗习惯

  design n.设计, 图案, 花样, 企图, 图谋, (小说等的)构思, 纲要; v.设计, 计划, 谋划, 构思

  解析:by design故意地,蓄意地

  have (harbor) designs on (against) 对…抱不良企图;图谋加害于;企图盗窃(某物)

  design sb. (sth.) for (to be) 打算让某人从事(某种职业);预定某物作(某种用途)

  distinction n.区别, 差别, 级别, 特性, 声望, 显赫

  解析:a distinction without a difference名义上的区别,人为的区别

  confer a distinction on (upon) sb. 授与某人勋章(称号)

  draw (make) a distinction between对…加以区别

  gain (attain, win) distinction出名

  graduate from college with distinction以优异成绩毕业

  rise to distinction出名

  serve with distinction in the war立下战功

  win a distinction for因…而获功勋;荣获勋章(或称号)

  with distinction以优异的成绩;以杰出的表现

  without distinction无差别地,一视同仁地

  「同」difference, unlikeness, divergence, variation,distinction, discrepancy

  「辨析」difference最为普通

  differences in color and size 颜色和尺寸间的差别;

  dissimilarity是指在其它方面很相似或非常类似的事物间的差异;

  a striking dissimilarity between the personalities of the sisters

  姐妹间个性的显著差异。

  unlikeness usually implies greater and more obvious difference

  unlikeness经常暗含着较大和较明显的差别;

  more likeness than unlikeness among children of that age.

  那个年龄的孩子们间的相似远多于差异。

  divergence是指原本相似的事物间逐渐增加的差异;

  points of divergence between British and American English英语和美语间的不同点

  variation指相同等级或种类的差异,通常指原始的、指定的或典型的事物的变更;

  variations in temperature 温度的变化

  distinction通常的意思为相似的或相关的事物间的细节差异,只能通过仔细的检查才能确定的;

  the distinction in meaning between Good and Excellent “好的”和“出色”两词的词义差别。

  discrenpancy是指本应一致或匹配的事物,因意外条件而不一致,造成了事物间的差异。

  a discrepancy between what was promised and what was done 所说的和所做的之间的差异

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