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古诗:长发 中英对照

2006-07-12 15:38

Profoundly wise were [the lords of] Shang ,

And long had there appeared the omens [of their dignity ].

When the waters of the deluge spread vast abroad ,

Yu arranged and divided the regions of the land ,

And assigned to the exterior great States their boundaries ,

With their borders extending all over [the kingdom] .

Then the State of Song began to be great ,

And God raised up the son [of its daughter] , and founded [the Family of] Shang .

The dark king exercised an effective sway .

Charged with a small State , he commanded success ;

Charged with a large State , he commanded success .

He followed his rules of conduct without error ;

Wherever he inspected [the people] , they responded [to his instructions] .

[Then came] Xiang-tu , all-ardent ,

And all [within] the seas , beyond [the middle region] , acknowledged his restra ints .

The favour of God did not leave [Shang] ,

And in Tang was found the subject for its display .

Tang was not born too late ,

And his wisdom and virtue daily advanced .

Brilliant was the influence of his character [on Heaven] for long ,

And God appointed him to be model to the nine regions .

He received the rank-tokens [of the States] , small and large ,

Which depended on him , like the pendants of a banner ; ——

So did he receive the blessing of Heaven .

He was neither violent nor remiss ,

Neither hard nor soft .

Gently he spread his instructions abroad ,

And all dignities and riches were concentrated in him .

He received the tribute [of the States] , large and small ,

And he supported them as a strong steed [does its burden] ; ——

So did he receive the favour of Heaven .

He displayed everywhere his valour ,

Unshaken , unmoved ,

Unterrified , unscared : ——

All dignities were united in him .

The martial king displayed his banner ,

And with reverence grasped his axe .

It was like [the case of] a blazing fire ,

Which no one can repress .

The root , with its three shoots ,

Could make no progress , no growth .

The nine regions were effectually secured by him .

Having smitten [the princes of] Wei and Gu ,

He dealt with [the prince of] Kun-wu , and with Jie of Xia .

Formerly in the middle of the period [before Tang] ,

There was a time of shaking and peril ,

But truly did Heaven [then] deal with him as its son ,

And sent him down a minister ,

Namely A-heng ,

Who gave his assistance to the king of Shang .


浚哲维商、长发其祥。

洪水芒芒、禹敷下土方、外大国是疆。

幅陨既长、有娀方将、帝立子生商。

玄王桓拨、受小国是达、受大国是达。

率履不越、遂视既发。

相土烈烈、海外有截。

帝命不违、至于汤齐。

汤降不迟、圣敬日跻。

昭假迟迟、上帝是祗、帝命式于九围。

受小球大球、为下国缀旒。

何天之休、不竞不絿、不刚不柔、敷政优优、百禄是遒。

受小共大共、为下国骏厖。

何天之龙、敷奏其勇、不震不动、不戁不竦、百禄是总。

武王载旆、有虔秉钺。

如火烈烈、则莫我敢曷。

苞有三蘗、莫遂莫达、九有有截。

韦顾既伐、昆吾夏桀。

昔在中叶、有震且业。

允也天子、降于乡士、实维阿衡、实左右商王。

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